[1]   Illinois Journal, October 5, 1854. This summary indicates that Lincoln made much the same speech which he delivered at Peoria on October 15 (vide infra), and which has come to be associated primarily with that city rather than Springfield. The speech at Springfield according to the Journal ``commenced at 2 o'clock'' and continued ``above three hours,'' which is approximately the length of the Peoria speech. It may be noted also that Lincoln had covered some of the same ground in his speeches at Bloomington, September 12 and 26, and in preceding speeches. At Springfield, Stephen A. Douglas had spoken on the preceding day, remaining to hear Lincoln's reply and to give a rebuttal. According to the Journal, Douglas followed Lincoln with a speech of two hours, which ``was adroit and plausible, but had not the marble of logic in it.'' According to the Democratic Illinois State Register (October 6, 1854), however, Douglas ``pounded him to pumice with his terrible war club of retort and argument.''

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