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Author: Lynn C. Westney
Title: E-Journals - Inside and Out
Publication info: Ann Arbor, MI: MPublishing, University of Michigan Library
September 2002

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Source: E-Journals - Inside and Out
Lynn C. Westney

vol. 5, no. 2, September 2002
Article Type: Review

E-Journals - Inside and Out

The selected entries for this column are listed in alphabetical order by e-title.


"Web-archiving: Managing and Archiving Online Documents and Records," by Neil Beagrie and Philip Pothen.

Web sites are an increasingly important part of the information and cultural heritage of nations. The question of their preservation through archiving is one for which all organizations need to be increasingly aware.

This is a summary of the newly-created Digital Preservation Coalition (DPC) forum on Web-archiving held in London, March 25, 2002 which brought together key organizations in the field of Web archiving with the express purpose of assessing the needs of organizations involved in the field to archive their and others' Web sites, to find areas of agreement, to highlight good practice, and to influence the wider debate about digital preservation.

Creating and Managing Digital Content

Maintained by the Canadian Heritage Information Network, this Web site provides guidance on creating and managing digital resources for heritage projects, including an overview of issues and resources in the preservation of digital materials. Published in both English and French, this site is searchable. Of special interest are three detailed case studies of Canadian museums that have digitized major parts of their collections.

These are:

The Point Ellice House

Located on the Gorge waterfront in Victoria, British Columbia, Point Ellice now stands as a remarkable representation of class-conscious life in the Victorian era and holds the largest collection of Victoriana in Western Canada.

Allen Sapp Gallery

The Allen Sapp Gallery is a public gallery in North Battleford, Saskatchewan, housing "The Gonor Collection", an extensive collection of art by renowned Cree artist Allen Sapp. In addition to Sapp's art, the gallery houses an extensive archive consisting of 4,000 slides and additional videos and photographs that effectively chronicles, not only the career of Allen Sapp, but also the day-to-day life, history, and culture of his people, the Northern Plains Cree.

Alberton Museum

The Alberton Museum was established between 1964-1979 by Eileen Oulton and originally housed in a barn on her property in Prince Edward Island (P.E.I.). While the museum was located at the Oulton barn, many artifacts from the Alberton region were collected. In the summer of 1980 the museum was turned over to a non-profit organization, The Alberton Historical Preservation Foundation, Inc. It was then relocated to the former Alberton courthouse and jail, which was erected in 1878. This building is the only National Historic Site designated building of national historic significance in the surrounding area of Prince County on the North Shore of Western P.E.I.

Cultivate Interactive

"Access and Preservation of Electronic Information: Best Practices and Solutions", Palacio de Congresos de Cataluña, Barcelona, Spain, May 7-8, 2002.

Links to PDF versions of conference conclusions, summaries of six Industry White Papers and a speaker's book and abstracts is available at:

DLM-Forum 2002 was based on the general theme "Access and preservation of electronic information: Best practices and solutions." The objective of the forum was to examine best practices and concrete solutions, both from the perspective of the hard and software producers and from the perspective of users in public administration and archives. DLM is an acronym for the French "Données lisibles par machine": in English, "Machine-readable data": in German, "Maschinenlesbare Daten".

The DLM-Forum is based on the conclusions of the Council of the European Union of June 17, 1994 concerning greater co-operation in the management of electronic records. It was created as a platform for collaboration between technology providers and public institutions and administrations to address the issues involved in electronic records management, including technical solutions and the creation of guidelines and model requirements.

DigiCULT.Info Newsletter

With its mix of news items, announcements and articles, this newsletter, produced by the European-based Digital Culture (DigiCULT) Forum, provides a look into selected technological areas affecting the cultural domain, along with summarizing the progress of DigiCULT Forum. Notices of forthcoming international conferences are included in "Upcoming Events."

E-STREAMS: Electronic reviews of Science & Technology References covering Engineering, Agriculture, Medicine and Science.

E-STREAMS is a collaborative venture between H. Robert Malinowsky of the University of Illinois at Chicago and Yankee Book Peddler (YBP) Library Services. E-STREAMS is free of charge and is available only in electronic form. Current issues and a full archive of E-STREAMS are maintained on the E-STREAMS Web site, All reviews appearing in E-STREAMS are indexed in Book Review Index.

Recent reviews of possible interest to readers of JAHC include:

Vol. 5, No. 8, August, 2002

Review No. 2026. War and Nature: Fighting Humans and Insects with Chemicals from World War I to Silent Spring, by Edmund Russell. New York: NY, Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Table of Contents:

  1. Introduction 1
  2. The Long Reach of War (1914-1917)
  3. Joining the Chemists' War (1917-1918)
  4. Chemical Warfare in Peace (1918-1937)
  5. Minutemen in Peace (1918-1937)
  6. Total War (1936-1943)
  7. Annihilation (1943-1945)
  8. Planning for Peace and War (1944-1945)
  9. War Comes Home (1945-1950)
  10. Arms Races in the Cold War (1950-1958)
  11. Backfires (1958-1963)
  12. Epilogue

Review No. 2062. Traumatic Pasts: History, Psychiatry, and Trauma in the Modern Age, 1870-1930, edited by Mark S. Micale and Paul Lerner. New York, NY, Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Table of Contents:

  1. Trauma, Psychiatry, and History
    Part 1. Travel and Trauma in the Victorian Era
  2. The Railway Accident
  3. Trains and Trauma in the American Gilded Age
    Part 2. Work, Accidents, and Trauma in the Early Welfare State
  4. Event, Series, Trauma
  5. The German Welfare State as a Discourse of Trauma
    Part 3. Theorizing Trauma
  6. Jean-Martin Charcot and les névroses traumatiques
  7. From Traumatic Neurosis to Male Hysteria
  8. The Construction of Female Sexual Trauma in Turn-of-the-Century American mental Medicine
    Part 4. Shock, Trauma, and Psychiatry in the First World War
  9. "Why Are They Not Cured?" British Shellshock Treatment During the Great War
  10. Psychiatrists, Soldiers, and Officers in Italy During the Great War
  11. A Battle of Nerves: Hysteria and Its Treatments in France During World War I
  12. Invisible Wounds: The American Legion, Shell-Shocked Veterans, and American Society, 1919-1924

Review No. 2064. Encyclopaedic Visions: Scientific Dictionaries and Enlightenment Culture, by Richard Yeo. New York: NY, Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Table of Contents:

  1. Encyclopaedias in the Republic of Letters
  2. Scientific Dictionaries and 'Compleat' Knowledge
  3. Containing Knowledge
  4. From Commonplace Books to Encyclopaedias
  5. 'The Best Book in the Univers': Ephraim Chambers' Cyclopaedia
  6. Communicating the Arts and Sciences
  7. The Encyclopaedia Britannica and the Scottish Enlightenment
  8. Copyright and Public Knowledge
  9. Why Dedicate an Encyclopaedia to a King
  10. Editors and Experts

Richard Yeo's Encyclopaedic Visions traces the development of encyclopedias, or "scientific dictionaries," in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Yeo details the history of issues that are still highly salient today: the exponential growth of scientific knowledge; the intellectual property rights of authors vs. the public's right to scientific information; and the need to communicate science to the general public. The book is well illustrated with images from Enlightenment encyclopedias. The index is quite extensive, and the bibliography runs to 38 pages. Encyclopaedic Visions is highly recommended for academic libraries supporting history of science departments, library and information science programs, or history departments with an emphasis on intellectual history or history of the book.

Vol. 5, No. 7, July, 2002

Review No. 1978. Surveying Instruments of Greece and Rome, by M. J. T. Lewis. New York: NY, Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Table of Contents:

  1. Basic Elements
  2. Background to the Dioptra
  3. The Dioptra
  4. The Libra
  5. The Groma
  6. The Hodometer
  7. Measurement of the Earth
  8. Mountain Heights
  9. Canals and Aqueducts
  10. Tunnels
  11. Roman Roads
  12. Epilogue

First Monday

"Digital Collections, Digital Libraries and the Digitization of Cultural Heritage Information," by Clifford Lynch.

Clifford Lynch is the Director of the Coalition for Networked Information (CNI). This is a transcript of a keynote paper that he presented at the Web-Wise 2002 conference held in Baltimore, Maryland, March 20-22, 2002. The paper is not uniquely concerned with digital preservation, but it provides a wide-ranging and thought-provoking look at the sustainability and reusability of digital content, the distinction between digital collections and digital libraries and addresses many other issues concerned with digital initiatives.

The Digital Preservation Coalition (DPC) was officially launched at the House of Commons on February 27, 2002. On March 25, 2002, the coalition organized a DPF Forum on Web-archiving in London. Presentations included a general introduction to Web-archiving issues and the UK Web domain; and descriptions of Web-archiving activity in the BBC and the BibliothËque Nationale de France. A workshop report and links to all presenters' PowerPoint slides are available on the DPC Web-site:

Journal of Electronic Publishing

Vol. 7, No. 3, April, 2002.
"Change the Metaphor: The Archive as an Ecosystem," by Julia Martin and David Coleman.

The authors of this paper are researchers at the University of New South Wales and the University of Sydney. The paper argues that there is unlikely to be any single solution to the digital preservation problem but that rapid technological change will mean that preservation solutions will continue in a state of constant change.

Kairos: A Journal of Rhetoric, Technology, and Pedagogy

Kairos is a refereed online journal exploring the intersections of rhetoric, technology, and pedagogy. Each issue presents varied perspectives on special topics such as "Critical Issues in Computers and Writing," "Technology and the Face of Language Arts in the K-12 Classroom."

Kairos publishes "webtexts," which are texts authored specifically for publication on the World Wide Web. These webtexts include scholarly examinations of large-scale issues related to special topics, individual and collaborative reviews of books and media, news and announcements of interest, interactive exchanges about previous Kairos publications, and extended interviews with leading scholars.

Vol. 7, No. 2, Summer 2002.
"Technology, Popular Culture, and the Art of Teaching: A Special Issue."
Cheryl Reed and James A. Inman, Editors.

Selected articles of interest to historians and history professors include:

"Terrorism, Teaching, and Technology: Reading for Rhetoric in September 11th Documents on the Internet," by Elizabeth Losh.

"Student Writers and Images of Nursing in Popular Culture: Informed Pedagogy, Curricular Intervention," by James A. Inman and Sandra L. Inman.

"Communication as the Foundation of Distance Education," by Robert F. Brooks.

"Globalization and Intercultural Communication: A Virtual Exchange Project," by Jillana Enteen and Radhika Gajjala.

"Tales of the Elders: An Oral History Project," by Traci M. Kelly.

Museums and the Web Conference

The sixth annual Museums and the Web conference was the premier international venue to review the state of the Web in arts, culture, and heritage. The MW2002 program addressed Web-related issues for museums, archives, libraries and other cultural institutions. International speakers summarized their activities in sessions and panels.

Museums and the Web 2002, April 17-20, 2002, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

When is the next MW Conference?
Museums and the Web 2003, March 19-22, 2003, North Carolina

Museums and the Web 2004, March 31-April 3, 2004, Arlington, Virginia

  • Past Museums and the Web Conferences:
  • MW2002, Boston, Massachusetts
  • MW200, Seattle, Washington
  • MW2000, Minneapolis, Minnesota
  • MW99, New Orleans, Louisiana
  • MW98, Toronto, Ontario
  • MW97, Los Angeles, California
  • Future Museums and the Web Websites:
  • MW2003, Charlotte, North Carolina
  • MW2004, Arlington, Virginia

PADI: Preserving Access to Digital Information

The National Library of Australia announces the incorporation of several new features on its new home page., including:

A link directly to the Quarterly Digest: a summary of selected recent activity in the field of digital preservation,

What's New in Digital Preservation?
A joint service of the Digital Preservation Coalition and PADI compiled by Michael Day (UKOLN, University of Bath)

This is a summary of selected recent activity in the field of digital preservation compiled from the Digital Preservation and Padiforum-l email lists and the Preserving Access to Digital Information (PADI) Gateway. It is the first issue of the digest compiled by the Digital Preservation Coalition and the National Library of Australia as part of their joint Memorandum of Understanding.

The US National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program (NDIIPP)

The NDIIPP recently launched its own web site at: The site provides information about the program's mission, advisory board, funding and the Digital Strategy Oversight Group, as well as links to the program's strategic planning directions and a number of papers and reports.

Among the reports are a series of background environmental scans by recognized experts in six areas in which the Library of Congress "faces collection-management issues: large Web sites, electronic books, electronic journals, digitally recorded sound, digital film, and digital television."

The collected papers, including a summary by Amy Friedlander, are also available as a Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR) publication,"Building a National Strategy for Preservation: Issues in Digital Media Archiving."

"Kulturarw3: 'New Decree for Kulturarw3'"

A special decree by the Swedish government, accepted on May 8, 2002, authorizes the Royal Library of Sweden to collect Swedish Web sites from the Internet and to allow the public access to the archive within the Library premises. The Royal Library has previously rejected all requests to access the material it has been collecting from the Swedish Web since 1996, as it considered any right to acquire, preserve and make the material available to be only indirectly approved by legislation. A challenge to the legitimacy of the project in 2001 led to the further support and authorization of the Royal Library's web-archiving operation.

The press release is available at:

RLG DigiNews

RLG DigiNews is a bimonthly Web-based newsletter intended to focus on issues of particular interest and value to managers of digital initiatives with a preservation component or rationale; provide filtered guidance and pointers to relevant projects to improve our awareness of evolving practices in image conversion and digital preservation; and announce publications (in any form) that will help staff attain a deeper understanding of digital issues.

(from North American, and other world sites) or
from UK Janet sites) or
(from most European sites)

Vol. 6, No. 4, August 15, 2002.
"Digitizing Historic Newspapers: Progress and Prospects," by Marilyn Deegan.

The value of newspapers as part of the historic record has always been recognized by libraries and there are millions of miles of newsprint stored in libraries all over the world. Newspapers present huge problems of preservation and access: they are large in format, prolific in output, and there has been grave concern for decades about the survival potential of historic newspapers, given that many of them were printed on acid paper.

Major libraries such as the Library of Congress in the USA and the British Library in the UK have been microfilming newspapers for many decades in order to preserve the historical record as well as, or instead of, preserving the objects. There is also concern about the preservation status of microfilm not produced and stored according to standards. Libraries have come under fire for microfilming some titles and then disposing of the originals. Given the continually increasing problems of storage and funding, what can librarians do?

Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography (SEPB)

by Charles W. Bailey, Jr. Version 43: 8/12/2002

The Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography (SEPB) was first published on October 25, 1996. This selective bibliography presents over 1,450 articles, books, and other printed and electronic sources that are useful in understanding scholarly electronic publishing efforts on the Internet. Most sources have been published between 1990 and the present; however, a limited number of key sources published prior to 1990 are also included. Where possible, links are provided to sources that are freely available on the Internet.

  1. Economic Issues (Last update: 8/12/2002)
  2. Electronic Books and Texts
    2.1 Case Studies and History (Last update: 8/12/2002)
    2.2 General Works (Last update: 8/12/2002)
    2.3 Library Issues (Last update: 6/21/2002)
  3. Electronic Serials
    3.1 Case Studies and History (Last update: 8/12/2002)
    3.2 Critiques (Last update: 10/24/2001)
    3.3 Electronic Distribution of Printed Journals (Last update: 8/12/2002)
    3.4 General Works (Last update: 8/12/2002)
    3.5 Library Issues (Last update: 8/12/2002)
    3.6 Research (Last update: 8/12/2002)
  4. General Works (Last update: 8/12/2002)
  5. Legal Issues
    5.1 Intellectual Property Rights (Last update: 8/12/2002)
    5.2 License Agreements (Last update: 6/21/2002)
    5.3 Other Legal Issues (Last update: 4/19/2002)
  6. Library Issues
    6.1 Cataloging, Identifiers, Linking, and Metadata (Last update: 8/12/2002)
    6.2 Digital Libraries (Last update: 8/12/2002)
    6.3 General Works (Last update: 8/12/2002)
    6.4 Information Integrity and Preservation (Last update: 8/12/2002)
  7. New Publishing Models (Last update: 8/12/2002)
  8. Publisher Issues (Last update: 8/12/2002)
    8.1 Digital Rights Management (Last update: 8/12/2002)
  9. Technical Reports and E-Prints (Last update: 8/12/2002)
  10. Appendix A. Related Bibliographies
  11. Appendix B. About the Author

SEPB is archived at:

This archive provides access to the first version of the bibliography and its subsequent updates. SEPB evolved from an article published in The Public-Access Computer Systems Review, Vol. 6, No. 1, 1995. ("Network-Based Electronic Publishing of Scholarly Works: A Selective Bibliography).

A Weblog Update is at: