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Influenza Encyclopedia

ï~~ STRAIIOA j CI NCINNATI r r yO. 3 AUGUST I - t, " qt record. s Cn Bab'sBrfh Ls enable6 hoW a corp te reCOrd rove later and employment purp - ry, nd ri ht to vote, L certain public, offices Cr i pro CO CS property. 'i f 1 COLD STORAGE. Cold storage of perishable foodstuffs has developed with such amazing rapidity into a gigantic industry throughout the land that we have been confronted with uncomfortable suddenness with some perplexing problems in the control of our food supply. The two large storage plants in Cincinnati are admirably managed. Perishable foods are scientifically and expertly handled in rooms chilled in varying degree according to the perishability of respective foods. Furthermore, it is to the financial advantage of cold storage concerns to limit, if possible, the length of time of storage to cansignors. Rates for storage decrease month by month after the first month. The shorter the term, therefore, the more profitable the business, for space is always in demand and but little remains unused. But there is a woeful lack of federal, state and municipal legislation for the control of stored foods. It appears to be comparatively easy for food profiteers to hold their perishable commodities for an indefinite period and unload upon the market at inflated prices when the opportunity, created by themselves, occurs. We should not be prejudicial, however. Let us go into the matter with catholic-mindedness. Let us be neither deceived by the bland explanation of food handlers nor ingratiated by criticism which may conceal an ulterior purpose. In the state of Ohio fresh meats may be kept in storage for six months and eggs for ten months., Fruits and vegetables and other perishable foods may be kept indefinitely. Shades of Blackstone, Coke and Littleton, why the omission! Even in the case of meat and" eggs there is nothing to prevent dealers from skipping from one plant to another at the expiration of time limits and thus cdntinue the pleasant game of 10, 1919 No. 5 battledore and shuttleock, which must afford them considerable cynical enjoyment, if they, are guilty of such practices. If there is a class of men who deserve the epithet of "Storage Hounds" let us put them in leash. Perhaps the blame, if the natural law of supply and demand has been rendered nil by illicit manipulation, should not be laid entirely at the door of the middleman. The producers, the farmers, are known to have their grange meetings and combinations and various societies for the promotion of the general welfare of their class. It is natural to suppose that. grangers acting in concert in certain districts agree on prices, and withhold shipments from some localities while unloading on others, according to the stress of demand or the lack of it. We realize that refrigeration of foods to preserve them for use in seasons when there would be otherwise a natural scarcity, and even total lack of certain kinds, serves an excellent purpose. The prime objects are to prevent waste and make possible for the community a well-balanced ration throughout the year. Decay of perishable foods in storage, particularly at the fag end of the seasons, is bound to occur, but investigations by the Health Department lead us to believe that it is not to a very appreciable extent. When we consider the enormous quantities of foodstuffs received and disbursed from storage during the period of a year, the percentage condemned on account of decay is not great. Furthermore, consignments of fruits found damaged may very properly be partly salvaged and waste thus minimized. Cold storage is, therefore, a great boon to civilized life, which should not be lost sight of in formulating regulations for its control. Abuses have undoubtedly crept in. It is easy to conceive that high prices may.be due to chicanery and manipulation by the too

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