Alcala, F., J. Beel, A. Frenkel, B. Gipp, J. Lülf, and H. Höpfner. 2004. "UbiLoc: A System for Locating Mobile Devices using Mobile Devices." In K. Kyamakya, ed., Proceedings of 1st Workshop on Positioning, Navigation and Communication 2004 (WPNC 04): 43–48. University of Hanover. Also available on

Bakkalbasi, N., K. Bauer, J. Glover, and L. Wang. 2006. "Three options for citation tracking: Google Scholar, Scopus and Web of Science." Biomedical Digital Libraries 3.

Bar-Ilan, J. 2007. "Which h-index? - A comparison of WoS, Scopus and Google Scholar." Scientometrics 74(2):257–271. doi:10.1007/s11192-008-0216-y

Beel, J. 2007.Project Team Rewards - Rewarding and Motivating your Project Team. Scotts Valley (USA): Createspace. ISBN 978-1434816269. Also available on

Beel, J., ed. 2009. Computer Science: New Generations. Munich (Germany): Grin Verlag. ISBN 978-3-640-32875-8.

Beel, J. and B. Gipp. 2009a. "Google Scholar’s Ranking Algorithm: An Introductory Overview." In B. Larsen and J. Leta, eds., Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Scientometrics and Informetrics (ISSI’09) 1: 230–241. Rio de Janeiro: International Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics. ISSN 2175-1935. Also available on

Beel, J. and B. Gipp. 2009b. "Google Scholar’s Ranking Algorithm: The Impact of Articles’ Age (An Empirical Study)." In S. Latifi, ed., Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Information Technology: New Generations (ITNG’09): 160–164, Las Vegas: IEEE. ISBN 978-1424437702. Also available on

Beel, J. and B. Gipp. 2009c. "Google Scholar’s Ranking Algorithm: The Impact of Citation Counts (An Empirical Study)." In A. Flory and M. Collard, eds., Proceedings of the 3rd IEEE International Conference on Research Challenges in Information Science (RCIS’09): 439–446. Fez (Morocco):IEEE. ISBN 978-1-4244-2865-6. Also available on

Beel, J. and B. Gipp. 2010. "On the Robustness of Google Scholar Against Spam." In Proceedings of the 21th ACM Conference on Hyptertext and Hypermedia: 297–298. Toronto: ACM. Also available on

Beel, J., B. Gipp, and J. O. Stiller. 2009. "Information Retrieval on Mind Maps – What could it be good for?" In Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Collaborative Computing: Networking, Applications and Worksharing (CollaborateCom ’09): 1–4. Washington: IEEE. ISBN 978-963-9799-76-9. Also available on

Beel, J., B. Gipp, and E. Wilde. 2010. "Academic Search Engine Optimization (ASEO): Optimizing Scholarly Literature for Google Scholar and Co." Journal of Scholarly Publishing41(2): 176–190. Also available on doi:10.3138/jsp.41.2.176

Benczúr, A., K. Csalogány, and T. Sarlós. 2006. "Link-based similarity search to fight web spam." Adversarial Information Retrieval on the Web (AIRWEB), Seattle, Washington, USA.

Benczur, A., K. Csalogány, T. Sarlós, and M. Uher. 2005. "SpamRank – Fully Automatic Link Spam Detection." In Adversarial Information Retrieval on the Web (AIRWEB ’05).

Castillo, C., D. Donato, A. Gionis, V. Murdock, and F. Silvestri. 2007. "Know your neighbors: Web spam detection using the web topology." In Proceedings of the 30th annual international ACM SIGIR conference on Research and development in information retrieval, 430. ACM.

Drost, I. and T. Scheffer. 2005. "Thwarting the nigritude ultramarine: Learning to identify link spam." Lecture Notes in Computer Science 3720:96. doi:10.1007/11564096_14

Fetterly, D., M. Manasse, and M. Najork. 2004. "Spam, damn spam, and statistics: Using statistical analysis to locate spam web pages." 1–6.

Gan, Q. and T. Suel. 2007. "Improving web spam classifiers using link structure." In Proceedings of the 3rd international workshop on Adversarial information retrieval on the web: 20. ACM.

Gandhi, M., M. Jakobsson, and J. Ratkiewicz. 2006. "Badvertisements: Stealthy click-fraud with unwitting accessories." Journal of Digital Forensic Practice1(2):131–142.doi:10.1080/15567280601015598

Geng, G., C. Wang, and Q. Li. 2008. "Improving Spamdexing Detection Via a Two-Stage Classification Strategy." 356.

Gipp, B. and J. Beel. 2009. "Identifying Related Documents For Research Paper Recommender By CPA And COA." In S. I. Ao, C. Douglas, W. S. Grundfest, and J. Burgstone, eds., International Conference on Education and Information Technology (ICEIT ’09), Lecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science 1:636–639. Berkeley (USA): International Association of Engineers (IAENG): Newswood Limited. ISBN 978-988-17012-6-8. Also available on

Groß, M. 2010. "academic search engine optimization." February 10. Blog.

Gunn, W. 2010. Feedback on ASEO. January. Blog Comment.

Gyöngyi, Z. and H. Garcia-Molina. 2005. "Link spam alliances." In Proceedings of the 31st international conference on Very large data bases: 528. VLDB Endowment.

Hadjinian, D. et al. 2006. "Clicking away the competition: The legal ramifications of click fraud for companies that offer pay per click advertising services." Shidler JL Com. & Tech. 3:5–16.

Harzing, A. and R. van der Wal. 2008. "Google Scholar as a new source for citation analysis." Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics (ESEP) 8(1):61–73. doi:10.3354/esep00076

Harzing, A. and R. van der Wal. 2008. "A Google Scholar h-index for journals: An alternative metric to measure journal impact in economics and business." Journal of the American Society for Information Science 60(1):41–46.doi:10.1002/asi.20953

Harzing, A. W. 2010. Publish or Perish in the news. Website.

Havemann, F. 2009. Einführung in die Bibliometrie. Humboldt University of Berlin.

Hirsch, J. E. 2005. "An index to quantify an individual’s scientific research output." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 102(46):16569–16572. doi:10.1073/pnas.0507655102

Ian. 2010, January. Feedback on ASEO. Blog Comment.

Jacso, P. 2008. "Testing the calculation of a realistic h-index in Google Scholar, Scopus, and Web of Science for FW Lancaster." Library Trends 56(4):784–815. doi:10.1353/lib.0.0011

Judson, H. 2004. The great betrayal: fraud in science. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (HMH).

Kloda, L. 2007. "Use Google Scholar, Scopus and Web of Science for comprehensive citation tracking." Evidence Based Library and Information Practice2(3):87.

Kousha, K. and M. Thelwall. 2008. "Sources of Google Scholar citations outside the Science Citation Index: A comparison between four science disciplines." Scientometrics74(2):273–294. doi:10.1007/s11192-008-0217-x

Meho, L. and K. Yang. 2006. "A new era in citation and bibliometric analyses: Web of Science, Scopus, and Google Scholar." Arxiv preprint cs/0612132.

Meho, L. and K. Yang. 2007. "Impact of data sources on citation counts and rankings of LIS faculty: Web of Science vs. Scopus and Google Scholar." Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology58:2105–25. doi:10.1002/asi.20677

Meskó, B. 2010. "Academic Search Engine Optimization in Google Scholar." January. Blog.

Müll, D. 2010. "Der Cyberkrieg hat begonnen: 34 US-Unternehmen teils stark von Attacken getroffen." January. News Website.

Moussa, S. and M. Touzani. 2009. "Ranking marketing journals using the Google Scholar-based hg-index." Journal of Informetrics.

Nathenson, I. 1998. "Internet infoglut and invisible ink: Spamdexing search engines with meta tags." Harv. J. Law & Tec 12:43–683.

Noruzi, A. 2005. "Google Scholar: The new generation of citation indexes." Libri 55(4):170–180. doi10.1515/LIBR.2005.170

Patterson, M. 2009. "Article Level Metrics." September. Blog.

Podobnik, V., K. Trzec, and G. Jezic. 2006. "An auction-based semantic service discovery model for e-commerce applications." Lecture Notes in Computer Science4277:97. doi:10.1007/11915034_32

Reviewer, J. 2010. Your Submission: Academic Search Engine Spam. March. Private Communication (Email).

Reviewer2, C. 2009. Feedback I on Reverse Engineering Google Scholar’s Ranking Algorithm (Conference Reviewer). March. Private Communication (Email).

Reviewer4, C. 2009. Feedback II on Reverse Engineering Google Scholar’s Ranking Algorithm (Conference Reviewer). March. Private Communication (Email).

SAGE. 2010. "Authors - How to help readers find your article online." Website.

Saito, H., M. Toyoda, M. Kitsuregawa, and K. Aihara. 2007. "A large-scale study of link spam detection by graph algorithms." In Proceedings of the 3rd international workshop on Adversarial information retrieval on the web: 48. ACM.

Soubusta, S. 2008. On Click Fraud. Information Wissenschaft und Praxis59.2:136.

Stribling, J., M. Krohn, and D. Aguayo. 2005. Scigen-an automatic cs paper generator.

Taraborelli, D. 2010. ReaderMeter: Crowdsourcing research impact. September. Blog.

Urvoy, T., T. Lavergne, and P. Filoche. 2006. "Tracking web spam with hidden style similarity." In AIRWeb 2006:25.

Wilbur, K. and Y. Zhu. 2009. "Click fraud." Marketing Science 28(2):293–308. doi:10.1287/mksc.1080.0397.

Wu, B. and K. Chellapilla. 2007. "Extracting link spam using biased random walks from spam seed sets." In Proceedings of the 3rd international workshop on Adversarial information retrieval on the web:44. ACM.

Yang, K. and L. Meho. 2006. "Citation analysis: A comparison of google scholar, scopus, and web of science":43.

blog comments powered by Disqus