Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln. Volume 3.
Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865.

To Samuel Galloway [1]

Hon. Samuel Galloway Springfield, Ills.
My dear Sir: July 28. 1859

Your very complimentary, not to say flattering letter of the 23rd. Inst. is received. Dr. Reynolds [2] had induced me to expect you here; and I was disappointed, not a little, by your failure to come. And yet I fear you have formed an estimate of me which can scarcely be sustained on a personal acquaintance.

Two things done by the Ohio Republican convention---the repudiation of Judge Swan, [3] and the ``plank'' for a repeal of the Fugitive Slave law---I very much regretted. These two things are of a piece; and they are viewed by many good men, sincerely opposed to slavery, as a struggle against, and in disregard of, the constitution itself. And it is the very thing that will greatly endanger our cause, if it be not be [sic] kept out of our national convention. There is another thing our friends are doing which gives me some uneasiness. It is their leaning towards ``popular sovereignty.'' There are three substantial objections to this. First, no party can command respect which sustains this year, what it opposed last. Secondly, Douglas, (who is the most dangerous enemy of liberty, because the most insidious one) would have little support in the North, and by consequence, no capital to trade on in the South, if it were not for our friends thus magnifying him and his humbug. But lastly, and chiefly, Douglas' popular sovereignty, accepted by the public mind, as a just principle, nationalizes slavery, and revivesPage  395 the African Slave-trade, inevitably. Taking slaves into new teritories, and buying slaves in Africa, are identical things---identical rights or identical wrongs---and the argument which establishes one will establish the other. Try a thousand years for a sound reason why congress shall not hinder the people of Kansas from having slaves, and when you have found it, it will be an equally good one why congress should not hinder the people of Georgia from importing slaves from Africa.

As to Gov. Chase, I have a kind side for him. He was one of the few distinguished men of the nation who gave us, in Illinois, their sympathy last year. I never saw him, suppose him to be able, and right-minded; but still he may not be the most suitable as a candidate for the Presidency.

I must say I do not think myself fit for the Presidency. As you propose a correspondence with me, I shall look for your letters anxiously.

I have not met Dr. Reynolds since receiving your letter; but when I shall, I will present your respects, as requested. Yours very truly A. LINCOLN

Annotation

[1]   ALS, owned by Mrs. Yeatman Anderson, Cincinnati, Ohio. Presumably Lincoln received Galloway's letter after he had written the business letter to Galloway on July 27, supra.

[2]   Reverend William M. Reynolds, D.D., president of Illinois University and pastor of the English Lutheran Church at Springfield. Galloway wrote of visiting ``my relatives Dr. Reynolds family'' (DLC-RTL).

[3]   Chief Justice Joseph R. Swan of the Ohio Supreme Court, who handed down the verdict upholding the fugitive slave law in a habeas corpus case.