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Influenza Encyclopedia

ï~~ te., nler, ins puoro snexus c. W.. - ';e4 of.gese things-the Demo t hewsic pers are= well aware of -o o idisposition-anjywhere. to; E 4 n any Democrat who as a dra.and citisen presents any sort D geument for the election of a d aeratgo Congress. We might ques hi $ udgniept or his sincerity, D i '[M; Bryainor Mr. Morgenthau Gerard or any other statesman i the Democratic party "urged that a by the voters, his expression of t nion would be generally conceded e delis right as a citizen of a democLhg New York World, the greatest nocratic newspaper of the country, I hdrt white ago published, with unial prom.inence, an editorial appeal F the country to return a Democratic g ngress as a means- of upholding the nis of the President. Its Repuban contemporaries did not adrmire concede the logic of its argument, t they did concede its right to ex-f se a political opinion. The same mocratic New York World says ofc I President's argument that it "is werful in all its bearings, but he is 1the man who should have made It." rhe gist of the whole controversy' e gist of the whole resentment, is a Prgsident's dangerous impropriety. s great majority of the public had me to look upon Mr. Wilson as the e President more nearly a President the whole people than any Etxecuye since Lincoln. Mr. Wilson has tiself selected the exclusive role of esident of the Democratic party. a has stqpped down from a high detal as no other President has ne. and the public can only view tt descent with grief and forebod AS TIE Ei'IDEMIO PASSES. While' everyone hopes for the early mumption of business and soci aroties upon a normal basis, there Is tiger of overoptimism, and reason-I a caution would dictate that we ek sure that the influenza epidemic binitely passed before the bars f to ether let down. At the same he, it seem'possible that the "peak" s now been reached in Portland. Ith good-fortune, and also good manemnet, we should soon begin to rerdtbevdsitation as a thing of the tt, or. highly unpleasant memory. It is too early a period in our study "yniotic~diseases to dogmatize upon tir causes and effects, but it is cerIn that we are in a better position 'draw deductions ferom the present lemic than we have been in the tPOtthers. The collection of vital 4t1tic has improved vastly since the i$ previous great epidemic in 1890, prtant advances have been 0..4 y the bacteriologists. We ore "4ttnly informed concerning prep g'visitatlons, and the data which ieossess about them are of little O'tc for comparison with the present. is possible, however, that eienItM will be able to form conclusions $f#1 later on which will be of real the to suffering humanity. The Ini serun, for example, which has p, administered on a rather large Sd ts admitted to he in the expert. stage. No "guarantee" has With it; nothing but hope. The at could be said was that if good, at least it could not It is so much better to be, orry that this possible form pilgation has been received i 1Mhospitality. Itero611ibe interesting if the epttmId sltiai4d throw light upon the ea5tion, Wiat becomes of an ep., pnice? Why l6b should run a certain urge, and hi4'mspon cerlain persons udmiss others, 4ipd finally disappear kmatter upon wiolohs we are by no edans 'certain. Still, one may spectui. It is contended 4a certain etuarci:that it spends itself when all the sceptibles have beelt Infected. butc 1theory does not find universal vor. If this were so there would be - m terit in avoiding It, for otye would I c ertain, if a 'eusceptibid,' to be iloken this moment he emerged from s-hiding place. r is it demonstrated, as some $l811 ise, that the germ becomes qo *ety' attenuated by its continuet b~ethat it presently loses its poweg 41 trm. These theories are inter,. gt~c and may fulfnish tihe grotund. o~tfor future deternmination 'of real ipmswhy we hare plagues.and ies fter they have run a while, they $$sto rtcur in the case of in., Gees in a milder form a little later id aamnc more virulently after per ai:ageneration, pl tere is one form of at least partial liic y icyWhitii is attainable by nearly and it is worth considering c44s#,tive factors are being ed 3 i thesoientific laboratories. 'ibna reads a portion' of section 19 the selective servtie regulations ssued by the President of the United tates. "Walter M. Pierce is a farmer, a Democrat and stands behind the Presient." So reads an advertisement of the Democratic candidate for Governor. Mr. Pierce owns 12,000 acres of land n Union County. His holdings are assessed at $222,000. ~ He harvested his year, it is estimated, 44,000 bushIs of wheat worth $88,000. Yet, wealthy Candidate Pierce stands behind the President" by demanding and collecting $467 for servce on a district board, after receiving what is in effect a request from the, President that he perform such service' gratuitously. A GREAT FOUR MONTS. Advance of the allies across the Piave River in Italy is probably the inal battle against Austria. That country's line is broken at the front, and chaos prevails in the rear. Its army cannot maintain its' fighting spirit, and probably cannot be sup' plied under these circumstances. The battle flames up in full force on the anniversary of the Italian disaster at Caporetto, a coincidence which will fire the hearts of the Italians. This is the last of the several fields of operation on which Marshal Foch has loosed the allied armies in a gen eral, concerted offensive. Beginning at the Marne. he first swept back the German armies until their vaunted fortified lines were broken and they were driven back or in voluntary re treat all the way from the North Sea to the Vosgea. When this -campaign was well under way the Serbs and their comrades of other nations wer hurled against the iulgars In Mace donia, split their army in halves ane forced them to surrender after tw weeks. Before that campaign wa finished the British and allied force overwhelmed the Turks in Palestine The British in Mesopotamia next wen into action and drove the Turks bac toward Mosul. Throughout these oper ations a wide converging movemen had beet in progress from Vladivostok in the far east and from Archange in the far north to close In on Russia and has now reached Irkutsk to Lak Baikal from one direction and th province of Vologda from the other The victory on the Piave complete the series. Victory has been with the elie through the whole tremendous serie of campaigns, which extended acros the breadth of two continents from the Somme In the west to the Tigri and the Pacific Ocean in the east. I began with the 'out of the Austrian on the Piave in June and has con tinued through four months, and i that period the conquests of four year haevn heen reduedr to nothIng, lb Turkish and Austrian empires hav been practically destroyed and th would-be world-conquering empire o Germany has been forced to ue fo peace. Never before were such splen diet military achievements acrom plished in so short a time or wit such interrupted success. The causes of this success wee,many but the immediate causes wer few. Greatest was the unified com mend given to Marshal Iroch unde the general direction of the Supreme War Council, but this could not hav won 'if Foch had not been endowe with supreme military genius whic places him on a par with Caesar, Han nibal. Alexander. Marlborough. Nape leoC. Washington and Grant. Anothe was command of the economic ru sources of the whole world. whi Germany and her allies hnsd to diepren on those of their own territory and theat which they had conequered ace aid waste. But neither Fuch's genIe nor the world's wealth could have wo suich victories if the allied armies ho not had the inspiration 'of a righteor cau~se, which banded together men all races and all creeds with the com viction that they were defending e whirlh lil of them agree in htoldin most sacred-wife, children, mercy t the weak or defenseless, honor, trot] justice and freedom. This inspiratto foiled the Hutn when he was strone ~d when the allIes were wea4, Whe tpi were added the strength of num bsand material, it proved invim 'site, It has been a victory of all thi is good and noble over all that tisev and shd~meful in man., Wheth!" they believe that peace near pr i3,.fymers ought not to b timid abort yeturing into the raisin of more. mea Animals, for it will b many years -*Iee the war is over be fore Eurepeah u 'will be ab to replenish their e and drove These have aireO4 below th level required fp * temance of do not feebth gtrain ofxd;hn_. 1: 0', se m a aidoiy ap 'n~rQTcc5,eZt severely,-t a -tIme iseaul0 ii u prosperitywldiminish and]4h1n ths, n ro' lchPwllPak th meet of deii' dollar, shrt l by'war, will reeat tff radtlk m5a Yu f. ~tp5respond{ t1 normal e12 7WThen they will call fyt 1 %or '? tlip dithasoldters.Th an accounting. worsxmu i Â~y eh'yl~e07. A.. the a u This extrayagance has sprung frta Wft 1- - - 'ionagdnsbt tar1ortcionc the unanitity with which Congressandt 1eh A fce Leasue canofof ut- has voted anpsums which the Admind geone hinks of die-di'the sines of bond aso r ee istration askaed for war-purposes. Con- Pesng 4 the ganization ofie ihat regard to, gress has for tie time ceased to-per- WI Service.. Te 'the 'liberty loaR copimitt55S i 3; form Its proper function of deciding Salvatioh, Justified its'right) -oriting is --not< s. g how much money shold be spent and to cont'in tn t e.?-field. The Aiery-general -taxpaye t - sea of holding the executive departments icnaLib J7Associoin, It wouldseemre aditslion c to strict account for its proper expegr- may became e eeymore important 800o; diture. The result has been.that the than gve) t view4o'the contenmplated I id fb tsretthis departments have become irresponsible educatfonsprogrname. These fac- ewepapes foe gustiaof ss c milass. since they have found that they only tors in '.'ons t1on, working to- 810 Yes. Oi11N'. had to ask for money in order to get gether' requt as has been said, This Is another private measufp atr it. That condition can best be rem-' the finanial and sns Iral support of the tempting to restrict by law chamt*u edied by having two strong parties in People ag;home for a long time to newspapers nh ltniaks to indiiiiiceals Congress, each vigilantly watching the coome. PsS1ce or flo5 peace, there is a for certain aiyreii. It 15-a p te - - of the other. There is no danger huge task still before them. ' measure and animposition and.should at the Republican party, if it should be defeated control Congress, would refuse the The object of Governor Withycombe CVetorNoo Administration any sum necessary for in appointing a member of the Su-stertieonst a1 Y s t the war, for thatstats tax -'evy fec 1519;821Yea 2 13' N o. tewar, for that party has been more prems Court to fill the brief vacancy The-State is now abieeered by the zealous for the defeat of Germany than caused by the death of Justice Moore creased cost of cuppiies and:labor;of its opponents, but It would guard has been fulfilled in a gratifying way, all kinds in\conductiog its tnstitctttesc against waste and would call respon- The need of clearing the court docket The tax -levy canot be raiset,.xa, sible officers to account for it, was great and Justice Conrad P. Olson, by vote of the peopls The increases the Governor's sefection, has respond- for one year only and does not become, MORBID FEAR OF SPECULATORS, ed with vigor and enthusiasm. Al- permanent by adoption of this measure. though doubtless tempted to leave the It is very necessary to the proper con a Some Congressmen are afraid to work to engage in his campaign for duct of state instituttons and its de-e pasa good law lest some man make feat will, not mean economy,, but i-" bad use of it. Two election, Justice Olson has carried out organization and possibly great ndebt aress passed the stockraisers' home- the spirit of his appointment by strict edess-:t calls for a tuaxiomiu Of rstead law, which permits a home- application to the duties of his place. $940,000. steader to increase his holding to 640 It may be said, without disparaging Vote 812 Yes. e acres by filing on land suited only the attainments of other candidates Port of Portland measure authorising an for grazing, in addition to his original for the place, that Justice Olson has additional tax to par existing judgments, I fometaing, in adthinc tot his, l demonstrated by the quality of the 314 Yes, 315 No. - homeetead, if within twenty miles, bet several opinions he has handed down This is a local measure found only on -it neglected to provide that he neeO and by his industry his fitness for the ballots voted in the Port of Portland. a not reside on the additional tract:, positi ond Jo is ofithe Srethe ust bsnecessary measure, asJudgrents n Thus he would be compelled to noe position of Justice of the Supreme must be paid one way or another. The d from a house already standing on Court. levy Is a measure for one year only and e good dry land farm and to build ca new ~~' will produce $70,000. - house on what would be only a cow Cynics who deprecate the marriage Vote 314 Yes. d pasture, with thin grass at best. An relation will please consider the Clarke Port of Porand measure authorising an o astre, t was ras ato bermt Cocnty scan who took his third the aditoalotaxto nsroaie for coal doct sand oanrenedment was proposed to permit ehrdy tteaeo 6 ewsdredgingesquipmsetadu-pates. 515 tea. s the homesteader to reta hi ' originnc eher dr. et th age of 5. ewas 317 No. s residence, and still to am ire the p cs- not In the css: of Methuselah, of Another loal-port meaqure and one o tre. course, who was 187 when Lamech essential to the upbuilding of the port t Oee was born, and, according to record, and its maintenance on a par with conk Objecton was made te ttepreenta- lived 969 yecars "and begat sons and peting ports. The tax Is for one year tics Norton both to the ara enesent daughters." The world must admit, only and will produce $130,000 Sand the original law bec rse lehts hough, that the old fellows know how Vote 316 Yes. I who had been living on good homeo to gentle their women. City Ballet. l teads oI the vicinity. Inevitably, An ordinance extending the contract with,' ru1e there would he an openingforspcu- The road to lnnton, where a young the Humanse Seetyf or he conduct of the e r at wo n under this law, as there is un- wo anr was killed by an oil truck City Peund.t0dYeeta0i. e u der the most is law, fraeied law. nlte"lay n'ight, is used by pedestrians. This is a pure administrative detail o e h otcrflylecedlc.there beineg ceo ideewalk. Iis n ces- that any city council -qugist to he ablo r- but the privilege Is 'limited to euali-rsre' o iewal Thit n to handle without reference to the peo. fled homesteaders, who would takem s rh recs of dhnvera a wpe Ior that reason and that alone the opportunity to raise " tunch of ceclo nlestbe will ou dow and wi othte expectation that if the r rows," and would fence the land an N n deliberately will run down dasure is defeated the Council- will m give the grass a chance to grow. The a person, and -there is width enough decide the issue on Its merits the 5 overnment wants the land o lre the oc it creroad to avoid aceident if all advice of The Oregonianis o vote no. al country neers more beef an it bene, concerneid uee jtidgment. Vte 501 No. s fits y renesing its citizens cre pros-. Charter amendnreent relieving troperty in t peros b. If speilatorn er 'o in, they - IresiartWilson cray already be future local aessisment districts of the 5 pee is rn he smoked out and deprive of sorry he dirt not let politics stay ad- uent char o for englneerin. suiperlatendinn their bna.otnd l alocsr ws advertising eosts. 101 Yes. 02No. -nnhe s.oedoute.lernel. lls rall to armr was in. This is a proper contribution by the n t t is just erch men as nr Norton tended to aroso the DIemoerats,-but general public to street improvements so who have hen 'rack levelerment of Itithe.r a rursetIld the Ilepublicans still in return for the benefit the public reo the West by obstructing e tof the nore, -edt has stcpplied them with an ceives. e puhli' dninin. They would keep it inreertive to vote. Vote 503 Yes. ea wilderness lost occasionallyv rconC' Charter amendment 'establishing the twof personshouldett niuso i law to er omote onehow. one s hert coes out to platoon system in the Fire Department rr its urns. If they had had their wayt the le t e r whiso dies in the Reform 5404 Yes. 505 No. the West never would have ie set.-i Mlr witiout the cinistering hand The two platoon system nw 9"tots; tied. The pulie land laws have been of a mother- I ihis last hour, with the extra expens' is taken fto ii tr h abused, leec tat is the fault. rf c-a e bslir'f thet perhps he was not as bad proceeds of the levy -a'ther er and suhittheern CoeangriesnE t wh' as they merele' himeutlo. '-voters last 8y. Whi'- neethoh e legislated In ignorance of Western - -- the two-platmr. yetemI 4 b 111 ic e conditions, but on the whole the result It is alt -vel'Y well for Hindenburg peace times, experience has shown that ' of the laws has been benefieial, for to tell the i-ermran soldiers to hold the Fire Department cannot be kepi tr tey have enabled.te Wool ho feei fast, but what are they to hold fast to? up to standard unleSS induesmnfetart 0 the UnIted States and- the atlies with Iie line is gone, and the mud Is slip, offered that will Invite membership breadh -and meat and to clothe it with pery when the allies keep pushing. An effIcient Fine poartmeit is On -d wool. That has been done in spite ^ - - --- absolute essential. Purely as Iwat of the Nortons. e Tire Japee lied Cross has giveni measure approval Of this amendment it of th otn.recommended. a medal of honor to Roosevelt, and eened. -the tDemocritie party has one of Aoee aes. er WELFARE aO IF PEACE tCO. h lather it wonclhl bestow if the recipient Aenenuts of;5 On 000 in bsansp ffbar e- Regadleas of the oinin,f ncv would tand still lon g eug. rd net. T Is Individiuac as to the probable leluaionl -- - - Ths honri Ise is to provide 449thes d of tire war, it Is p1ain thact iehe drive Americeano capturred 20.000 Hone tic elevator unit, a, drydoekc a ether peri oF for fiends to promote the welfaer c or the pest moenth, and thaI means a bil (achltias essential to Feet and'5 pantId of otur soldilers lnrd sallors erughlt crot mre conservation, that we may show dipatleon ha water-borne sommerce ann cs to be per-mitted to ecuffer..lreessive good fairh in feeding iheem as much teso ak its Untttgeoptaes Pihip9ith n5 optimim mcay he a dtangeroues thineg,. as they deoevm.atsel it e Umcpite prte ft1r9thi.d as it came nrear Is being ice lthe case deev.Board lfrmergency Fleet; Corpol'ation. us -of the recent fourntchliberty loan. but Serretary Dianlels con alway sos Chater 500 shsligI oiteere win h tirue foripegrmitedn want depth and darkness in his opponents' *pallill i evientad fiur ensts n1- tree ihtecoiguie warrtiree, buct not ho his own, for of a Government reepntrusaigs hosgeita lI work campaign, for thee rernson that lhe Denuies is childlike and bland.' for wee blnjrd,.5I Yes. 50501No ig 'peed for fundso will be precisely lbshe - This is a eceaglent ley.' t to -shitl whetheethe war continrues en' neothfrsamst t ' pr-opesed in ech-tso provide a bosm a, other year or endis lomeorrow. be Oare o th the rtce terms to eand thereby indiuce if possible the es rl ldeit may ha a greator need. ire 'red out aby the Grnans should tablishmeunt of a very large hospita g Foe If an armistice shold be arranged, they have crmri into saey.nattioveegr ndn thi levy wilac o~boi en cod theme should be eves so slight a- Gven nsaatitcotrbtn e- 'rslatations of the Inhi~bitiona.of dime- Under th-osnew rules requtringihotelt Vtceut4ooVes-.- cipline, 'there will then be a cell for tne k o ue eurn oes V~ 05Te at the wisest possible dIrection.of the toaor as end savorer alsrap Ctand - ese hr ii ebullient energmes qf our men. They It'se bore ma-n who oreru hcarh If tsia nsoet mend snatnt u d are now on tiptoe of etpectation; h bet er t-~n the mnu crd. ~511~ eaeds o. eetas- el obligation to keep themselves fit for 11t15. amendment wOodt I 9 tis combat is exercising its greatest eon- Increase In express rates will not ppmllOnlen the same- epOWi tilo e -trolling-stwer; the air is full of battle affect directly thq great bulk of peO. r*;ai'g service and dlsa54llt tad 1 g enthusiasm; men are fired with the pie who patronipe the parcel post. new -ettended to firemIn ut eYe eQ spirit of emulation and sacrifice. This. tefm aelte for etfiolefley of 0. d e. has created an atm o here in which. No need of Chamberlain oming eeftm d t. as they epa I he ity-t is if ever, the' young Agerioan can ie homenow. It's stled for two yars esr t ' yand tarea=or men w s. trusted to take good saee f himself. - -randperhaps more- gve etvies. T e relernAt -- ne But what shall be sai if there fol, e a lows a period of du otony, -fctaisRepublcans,uycorseeRA. waiting while peat pnties sluo the 9oil of the wild. ' tlrea 7~lt t. arraenee the omore and final det;"g 1een- 1 been LIBRARY OF CONGRESS NEWSPAPER RM

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