Griffiths, Jose-Marie, and Donald W. King. 1993. Special libraries: Increasing the information edge. Washington, D.C.: Special Libraries Association. Book available from

Holmes, Aldyph. 1997. [Editor's note: the year used to read 1977. This was corrected September 2001.] Electronic publishing in science: Reality check. Canadian Journal of Communication 22(1977):105-16. Plus proprietary sources.

Jackson, Mary E. 1997. Measuring the performance of interlibrary loan and document delivery services. Association of Research Libraries 195(December): 1-4. [formerly]

King, Donald W. 1998. Some economic aspects of the Internet. Journal of the American Society for Information Science 49 (September): 990-1002. [doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-4571(1998)49:11<990::AID-ASI5>3.0.CO;2-X]

King, Donald W. and Carol Tenopir. 1998. Economic Cost Models of Scientific Scholarly Journals. Paper presented at the ICSU Press Workshop, 30 March-2 April, at Keble College, Oxford, UK.

King, Donald W., and Jose-Marie Griffiths. 1984. Article-delivery services market study. Ann Arbor, Mich.: King Research for University Microfilms Inc. Proprietary study with some data made available.

King, Donald W., and Nancy K. Roderer. 1981. The AIP Journal system: Relationship of price, page changes, demand, cost, and income. Part II, Appendix B of American Institute of Physics Function Planning in 1981 for 1982-87.

King, Donald W., Dennis D. McDonald, and Nancy K. Roderer. 1981. Scientific journals in the United States: Their production, use, and economics. Stroudsburg, Pa.: Hutchinson Ross Publishing (Academic Press). Copies available from Donald W. King.

King, Donald W. et al. 1977-98. Ann Arbor, Mich.: King Research. Two national surveys of scientists were performed in 1977 and 1984 by King Research, Inc., under contract to the National Science Foundation. In addition, in the late 1970s two surveys were conducted concerning readership and non-readership for Science and the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. After that time, two national proprietary surveys were done, and thirty-six individual statistical surveys were conducted under contract for different companies, government agencies, and national laboratories. Two surveys were performed in the early 1990s for The Johns Hopkins University (Eisenhower Library) and the University of Tennessee (Hodges Library) with Donald W. King consulting. In all instances, those respondents who indicated that they were scientists or engineers (according to the old NSF fields of science) were included in the data for this article. That included 13,591 scientists, but excluded more than eight thousand others from the various professions and business.

Interlibrary Loan/document delivery and photocopy studies included two national surveys done by King Research (1978, 1982) for the U.S. Copyright Office concerning the 1976 revision of copyright law. A national survey of article distribution was conducted for UMI in 1984. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, statewide studies involving interlibrary loan and document delivery were performed by King Research for the states of Pennsylvania, New York, Massachusetts, Wisconsin, and Arizona. A study of small, high-tech firms was done in 1985 for the Small Business Administration.

Kingma, Bruce R. 1995. Economics of access versus ownership: The costs and benefits of access to scholarly articles via interlibrary loan and journal subscriptions. Washington, D.C.: Council on Library Resources.

Liston, David M., Jr., Gail L. Kutner, and Ronald G. Havelock. 1985. A study of technical information services provided to small high-technology firms. Ann Arbor, Mich.: King Research report to the Small Business Administration.

Machlup, Fritz. 1979. Uses, value, and benefits of knowledge. In Knowledge: creation, definition, and utilization. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage Publications

Price, Derek J. De Solla. 1963. Little Science, Big Science. New York: Columbia Univ. Press, p. 6.

Tenopir, Carol, and Donald W. King. 1996. Setting the record straight on journal publishing: Myth vs. reality. Library Journal 121(5): 32-35.

________. 1997. Trends in scientific scholarly journal publishing in the United States. Journal of Scholarly Publishing. 28 (April): 135-70. Article available from The Journal of Scholarly Publishing.

________.Forthcoming. The transformation of scholarly journals: Twenty-year trends in the economics, use and information-seeking patterns of scientific print and electronic scholarly journals. Washington, D.C.: Special Libraries Association.

Varian, Hal R. 1996. Differential pricing and efficiency. First Monday: 1, 2. Accessed 8 April 1998. Article available from First Monday. [formerly]