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Authors : Ryan Johnson, Lynn C. Westney
Title: E-Journals: Inside and Out [vol. 2, no. 1]
Publication Info: Ann Arbor, MI: MPublishing, University of Michigan Library
April 1999

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Source: E-Journals: Inside and Out [vol. 2, no. 1]
Ryan Johnson, Lynn C. Westney

vol. 2, no. 1, April 1999
Article Type: E-Journals: Inside and Out

E-Journals - Inside and Out

Ryan Johnson

Lynn C. Westney

The seven journals and one conference proceeding discussed in this issue are listed in alphabetical order by title. Because of the increasing importance of e-journals to scholarship, we highlight an outstanding feature of the proceedings of an important conference, History Journals and the Electronic Future (

Ryan states, "For anyone interested in the issues involved in the publication of an electronic journal, this report contains most of the salient points."

The Journal of the Association for History and Computing has as its focus the applications of computer and other electronic technologies into the historical profession. This is a field that is interdisciplinary in several ways. The applications of new technologies, particularly in academe, have been the focus of work by scholars in many disciplines, especially in education, history, and library and information science. These applications are not discipline-specific but rather, interdisciplinary. In order to make the best use of these technologies, we need to be open and receptive to the ideas presented in other journals and in other fields. Thus, an additional purpose of this column is to present this interdisciplinary research to the diverse readers of JAHC..

Australian Journal of Educational Technology

This journal publishes research and review articles in educational technology, instructional design, educational applications of computer technologies, educational telecommunications and other related areas. It is of particular interest to those historians attempting to incorporate technology into their classrooms.

1998, 14(1), 49-59.

"WWW support of student learning: A case study."
Tony Greening, The University of Ballarat

The World Wide Web (WWW) is achieving a place of prominence in educational practice. However, the benefits of using the Web to support learning are not always apparent. The most prominent public feature of the Internet is the multitude of possibilities that it presents for information retrieval. This is widely believed to offer educational advantage, although the means by which that advantage are realised are typically not well specified. The paper discusses the role of information retrieval opportunities presented by the Internet, and suggests that it requires a new model of information access best supported by a reconsideration of educational philosophy. The paper also discusses issues in using the Internet to deliver courses, arguing that the delivery model does not take full advantage of the new possibilities offered by the technology. A case study is presented of the use of the Web in a first year computer science course offered in a Problem Based Learning (PBL) mode.

E-STREAMS: Electronic Reviews of Science & Technology References covering Engineering, Agriculture, Medicine and Science

This e-journal contains reviews of books in these four broad fields. The reviews are written largely by librarians. The reviews in computing, engineering and the history of science should be especially interesting to readers of JAHC. Listed below are two partial reviews of recently published books in these areas.

Computer Science - Interactive Multimedia

Writing for New Media: The Essential Guide to Writing for Interactive Media, CD-ROMs, and the Web, by Andrew Bonime, Ken C. Pohlmann. John Wiley, New York, NY, 1998. 230p., illus., index. ISBN 0-471-17030-5. $16.95. LC Call no.: QA76.76.I59B65 1998.

Subjects: Interactive Multimedia—Authorship; CD-ROMs; World Wide Web (Information Retrieval System)

This guide seeks to help writers develop the skills necessary to create quality interactive multimedia products such as CD-ROMs and web pages. In this book, Bonime and Pohlmann cover the concept of interactivity, the writing and design of "ebooks" (electronic books), the presentation of ebook proposals to publishers, the role of the writer on the multimedia team, and, in greatest depth, the practical uses of multimedia design elements—including text, pictures, icons, buttons, other graphic elements, audio, and video—in the creation of successful ebooks.


How the New Technology Works: A Guide to High-Tech Concepts, by Robert J. Cone, revised and updated by Patricia Barnes-Svarney. Oryx Press, Phoenix, AZ, 1998. 133p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 1-57356-138-X. $28.50 LC Call no.: T49.C66 1998. Subjects: High Technology—Handbooks, Manuals, etc.

This updated second edition of How the New Technology Works provides concise and easy-to-understand presentations of selected high-tech topics. The term "high-tech" used in the book refers to the advanced technology that directly affects all aspects of people's daily lives. How the New Technology Works is intended for audiences who are looking for a basic understanding of the new technologies. It does not require any science or engineering background to grasp the presented concepts, making it a perfect candidate for purchase by public and school libraries.

First Monday

First Monday is a peer-reviewed journal on the Internet about the Internet. Its focus is the Global Information Infrastructure. Articles on topics such as political and regulatory efforts affecting the Internet, standards, content, use in general and within specific communities and reviews of Internet related hardware, software and other research are paramount.

Vol. 4, No. 1, January 4, 1999

"The Internet Cultural Phenomenon: A Bonafide Curricular Theme," by Toufic Hakim, Pamela Prentice, Stephen Baker and John Pauly.

Beyond the use of its resources as a research tool, the Internet presents a rich cultural theme for interdisciplinary coursework. In 1996-97, two interdisciplinary courses about and on the Internet were offered at Jacksonville University by four professors from different departments. This paper focuses on the structure, content, and value of, as well as lessons learned from, these virtual courses. The courses were designed to immerse traditional students in the virtual culture for one semester while exploring issues in science and technology, political science, business and sociology.

Contents: Internet in the Classroom; Issues on the Internet: A Step Toward Internet-Based Courses; Lessons for Future Internet-Based Courses; Final Lessons: What Students May Learn or Fail to Learn

Vol. 3, No. 12, December 7, 1998

"Who Will Create The Metadata For The Internet?" by Charles F. Thomas and Linda S. Griffin, Louisiana State University.

To revitalize the Internet as a usable information environment, planners also must address the issue of who will generate the necessary metadata. This paper identifies some of the major communities of electronic information providers.

"The WebCommunicators: Issues in research into online journalism and journalists," by Mark Deuze, Amsterdam School of Communications Research, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Electronic publishing is also one area of contemporary business that seems to offer rich opportunities for the fruitful application of academic theory, and has attracted authors who seek to chart its impact.

Vol. 3, No. 11, November 2, 1998

"Hypertext, the Next Generation: A Review and Research Agenda," by Alex Soojung-Kim Pang.

What is the future for hypertext? This article attempts to answer this fundamental question by examining the technological and commercial development of the World Wide Web. What do the experiences of electronic publishers on the Web reveal about the strengths and weaknesses of hypertext? Based on these experiences, some promising avenues for future research are outlined.

History Journals and the Electronic Future

This is the final report of a conference of journal editors held at Indiana University, Bloomington, August 3-8, 1997, sponsored by The American Historical Association and the Organization of American Historians. The editors concluded that print would continue because of the things it does best: it is portable, tactile and browsable. They then discussed the major issues related to electronic publication: access and archiving, cost, distribution, and copyright. Also discussed were the possible impact of the sale of bundled journals by publishers and how this could impact subscriptions of small regional subject-specific journals that could get "squeezed out" when libraries redistribute limited funds.

While the general conclusion of the assembled editors was that electronic versions of their journals would develop over time, they were under little pressure to make immediate radical changes in the existing formats. For anyone interested in the issues involved in the publication of an electronic journal, this report contains most of the salient points. The editors have continued their discussions in the form of a LISTSERV and formed the Coalition of History Editors for Publishing in the Future in order to better coordinate their activities.

Information Research: An Electronic Journal

This is an international information science journal published at the University of Sheffield with regional editors at the University of North Texas, the University of Tampere, Finland, and the University of Vilnius, Lithuania. It addresses the importance of the international nature of electronic information, dissemination and access.

Journal for Multimedia History (JJMH)

JJMH is a peer-reviewed journal that serves as a forum for the examination and study of multimedia historical scholarship. Its scope is similar to that of the JAHC but rather than focusing on the intersection of computers and history, it examines a broader spectrum of media, including video and audio in addition to electronic information.

Vol. 1, No. 1, Fall 1998

"Teaching Islamic Civilization with Information Technology," by Corinne Blake.

New types of information technology such as the Internet and CD-ROM can be used to enhance courses in colleges and universities. A large amount of primary material about Islam and Islamic civilizations, for example, is available to students through the Internet, including full texts of the Qur'an in various translations, several collections of Hadith (records of the Prophet Muhammad's words and deeds), Shi`i and Sufi religious texts, and classics works of Islamic literature. Since this material is mostly translated, it is of limited interest to advanced graduate students, but it is appropriate for undergraduate courses on Islamic religion, history, and civilization as well as for survey courses in world history. Using material from the Internet provides students with access to primary sources and research material that is often unavailable at smaller institutions. It can also expose students to different points of view within the Muslim community. The challenge for already overextended professors is figuring out how to locate these materials and incorporate them into courses.

Journal of Electronic Publishing (JEP)

This journal is a forum for discussion on issues related to electronic publishing. Many of its articles deal with the creation and maintenance of electronic journals as well as issues such as copyright, database and portal design and usage tendencies.

Vol. 5, December 1998

REFLECTIONS ON THE FUTURE: Special Issue on the NSF/IEEE Workshop on the Socioeconomic Dimensions of Electronic Publishing

The objective of this special issue of The Journal of Electronic Publishing is to provide a summary of the Socioeconomic Dimensions of Electronic Publishing (SeDEP) Workshop: Meeting the Needs of the Engineering and Scientific Communities sponsored by the National Science Foundation and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Foundation in Santa Barbara, California, April 23-25, 1998. The SeDEP Workshop was held in cooperation with the IEEE Forum on Research and Technology Advances in Digital Libraries (ADL '98) sponsored by the IEEE Computer Society.


Guest Editors' Gloss

Joseph R. Herkert and Christine S. Nielsen introduce this issue and report on their NSF/IEEE Workshop on the Socioeconomic Dimensions of Electronic Publishing.

"Designing Electronic Journals With 30 Years of Lessons from Print."

Carol Tenopir and Donald W. King make the case, based on studies going back almost 30 years, that some journals should publish in both paper and electronic media—at least in the short term.

"Digital Object Identifiers: Promise and Problems for Scholarly Publishing."

Lloyd A. Davidson and Kimberley Douglas are critical of the approach taken by the major scientific and technical publishers in establishing the DOI system.

"Archival Journals: Perspectives Gained by E-Publishing IEEE Transactions on Education."

Marion O. Hagler, Janet C. Rutledge, William M. Marcy and Ted E. Batchman describe a series of successful experimental publications on CD-ROM.

"Into a Glass Darkly: One Scientist's View."

R. Keith Raney offers a reserved perspective on the potential usefulness of electronic publishing, wondering whether it can both maintain standards and offer solid solutions to the problems of paper publishing.

"Logins and Bailouts: Measuring Access, Use, and Success in Digital Libraries."

Ann Peterson Bishop, drawing on her research for the Digital Library Initiative project at the University of Illinois, shows that problems with e-publishing can begin at the front door.

Selected Articles from the Backlist of the Journal of Electronic Publishing:

Vol. 4: September, 1998

Economics 102: "Current Thinking on the Economics of Electronic Publishing."

Vol. 3: June, 1998

"Reflections on the Revolution: Moving from Print to Electronic Publishing."

March, 1998

"Talking Together: The 1998 Faxon Colloquium on Scholarly Communication Issues."

December, 1997

"Words from the Wise: Lessons Learned in Electronic Publishing."

September, 1997

"Electronic Journals: Why?"

Vol. 2: Special Issue on Internet Economics

Vol. 1: Issues 1 and 2, January and February 1995

"The Hundred Years War Started Today: An exploration of electronic peer review, " by John Peters.

The purpose of this article is to discuss electronic peer review of academic papers on the Internet. The article covers the following broad areas:

  • What peer review means in academic publishing
  • What things change, and what stay the same, when the review medium shifts from paper to electronic
  • The implication of Internet review to the "blind" (that is, anonymous) assessment of papers
  • Internet review and possible plagiarism
  • Some guidelines for potential authors, editors, and reviewers in using this medium
  • Some indications of further research directions