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Author: Ryan Johnson
Title: E-Journals - Inside and Out
Publication Info: Ann Arbor, MI: MPublishing, University of Michigan Library
August 2001

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Source: E-Journals - Inside and Out
Ryan Johnson

vol. 4, no. 2, August 2001
Article Type: Review

E-Journals - Inside and Out

Ryan Johnson and Lynn Hattendorf Westney, Co-Editors

The journals discussed in this issue are listed alphabetically by title.


Edge is published by the Edge Foundation, which has the mandate to promote inquiry and discussion of intellectual, philosophical, artistic and literary issues. Essays are published by their members which include the leading minds in the world.

September 25, 2000

"One Half of a Manifesto," by Jaron Lanier.

Lanier dissents from what he describes as "cybernetic totalism" or the establishment of cybernetic technology as culture. He puts forward and challenges six component beliefs of cybernetic totalism.

This is only half a manifesto because Lanier does not promote a positive computer culture, which he says is beginning to arise, in addition to challenging the assumptions of many that have led the development of this technology.

There is also a series of responses from members of the Edge Foundation including: George and Freeman Dyson, Cliff Barney, Bruce Sterling, Rodney Brooks, Henry Warwick, Kevin Kelly, Margaret Wertheim, John Baez, Lee Smolin, Stewart Brand, Daniel C. Dennett, and Philip W. Anderson, as well as Lanier's responses to the responses.

Historical Sociolinguistics and Sociohistorical Linguistics

This refereed journal intends to make available, through the Internet, current research in the field, to stimulate research will the help of the new media and to encourage discussion among scholars. It is edited by Ingrid Tieken-Boon van Ostade, English Department, University of Leiden.

Vol. 1, No. 3

"Male and female language: growing together? " by Irene van Baalen,

Vol. 1, No. 1

"Female grammarians of the eighteenth century," by Ingrid Tieken-Boon van Ostade.

Mediterranean Prehistory Online (the first electronic journal on the prehistory of the Mediterranean Basin)

Mediterranean Prehistory Online aims to become one of the world's leading archaeological journals, publishing peer-reviewed papers of high academic standing which also use to the full the potential of electronic publication. This journal publishes works on any aspect of prehistoric archeology in the Mediterranean Basin including theoretical reflections, general methodological discussions, excavation reports, data analyses and the application of information technologies to archeology. Users must register as readers before they can gain access to the journal.

Mediterranean Prehistory Online is an international collaborative effort. It is an electronic journal published by ABACO-MAC s.r.l., as partner of the TMR project "Migration and Diffusion of the Hominids and Anatomically Modern Humans in the Mediterranenan in Early Prehistory: paleoenvironments, routes, settlements, subsistence", held by the Università di Ferrara (IT), Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (FR), Universitat Rovira i Virgili (ES), Instituto Politécnico de Tomar (PT), Hellenic Ministry of Culture (GR), and the Hebrew University (IL), financed by the European Community (DG XII Science, Research and Development).

August 29, 2000

"Editorial. Scholarly Online Publishing in Archaeology: the price of progress," by Dirk Brandherm.

"Preneolithic Navigation in the Mediterranean: a palaeoecological approach," by Wilhelm Schüle.

SCOPE: An On-line Journal of Film Studies

SCOPE is a free online journal edited at the Institute of Film Studies at the University of Nottingham. It promotes a wide range of approaches and critical methodologies in all aspects of film history, theory and criticism. It is a fully refereed journal. Reviews are published every three months, articles biannually.

SIMILE: Studies in Media & Information Literacy Education

SIMILE publishes articles that bridge the areas of bibliographic instruction, information literacy and media literacy. It examines ways in which reference and instruction librarians, teachers and other education professionals can integrate media literacy into instructional sessions on using print and electronic sources. This instruction should entail more than just the process of accessing various sources of information, but also the ability to analyze, decode and deconstruct media production in all its forms. This journal defines media literacy as "the ability to recognize and analyze the political, economic, and cultural factors which influence all facets of the information presented through media sources."

Contributed by Lynn Hattendorf Westney:

The ‘Carmen' Project Filmography Database

The story of 'Carmen' has been filmed no less than 74 times. It is arguably the most potent modern myth of woman as whore, femme fatale, self-destructing trap for the weak-willed man. Despite the apparent endurance of the myth, available details for film versions have often been rudimentary, particularly for the silent period.

In an attempt to fill this gap, the Centre for Research into Film & Media at the University of Newcastle, supported by the Arts and Humanities Research Board, has set up the Carmen Project to rationalise existing archive material, uncover new material, and provide critical analysis of the myth, with an emphasis on theorising European film. As part of the project, a database has been created comprising a listing of all film versions of Carmen with synopses, credits, bibliographies and selections from reviews and/or critical work.

Cultivate Interactive

This is a Web magazine which is funded under the European Commission's Digital heritage and Cultural Content (DIGICULT) programme covering digital projects and initiatives in cultural heritage institutions across Europe, including libraries, archives, museums, and publishers. It provides a regular source of news on projects funded by (DIGICULT) of the European Community's Information Society Technologies Program (IST), which also sponsors the magazine. Also covered are projects and institutions located outside the European Union that are of broad interest to the European cultural heritage community. Among the subjects found in the magazine are digital library research, intellectual property rights, Web-based multimedia, virtual reality, online access to museum collections, and digital education programs. The magazine also has a regular feature on metadata initiatives. Even for readers outside Europe, Cultivate Interactive is a valuable source of information on current research and development efforts in digital culture.

Issue 4, May 2001

ARION: an advanced lightweight architecture for accessing scientific collections," by Catherine Houstis and Spyros Lalis.

ARION aims to provide a new generation of Digital Library services for the searching and retrieval of digital scientific collections that reside within research and consultancy organisations. ARION advances the findings of previous studies in areas such as management of networked scientific repositories, metacomputing, intelligent information integration and digital libraries. ARION is a federated open system and is developed in association with national data providers, scientific researchers and SME's to ensure that the project meets their needs. The ARION consortium is composed of research organisations: the Institute of Computer Science-Foundation for Research and Technology (GR) as the leader, the National Technical University of Athens (GR), the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche CNR-IMA (IT), the Commission of the European Communities, Joint Research Centre (IT), the University of Crete (GR); and

the SMEs HR Wallingford Ltd (UK), the Oceanographic Company of Norway ASA and the Enterprise LSE Limited (UK). The ARION started in January 2001 and will be completed in 3 years.

"900 Years of Jewish Marriage Contracts at the Jewish National and University Library," by Elhanan Adler and Orly Simon.

Adler and Simon describe how the Jewish National and University Library (JNUL) has begun a digitisation project aimed at making many of its unique collections accessible to remote users. The first stage of this project, recently completed, is the digitisation and cataloging of the JNUL's unique collection of some 1200 ketubbot (Jewish marriage contracts). This collection contains both manuscript and printed ketubbot from a wide variety of countries and time periods, many of them beautifully illuminated. The search engine allows access by country, city, date, and all persons named (bride, groom, witnesses), and retrieves colour images in several resolutions.

The Jewish National and University Library (JNUL), founded over 100 years ago, today serves a threefold purpose as the Central Library of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, the National Library of the State of Israel and the National Library of the Jewish People. In its latter role (chronologically its initial one) the JNUL strives to collect materials of all types which reflect or represent the history of the Jewish people and its culture throughout the world. The JNUL collections of Hebraica and Judaica are the largest in the world.

Issue 3, January 2001

"Netting Local History in Norway, by Sidsel Hindal and Tone Moseid.

 Describes an initiative which has been organised by the Norwegian Directorate for Public Libraries and consists of seven local projects that improve the public's access to records on local history. Its main objectives are to develop collaboration in the sector of museums, libraries and archives and try out network organisation in the development of public libraries in order to improve the public's access to records on local history by utilising the digital technologies.

According to regulations (recommended guidelines for the county and public libraries) both institutions are instructed to make studies of local history available. The county libraries are obliged to have a local collection, which geographically covers the county. This means that many Norwegian public libraries have recorded material, for example collections of local newspapers, photos, letters, church records and local censuses. A common situation, independent of the size of the local community, is that valuable material is spread among several institutions and private persons and often no one is aware of what material exists or where it resides.

Digital Image Archive of Medieval Music (DIAMM)

The purpose of the Digital Image Archive of Medieval Music (DIAMM) is to obtain, archive and, where necessary, enhance digital images of European sources of medieval polyphonic music. These include a relatively small number of complete manuscripts, found throughout Britain and continental Europe which have been widely studied since their discovery by scholars at various times over the past century. They also include the much more numerous manuscript fragments, often barely legible and hard to place and interpret, which amount to a rich but widely scattered resource that has been relatively neglected, partly because of the difficulty of access, legibility and comparison of widely scattered materials that are at the same time vulnerable to damage and loss. The project has created a new permanent electronic archive of these images, both to facilitate detailed study of this music and its sources, and to assure their permanent preservation.

The project is a collaboration between the University of Oxford and Royal Holloway, University of London; the first phase was funded by the Humanities Research Board in 1998, and the second and third phases have been made possible by Major Research Grants from the Arts and Humanities Research Board, awarded in 1999 and 2001.

Digital Reference Resources (Last updated April 4, 2001)

This bibliography cites articles examining the implementation and effects of digital reference service. It has about 165 citations, sorted by setting: public, academic, business, government, and special libraries. The articles are generally pro-digital reference and written for librarians or other information professionals; about 40 of the references are linked to full-text articles. Most papers were written between 1990-2000 and the site is updated sporadically. Compiled by Joann Wasik, a consultant and communications officer for the Virtual Reference Desk (VRD), which is sponsored by the United States Department of Education.

Exploit and Exploit Interactive

Exploit and Exploit Interactive were designed to promote the results of EU library projects (both FP3 and FP4) and to facilitate their take-up by the market of library and information systems. The European Commission is now working under the FP5 in which libraries currently come under the Information Society Technologies (IST) Programme.

Exploit Interactive was the Exploit project's Pan-European Web magazine, designed to promote awareness, disseminate and exploit reusable project applications and results. The magazine ran for seven issues and has now finished though the site will remain available for reference from this server for at least another two years.

As an accompanying measure of the Exploit Project, the magazine provided a mechanism for pan-European dissemination information about the Telematics for Libraries projects, worked with the appropriate project contacts to focus on

areas/issues of interest to the readers, supported on-going project dissemination strategies via the magazine which benefited both readers and project members,

developed and maintained a strong and involved community of Exploit Interactive readers, authors, project partners and Information providers and provided a forum for discussion within the EU Telematics for Libraries community and seeked to involve members of the EU, EEA member states and CEE countries.

The Final Report (December 2000) is now available. The new Exploit Interactive database is also now online It allows users to search for authors or articles and produce printable lists.

The Exploit work is being carried on in the form of the Cultivate project, which is funded by the Digital Heritage and Cultural Content (DIGICULT) area of the EC's Information Society Technologies Programme (IST). The programme has expanded to include all memory institutions and organisations (in particular from archives, libraries, museums, publishers, multimedia and galleries), as well as organisations from Eastern Europe and other non-EU countries.

RLG DigiNews (from North American, and other world sites) or (from UK Janet sites) or (from most European sites)

RLG DigiNews is a bimonthly newsletter conceived by the members of the Research Libraries Group's PRESERVcommunity intended to: Focus on issues of particular interest and value to managers of digital initiatives with a preservation component or rationale; provide filtered guidance and pointers to relevant projects to improve our awareness of evolving practices in image conversion and digital archiving; and announce publications (in any form) that will help staff attain a deeper understanding of digital issues.

June 2001, Vol. 5, No. 3

3D Culture on the Web, by Tony Gill.

"A Project on Preservation of Digital Data," by Raymond A. Lorie.

April 2001, Vol. 5, No. 2

The search for digital preservation solutions has become a worldwide endeavor, and tracking important initiatives is approaching obsessive levels for the staff of RLG DigiNews. In this issue, complementary feature articles on archiving the Web are presented. The first article covers a recent project at the Library of Congress, and the second reports on the development of a Web harvester for preserving national Web spaces in Europe. Also included is a conference report on creating and preserving digital sound.

"Collecting and Preserving the Web: The Minerva Prototype," by William Y. Arms, Roger Adkins, Cassy Ammen, and Allene Hayes.

For the past year, we have been working together on a prototype system for the Library of Congress to collect and preserve materials from the Web. This project is known as "Minerva" (the name is a light hearted acronym for "Mapping the INternet: the Electronic Resources Virtual Archive"). This article describes the prototype, but more importantly it discusses what we have learned and offers suggestions for what should be included in a full-scale system.

The materials on the Web can be divided into two categories, those that are provided with open access and those for which there are access restraints. Minerva is concerned with the first category, open access materials that the creators have made publicly available, without restriction. The category includes most conventional Web sites, interlinked sets of pages that have been placed on the Web for unrestricted public access. A library can collect them by simply downloading the Web pages over the Internet.

"Collecting and Preserving the Web: Developing and Testing the NEDLIB Harvester," by Juha Hakala, Helsinki University Library, The National Library of Finland.

From 1997-2000, eight European countries participated in the Networked European Deposit Library (NEDLIB) Project, a collaborative effort of national libraries to construct the basic infrastructure for a networked European deposit library system for digital publications. Key research undertaken as part of this project was the development and testing of a harvester to archive Web resources. This paper presents the results of this effort and discusses the major issues in the utilisation of harvesting technology for preservation purposes.

Beginning in the mid-1990s, harvesters were developed to glean the growing content of the Web for indexing purposes. The basic technology behind the NEDLIB approach, therefore, is not new. What is distinctive about the NEDLIB harvester is that it was consciously designed with archiving in mind.

Instead of using an existing harvester, the Finnish Center for Scientific Computing (CSC) developed the NEDLIB harvester from scratch, based on the specifications written jointly by the NEDLIB partners.

The latest version of the NEDLIB harvester will be available to the public at the CSC along with basic documentation and the MySQL database application the harvester requires. In the future, CSC and Helsinki University Library will maintain the NEDLIB harvester jointly on the basis of a mutual contract and will continue to make it available for free.

Conference Report:

Sound Practice: A Report of the Best Practices for Digital Sound Meeting, January 16, 2001 at the Library of Congress, by Michael Seadle.

Royal Shakespeare Company Archives 'FESTE' Database at the Shakespeare Birthplace Trust

The Shakespeare Birthplace Trust came into existence after the purchase of Shakespeare's Birthplace in 1847 in order to preserve it as a national monument. The Trust maintains a museum and library of books, manuscripts and records of local historic interest with particular reference to Shakespeare and includes the archive of the Royal Shakespeare Company. The FESTE Database is a detailed record of all performances of that company from 1865 to the present, including full cast lists and bibliographic data relating to contemporary reviews.

Scholarly Publishing Electronic Bibliography By Charles W. Bailey, Jr.

Version 37: 6/8/2001

Table of Contents

1 Economic Issues (Last update: 6/8/2001)

2 Electronic Books and Texts

2.1 Case Studies and History (Last update: 6/8/2001)

2.2 General Works (Last update: 6/8/2001)

2.3 Library Issues (Last update: 6/8/2001)

3 Electronic Serials

3.1 Case Studies and History (Last update: 6/8/2001)

3.2 Critiques (Last update: 6/8/2001)

3.3 Electronic Distribution of Printed Journals (Last update: 6/8/2001)

3.4 General Works (Last update: 6/8/2001)

3.5 Library Issues (Last update: 6/8/2001)

3.6 Research (Last update: 6/8/2001)

4 General Works (Last update: 6/8/2001)

5 Legal Issues

5.1 Intellectual Property Rights (Last update: 6/8/2001)

5.2 License Agreements (Last update: 6/8/2001)

5.3 Other Legal Issues (Last update: 4/20/01)

6 Library Issues

6.1 Cataloging, Identifiers, and Metadata (Last update: 6/8/2001)

6.2 Digital Libraries (Last update: 6/8/2001)

6.3 General Works (Last update: 6/8/2001)

6.4 Information Conversion, Integrity, and Preservation

(Last update: 6/8/2001)

7 New Publishing Models (Last update: 6/8/2001)

8 Publisher Issues (Last update: 6/8/2001)

8.1 Electronic Commerce/Copyright Systems (Last update: 6/8/2001)

Appendix A. Related Bibliographies

Appendix B. About the Author