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Author: Lynn C. Westney
Title: E-Journals - Inside and Out
Publication Info: Ann Arbor, MI: MPublishing, University of Michigan Library
May 2002

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Source: E-Journals - Inside and Out
Lynn C. Westney

vol. 5, no. 1, May 2002
Article Type: Review

E-Journals - Inside and Out

Ryan Johnson and Lynn Hattendorf Westney, Co-Editors

In the field of Library and Information Science, the acronym SDI stands for Selective Dissemination of Information. The co-editors of this quarterly column on e-journals are two practicing academic reference librarians: Ryan Johnson, Reference and Electronic Services Librarian at Washington State University in Pullman, Washington and Lynn Hattendorf Westney, Associate Professor, Assistant Reference Librarian and Coordinator of Reference Collection Development at the University of Illinois at Chicago. Together, they selectively disseminate information on e-journals and their contents to the readers of The Journal of the Association for History and Computing (JAHC).

Ryan brings to our attention e-journals of interest to scholars applying and studying information technology by providing a brief descriptive and evaluative annotation of each journal which he has chosen for inclusion. Lynn highlights and reviews individual articles in these and in others which she has identified as appropriate for our purposes. Together, this combined effort serves as an introductory SDI vehicle for our readers.

The Journal of the Association for History and Computing has as its focus the applications of computer and other electronic technologies into the historical profession. This is a field that is interdisciplinary in several ways. The applications of new technologies, particularly in academe, have been the focus of work by scholars in many disciplines, especially in education, history, and library and information science. These applications are interdisciplinary, rather than discipline-specific. In order to make the best use of these technologies, we need to be open and receptive to the ideas presented in other journals and in other fields. Thus, an additional purpose of this column is to present this interdisciplinary research to the diverse readers of JAHC.

Note: All E-journals and Web sites discussed in this issue are listed alphabetically by title.

Contributed by Ryan Johnson

First Monday

First Monday was one of the first titles to be included in this column. It has been an innovative voice on the development of the Internet for seven years and has led the way in electronic publishing. It is also interesting as it is an Internet based journal that discusses the Internet.

"Copyleft vs. Copyright: A Marxist Critique" by Johan Söderberg. Vol. 7, No. 3, March 4, 2002

Söderberg suggests that since copyright evolved as an integral part of capitalism, challenges to copyright could be framed in terms of Marx's idea of a 'general intellect' which suggests that collective learning will eventually surpass physical labor as a productive force. He goes on to suggest that the Open-Source movement in software development and the "hacker philosophy" have corollaries in Marxist philosophy. Söderberg concludes that since the direction of history is resolved in struggles between social actors (not mapped out by historical materialism) the hacker or Open-Source movement is significant.

"A Tangled World Wide Web of Security Issues" by Joris Claessens, Bart Preneel, and Joos Vandewalle.

Vol. 7, No. 3, March 4, 2002

This article examines a variety of e-services: (e-commerce, e-banking, e-voting, e-government, etc.) that attempt to conduct secure operations within a system initially designed as a means to share distributed information amongst dispersed individuals. The authors lay out an overview regarding security on the World Wide Web.

"Continuities and Transformations: Challenges to Capturing Information about the 'Information Society'" by Fred Gault and Susan A. McDaniel.

Vol. 7, No. 2, February 4, 2002

This article poses the question, How do we gather information about changes in 'Information Society'? Since change within the information society is often discontinuous, gathering data can be challenging because the traditional sources may not be adequate. If the changes in the Information Society are continuous with other economic and social changes, then this problem may be solved through the innovative use of traditional data collection sources and methods. The discussion is focused on the OECD. These models examine both infrastructure and content. The OECD hopes its statistics will indicate whether change within the 'Information Society' is continuous and if radical transformation is occuring, how to best capture it.

"Monoculture Considered Harmful" by John S. Quarterman.

Vol. 7, No. 2, February 4, 2002

Monoculture cotton crops and the economies based on them proved to be incredibly susceptible to insect infestation in the early 20th Century and the boll weevil decimated both the crops and the economies at the same time. Quarterman suggests that today's Internet and the economies based on it may be facing a similar fate. He describes the Internet as an ecosystem with various components including ISP's, corporations, users, etc. and for this ecosystem to be healthy it must be diverse with a variety of healthy providers and it must allow users to select suppliers rationally.

The Transition from Paper: Where Are We Going and How Will We Get There? Edited by R. Stephen Berry and Anne Simon Moffat.

American Academy of Arts & Sciences, Published Online 2001

This book developed from three years of conversation and meetings among the authors as they tried to envision possibilities for electronic communication in the years 2020 or 2030. While their primary focus is on how the sciences will be impacted by these changes the issues addressed are often important for the entire academy.


"Electronics and the Future of Education," by Andrew Odlyzko.

This chapter lays out what many ardent devotees of digital education predict for the future but the author suggests that in the end the impact of electronics will be more modest than the early adopters have suggested. There will be changes though, with many resulting in an increased emphasis on teaching in higher education with increased accountability.

"The Changing Landscape of Academics as Affected by New Communications Technology," by Neil Kestner.

Kestner disagrees with those who have suggested that the university as an entity is outdated and will eventually be phased out. However, he does suggest that while many institutions of higher learning will adapt, others may close or change their missions significantly. There will also be new players in the field of education, mainly for-profit and corporate based institutions.

"The Future of Science Textbooks," by Neil Kestner.

While speaking in favor of the development of the electronic text book, Kestner acknowledges that publishers will have to alter their business models. The alternative of an entire text or the creations of modules that an instructor can pick and choose from are two of the possibilities that are mentioned.

"Scientific Journals of the Future," by Steven Bachrach.

Scientific journals led the way in electronic publishing and continue to be some of the most innovative digital publishers. Bachrach acknowledges this but suggests that there is a place for traditional publishers in the area of digital publication, namely that of providing a central archive and a single distribution point. The most important factors in digital publication are the need to maintain peer review to insure quality and for a journal, no matter what its format, to provide an evolving picture of the field through its accumulation of materials over time.

"The Future(?) of Peer Review," by Thomas von Foerster.

Although he future of publishing is somewhat chaotic with all the possibilities for publishing electronically, von Foerster feels the peer-reviewed journal will continue to maintain its role as a guarantor of quality.

"Management of the New Infrastructure for Electronic Publications," by Stephen R. Heller.

"Electronic Clones vs. the Global Research Archive." by Paul Ginsparg.

"Science and Science Online; Wired and HotWired," by Alexander Fowler.

"Electronic Conferences," by Steven Bachrach.


"Advancing the Electronic Information Marketplace Through Library Licensing," by Ann Okerson.

"Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil? Academic Publishing, Copyright and other Miasmas," by Ann Okerson.

"The Legal Foundation for Electronic Information: How Will It Affect Scientists," by Ronald Wigington.

"Competition and Cooperation: Libraries and Publishers in the Transition to Electronic Scholarly Journals," by Andrew Odlyzko.

"On 'Who Should Own Scientific Papers,'" by Martin Blume.


"The Rationale for 'Full and Open Access' of Scientific Information," by R. Stephen Berry.

"Social Impacts of the Transition," by R. Stephen Berry.

Contributed by Lynn Hattendorf Westney


Vol. 30, December 2001

"Access to Archives: England's Contribution to the National Archive Network," by Caroline Thibeaud.

The Access to Archives project is one of the most exciting initiatives in the world of archives in England. It aims at developing a virtual national archival catalogue for the country.

"My Humbul - Humbul Gets Personal," by Randy Metcalfe.

Humbul helps humanities professionals access relevant online resources. Employing a distributed network of subject specialist cataloguers across the UK, the Humbul Humanities Hub (, based at the University of Oxford, is building a catalogue of evaluated online resources that enables teachers, researchers and students to find resources that make a difference. Humbul is a service of the nationally funded Resource Discovery Network (RDN) ( which co-ordinates the development of evaluated resource catalogues across the subject spectrum for UK higher and further education.

Cultivate Interactive

February, 2002

"Disclosing Digital Cultural Wealth: Museums and the Open Archives Initiative," by Perkins, John.

The Open Archives Initiative (OAI) develops and promotes technical standards to allow the creation of metadata repositories that can be further harvested and processed. This article provides a broad overview of the testing of the OAI protocol by the Consortium for the Interchange of Museum Information (CIMI), as well as noting other implementers in the museum community.

"CHILDE: Children's Historical Literature Disseminated Throughout Europe," by Esther Gregory and Michael Ryan.

The CHILDE (Children's Historical Literature Disseminated Throughout Europe) project was developed by Buckinghamshire County Library Service, the European team, and six partners from Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Ireland and the UK. The CHILDE partners worked together to:

Select, photograph and digitise over 1,000 illustrations from the six European historical children's book collections; create a Web site,, to showcase the digitised images; set metadata criteria and create a database to hold the bibliographic and image information; publish on the Web site an Education Programme and Best Practice Report; host an International conference and promote and publicise the success of the project.

"Going Beyond Traditional Digital Libraries for Cultural Heritage: The COLLATE Collaboratory," by Adelheit Stein, Ulrich Thiel and Jürgen Keiper.

Project COLLATE develops a new type of a WWW-based collaboratory for cultural heritage information. The implemented system provides access to a newly constructed digital library on rare sources of historical film documents. The Project Web Site is

Current Cites

Volume 13, no. 3, March 2002

A team of librarians and library staff monitors information technology literature in both print and digital forms, each month selecting only the best items to annotate for a free publication. The resulting issue of 10-12 annotated citations of current literature is emailed to a mailing list and is redistributed on other electronic fora.

D-Lib Magazine

Vol. 8, No. 3, March 2002
This is a special issue of D-Lib Magazine on the theme of Digital Technologies and Indigenous Communities.

"Digital Division Is Cultural Exclusion. But Is Digital Inclusion Cultural Inclusion?," by Karen Worcman.

In the summer of 2001, the National Science Foundation (NSF) supported a meeting, "Digital Collectives in Indigenous Cultures and Communities", held in Hilo, Hawaii, that brought together people from different backgrounds to discuss the way digital technology might be used so that the cultures of communities in general, and indigenous communities in particular, would be preserved and public perception of these communities improved.

This article examines "the extent to which digital technologies and the Internet can be instruments of social and cultural inclusion" and "how the use of these technologies can be linked to the preservation of the history of a particular cultural group." It also notes the impacts of digital technology on history and the collective memory of communities and the challenges in overcoming digital exclusion of economically disadvantaged groups, in the creation and preservation of digital history and of sustainable projects and resources.

"We Come from around the World and Share Similar Visions," by Maurita Peterson.

Digital technology offers enormous opportunity to encompass global information systems. Should digital library models be applied in venues that have little or no tradition of compiling and sharing knowledge?

"Oksale: An Indigenous Approach to Creating a Virtual Library of Education Resources," by Loriene Roy and Peter Larsen.

This article documents how students in the "Library Instruction and Information Literacy" class in the Graduate School of Library and Information Science at the University of Texas at Austin incorporated a service-based learning model drawing on indigenous learning styles to create a virtual library for students and educators at a tribal college.

"Whose Rules? Intellectual Property, Culture and Indigenous Communities," by Michael Seadle.

This article addresses the soft side of copyright—not just what will stand up in court, but what lies in the cultural expectations of the creators and users of intellectual property, especially those from non-western backgrounds.

"Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission (ATSIC)," by Matthew Bullock.

The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission (ATSIC) is a web site created not only for, but by, the Aboriginal people of Australia. ATSIC is Australia's national policy making and service delivery agency for Indigenous people. Established under the ATSIC Act of 1989, the organization embodies "the principle of Indigenous self-determination and forms the principal agency in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Affairs portfolio."
The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission (ATSIC) web site is at

The Journal of Electronic Publishing

December, 2001 Volume 7, No. 2

"The Indexing of Scholarly Journals: A Tipping Point for Publishing Reform?" by John Willinsky and Larry Wolfson.

Willinsky and Wolfson maintain content management is more than just writing and publishing works electronically (or correcting errors as they arise). It involves making the work accessible. They predent a proposal for the establishment of a free on-line indexing service that would help guarantee that all content is easy to reach.

"Evolution of an Electronic Book: The Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography," by Charles W. Bailey, Jr.

Charles W. Bailey, Jr. started The Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography (SEPB) in 1992. In the ensuing nine years he has amassed citations for over 1,400 articles, books, and other publications. Managing that content has been a challenge. His article covers the development and use of SEPB since its inception.

RLG DigiNews

RLG DigiNews is a bimonthly web-based newsletter intended to focus on issues of particular interest and value to managers of digital initiatives with a preservation component or rationale; provide filtered guidance and pointers to relevant projects to improve our awareness of evolving practices in image conversion and digital preservation; and announce publications (in any form) that will help staff attain a deeper understanding of digital issues.

(from North American, and other world sites) or
(from UK Janet sites) or
(from most European sites)

February 15, 2002, Vol. 6, No. 1
"Integrating a Free Digital Resource: The Status of Making of America in Academic Library Collections," by Kizer Walker.

Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography (SEPB)
Version 41: 2/22/2002
This selective bibliography presents over 1,450 articles, books, and other printed and electronic sources that are useful in understanding scholarly electronic publishing efforts on the Internet. Most sources have been published between 1990 and the present; however, a limited number of key sources published prior to 1990 are also included. Where possible, links are provided to sources that are freely available on the Internet.

  • 1 Economic Issues (Last update: 2/22/2002)
  • 2 Electronic Books and Texts
  • 2.1 Case Studies and History (Last update: 2/22/2002)
  • 2.2 General Works (Last update: 2/22/2002)
  • 2.3 Library Issues (Last update: 2/22/2002)
  • 3 Electronic Serials
  • 3.1 Case Studies and History (Last update: 2/22/2002)
  • 3.2 Critiques (Last update: 10/24/2001)
  • 3.3 Electronic Distribution of Printed Journals (Last update: 2/22/2002)
  • 3.4 General Works (Last update: 2/22/2002)
  • 3.5 Library Issues (Last update: 2/22/2002)
  • 3.6 Research (Last update: 2/22/2002)
  • 4 General Works (Last update: 2/22/2002)
  • 5 Legal Issues
  • 5.1 Intellectual Property Rights (Last update: 2/22/2002)
  • 5.2 License Agreements (Last update: 2/22/2002)
  • 5.3 Other Legal Issues (Last update: 8/3/01)
  • 6 Library Issues
  • 6.1 Cataloging, Identifiers, Linking, and Metadata (Last update: 2/22/2002)
  • 6.2 Digital Libraries (Last update: 2/22/2002)
  • 6.3 General Works (Last update: 2/22/2002)
  • 6.4 Information Conversion, Integrity, and Preservation (Last update: 2/22/2002)
  • 7 New Publishing Models (Last update: 2/22/2002)
  • 8 Publisher Issues (Last update: 2/22/2002)
  • 8.1 Digital Rights Management (Last update: 2/22/2002)
  • Appendix A. Related Bibliographies
  • Appendix B. About the Author

SEPB is archived at:

The Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography was first published on October 25, 1996. This archive provides access to the first version of the bibliography and its subsequent updates. SEPB evolved from an article published in The Public-Access Computer Systems Review, Vol. 6, no. 1, 1995. ("Network-Based Electronic Publishing of Scholarly Works: A Selective Bibliography).

A Weblog Update is at: