Add to bookbag
Authors : Lynn C. Westney, Ryan Johnson
Title: E-Journals: Inside and Out [vol. 2, no. 3]
Publication Info: Ann Arbor, MI: MPublishing, University of Michigan Library
November 1999

This work is protected by copyright and may be linked to without seeking permission. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Please contact for more information.

Source: E-Journals: Inside and Out [vol. 2, no. 3]
Lynn C. Westney, Ryan Johnson

vol. 2, no. 3, November 1999
Article Type: E-Journals: Inside and Out

Ryan Johnson and Lynn Hattendorf Westney, Co-Editors

In the field of Library and Information Science, the acronym SDI stands for Selective Dissemination of Information. The co-editors of this quarterly column on e-journals are two practicing academic reference librarians: Ryan Johnson, Reference and Electronic Services Librarian at Washington State University in Pullman, Washington and Lynn Hattendorf Westney, Associate Professor, Assistant Reference Librarian and Coordinator of Reference Collection Development at the University of Illinois at Chicago. They are selectively disseminating information on e-journals and their contents to the readers of The Journal of the Association for History and Computing (JAHC). Ryan brings to our attention e-journals of interest to scholars applying and studying information technology by providing a brief descriptive and evaluative annotation of each journal which he has chosen for inclusion. Lynn highlights and reviews individual articles in these and in others which she has identified as appropriate for our purposes. Together, this combined effort serves as an introductory SDI vehicle for our readers.

The Journal of the Association for History and Computing has as its focus the applications of computer and other electronic technologies into the historical profession. This is a field that is interdisciplinary in several ways. The applications of new technologies, particularly in academe, have been the focus of work by scholars in many disciplines, especially in education, history, and library and information science. These applications are not discipline-specific but rather, interdisciplinary. In order to make the best use of these technologies, we need to be open and receptive to the ideas presented in other journals and in other fields. Thus, an additional purpose of this column is to present this interdisciplinary research to the diverse readers of JAHC.

The several journals discussed in this issue are listed in alphabetical order by title.

Compute-Ed: An Electronic Journal of Learning and Teaching with and about Technology

Compute-Ed is a refereed journal that examines a broad range of issues in information technology in education, with an emphasis on classroom practice including resources, developments, new projects, concerns, ideas in teaching with technology as well as aspects of teaching computing studies. It covers all levels of education from elementary to higher. It has changed its publishing dates to match the academic calendar. Therefore, this volume is incomplete, and will be until June 2000. As articles are accepted, they will be included in the volume, so that each volume is under construction for the entire academic year. The journal has been moved from The Faculty of Education of the University of Technology, Sydney, Australia, to the College of Education at Wayne State University in Detroit, Michigan, USA. The Editorial Panel has grown to 18 international members, representing Australia, Belgium, Canada, England, Israel, Spain and the United States.

D-Lib Magazine

D-Lib Magazine is a monthly magazine about digital libraries for researchers, developers, and the intellectually curious. New issues are published on the 15th of each month.

D-Lib Magazine was originally intended as a newsletter covering an area of research and innovation, and not itself intended to be an original research journal. Yet, if we examine the articles that appear each month in the magazine, about half are descriptions of research. Authors are choosing to publish their research in an online magazine, rather than in conventional journals.

Note: D-Lib Magazine's primary goal is to help specialists from many disciplines understand the broad scope of digital libraries. For this purpose D-Lib Magazine relies on the editors' judgment to select materials, rather than the academic tradition of peer review.

September 1999, Vol. 5, No. 9

"Canonicalization: A Fundamental Tool to Facilitate Preservation and Management of Digital Information," by Clifford Lynch, Coalition for Networked Information.

This paper suggests that canonical formats and canonicalization algorithms (that is, algorithms that compute canonical representations) for various types of digital objects will help support all of these processes. In particular, it provides a language or framework for understanding the effects of format translation. Finally, the paper discusses the specifics of canonicalization for image objects as a case study. "MPEG-7: Behind the Scenes" by Jane Hunter, Distributed Systems Technology Centre. The purpose of this article is to provide a better understanding of the objectives and components of the MPEG-7, "Multimedia Content Description Interface" standard, an overview of the current state of its development and an idea of its expected impact on digital libraries of the future.

"The ISI® Web of Science® - Links and Electronic Journals: How links work today in the Web of Science, and the challenges posed by electronic journals," by Helen Atkins, Institute for Scientific Information.

Since their inception in the early 1960s the strength and unique aspect of the ISI citation indexes has been their ability to illustrate the conceptual relationships between scholarly documents. When authors create reference lists for their papers, they make explicit links between their own, current work and the prior work of others. The exact nature of these links may not be expressed in the references themselves, and the motivation behind them may vary (this has been the subject of much discussion over the years), but the links embodied in references do exist.

"Long-term Preservation of Electronic Publications: The NEDLIB project," by Titia van der Werf-Davelaar, Koninklijke Bibliotheek, National Library of the Netherlands.

NEDLIB, which stands for Networked European Deposit Library, aims to develop a common architectural framework and basic tools for building deposit systems for electronic publications (DSEP). The project addresses major technical issues confronting national deposit libraries that are in the process of extending their deposit, whether by legal or voluntary means, to digital works.

"The LIBLICENSE Project and How it Grows," by Ann Okerson, Yale University.

The LIBLICENSE Project was established to inform and educate members of the information supply chain, particularly (but not exclusively) librarians, about how effectively to contract for electronic information resources. The Project has now reached maturity and continues to benefit the research and scholarly community beyond the lifetime of the grants. This is a brief report on the Project's origins, goals, and achievements, with some thoughts about the future.

First Monday

First Monday is a peer-reviewed journal on the Internet about the Internet. Its focus is the Global Information Infrastructure. Articles on topics such as political and regulatory efforts affecting the Internet, standards, content, use in general and within specific communities and reviews of Internet related hardware, software and other research are paramount.

September 6, 1999, Vol. 4, No. 9

"E-Mail and Potential Loss to Future Archives and Scholarship or The Dog that Didn't Bark," by Susan S. Lukesh.

A pattern has emerged in starting presentations on the preservation of electronic materials: Disaster! In 1975, the U.S. Census Bureau discovered that only two computers on earth can still read the 1960 census. The computerized index to a million Vietnam War records was entered on a hybrid motion picture film carrier that cannot be read. The bulk of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's research since 1958 is threatened because of poor storage. These tales are akin to Jorge Luis Borges's short story in which the knowledge of the world is concentrated in one mammoth computer-and the key is lost.

The essential question for the Information Age may well be how to save the electronic memory. Personal correspondence has long served as a source of historical information— unique documentation of activities of individuals. One need only casually peruse any library catalog today to see vast numbers of books based on 'the letters of' or 'the correspondence of' to appreciate our dependency on this medium. A paper record has a better chance of surviving a century than digital records today have of surviving a few decades. Preservation of e-mail communication is even more important as a trail of the development of ideas.

This paper presents and discusses:

  1. The long history of personal correspondence assisting scholars decades, if not centuries later, in the understanding of events and times.
  2. The definitive body of work testifying to the value and importance of informal communication among scholars.
  3. The growing discussion and recognition of the changing nature of scholarly work and communication due to technology.
  4. The lack of attention to the problem of preservation of the subset of scholarly communication which is e-mail.

Interactive Multimedia Electronic Journal of Computer-Enhanced Learning

The peer-reviewed articles in Wake Forest University's Interactive Multimedia Electronic Journal of Computer-Enhanced Learning (IMEJ) concern themselves with "effective uses of technology in any and all disciplines within higher education." The articles also aim to take advantages of the web medium by allowing communication with the author(s) and by combining multimedia components with traditional text. This first issue is free.

"The Digital Agora: Interaction and Learning in Political Science," by Carolyn Watters, Dalhousie University, Marshall Conley, Acadia University, and Cynthia Alexander, Acadia University.

The Digital Agora is an ambitious interdisciplinary project that provides pedagogical supports for the understanding and analysis of complex issues in the social sciences. This project accompanied an educational paradigm shift from instructor-centered to learner-centered at Acadia University. The Digital Agora uses the web to integrate the student experience inside and outside the classroom, and perhaps more importantly, within the campus community and within the world community. The Digital Agora is a good example of the next wave of educational support that moves beyond providing access to more information to providing support for collaborative solutions to complex problems. Acadia University is the first "laptop" university in Canada. Through the Acadia Advantage program, each incoming student and each faculty member is equipped with a laptop computer. In addition, classrooms, library, residence rooms, and common areas are wired so that the network is accessible both in and out of classrooms. The Digital Agora is now being used in three political science courses at Acadia: International Politics, Peace Studies, and Introductory Political Science.

"Online Art History - Design, Development, and Review of an Interactive Course," by M. Schmidt, W.H. Blackmon, D.R. Rehak, and D. Bajzek, Carnegie Mellon University

Carnegie Mellon Online has been used to deliver several university courses to thousands of students at Carnegie Mellon University over the last two years. This paper illustrates the experiences gained from redesigning an introductory art history course using Carnegie Mellon Online to deliver supplemental course content. The technology, course content, course structure, assessment tools, and course management capabilities are described, as well as lessons learned from creating this course, and plans for the next version.

Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography

This bibliography presents selected articles, books, electronic documents, and other sources that are useful in understanding scholarly electronic publishing efforts on the Internet and other networks. Most sources have been published between 1990 and the present; however, a limited number of key sources published prior to 1990 are also included. Where possible, links are provided to sources that are available via the Internet.

Table of Contents:

  • 1 Economic Issues (Last update: 10/1/99)
  • 2 Electronic Books and Texts
  • 2.1 Case Studies and History (Last update: 10/1/99)
  • 2.2 General Works (Last update: 8/1/99)
  • 2.3 Library Issues (Last update: 6/1/99)
  • 3 Electronic Serials
  • 3.1 Case Studies and History (Last update: 6/1/99)
  • 3.2 Critiques (Last update: 2/1/99)
  • 3.3 Electronic Distribution of Printed Journals (Last update: 8/1/99)
  • 3.4 General Works (Last update: 10/1/99)
  • 3.5 Library Issues (Last update: 10/1/99)
  • 3.6 Research (Last update: 10/1/99)
  • 4 General Works (Last update: 10/1/99)
  • 5 Legal Issues
  • 5.1 Intellectual Property Rights (Last update: 10/1/99)
  • 5.2 License Agreements (Last update: 10/1/99)
  • 5.3 Other Legal Issues (Last update: 8/1/99)
  • 6 Library Issues
  • 6.1 Cataloging, Classification, and Metadata (Last update: 10/1/99)
  • 6.2 Digital Libraries (Last update: 10/1/99)
  • 6.3 General Works (Last update: 10/1/99)
  • 6.4 Information Conversion, Integrity, and Preservation (Last update: 10/1/99)
  • 7 New Publishing Models (Last update: 10/1/99)
  • 8 Publisher Issues (Last update: 10/1/99)
  • 8.1 Electronic Commerce/Copyright Systems (Last update: 8/1/99)

Technology and Culture

Technology and Culture is dedicated to the historical study of technology in its relationships with society and culture. Although it is a journal of history, it is inclined toward an interdisciplinary view and publishes the work of historians, anthropologists, engineers, scientists, museum curators, archivists, sociologists, and others, on topics ranging from architecture to agriculture to aeronautics. It is an international journal, with a significant number of contributors and subscribers from outside the United States. Selected articles from back issues are available online. Beginning with the July 1998 issue, Technology and Culture is available online from the John Hopkins University Press's Project Muse.

July 1999, Vol. 40, No. 3

  • "When Computers Were Women," by Jennifer S. Light.
  • "Ski-Dogs, Pol-Cats, and the Mechanization of Winter: The Development of Recreational Snowmobiling in North America," by Leonard S. Reich.
  • "System in the South: John W. Mallet, Josiah Gorgas, and Uniform Production at the Confederate Ordnance Department," by Steven G. Collins.
  • "Mulholland Highway and the Engineering Culture of Los Angeles in the 1920s," by Matthew W. Roth.
  • "Longbow and Hackbutt: Weapons Technology and Technology Transfer in Early Modern England," by Gervase Phillips.

E-Journals in History

Ryan has identified a group of e-journals that are available electronically without cost that cover the discipline of history from the beginning to the present. Each has unique features that set them apart for their peers. All of them are avenues of scholarship which allow historical study to branch in new directions.

American Diplomacy: Commentary, Analysis, and Research on American Foreign Policy and its Practice

The majority of the editorial staff are retired Foreign Service officers, as are most of their authors. This journal provides a direct view into the workings of the United States Diplomatic Corps as well as professional views on events both current and historical. It began in September 1996.

Summer 1999, Vol. 4, No. 3

"NATO Cooperation with Former Adversaries: The Historical Record, 1990-1997,"by Sorin Lungu. "As the communist regimes of Eastern Europe began to collapse, NATO governments, led by the United States and Germany, undertook rapid steps. . .to deal with the desires of the new democratic governments of Eastern Europe for some degree of security assurance in a confusing new situation. Their objective was also to improve long-term chances for democratic government in the former Warsaw Pact states by transmitting to their armed forces and civilian leaders essential concepts from Western practice.

CROMOHS: Cyber Review of Modern Historiography

Cromohs is the first electronic review of the history of modern historiography. This journal is designed to serve as an effective instrument of scientific communication for studies and research relating to modern historical culture: historiography, erudition, philosophies of history, methodologies of historical research, and didactics of history. There is one volume per year and the first issue was published in 1996. Text available in Italian and English.


Chronicon is published by the Department of History, University College, Cork Ireland and focuses primarily on Irish history. It is published annually in a unique fashion. Each volume is opened at the beginning of the calendar year and articles and other writings are added to it, as they are ready for publication. Chronicon also includes articles in a preliminary form that will be included later in other paper journals. This allows for feedback and comments before the final versions are published.

Volume 2, 1998

"The Vikings in Scotland and Ireland in the Ninth Century," by Donnchadh Ó Corráin.

This study attempts to provide a new framework for ninth-century Irish and Scottish history. Viking Scotland, known as Lothlend, Laithlinn, Lochlainn and comprising the Northern and Western Isles and parts of the mainland, especially Caithness, Sutherland and Inverness, was settled by Norwegian Vikings in the early ninth century. By the mid-century it was ruled by an effective royal dynasty that was not connected to Norwegian Vestfold. In the second half of the century it made Dublin its headquarters, engaged in warfare with Irish kings, controlled most Viking activity in Ireland, and imposed its overlordship and its tribute on Pictland and Strathclyde. When expelled from Dublin in 902 it returned to Scotland and from there it conqueredYork and re-founded the kingdom of Dublin in 917.

"Scholarly Views of Shajarat Al-Durr: A Need for Consensus," by David J. Duncan.

While many important people receive their fair share of attention in modern historians' accounts, others have remained in the shadows despite playing a key role in matters. Historians of the Crusades focus their attention on the `Great Men' of the period. But there is at least one other figure of importance in this era. Shajarat al-Durr served many roles in thirteenth-century Egyptian history and politics. However, modern historians often ignore her historical role. When these scholars do discuss her political career and impact, Shajara assumes various roles depending upon the individual work. A review of these works leaves several questions unanswered. Who was Shajarat al-Durr? What are the differing views of historians writing about her. Finally, how do these views of Shajara compare to each other?

"The Gaelic Revival in the US in the nineteenth century," by Gillian Ní Ghabhann.

This paper examines the Irish language revival in America in the post-Famine decades in its composition, extent, activities and achievements. The revival offers many important insights into the mentality of Irish emigrants and is an essential subject in the study of the Irish in America. The ethos underlining the movement and the intellectual justification offered by its protagonists will be analysed. Finally, the reasons for the success of the movement in the short-term and ultimate inability to achieve its long-term objectives will be explored in an attempt more fully to understand the Irish-American experience.

"Entrepreneurship, Power and Public Opinion in Ireland; The Career of William Martin Murphy," by Andy Bielenberg.

Until recently, the limited historiography on William Martin Murphy has focused on his role as the leader of the employers in the 1913 Lockout. It is now possible to view his career from a wider perspective. This article examines the nexus between Murphy's business interests and the power he gradually acquired over nationalist public opinion, notably in the critical years between 1905 and 1919, as a result of his investment in the Irish newspaper industry.

Volume 1, 1997

"The development of the landscape of Ireland over the last two thousand years; fresh evidence from historical and pollen analytical studies," by Valerie A. Hall.

Tracing the changing face of the Irish landscape over the last two thousand years has relied primarily on evidence from documentary sources. Sources mentioning landscape features in Ireland during this period are fragmentary, both geographically and temporally. Studies of fossilized pollen grains preserved in peats and lake muds which accumulated over this period provide an alternative means of investigating vegetative landscape change. Combining the evidence from these separate disciplines helps to reconstruct a more complete picture of landscape change over the historic period than from a single source.

"Creating the past: the early Irish genealogical tradition," by Donnchadh Ó Corráin.

Traditionally Irish early medieval genealogies were seen as the product of oral tradition, recorded at an early period by monastic writers. This is mistaken. No doubt there was an oral genealogical knowledge, but the genealogical record is modelled on the Old Testament genealogies.

"The limits of popular radicalism: British communism and the people's war, 1941-45," by Geoffrey Roberts.

Surprisingly little attention has been paid to the fortunes of the British Communist Party during the war. Yet the years 1941-1945 were the zenith of the communist challenge in British politics and the party's role and experience during the people's war provides striking evidence of both the extent and limits of popular radicalism during the 1940s. The Communist Party was one of the main beneficiaries of war radicalism and, in so far as there was a turn to the left, and important contributor to the shift in political opinion.

"The Diplomacy of "Dignified Calm": an Analysis of Ireland's Application for Membership of the EEC, 1961—1963," by Dermot Keogh.

The closure of most of the official archives of the Irish state until the early 1990s, when a 30-year rule was first introduced, has resulted in the relative underdevelopment of contemporary Irish history when compared to the level of specialisation and publication record in the majority of other countries in the European Union (EU).

The large number of national and comparative studies on the first unsuccessful attempt at enlargement in 1962 demonstrates the advanced state of scholarship in many countries on that topic. In contrast, the study of Irish history in the 1950s and 1960s based on official archives including the country's relationship with the European Economic Community (EEC) has only recently got under way in the mid-1990s. This work has not caught up with research in comparable countries in Europe.

This article, using the files of the Departments of the Taoiseach [Prime Minister] and External Affairs [renamed Foreign Affairs in the 1970s] and interviews with Irish participants, examines the background to Ireland's shift in policy from protectionism towards free trade at the end of the 1950s. It traces the Irish policy and decisionmaking process from the time of application in mid-1961 to de Gaulle's veto of British membership in January 1963.

The Electronic Journal of Australian and New Zealand History

In addition to writings on the history of Australia and New Zealand, this peer-reviewed journal also includes specific writings on history in digital or multimedia formats.


"History and Hypertext," by Graeme Davison, Department of History, Monash University.

Davison explores some of the impacts hypertext and other electronic innovations are making towards history as a field of study and as an avocation. He refers to Sven Burkert's The Gutenberg Elegies: The Fate of Reading in an Electronic Age, as a major example of the problems that can develop through the implementation of new technologies. Burkert argued that the electronic revolution led towards a practice of lateral or superficial reading and away from the capacity to read texts intensively for their internal complexity. Burkart does acknowledge those areas in which hypertext is clearly a positive factor, for example, in reference materials such as encyclopedias.

Essays in History

Published annually by the graduate students of the University of Virgina's Corcoran Department of History. It is available solely in electronic format since 1994. Essays on all historical topics are included. All issues dating back to 1990 are archived.

1999, Vol. 41

"Catastrophic Dimensions: The Rupture of English and Irish Identities in Early Modern Ireland, 1534-1615," by D. W. Cunnane.

"Congress, the President, and the Battle of Ideas: Vietnam Policy, 1965-1969," by Michael Jay Friedman.

"Fracas in Congress: The Battle of Honor between Matthew Lyon and Roger Griswold," by Brian T. Neff.

1998, Vol. 40

"Renowned Queen Mother Mathilda:" Ideals and Realities of Ottonian Queenship in the Vitae Mathildis reginae (Mathilda of Saxony, ?895 - 968), " by Anne C. Stinehart.

"A Monster So Brutal: Simon Girty and the Degenerative Myth of the American Frontier, 1783 —1900," by Daniel P. Barr.

"Thomas Jefferson and the Patent Act of 1793," by E.C. Walterscheid.

"Class Resurrection: The Poor People's Campaign of 1968 and Resurrection City," by Robert T. Chase.

"It's Personal Before It's Political: Ambition and Angst in the Lives of Indian Civil Servants, 1880-1950," by Nicole Herz.

Esoterica: The Journal of Esoteric Studies

A transdisciplinary journal that proclaims "our aim is to offer the finest electronic journal in the world," published by the College of Arts and Letters, Michigan State University, with an emphasis on the scholarly investigation of esoteric spiritual traditions. This is an academic, peer-reviewed journal, and its goals are to act as a means for communication among existing scholars in the field, to be a resource for those in academia encountering this field for the first time and considering introducing their students to it, to encourage new scholars in this emerging discipline, and to offer a reliable source of knowledge to all who are interested in esoteric studies. It does not endorse any methodological approach but it does discourage reductionism or the denigration of esoteric traditions or figures.

1999, Vol. 1

"Some Remarks on the Study of Western Esotericism," by Wouter Hanegraaff, pp. 3-19.

"Western Esotericism and the Harmony Society," by Arthur Versluis, pp. 20-47

Renaissance Forum: An Electronic Journal of Early-Modern Literary and Historical Studies

An interdisciplinary refereed journal that specializes in English literature and the history of the Early-Modern period. Published bi-annually by the History and English departments of the University of Hull, it also sponsors a listserv for their readers and other interested scholars to discuss the issues raised in the journal's publications.

Spring 1998, Vol. 3, No. 1

"Jane Barker and the Tree of Knowledge at Cambridge University," by James Fitzmaurice.

"Knowing Their Loves: Knowledge, Ignorance, and Blindness in 'Tis Pity She's a Whore'," by Lisa Hopkins.

"Some Uses for Romance: Shakespeare's Cymbeline and Jonson's The New Inn," by Andrew Stewart.

Autumn 1997, Vol. 2, No. 2

"What is the English history play and why are they saying such terrible things about it?" by Steve Longstaffe.

"Jean E. Howard's Postmodern Marxist Feminism and the Economic Last Instance," by David Siar.

"Too Much in the (Black) Sun: Hamlet's First Soliloquy, A Kristevan View," by Anny Crunelle-Vanrigh.

Screening the Past: An International Electronic Journal of Visual Media and History

A peer-reviewed journal concerned with the history of photography, film, television and multimedia and the representation of history on/in these media. Includes first release articles and republishes articles that are felt to have lasting importance.

Issue 7, July to November 1999

"A national, historical perspective on documentary in Denmark," by Rasmus Dahl.

The prerequisitions and characteristics of a documentary film movement in Denmark during and after the Second World War are sketched out, and the lines of influence from Britain and Grierson described. Also developments within Danish television is taken under concern, ending up with astonishment over the missing conveyance of experience and craft between film and television documentary production.

Studies in the World History of Slavery, Abolition and Emancipation

An international occasional publication, very occasional, as nothing has been published since the first two volumes in 1996-1997. It features essays, documents, images, bibliographies and database information relevant to the history of slavery, abolition and emancipation. It is intended to provide a global context for slave studies and to link scholars in Africa, Asia, Europe and the Americas. It is produced by H-Net as part of their effort to link scholars in the humanities and social sciences and improve the dialogue within and between disciplines.

1996-97, Vols. I-II, no. 1

"Puente Africa America en la Ruta del Esclavo," by N. de Friedemann, Proyecto.

"The Transition from the Slave Trade to 'Legitimate' Commerce," by R. Law.

"The African Diaspora: Revisionist Interpretations of Ethnicity, Culture and Religion under Slavery," by P. E. Lovejoy.

"Survivances et Dynamismes des Cultures Africaines dans les Ameriques," by O. B. Yai.