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Author: England and Wales. Army.
Title: The exercise of the foot with the evolutions, according to the words of command, as they are explained : as also the forming of battalions, with directions to be observed by all colonels, captains and other officers in His Majesties armies. Likewise, the exercise of the dragoons both on horse-back and foot. With the rules of war in the day of battel, when encountering the enemy, ordered by Sir Thomas Livingston, Major General, and commander in chief of their Majesties forces in Scotland. Recommended to all (officers as well as souldiers) in their Majesties armies.
Publication Info: Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Library
2011 April (TCP phase 2)
Availability:

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Print source: The exercise of the foot with the evolutions, according to the words of command, as they are explained : as also the forming of battalions, with directions to be observed by all colonels, captains and other officers in His Majesties armies. Likewise, the exercise of the dragoons both on horse-back and foot. With the rules of war in the day of battel, when encountering the enemy, ordered by Sir Thomas Livingston, Major General, and commander in chief of their Majesties forces in Scotland. Recommended to all (officers as well as souldiers) in their Majesties armies.
England and Wales. Army., Teviot, Thomas Livingston, Viscount, 1652?-1711. Exercise of dragoons both on horse-back and foot., Mackay, Hugh, 1640?-1692. Rules of war for the infantry, ordered to be observed by their Majesties subjects encountring with the enemy upon the day of battel.

Edinburgh: Printed by John Reid, and sold at his printing house in Bell's-Wynd, 1693.
Subject terms:
England and Wales. -- Army. -- Infantry -- Drill and tactics -- Early works to 1800.
Infantry drill and tactics -- Early works to 1800.
URL: http://name.umdl.umich.edu/B03201.0001.001

Contents
title page
to the reader
The INDEX Of all the Heads Treated of.
GENERAL OBSERVATIONS.
I.
II.
III.
Orders, and Words of Command, for the Exer∣cise of the Musket, with the Explanation, the Musket being Shoulder'd.
I.
II.
III.
IV.
V.
excercise muskets
Words of Command. 1. Ioyn your Right hand to your Muskets.
Words of Command. 2 Poise your Muskets.
Words of Command. 3. Ioyn your Left Hand to your Muskets.
Words of Command. 4 Take your Matches.
Words of Command. 5 Blovv your Matches.
Words of Command. 6. Cock your Matches.
Words of Command. 7. Try your Matches.
Words of Command. 8. Guard your Pans.
Words of Command. 9. Blow your Matches.
Words of Command. 10. Present.
Words of Command. 11. Give Fire
Words of Command. 12. Recover your Arms.
Words of Command. 13 Return your Matches.
Words of Command. 14 Blovv your Pans.
Words of Command. 15 Handle your Primers.
Words of Command. 16 Prime.
Words of Command. 17 Shut your pans.
Words of Command. 18 Blow your Pans
Words of Command. 19 Cast about to Charge.
Words of Command. 20 Handle your Chargers
Words of Command. 21 Open them vvith your Teeth
Words of Command. 22 Charge vvith Povvder
Words of Command 23 Charge vvith Bullet
Words of Command 24 VVad from your Hats.
Words of Command. 25. Dravv forth your Rammers.
Words of Command. 26 Hold them up.
Words of Command. 27 Shorten them against your Breasts.
Words of Command. 28 Put them in the Barrels.
Words of Command. 29 Ram dovvn your Charge.
Words of Command. 30 withdraw your Rammers.
Words of Command. 31 Hold them up.
Words of Command 32 Shorten them against your Breasts.
Words of Command 33 Return your Rammers.
Words of Command. 34 Ioyn your Right hand to your muskets.
Word of Command. 35. poise your Muskets.
Word of Command. 36. Shoulder your Muskets.
Word of Command. 37. Rest your Muskets.
Word of Command. 38. Order your Muskets.
Word of Command. 39. Ly dovvn your muskets.
Word of Command. 40. Take up your muskets.
Word of Command. 41. Rest your muskets.
Word of Command. 42. Club your Muskets.
Word of Command. 43. Rest your muskets.
Word of Command. 44 Shoulder your muskets.
Take heed to Make Ready at Three VVords of Command.
1. Make Ready.
Word of Command. 2. Present
VVord of Command. 3. Give Fire.
Here follows the Exercise of a Granadeer, with the Explanation, beginning when they are under Arms, viz. the Fire-lock Shouldered.
commands excercising firelocks
Word of Command. Take heed Granadeers, to Exercise your Fire-locks.
Word of Command. 2. Poise your Fire-locks.
Words of Command. 3 Ioin your Left Hand to your Fire-locks
VVord of Command. 4. Cock your Fire-locks
Word of Command. 5. Present.
Words of Command. 6, Give Fire.
Word of Command. 7. Recover your Armes.
Word of Command. 8. Handle your Slings.
Word of Command. 9. Sling your Fire-locks.
Word of Command. 10. Handle your Matches.
Word of Command. 11. Handle your Granades.
Word of Command. 12. Open your Fuse.
Word of Command. 13. Guard the Fuse with your Thumb.
Word of Command. 14. Blovv your Matches.
Word of Command. 15. Fire and throvv your Granades
Word of Command. 16. Return your Matches.
Word of Command. 17. Handle your Slings.
Word of Command. 18. Poise your Fire-locks.
VVord of Command. 19. Cast about to Charge.
word of Command. 20. Draw your Bayonets.
Word of command. 21. Screvv your Bayoners in the muzzels.
VVord of command. 22. Rest your Bayonets
VVord of command. 23. Charge your Bayonets breast him
Word of Command. 24 Cast about your Bayonets to the left side
VVord of Command. 25. Recover your Bayonets.
Word of Command. 26. Put up your Bayonets.
Word of Command. 27. Half cock your Fire-locks.
Word of Command. 28. Blovv 〈◊〉 pans.
Word of Command. 29. Handle your Primers.
Word of Command. 30. Prime.
Word of Command. 31. Shut your pans.
Word of Command. 32. Cast about to Charge.
word of command. 33. Handle your Cartridges.
Word of Command. 34. Open your Cartridges
Word of command 35. Charge vvit your Cartridges.
word of command. 36. Draw furth your Rammers.
word of command. 37. Hold them up.
word of command. 38. shorten them against your brea
word of command. 39. Put them in the barrels.
word of command. 40. Ram dovvn your charge.
word of command. 41. Recover your Rammers.
word of command. 42. How them up.
word of command. 43 Shorten them against your breasts.
word of command. 44. Put them in their places.
word of command. 45. Ioyn your right hand to your Fire locks.
word of command. 46. poise your Fire-locks.
word of command. 47. Shoulder your Fire locks.
word of command. 48. Rest your Fire locks.
Word of Command. 49. Order your Fire locks.
word of command. 50. Lay down your Fire locks.
word of command. 51. Take up your Fire-locks
word of command. 52. Rest your fire-locks.
Word of Command. 53. Club your fire-locks.
word of command. 54. Rest your fire-locks.
word of command. 55. shoulder your fire-locks.
Take heed to make ready to give Fire at Three Word of Command 56.
1. Make ready
Words of Command. 2 Present
word of command. 3. Give fire.
Take heed to make ready to Fire and threw your Granades at Three Words of Command. 57.
1. Make Ready.
word of command. 2. Blow your Matches.
word of command. 3. Fire and Throvv your Granades.
Take heed to make ready to use your Bayonets. 58.
Word of Command. 1. Make Ready.
VVord of Command. 2. Charge your Bayonets Breast high.
Take heed to make ready your Fire-locks again. VVord of Command. 59. Make Ready your fire locks.
The Exercise of the PIKE, beginning from the Advance.
Pikes take heed to your Exercise.
Word of Command. 1. To the Front, Charge.
Word of Command. 2. As ye were.
Word of Command. 3: To the right Charge.
VVord of Command. 4, To the Left as you vvere.
Word of Command. 5. To the Left Charge.
Word of Command. 6. To the right as you vvere.
VVord of Command. 7. To the Right about Charge.
Word of Command. 8. By the left as ye vvere
Word of Command. 9. To the left about Charge.
Word of Command. 10. By the Right as you vvere.
Word of Command. 11. Shoulder your Pikes
Word of Command. 12. To the Front Charge.
Word of Command. 13. Shoulder as you vvere.
word of command. 14. To the Right Charge.
Word of Command 15. To the Left as you vvere.
Word of Command. 16. To the left Charge
Word of Command. 17. To the Right as you vvere.
Word of Command. 16. To the Right about charge.
Word of Command. 19. By the left as you vvere.
VVord of command. 20. To the Left about Charge.
Word of Command. 21. By the Right as you vvere.
Word of Command. 22. port your pikes.
Word of Command. 23 To the Front Charge.
Word of Command. 24. Traii your Pikes vvith the Spears behind.
Word of Command. 25. Charge as you vvere.
Word of Command. 26. push your pikes
Word of Command. 27. Trail your pikes the Spears before.
Word of Command. 28. present your Spears.
Word of Command. 29. To the Front Charge,
Word of command. 30. Advance your Pikes.
VVord of command. 31. Order your Pikes.
Word of Command 32. Lay dovvn your Pikes.
Word of Command. 33. Take up your pikes.
Word of Command. 34. Plant your pikes
Word of Command. 35. Order your pikes.
Word of Command. 36. Advance your pikes.
General Words of Command for the Evolutions.
Word of Command. Take heed to do the Evolutions. 1. Take Heed.
Word of Command. 2. Carry vvell your Arms.
word of command. 3. Dress your Banks and Files.
EVOLUTION with MUSKETEERS and PIKEMEN together.
VVord of Command. Take heed the vvhole Battalion to present your Arms. 1. present your Arms.
Word of Command. 2. To the right. To the right. To the right. To the right.
word of command. 3. To the Right about
Word of Command. 4. By the left as you were
VVord of Command. 5. To the Left To the Left. To the Left To the Left.
Word of Command To the left about
Word of Command. 7. by the right as you vvere
word of command. 8. Poise your Muskets and advance your Pikes
word of command. 9. Shoulder your Muskets.
Word of Command. Ranks take heed to double your Front 10. Ranks to the Right, double your Front.
word of command. 11. March
VVord of Command. 12. To the left as you vvere.
word of command. 13. March.
word of command. 14. Halt,
word of command. 15. Ranks to the Left double your From
Word of Command. 16. March
word of command. 17. To the Right as you were.
Word of Command. 18. March
Word of Command. 19. Halt
Word of Command. Ranks take heed to double your Reer 20. Ranks to the Right about double your Reer.
word of command. 21; March
word of command. 22. Halt.
Word of Command. 23: As you vvere.
Word of Command. 24. March.
Word of Command. 25 ranks to the Left double your rear.
Word of Command. 26. March.
word of command. 27. Halt.
word of command. 28. As you vvere.
word of command. 29. March.
Reer half Files take heed to double your Front. word of command. 30, Reer half Files to the right double your Front.
Word of Command. 31. march.
VVord of Command. 32. To the Left as ye were.
Word of Command. 33 march.
Word of Command. 34. Halt.
Word of Command. 35. reer half Files to the left double your Front.
Word of Command. 36. March.
Word of Command. 37. To the right as you vvere.
word of command. 38. March.
word of command. 39. Halt.
Word of Command. Front half Files take heed to double your reer 40. Front half Files to the right double your reer.
word of command. 41. March
Word of Command 42. Halt
Words of Command. 43. Front half Files as you vvere.
Word of Command. 44. march.
Word of Command. 45. Front half files to the Left double you reer.
VVord of Command. 46. march
word of command. 47. Halt
word of command. 48. Front half files as you vvere.
word of command. 49. march
Word of Command Files take heed to double. 50. Files to the right double.
Word of Command. 51. march.
Word of Command. 52. Halt
Word of Command. 53. To the Left as you vvere.
Word of Command. 54. march.
Word of Command. 55. Files to the left double.
word of command. 56. march.
Word of command. 57 Halt.
Word of Command. 58. To the Right as you vvere.
Word of Command. 59 march.
Half Ranks take heed to double your Files.
Word of Command. 61. march.
VVord of command. 62. Halt.
Word of Command. 63. To the left as you vvere.
Word of Command. 64. march.
Word of command. 65. Halt.
Word of Command. 66. Half ranks to the Left double your files.
Word of Command. 67. march
Word of Command. 68. Halt
Word of Command. 69. To the right as you vvere.
VVord of command. 70. march
Word of Command. 71. Halt.
Word of Command. Files take heed to Counter march. 72. Files to the right about Counter∣march.
word of command. 73. March
VVord of Command. 74 Files to the left about Counter∣march.
word of command. 75. march.
Word of Command. Ranks take heed to counter march. 76 Ranks to the right about Counter∣march.
Word of Command. 77 march
Word of Command. 78 Halt
VVord of Command. 79. Ranks to the Left Counter march.
VVord of Command 80. march.
VVord of Command. 81. Halt.
Word of Command. Take heed to close your Files. 82. To the Right and Left close your Files to the Center.
word of command. 83. March
VVord of Command. 84. Halt
Word of Command Take heed tociost your ranks. 85. Ranks close to the Front.
word of command. 86. march.
Word of Command. Take heed to VVheel. 87. To the right VVheel.
VVord of Command. 88. march
Word of Command. 89. Halt.
Word of Command. 90. To the Right VVheel.
word of command. 91. March.
word of command. 92 Halt.
VVord of Command. 93. To the right about vvheel.
Word of Command. 94. March.
word of command. 95 Halt.
Word of Command. 96. To the left, wheel.
Word of Command. 97. march.
word of command. 98. Halt
Word of Command. 99. To the left wheel.
word of command. 100. March
word of command. 101. Halt.
word of command. 102. To the left about VVheel.
Word Command. 103. march
word of command. 104. Halt.
Word of Command. Files take heed to open your former tance. 105. Files to the right and Left o•• vvards, to your former distance.
word of command. 106. march.
word of command. 107 Halt.
Word of Command. Ranks take heed to open to your former distance. 108. Ranks as you vvere.
word of command. 109. march.
Word of Command. 110. Halt.
VVord of Command. Take heed to lay dovvn your Arms. 111. Rest your muskets.
Word of Command. 112. Order your Arms.
Word of Command. 113. Lay dovvn your Arms.
Word of Command. Take heed to quite your Arms. 114. For Stravv.
word of command. 115. March.
Word of Command. 116. To your Arms.
Word of Command. 117. Put up your Svvords.
Word of Command. 118. Take up your Arms.
Word of Command. 119. Rest your Muskets.
word of command. 120. Posse your Musket, and ad∣vance your Pikes
VVord of Command. 121. Soulder your Muskets
RƲLSE for the Forming of Battalions, the Posting of Officers, Salutes, &c.
I.
II.
III.
IV.
V.
VI.
VII.
VIII.
IX.
X.
XI.
XII
title page
THE EXERCISE OF DRAGOONS Both on HORSE-Back and FOOT.
A DRAGOON being on Horse-back, The first Word of Command shall be, 1. Handle your Arms.
Word of Command. 2. Advance your Fire Locks.
3 Cast about to the Sword-side.
4. Draw your Bagonets.
5 Fix them in the Muzzel of your fire locks.
6 Advance your fire locks.
7. Cast about to the Svvord-side.
8. Oravv furth your Bagonets.
9. Put them in their places.
10 Advance your Fire lock.
11. put back your Fire-lock
12. Loose your Links in order to Dismount
13 Your right foot from the Stirrup.
14 Dismount.
15. Link your Horses.
16. To the right hand about
17. Rest your Fire-lock.
18. Vnspring your Fire lock.
19. poise your Fire-locks.
20. Shoulder your Fire-locks.
ORDERS and WORDS of COMMAND Teaching the Handling of Fire-locks; As also the Explanation, beginning from a Shouldred Fire-lock.
Words of Command with their Explanation. Take Notice to Exercise the Mannual.
1. Ioyn your Right hand to your Fire lock.
2. posse your Fire-lock.
3. Ioin your left hand to your Fire-lock.
4: Cock your Fire lock.
5. present
6. Give Fire.
7. Recover your Fire lock.
8. Cast about to the svvord side.
9. Dravv your Bagonet.
10. Screvv it in the Muzzel of your Fire-lock.
11 Rest your Fire lock.
12. Present to the Front.
13. Cast about to the svvord side.
14. Take your Bagonet from the Muzzel of your Fire-locks.
15. Put up your Bagonets.
16. Half Cock your Fire-locks.
17. Clean your pan vvith your Thum
18 Handle your Primer.
19 Prime.
20 shut your pa.
21. Cast about to Charge.
22. Handle your Carthrage.
23. Open your Carthrage vvith your Teeth.
24. Charge vvith pouder and Ball
25. Dravv your scourer.
26. Hold up your scourer.
27. shorten to an handfull against your breast.
28 put it in the barrel
29. Ram home your shot.
30. VVithdravv your scourer.
31. Hold them up.
32. shorten to your breast.
33. put it in its place.
34 Ioyn your right hand to your fire lock
35. poise your fire-lock.
36 shoulder your Fire lock.
37. Rest your fire-lock.
38. Order your fire lock.
39 Ground your Fire lock.
40 Take up your fire lock
41. Rest your fire lock.
42. Club your firelock.
43. Rest your firelock.
44. shoulder your fire-lock.
Take Notice to make ready for firing at three Words of Command. 45.
1. Make Ready.
2. present.
3. Give fire.
Take Notice to make ready your Bagonets at two Words of Command. 46
1. Make Ready.
2. Present to the Front.
Take Notice to Charge your Fire-lock again. 47. Make ready your Fire-lock.
When they are to March to their Horses, the Words of Command are as followeth.
1. Poise your Fire lock.
2. Rest your Fire lock.
3. Handle your Springs.
4 Spring your fire lock.
5 put back your fire lock.
6 March to your Horses.
7. Vnlink your Horses.
Make Readie your Horse bridles; Your left foot in the Stirrup. Mount your Horses. 8. Fix your Butts in your Buckets.
9. Handle your Sword.
10. Draw your Svvords.
11. Put up your Svvords.
12. Loose your Butts from your Buckets.
ORDERS for the COMMANDING OFFICER, of REGIMENTS, TROOPS, or COMPANIES.
Reasons why there are so great Disorders, and so little Discipline amongst the Regiments.
title page
MACKAYS RULES To be Observed by the Body of INFANTRY Of Their MAJESTIES Subjects Encounter∣ing with the Enemy in the day of BATTEL.