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Author: Lynn C. Westney
Title: E-Journals: Inside and Out [vol. 8, no. 1]
Publication Info: Ann Arbor, MI: MPublishing, University of Michigan Library
May 2005

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Source: E-Journals: Inside and Out [vol. 8, no. 1]
Lynn C. Westney

vol. 8, no. 1, May 2005
Article Type: E-Journals: Inside and Out

E-Journals - Inside and Out

Lynn C. Westney


SDI is the acronym for Selective Dissemination of Information in the field of Library and Information Science. Professor Lynn Westney, the editor of this column on E-Journals, has been a practicing academic reference librarian since 1983. She is an Associate Professor and a Reference Librarian at the University of Illinois at Chicago. In this column Lynn selectively disseminates international information on the contents of freely accessible (no subscription required), e-journals, e-newsletters, and other e-publications. Relevant Web sites are included on occasion.

The Journal of the Association for History and Computing, JAHC, has as its focus the applications of computer and electronic technologies into the historical profession. History is interdisciplinary because everything has a history. Thus, computer and electronic applications are more often than not interdisciplinary rather than discipline-specific.

Historians must be open and receptive to the ideas presented in other journals and in other fields. Thus, an additional purpose of this column is to present to the readers of JAHC, the issues, controversies, and trends which are impacting interdisciplinary research within history, computing, and allied disciplines as evidenced within current electronic publications.

Professor Westney brings to our attention a diversity of global e-publications of interest to historians and scholars by providing a brief descriptive and evaluative annotation of each publication chosen for inclusion. Through highlighting individual articles this effort serves as an introductory vehicle for the selective dissemination of information for the members of AAHC, JAHC, and others who visit our Web site.

Commentary and queries concerning this column should be addressed to:

Interdisciplinary E-Journals and Electronic Publications

Entries are listed in alphabetical order by e-title.

ACLS History E-Book Project

The American Council of Learned Societies (ACLS) History E-Book (HEB) project has added over 100 new titles in African History, Asian Studies, and Comparative/World History. With this addition, the ACLS History E-Book Project now includes over 1,000 fully searchable, high-quality books recommended and reviewed by historians, featuring multi-user access, downloadable MARC records, and links to online reviews. The collection is available 24/7 and includes titles in the fields of American History, European History, Middle Eastern History, and the History of Technology.

The History E-Book Project will continue to add 250 titles each year, expanding into the fields of Latin American History, Australasia and Oceania, Byzantium, Methods and Theory, Native Peoples of the Americas, and Women's Studies. The Project is distinguished by the depth of its collection, its powerful search engine, and the quality of its title-selection process.

In related news, the ACLS History E-Book Project recently launched its new Print-on-Demand (POD) Program, making 250 hard to find and out-of-print books readily available to students, scholars, and the general public. Working with the University of Michigan's Scholarly Publishing Office (SPO) and the POD vendor, Lightning Source, HEB uses its own digital files and digital printing techniques to produce standard print books in a rapid and cost-effective process that approaches the quality of the original print editions.

For a complete list of current POD titles, go to:

A complete list of titles is available at:

A downloadable PowerPoint presentation of the Project is also online at


is targeted at information science professionals in academia and interested people in and beyond the higher education community. Its main geographic focus is the UK, although it is widely read internationally. Information service developments and information networking issues worldwide are its major focus. Ariadne is published quarterly by UKOLN at the University of Bath,

Vol. 42, January 2005

“A Librarian's Experience of e-Government,” by Jane Inman.

Describes the route Inman has taken as a librarian through the expanding landscape of e-government and highlights the skills librarians can bring to this arena.

Vol. 42, January 2005

“Vision of Britain,” by Humphrey Southall.

Vision of Britain is a Web site allowing free public access to an unrivaled collection of British historic maps, statistics, and stories. By simply keying in a postcode or place name, or clicking on a map, users can call up a wealth of information on any locality.

The Lottery-funded A Vision of Britain Through Time (1801-2001)Web site,

was created at the Great Britain Historical Geographical Information System, based at Portsmouth University. It includes 10 million+ words of text describing both Britain as a whole, and individual towns and villages: included are the introductions to every census from 1801-1961; entries from descriptive gazetteers; and personal accounts of journeys around Britain. It holds also three sets of one-inch maps covering Great Britain at different dates. Probably the biggest unified collection of social statistics for Britain ever assembled, all statistics are contained in one column of a single database table, currently with over 10 million rows.


provides a high-level map of the national music resource, defined as the holdings of music materials in libraries, archives and museums across the UK and Ireland. It is intended to provide a directory of first resort for every enquiry about music resources, and is managed by the UK and Ireland Branch of the International Association of Music Libraries, Archives and Documentation Centres, IAML (UK & Ireland). Cecilia is a Web-based searchable database of collection level descriptions of music holdings held in both specialised and general repositories. Its scope is extremely wide, since potentially, any library, museum or archive contains relevant materials, often dispersed or hidden amongst more general holdings. To date, a database of descriptions of 1,800 collections from 600 institutions has been assembled.

Cornucopia: Discovering UK Collections

is a fully searchable online database of information about more than 6,000 collections in the UK's museums, galleries, archives, and libraries. It allows those institutions to record and maintain collections descriptions and details in a unique shared national resource. Cornucopia allows the public to browse, collect, and compare information on different objects and collections held cross the country, using a fast and efficient system of categorisation and retrieval. Users can save descriptions in a personalised collections repository and print, save, or email information. A Web services search option permits the concurrent search of Cornucopia with Cecilia (an innovative database of music collections and Google ( giving users a comprehensive insight into the collections held across UK museums, libraries and archives.

D-Lib Magazine

has as its primary focus digital library research and development. This includes new technologies, their applications, and contextual social and economic issues.

Vol. 11, No. 3, March 2005

“The NSF National Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education Digital Library (NSDL) Program: New Projects from Fiscal Year 2004,” by Lee L. Zia.

Discusses the development of a national digital library of high quality educational resources to support learning at all levels in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). By enabling broad access to reliable and authoritative learning and teaching materials and associated services in a digital environment, the National Science

Digital Library expects to promote continual improvements in the quality of formal STEM education, and also to serve as a resource for informal and lifelong learning.

eScholarship Repository

The eScholarship Repository, which houses a variety of scholarly materials produced under the auspices of the University of California research units, centers, and departments, has logged its one-millionth full-text download. Included within the eScholarship Repository are a number of peer-reviewed publications, working papers, monographs, and other scholarly materials. UC recently launched a postprints service to provide greater access to UC eScholarship. Access to previously published articles written by UC faculty will now be available free online with the new eScholarship postprints service. The eScholarship postprints service provides scholars with another option for regaining control of their scholarship and maximizing its availability and influence.

The academic community and general public gain an opportunity to study the published results from the research happening at all UC campuses and research centers. Added to the existing array of eScholarship Repository publishing services, which include working paper series and online journals, the postprints feature allows UC faculty who have retained the appropriate copyrights or who obtain permission from their publishers to easily deposit previously published articles into a publicly accessible online repository. The postprints are fully searchable, available free of charge, and are persistently maintained in a centrally managed database. UC faculty interested in joining the eScholarship Repository and depositing papers via the new postprints service can find more information on the eScholarship Repository Web site at:

E-STREAMS: Electronic Reviews of Science & Technology: Reviews Covering Engineering, Agriculture, Medicine, and Science

E-STREAMS is a collaborative venture between H. Robert Malinowsky of the University of Illinois at Chicago and YBP Library Services. Current issues and a full archive of E-STREAMS are maintained on the E-STREAMS Web site, .

Following are selected reviews of books which examine various facets of history from several disciplines.

Vol. 8, No. 1, January 2005

Inside the Iron Works: How Grumman’s Glory Days Faded by George M. Skurla and William H. Gregory. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2004. Review #3831.

Provides an insider’s view of the history of Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation by former president and chairman, George Skurla. Grumman was one of the largest and most successful aircraft companies and its story is in many ways a microcosm of the industry. The first part of the book is a rather ordinary description of what it was like working in the aircraft industry right after WW2 when aircraft companies were run by the engineers who founded the companies. Skurla’s analysis of being affiliated with one customer, in Grumman’s case the U.S. Navy, and both the need and pitfalls inherent in diversification are instructive for any industry.

Vol. 8, No. 1, January 2005

Cogwheels of the Mind by A. W. F. Edwards, foreword by Ian Stewart. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004. Review #3843.

A popular and accessible accounting of a most useful little diagram. The Venn diagram was invented by John Venn (1834-1923), a logician at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge University (the same institution, incidentally, as the author of this book). He developed the diagram while preparing for a series of lectures on symbolic logic. This little book (110 pages) will appeal to anyone studying math, art, or philosophy. It includes many beautiful and complex full-color graphics. There are no book-length biographies of Venn on the market, thus Cogwheels of the Mind fills a gap in the mathematical literature.

Vol. 8, No. 2, February 2005

Early Earthquakes of the Americas by Robert L. Kovach. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2004. Review #3906.

This unusual and thorough work is the first in seismology in English to consider the earthquake history of North, Central and South America and its relation to the known pre-Columbian archeological and documentary record as a unit. Chapters five through eleven comprise the main body of the book and explore in detail the earthquake evidence in both written and archaeological forms from Mexico, the Mayan lands, Costa Rica, Panama and Colombia, Peru and Chile, California (beginning with the Los Angeles event of 1769), the North American Cordillera (highlighting the 1887 Sonora quake) and seismic events of the interior of North America. These last are limited to the 1663 Great Quebec earthquake, the 1886 event which struck Charleston, South Carolina, and Texan tremors as well the somewhat more familiar quakes along the New Madrid fault in Illinois in 1811-1812.

Vol. 8, No. 2, February 2005

Chinese Silk: A Cultural History by ShelaghVainker. New Brunswick, NJ: British Museum Press/Rutgers University Press, 2004. Review #3950.

This is a comprehensive, historical, pictorial guide to decorative design from Neolithic China c.5000–c.1700 BC to the People’s Republic that began in 1949. This informative, realistic depiction of art through silk is revealed in exquisite photography that is numbered and referenced. Shelagh Vainker’s expertise as the Assistant Keeper of Eastern Art, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, England is captured in the layout of this historical document.

First Monday

is a monthly peer-reviewed journal available on the Internet and sponsored by The University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) University Library. UIC’s Library Systems Team provides technical support including developing graphics, checking HTML, assisting in creating metadata, and developing and improving Web-based services.

Vol. 10, No. 4, April 2005

“The Democratic Divide,” by Stephanie Birdsall.

This paper examines political participation and Internet usage to explore the ways in which they intersect geographically. Remote Internet voting has been proposed as a solution to low voter turnout. It is tempting to see the use of Internet technology by a large segment of the population as a quick fix for making the voting process more accessible to a larger number of people. This argument, however, demonstrates a disconnect with the reality of Internet use; that is, that it happens in a place. Internet use is not an ethereal, boundaryless activity. Rather, it is situated in a spatial/geographic context. Reviewing this geographic context using Geographic Information System (GIS) technology can reveal the serious limitations of a "point and click" solution to improving political participation.

Vol. 10, No. 3, March 7, 2005

“The Iraq Insurgency: Anatomy of a Tribal Rebellion,” by William S. McCallister.

The answers to what motivates and sustains the insurgency in Iraq are not readily found in traditional insurgency literature. Much better answers can be found by reexamining something deemed anachronistic in the information age: the dynamics of traditionally networked tribes and clans. This paper shows that tribal dynamics are particularly evident among insurgents in Fallujah and other parts of the so–called Sunni triangle.

Vol. 10, No. 3, March 7, 2005

“New Approaches to Television Archiving,” by Jeff Ubois.

Television remains the most powerful medium in our culture, but we have almost no memory for it: broadcasts are ephemeral, and therefore difficult to analyze, fact–check, and evaluate. Broadly accessible television archives could transform television into a medium with a permanently preserved history that is searchable, accessible, and accountable.

Worldwide, more than 30 million hours of unique television programming are broadcast every year, yet only a tiny fraction of it is preserved for future reference, and only a fraction of that preserved footage is publicly accessible. Most television broadcasts are simply lost forever, though television archivists have been working to preserve selected programs for fifty years. Recent reductions in the cost of storage of digital video could allow preservation of this portion of our culture for a small fraction of the worldwide library budget, and improvements in the distribution of online video could enable much greater collaboration between archival institutions.

Vol. 10, No. 3, March 7, 2005

“Al Qaeda and Its Affiliates: A Global Tribe Waging Segmental Warfare?” by David Ronfeldt.

Al Qaeda and its affiliates are operating much like a global tribe waging segmental warfare. This paper describes the dynamics of classic tribes: what drives them, how they organize, how they fight. Al Qaeda fits the tribal paradigm quite well. Thus, continuing to view Al Qaeda mainly as a cutting–edge, post–modern phenomenon of the information age misses a crucial point: Al Qaeda and affiliates are using the information age to reiterate ancient patterns of tribalism on a global scale. The war they are waging is more about virulent tribalism than religion. The tribal paradigm should be added to the network and other prevailing paradigms to help figure out the best policies and strategies for countering these violent actors. The contents include: Basic dynamics of classic tribes; War and religion in tribal settings ; Al Qaeda, Osama bin Laden, and global jihad; Overlap with the network paradigm; and Preliminary implications for policy and strategy.

Hong Kong Journals Online (HKJO)

is a full-text image database providing access to selected academic and professional journals, both in English and Chinese, published in Hong Kong. Titles included in this database cover a wide range of disciplines including law, medicine, and education. Issues included in this database vary from journal to journal with the earliest going back to 1872. More than 170,000 images from over 40 titles are accessible currently. Note: Full-text search is offered but not supported for all journals. An archive of this list as well as a subscribe/unsubscribe facility is available at:

In an excellent example of how materials can be made available more widely online in a non-commercial environment, the Special Collections section of the Hong Kong University Libraries has uploaded a good range of journals, mainly relating to Hong Kong, but with some having much broader appeal.

For example:

The China Review (1872-1901); Chung Chi Journal (1961-1976); The Hong Kong Naturalist: a quarterly illustrated journal principally for Hong Kong and South China (1930-1941); New Asia Academic Bulletin (1978-); New Asia Academic Annual

(1959-1977); and Journal of the Hong Kong Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society (1961-).

The Naval War College Review

The Naval War College Press publishes quarterly the Naval War College Review which focuses on politico-military, strategic, and operational matters. It is available in both html and pdf formats.

Vol. 58, No. 1, Winter 2005

“MIDWAY: Sheer Luck or Better Doctrine?” by Thomas Wildenberg.

The American and Japanese navies in the interwar years both acknowledged the transformative nature of the aircraft carrier, but they made strikingly different choices in implementing that naval revolution. The contrasting carrier doctrines and force structures these choices produced were tested decisively at Midway, in ways that speak to the nature of military technological innovation.

Vol. 58, No. 1, Winter 2005

“Race for the Decisive Weapon: British, American, and Japanese Carrier Fleets, 1942–1943,” by James P. Levy.

It is popularly understood that after the spectacular American victory at the battle of Midway the aircraft carrier reigned supreme. However, it was not until 1944 that in fact carriers ruled the waves. Why the delay? This article compares and contrasts the carrier fleets of Great Britain, the United States, and Japan. In addition, it examines their activities in the post-Midway strategic environment analyzing how each carrier power responded to the perceived need for additional carrier airpower. Levy demonstrates how and why the United States won the race for the decisive weapon of modern naval warfare.

Vol. 57, No. 3/4, Summer/Autumn 2004

“TO THE EDGE OF NOWHERE? U.S.-Icelandic Defense Relations during and after the Cold War,” by Gudni Th. Jóhannesson.

Iceland has always been a “reluctant” and somewhat prickly ally of the United States and NATO, but for decades it could use the leverage of its critical geographical position to shape the relationship and to have its way in, especially, fisheries disputes. In 1991, however, the whole basis of the alliance changed, and it did so again in September 2001. The nature of the relationship is being redefined today.

The Open Access Bibliography: Liberating Scholarly Literature with E-Prints and Open Access Journals

presents over 1,300 selected English-language books, conference papers (including some digital video presentations), debates, editorials, e-prints, journal and magazine articles, news articles, technical reports, and other printed and electronic sources that are useful in understanding the open access movement's efforts to provide free access to and unfettered use of scholarly literature. Most sources have been published between 1999 and August 31, 2004; however, a limited number of key sources published prior to 1999 are also included. Where possible, links are provided to sources that are freely available on the Internet (approximately 78 percent of the bibliography's references have such links).

Note: This bibliography has been published as a printed book (ISBN 1-59407-670-7) by the Association of Research Libraries (ARL).

ARL and the author have made the PDF version of the bibliography freely available. It is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License.

RLG DigiNews

is a bimonthly newsletter focusing primarily on issues of particular interest and value to managers of digital initiatives and has a strong a preservation component; providing filtered guidance and pointers to relevant projects to improve awareness of evolving practices in image conversion and digital preservation; and announcements of publications (in any form) that will help people attain a deeper understanding of digital issues. Published six times a year, it is produced by staff in the Department of Research, Cornell University Library in consultation with RLG.

Vol. 9, No 1, February 15, 2005

“The Tundra Times Newspaper Digitization Project,” by Judith A.K. Terpstra, Frederick Zarndt, David Ongley, and Stefan Boddie.

This article describes how the Tuzzy Consortium Library, a small regional library in a very remote location (Barrow, Alaska) successfully undertook the digitization of the Tundra Times, a statewide newspaper that documents the history of Alaska Native peoples and their political struggles from 1962 to 1997. The Library adopted and extended the methodology developed by the Utah Digital Newspapers Project.

Vol. 9, No 1, February 15, 2005

“Building a Globally Distributed Historical Sheet Map Set of Austro-Hungarian Topographic Maps, 1877-1914,” by Patrick McGlamery.

The AuHu75 map set was published in Vienna over a period of years, 1877-1914. The set is comprised of 776 sheets. Each map represents a 15 degree minute x 30 degree minute (about 1,000 sq. kilometers) ‘tile’ and comes in several editions and print dates. The maps detail the physical and cultural landscape, showing hills, valleys and rivers, as well as houses, mills, factories, and farms. The cartography represents deciduous and coniferous trees differently and shows natural forests and planting. The variant place names are also clearly evident.

Other map sets published before, during, and after WWII used the Spezialkarte der Österreichisch-ungarnischen Monarchie as a base map, making the AuHu75 a key map for studying a large and significant area of Central Europe in the 19th and 20th centuries. As a set of maps, it enjoys an enormous, sophisticated user community made up of historians, genealogists, archaeologists, architects, and lawyers researching WWII reparations claims.

The design for this project grew out of discussions at various conferences for map librarians. Seven libraries in the United States and Europe are participating in the model design. In addition to the New York Public Library, the American Geographical Society Map Library, and the University of Connecticut’s Homer Babbidge Library, four European libraries are cooperating, though not yet funded: Oxford University’s Bodleian Library; and the national libraries of Denmark (the Kongelige Bibliotek), Slovenia (Narodna in Univerzitetna Knjiznica), and Croatia (Nacionalna I Sveucilisna Knjiznica).

Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography

by Charles W. Bailey, Jr. Version 57: 2/16/2005

The Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography (SEPB) was first published on October 25, 1996. This selective bibliography presents over 2,275 articles, books, and other printed and electronic sources that are useful in understanding scholarly electronic publishing efforts on the Internet. Most sources have been published between 1990 and the present; however, a limited number of key sources published prior to 1990 are also included. Links are provided to sources that are freely available on the Internet.


The HTML document is designed for interactive use. Each major section is a separate file. There are links to sources that are freely available on the Internet. It can be searched using Boolean operators. The HTML document includes three sections not found in the Acrobat file:

(1) Scholarly Electronic Publishing Weblog (biweekly list of new resources; also available by mailing list, (

(2) Scholarly Electronic Publishing Resources (directory of over 270 related Web sites)

(3) Archive (prior versions of the bibliography)


The printed bibliography is over 185 pages long. The Acrobat file is over 440 KB.

The bibliography has the following sections (revised sections are marked with an asterisk):

Table of Contents

  • 1 Economic Issues (Last update: 10/26/2004)
  • 2 Electronic Books and Texts
    • 2.1 Case Studies and History (Last update: 7/13/2004)
    • 2.2 General Works (Last update: 2/16/2005)
    • 2.3 Library Issues (Last update: 2/16/2005)
  • 3 Electronic Serials
    • 3.1 Case Studies and History (Last update: 12/14/2004)
    • 3.2 Critiques (Last update: 12/12/2003)
    • 3.3 Electronic Distribution of Printed Journals (Last update: 10/26/2004)
    • 3.4 General Works (Last update: 2/16/2005)
    • 3.5 Library Issues (Last update: 2/16/2005)
    • 3.6 Research (Last update: 2/16/2005)
  • 4 General Works (Last update: 2/16/2005)
  • 5 Legal Issues
    • 5.1 Intellectual Property Rights (Last update: 2/16/2005)
    • 5.2 License Agreements (Last update: 2/16/2005)
    • 5.3 Other Legal Issues (Last update: 4/19/2002)
  • 6 Library Issues
    • 6.1 Cataloging, Identifiers, Linking, and Metadata (Last update: 2/16/2005)
    • 6.2 Digital Libraries (Last update: 2/16/2005)
    • 6.3 General Works (Last update: 2/16/2005)
    • 6.4 Information Integrity and Preservation (Last update: 2/16/2005)
  • 7 New Publishing Models (Last update: 2/16/2005)
  • 8 Publisher Issues (Last update: 2/16/2005)
    • 8.1 Digital Rights Management (Last update: 12/14/2004)
  • 9 Repositories, E-Prints, and OAI (Last update: 2/16/2005)
  • Appendix A. Related Bibliographies
  • Appendix B. About the Author

An article about this bibliography has been published in The Journal of Electronic Publishing,