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Author: Daniel J. Pfeifer
Title: Citation 7.1
Publication info: Ann Arbor, MI: MPublishing, University of Michigan Library
April 2000

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Source: Citation 7.1
Daniel J. Pfeifer

vol. 3, no. 1, April 2000
Article Type: Software Review

Citation 7.1

Citation 7.1 Legal Edition ( Regular Version $279 ; Academic Price $225) Citation 7.1 (Regular Version $149; Academic Price $125) Oberon Development, Ltd. <>


For individual projects, Citation 7.1 is a viable alternative to the more pricey bibliographic software. From the first glance, Citation appears to be ideal for the beginner or intermediate user who simply wants a way to manage her sources for an article or book project. An author can immediately begin entering source data and then easily insert that data into a Corel WordPerfect or Microsoft Word document. Once the user understands the concept of the Access Phrase, she can move fairly quickly to inserting the citations into her text.

The interface lacks some amenities such as a toolbar, but the beginner will find the one-solution menu bar to be sufficient and perhaps even more comfortable. Programs like Microsoft Word can seem confusing because of their multiple solutions for every task! The three main functions available from the menu bar of Citation are easy to use — record management, search capability, and generating citations or bibliography. The program adds a nice touch in that an author can preview a citation or bibliography in various formats by using the Preview Pane.

Record management is facilitated by the various document formats available. They are inclusive enough for most projects with 'forms' such as book, journal article, monograph, dissertation, review, archival record and internet journal. Although the user can add custom formats, it requires learning the Citation codes.

The search capability of Citation is not a strength. The user is limited to a simple keyword search on one or two fields. In addition, the records are stored in a text file, possibly resulting in problems for searches of extremely large collections. For individual projects, there should be no problem.

Generating bibliographies is a simple two click process. After selecting a style, the text can be put into a Word Processor or sent to the clipboard. The Chicago and Turabian styles are available for output as well as the American Psychological Association (APA) and the Modern Languages Association (MLA). One should note that the bibliography produced includes all records in the current datafile — another reason for the use of Citation on a specific project by project basis.

In order to insert citations into a word processing document, the user simply inserts the Access Phrase into the text like a parenthetical reference (except she uses curly brackets "{ }"). The Access Phrase, by default, consists of the author's last name and the year, but the user may customize this text to any unique identifier she finds easy to remember. When prompted to generate the citations, the program builds the endnotes or footnotes in the document.

Another nice feature of Citation is the special pricing. The software is geared towards academic users specifically in the History and Political Science offering a discounted price of $49 for members of the American Historical Association (AHA) and the American Political Science Association (APSA). (With printed documentation, the program costs $75 for AHA and APSA members.) For the individual, it is a price point that is unbeatable for the functionality.

The strength of Citation is its simplicity. Advanced users who want to maintain multiple projects in a single source file will want to explore the other bibliographic tools available, while beginner or intermediate computer users who simply want to manage sources and automatically insert citations into an article or book project will find that Citation is as close to ideal as one can expect.

Daniel Pfeifer

Wake Forest University