|Author:||Lynn C. Westney|
|Title:||E-Journals - Inside and Out|
|Publication Info:||Ann Arbor, MI: MPublishing, University of Michigan Library
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E-Journals - Inside and Out
Lynn C. Westney
vol. 8, no. 2, September 2005
E-Journals - Inside and Out
Lynn C. Westney has been a practicing academic reference librarian since 1983 and since 1992, an Associate Professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago. In this column she selectively disseminates international information on the contents of freely accessible (no subscription required) e-journals, e-newsletters, and other e-publications. On occasion, Websites that enhance and extend these e-publications are included. SDI is the acronym for the selective dissemination of information within the field of Library and Information Science.
The Journal of the Association for History and Computing, JAHC, has as its focus the applications of computer and electronic technologies into the historical profession. History is interdisciplinary because everything has a history. Historians have to be open and receptive to the ideas presented in other journals and other fields if they are to present as accurately as is possible, history from all its diverse perspectives. Thus, an additional purpose of this column is to present to the readers of JAHC, the issues, controversies, and trends which are impacting interdisciplinary research within history, computing, and allied disciplines as evidenced within current electronic publications.
Professor Westney brings to our attention a diversity of global e-publications of interest to historians and other scholars by providing a brief descriptive and evaluative annotation of each individual publication, article, and Website chosen for inclusion. This effort serves as an introductory SDI vehicle for everyone who visits our e-journal.
Commentary and queries should be addressed to: email@example.com
E-Journals and Electronic Publications
AIP (American Institute of Physics) History Newsletter
Reports on work in the history of physics (and allied fields such as astronomy and geophysics) carried out at the American Institute of Physics and elsewhere. Issued each spring and fall.
Volume 37, No. 1, Spring 2005
"How Can Historians Use Tape-Recorded Interviews?" by Babak Ashrafi.
The oral history collection at the AIP's Niels Bohr Library is one of the Library's most heavily used resources, second only to the Emilio Segrè Visual Archive. The earliest interview in the collection is that of Max Born, conducted by Thomas Kuhn in 1960. The collection continues to grow, currently containing more than 850 cataloged interviews and nearly 50,000 pages of transcripts, as well as separate collections in the archives of interview tapes by sociologists and journalists. In addition to conducting its own interviews, the Center for History of Physics supports interviews conducted by other scholars through a grants-in-aid program (www.aip.org/history/web-grnt.htm) and through free transcription services, collects audio recordings and interviews donated to the Niels Bohr Library. A record is kept in the online International Catalog of Sources (ICOS) of interviews on the history of physics and allied fields that are held in other archives. Researchers can find interviews in the collection by searching ICOS or by browsing an alphabetical list, starting on the Center's home page (www.aip.org/history).
"History of Physics and Allied Fields at the Reagan Library," by Diane Barrie.
The Reagan Library textual material consists of two main collections of interest to researchers, the White House Office of Records Management (WHORM) Subject File and White Staff and Office files. In the Reagan Library, the Staff and Office Files offer the most substantive material and is the larger collection. The most relevant collections are the George Keyworth and William Graham collections. Keyworth and Graham served as the White House Science Advisor/Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy during the Reagan administration. Their collections consist of memos, correspondence, reports, research and policy papers on all the scientific issues of the 1980s. See the Reagan Library Web site for inventory lists and available material. The library's Website address is www.reagan.utexas.edu.
Volume 36, No. 2, Fall 2004
"History of Physics in the MIT Institute Archives and Special Collections," by Tom Rosko.
The MIT Institute Archives and Special Collections serves as a "memory" for the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, collecting, preserving, and making accessible records that document MIT's history and its impact on the world. In addition to being the source for information on the history of MIT, the Archives is one of the premier resources for the study of the history of 20th century science and technologye. The collections consist of official administrative and academic records of the Institute, personal papers of MIT faculty, staff, alumni, and related organizations, as well as MIT publications and theses. The Institute Archives and Special Collections also houses oral history collections and maintains the MIT rare book collections which include tens of thousands of volumes, many dating from before the 18th century including first editions by Newton and Galileo. The strength of the MIT Archives is in the combination of the official administrative records of the Institute and the personal papers of faculty, alumni and related organizations. The administrative documentation provides the context, both within the Institute and without, for studying scientific research, professional, societal and relatedactivities. Visit MIT's Web site http://libraries.mit.edu/archives.
"Plans to Preserve and Study the Postwar Physics Archives of Strasbourg University," by Sébastien Soubiran.
In 2003 the University Louis Pasteur of Strasbourg inaugurated a program for the preservation of the records and the development of historical research on physics in Strasbourg since 1945. It focused mainly on paper archives but also included instruments and all kinds of materials related to the activity of physicists in the University of Strasbourg after the Second World War. The program mobilized numerous people with various kinds of knowledge and know-how: archivists, historians of science and technology, physicists, and curators. This initiative is unique in France where no dedicated centralized structure exists to collect scientific archives.
"How to Use the Online International Catalog of Sources," by Jennifer S. Sullivan.
A new Web interface makes it easier to exploit the rich resources of the International Catalog of Sources for History of Physics and Allied Sciences (ICOS). This online database, created through international collaboration and maintained by the AIP Center for History of Physics, contains more than 7,000 records for archival collections located at more than 500 repositories worldwide, including the AIP's own Niels Bohr Library. ICOS is the single richest tool for researchers who want to identify original source materials in physics, astronomy, geophysics and allied fields. Materials cataloged include institutional records, personal papers, oral history interviews, unpublished biographies, audio and videotapes, and other unpublished sources. AIP staff add 100 or more new collections each year. To use ICOS click on the "International Archival Catalog (ICOS)" link under the Catalogs heading on the History Center's homepage www.aip.org/historyor go directly to www.aip.org/history/icos.
American Diplomacy Publishers, a not-for-profit organization, has published American Diplomacy since 1996 and is available free to all Internet users. Their goal is to publish thoughtful articles on international issues, to support efforts to strengthen the American Foreign Service, and to promote understanding of the challenges of diplomatic life abroad through the memoirs of U.S. Foreign Service personnel and their families. Among their contributors are American diplomats, both active and retired, as well as distinguished academicians.
August 22, 2005
"Hiroshima, Nagasaki and the Bombs," by James L. Abrahamson and Andrew P. O'Meara, Jr.
Two retired senior U. S. Army officers comment on the sixtieth anniversary of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings that ended World War II.
Targeted at information science professionals in academia and interested people in and beyond the higher education community. Its main geographic focus is the UK, although Ariadne is widely read internationally. Information service developments and information networking issues worldwide are its major focus. Ariadne is published quarterly by UKOLN at the University of Bath, http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/ukoln/.
Vol. 43, April 2005
"Waking Up in the British Library." by Emma Beer.
Beer reports on a one-day conference on using the electronic database Early English Books Online (EEOB) in teaching and research in history and English literature. This conference was held by the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) in association with ProQuest Information and Learning and the Higher Education Academy for English, in Manchester, England on March 22, 2005 at the John Rylands University Library. EEOB contains digital facsimile page images of virtually every book printed in England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, British North America and works elsewhere from 1473-1700, from the first book printed in English by William Caxton through the age of Spenser and Shakespeare and the tumult of the English Civil War.
Its primary focus is digital library research and development. This includes new technologies, their applications, and contextual social and economic issues.
Vol. 11, No. 7/8, July/August, 2005
XVIth International Conference of the Association for History and Computing (AHC) September 14 - 17, 2005, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. "The XVIth Conference of the international AHC brought together specialists from three broad streams: Scholars using computers in historical and related studies (history of art, archaeology, literary studies, etc.); Information and computing scientists working in the domain of cultural heritage and the humanities; and Professionals working in cultural heritage institutes (archives, libraries, museums).
For more information, see http://www.ahc2005.org/en.
E-STREAMS: Electronic Reviews of Science & Technology: Reviews Covering Engineering, Agriculture, Medicine, and Science http://www.e-streams.com/
E-STREAMS is a collaborative venture between H. Robert Malinowsky of the University of Illinois at Chicago and YBP Library Services. Current issues and a complete archive are maintained on its Website.
Following are recent reviews of books which examine historical issues and topics from several disciplines:
Vol. 8, No. 6/7, June/July 2005
Review #4172. Circuits in the Sea: The Men, the Ships, and the Atlantic Cable, by Chester G. Hearn. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2004.
Tracing the germination of Field's idea for the cable from 1854 through its successful implementation in 1866, the story of the years in-between make for an alluring reading experience.
Review #4194. Anthrax: A History, by Richard M. Swiderski. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 2004.
Swiderski traces linguistic origins as well as the vague beginnings of suspected anthrax cases from the 1700's to post 9/11 terrorist attacks in this thoroughly documented retrospective.
Review #4178. Food in Medieval Times, by Melitta Weiss Admason. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2004.
The second book in Greenwood Press' Food Through History series, Food in Medieval Times, is a compendium of intriguing food-related history, culture, and trivia from the 6th through the 15th centuries A.D. Details are drawn from a few surviving cookbooks of the time, with additional information gathered from literary and religious texts, historical records, medical references, archeological findings, and surviving visual art forms.
Vol. 8, No. 5, May 2005
Review #4149. England's Leonardo: Robert Hooke and the Seventeenth-Century Scientific Revolution, by Allan Chapman. Philadelphia, PA: Institute of Physics Publishing, 2005.
This book should be in all libraries collecting material on the history of science, intellectual history, and seventeenth century British and European History. An erudite and fascinating study of an important genius, Robert Hooke was truly "England's Leonardo".
A monthly peer-reviewed journal available on the Internet and sponsored by the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) University Library.
Vol. 10, No. 9, September 5, 2005
"Professors Online: The Internet's Impact on College Faculty," by Steve Jones and Camille Johnson-Yale.
Reports on findings from a nationwide survey of Internet use by U.S. college faculty. The findings show that institutions of higher education have a continuing need to address three broad areas (infrastructure, professional development, and teaching and research) in continuing to assist faculty in making optimum use of the Internet.
Vol. 10, No. 8, August 1, 2005
"From Genesis to Revelation of an Online Resource: The North Carolina History and Fiction Digital Library," by Elizabeth H. Smith.
A fascinating account of the development of the North Carolina History and Fiction Digital Library NCH&FDL (http://www.lib.ecu.edu/ncc/historyfiction/) at East Carolina University's (ECU) Joyner Library from an idea into a worldwide resource in just two years. The Website offers an armchair cyber-tour around eastern North Carolina, guiding users to some familiar places and to other interesting resources. It can be used to plan a trip or to provide supplemental information following a visit to any of the 29 counties. The NCH&FDL does not [yet] include all of North Carolina.
Vol. 10, No. 6, June 6, 2005
"Digital Deerfield 1704: A New Perspective on the French and Indian Wars," by Lynne Spichiger and Chris Sturm.
In February 2003, on the 300th anniversary of the raid on Deerfield, the Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association and the Memorial Hall Museum launched a Website that both commemorates and reinterprets this event from the perspectives of all the cultural groups who were present: Wobanakiak, Kanienkehaka, Wendat, English, and French. The site brings together a multitude of Web elements including historical scenes, narratives of peoples' lives, artifacts and historic documents, interactive maps, voices and songs, essays, illustrations/paintings, and an interactive timeline to provide a window into a world of global political and religious conflict, family stories, and military sagas.
"Engaging the Public with Digital Primary Sources: A Tri-State Online History Database and Learning Center," by Laurie Mercier and Leslie Wykoff.
This collaborative database project, involving five universities and historical societies in Washington, Oregon, and Idaho, encourages online researchers to think more deeply about the digitized primary sources featured.
Vol. 10, No. 5, May 2, 2005
"Multimedia That Matters: Gallery-Based Technology and the Museum Visitor," by Scott Sayre.
Throughout the 1990s, many art museums began to struggle with the questions of how and where to integrate interpretive technologies into exhibits and galleries. Recent testing and evaluations of gallery-based interpretive media projects produced by four major art museums are examined: The Victoria and Albert Museum, The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, The Walker Art Center, and the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art.
The History of Oceanography Newsletter
Edited by Professor Eric Mills, Dalhousie University, Canada in Association withThe International Union of the History and Philosophy of Science, Division of the History of Science, Commission of Oceanography, The Cumulative Bibliography on the History of Oceanography (CBHO) is published annually in the History of Oceanography Newsletter in order to gather in one place the scattered literature on the history of oceanography. CBHO strives to list all works on the history of oceanography. Biographical items such as biographies and obituaries are compiled separately and will be incorporated into this Web site in the future. There is no comprehensive bibliography on the history of oceanography before 1987.
No. 16, September 2004
"Mr. Hodges' Accumulator," by Anita McConnell.
Accounts of the development of deep-sea sounding and dredging have described the apparatus lowered into the sea, but generally ignore the device, clearly shown in the famous picture of HMS Porcupine, referred to simply as Hodges' accumulator. This vital piece of gear made it possible to tow and haul in deep-sea dredges from a line fastened on board, with less risk of the rope breaking if the dredge snagged or the ship rolled or pitched.
"The Flye revisited,' by Paul Hughes and Alan D. Wall.
A sixteenth century piece of hydrography has been lost. The last recorded existence of the Flye was in 1937 when Eustace Bosanquet published an excellent reproduction. The Flye is a beautiful diagram of tidal information for North West Europe made by Philip Moore in 1569. The diagram is complex and requires an interpretation as to its usage; beyond the title, it is without any accompanying text. The Flye, when it existed, appears to have represented an advanced state of hydrographic knowledge.
International Journal of Naval History
The objective of the International Journal of Naval History is to provide a pre-eminent forum for works of naval history researched and written to demonstrable academic standards for the purposes of stimulating and promoting research into naval history and fostering communication among naval historians at an international level.
Vol. 4, No. 2, August 2005
"More than "Rum, Buggery, and the Lash" :Social Historyin American Naval Documents," by Michael J. Crawford.
Charts a course to some neglected and fascinating aspects of the social history of the American sailing navy and urges social historians to cruise in less frequented seas. These aspects include: women; hygiene; patronage of officers toward warrant and petty officers and ratings; and the life-course of warrant and petty officers.
Vol. 4, No. 1, April 2005
"British Naval Policy and the War against Japan, 1937-1945: Distorted Doctrine, Insufficient Resources, or Inadequate Intelligence?" by Douglas Ford.
Two main historiographic schools of thought have emerged concerning British naval policy during the inter-war period and Second World War. Both schools have attempted to draw a connection between British naval strategy and the Royal Navy's shortcomings vis-à-vis the IJN. The first school has focused mainly on Britain's resource shortages. The second mainstream debate has focused on the Royal Navy's doctrine.
Vol. 3, Nos. 2/3, August/December 2004
"Battleships and British Society, 1920-1960," by Mark Connelly.
Explores the image of the Royal Navy's battleships in British society between 1920 and 1960.
Vol. 2,No. 2, August 2003
"Archival Treasure for Scholars of the Kriegsmarine," by Eric C. Rust.
The Bundesarchiv-Zentralnachweisstelle (BA-ZNS) is the central depository for court martial records of the Wehrmacht, Waffen-SS, Luftwaffe and Kriegsmarine, as well as the German Mine Sweeping Administration (GMSA) in the immediate post-war period. It is located in a former Benedictine monastery in the picturesque village of
Kornelimünster, some 10 miles south of downtown Aachen. This Website offers pertinent information for users, including e-mail address and transportation:
The Naval War College Review
The Naval War College Press publishes the quarterly Naval War College Review which focuses on politico-military, strategic, and operational matters. Available in both html and pdf formats.
Vol. 58, No. 4, Autumn 2005
"Why Doesn't America Have a Nelson? Does It Need One?" by James Holmes.
Great naval endeavors are noticeably absent from our national discourse. At this writing the sixtieth anniversary of the Battle of Iwo Jima, one of the pivotal clashes of the Pacific War, has passed with scarcely a murmur from the media or the public. For the good of the U.S. Navy and the nation, American sailors, veterans, and naval historians need to put this kind of oversight to rights. Nelson's like is not to be found in American naval history. The U.S. Navy has yet to produce a commander who can equal Nelson's combination of war-fighting excellence, personal gallantry, and public prominence.
Vol. 58, No. 3, Summer 2005
"The Submarine as a Case Study in Transformation: Implications for Future Investment," by James H. Patton, Jr.
The U.S. submarine has a history of adaptation since its incorporation into the fleet in 1900. It can be safely said that no U.S. submarine has ever been employed for its designed purpose.
"The Jeune École and Its Lessons for Today," by Erik J. Dahl.
The main caution the story of the Jeune École offers for advocates of network-centric warfare and American defense transformation is not that they may be wrong in their assessments but that they may be right, too early.
Parameters: US Army War College Quarterly
The United States Army's Senior Professional Journal, an official U.S. Army periodical, is published quarterly by the US Army War College and is available in htm and pdf formats. Parameters is a refereed journal of ideas and issues that provides a forum for the expression of mature professional thought on the art and science of land warfare, joint and combined matters, national and international security affairs, military strategy, military leadership and management, military history, ethics, and other topics of significant and current interest to the U.S. Army and Department of Defense. It serves as a vehicle for continuing the education and professional development of USAWC graduates and other senior military officers, as well as members of government and academia concerned with national security affairs.
Vol. 35, No. 3, Autumn 2005
"The Nine Principles of Reconstruction and Development," by Andrew S. Natsios.
The purpose of this article is to introduce and analyze the Nine Principles of Reconstruction and Development to the military community.
"Blowtorch: Robert Komer and the Making of Vietnam Pacification Policy," by Frank L. Jones.
Carrying out President Lyndon Johnson's orders, Robert Komer set out to implement Johnson's goals for the "other war" in Vietnam, goals that were staggeringly different and complex from the large-unit war being conducted there. In essence, to fight the other war, he had to redirect and harness the activities of civilian agencies as well as military efforts to provide security and defeat the Viet Cong guerrillas, as part of a better-coordinated US effort to support the government of South Vietnam through a nation-building program known as pacification. This term had become a substitute for "counterinsurgency" in 1964-1965.
"Groupthink, Politics, and the Decision to Attempt the Son Tay Rescue," by Mark Amidon.
From a tactical perspective, the Son Tay raid was a model for planning and execution. The greatest achievement of the raid was never considered a mission objective--although no POWs were rescued, the raid forced the North Vietnamese to consolidate all POW camps, in some cases ending years of isolation for POWs and raising morale immensely. Despite this unforeseen benefit, the fact remains that two more years would pass before the POWs were released. Failure invites intense scrutiny. The casualty-free execution of the Son Tay mission has deprived groupthink scholars of a treasury of lessons that apparently have gone unnoticed, buried beneath the "intelligence failure."
Vol. 35, No. 2, Summer 2005
"The Trouble with History," by Antulio J. Echevarria II.
This provocative article focuses on the troubles underlying history. History, contrary to popular assumption, is not the past. The terms are commonly, but incorrectly, used interchangeably. The past, simply put, is what happened. History, in contrast, is the historian's interpretation of what happened. As Michael Howard stressed, history is
merely what "historians write." Carl Becker, the renowned American historian of the early 20th century, put it somewhat differently when he noted that history is little more than the collective "memory of things said and done." Thus, history is just like human memory—fallible and prone to selective recall. As such, it is also highly idiosyncratic, and inevitably imperfect. Hence, as E. H. Carr, a British historian warned, one must "study the historian before studying the facts."
Vol. 35, No. 1, Spring 2005
"How Has War Changed Since the End of the Cold War?" by Colin S. Gray.
Context is, or at least should be, the most important variable in theunderstanding of war. The necessity to take due account of the central significance of the several contexts of war is the first of the four caveats to be addressed. The four caveats suggested in this article that should be affixed to strategic predictions constructed from recent experience are: War should not be approached in ways that would divorce it from its political, social, and cultural contexts; Defense establishments are apt to develop impressive military solutions to problems that they prefer to solve, rather than those that a cunning or lucky foe might pose; and Trend-spotting and analysis is not a very helpful guide to the future. The strategic future is driven by the consequences of the trends we see, trends which interact and can trigger nonlinear developments.
"Lessons from a Successful Counterinsurgency: The Philippines, 1899-1902," by Timothy K. Deady.
The Philippine Insurrection of 1899-1902 was America's first major combat operation of the 20th century. The American policy of rewarding support and punishing opposition in the Philippines, called "attraction and chastisement," was an effective operational strategy. By eliminating insurgent resistance, the campaign successfully set the conditions necessary for achieving the desired end-state. After a brief review of the conflict, the strategic and operational lessons of America's successful campaign are examined and the belligerents' policy goals, strategies, and their centers of gravity are considered.
The Professional Military Journal Reading Room
Each of the eight journal Websites include the content of the journal's current issue, information for subscribers and contributors, and online articles. Some Websites include complete editions online, archives, indexes, and other unique features. A treasure trove of information. Each website includes the content of the journal's current issue, information for subscribers and contributors, and online articles.
Aerospace Power Journal
Canadian Military Journal
Joint Force Quarterly [JFQ]
Marine Corps Gazette
Proceedings of the Naval Institute
Naval War College Review
A bimonthly newsletter focusing primarily on issues of particular interest and value to managers of digital initiatives. It has a strong a preservation component providing filtered guidance and pointers to relevant projects to improve awareness of evolving practices in image conversion and digital preservation and announcements of publications (in any form) that will help people attain a deeper understanding of digital issues. Published six times a year, it is produced by staff in the Department of Research, Cornell University Library in consultation with RLG.
Vol. 9, No. 4, August 15, 2005
"Watch This Space: Ten Promising Digital Preservation Initiatives," by The RLG DigiNews Staff.
This is a trial feature for RLG DigiNews to highlight the potential of ten funded but not yet completed digital preservation and development projects.
Vol. 9, No. 3, June 15, 2005
"Bringing the Digital Revolution to Medieval Musicology: The Digital Image Archive of Medieval Music (DIAMM)," by Julia Craig-McFeely and Marilyn Deegan.
The Digital Image Archive of Medieval Music (DIAMM) has been in existence since 1998 DIAMM's aims and objectives have evolved from the initial goal of establishing a preservation-quality digital archive for at-risk sources of medieval music (currently holding some 7000 images) to a full online delivery system for images and metadata with tools for scholarly manipulation and annotation. This article describes the project from its inception to its current phase, charting some of the issues, problems, and successes.
Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography
by Charles W. Bailey, Jr., Version 59: 9/09/2005
The Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography (SEPB) was first published on October 25, 1996. This selective but nonetheless comprehensive bibliography presents over 2,275 articles, books, and other printed and electronic sources that are useful in understanding scholarly electronic publishing efforts on the Internet. Most sources have been published between 1990 and the present; however, a limited number of key sources published prior to 1990 are also included. Links are provided to sources that are freely available on the Internet.
The HTML document is designed for interactive use. Each major section is a separate file. There are links to sources that are freely available on the Internet. It can be searched using Boolean operators. The HTML document includes three sections not found in the Acrobat file:
(1) Scholarly Electronic Publishing Weblog (a biweekly list of new resources; also available by mailing list, http://info.lib.uh.edu/sepb/sepw.htm
(2) Scholarly Electronic Publishing Resources (a directory of over 270 related Web sites) http://info.lib.uh.edu/sepb/sepr.htm
(3) Archive (prior versions of the SEPB bibliography)
The printed bibliography is over 185 pages long. The Acrobat file is over 440 KB.
The Open Access Bibliography (OAB): Liberating Scholarly Literature with E-Prints and Open Access Journals, also by Charles Bailey, provides much more in-depth coverage of the open access movement and related topics (e.g., disciplinary archives, e-prints, institutional repositories, open access journals, and the Open Archives Initiative OAI) than does SEPB. The "Open Access Webliography" complements the OAB, providing access to a number of Websites related to open access topics. The 129 page PDF file is available at http://www.escholarlypub.com/oab.pdf.