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Author: Le Fèvre, Nicaise, 1610-1669.
Title: A compendious body of chymistry, which will serve as a guide and introduction both for understanding the authors which have treated of the theory of this science in general: and for making the way plain and easie to perform, according to art and method, all operations, which teach the practise of this art, upon animals, vegetables, and minerals, without losing any of the essential vertues contained in them. By N. le Fèbure apothecary in ordinary, and chymical distiller to the King of France, and at present to his Majesty of Great-Britain.
Publication Info: Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Library
2011 April (TCP phase 2)
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Print source: A compendious body of chymistry, which will serve as a guide and introduction both for understanding the authors which have treated of the theory of this science in general: and for making the way plain and easie to perform, according to art and method, all operations, which teach the practise of this art, upon animals, vegetables, and minerals, without losing any of the essential vertues contained in them. By N. le Fèbure apothecary in ordinary, and chymical distiller to the King of France, and at present to his Majesty of Great-Britain.
Le Fèvre, Nicaise, 1610-1669., P. D. C., One of the gentlemen of His Majesties Privy-Chamber.

London: printed for Tho. Davies and Theo. Sadler, and is to be sold at the sign of the Bible over against the little North-door of St. Pauls-Church, 1662.
Alternate titles: Chimie théorique et pratique. English
Subject terms:
Pharmacy
Chemistry
URL: http://name.umdl.umich.edu/A88887.0001.001

Contents
title page
title page
To his most Excellent MAJESTY CHARLES the second, King of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, &c.
To the Apothecaries of England.
THE PREFACE.
A Preliminary Discourse, containing some few Quaeries about the Nature of Chymistry.
A Compendious Body of CHYMISTRY.
Book I. Of the Body of Chymistry abbreviated.
PART I. Of the Principles and Elements of Natural things.
CHAP. I. Of the Universal Spirit.
CHAP. II. Of the several substances which are found after the Reso∣lution and Anatomy of the Compound.
CHAP. III. Of each Principle in particular.
SECT. I. Wherein is treated, Whether those Five Principles, which remain after the dissolution of the Mixt, are Natural or Artificial.
SECT. II. Of Phlegm or Water.
SECT. III. Of the Spirit.
SECT. IV. Of Sulphur.
SECT. V. Of Salt.
SECT. VI. Of the Earth.
CHAP. IV. Of Elements in General and Special.
SECT. I. Of Elements in General.
SECT. II. Of the Element of Fire.
SECT. III. Of the Element of Air.
SECT. IV. Of the Element of Water.
SECT. V. Of the Element of Earth.
CHAP. V. Of the Principles of Destruction.
SECT. I. Of the Order of Matters treated in this Chapter.
SECT. II. Of the Principles of Life before Composition.
SECT. III. Of the Principles of Death.
The Second Book OF The First Part. Of Purity and Impurity.
CHAP. I. What is Purity and Impurity.
CHAP. II. How Purity and Impurity are mixt in all the Com∣pounds of Nature.
CHAP. III. How the Impurity of all things is to be separated.
CHAP. IV. Of the Pure Substances extracted out of Mixts.
CHAP. V. Of the Natural Generation and Corruption of Mixts, and their variety.
SECT. I. Of the Order of this Chapter.
SECT. II. Of the Alteration, Generation and Corruption of Natural things.
SECT. III. Of the differency of Mixts in general.
SECT. IV. Of the Diversity of Perfect Mixts.
SECT. V. Of middle Minerals or Marcassites.
SECT. VI. Of Metals.
SECT. VII. Of Stones.
SECT. VIII. Of other Mixts, both Animate and Inanimate.
CHAP. VI. In what manner Chymistry worketh upon all these Mixts, to extract what is pure in them; and re∣jects their impurity.
Part II. Of the Abridgement of CHYMISTRY.
Book I. Of the proper and necessary terms to under∣stand and perform all Chymical Opera∣tions.
The PREFACE.
CHAP. I Of the several kindes of Solutions and Coagulations.
CHAP. II. Of the several degrees of Heat and Fire.
CHAP. III. Of the variety of Vessels.
CHAP. IV. Of the Diversity of all sorts of Furnaces.
CHAP. V. Of Lutations.
The Second Book OF The Second Part. Treating of Chymical Operations.
CHAP. I. Of such Observations as are necessary for Separating and Purifying the first Five Substances, after they are drawn from the Mixts.
CHAP. II. An Apology in the behalf of Chymical Remedies.
CHAP. III. Of the Faculties of Mixts, and the several degrees of their Qualities.
CHAP. IV. Of the Order which we will follow in the Description of Chymical Operations.
CHAP. V. Of Dew, and Rain.
CHAP. VI. Of Honey and Wax.
The manner of Extracting the Principles of Honey.
To make Hydromel or Mead, and the Vinegar of Honey.
To make the Tincture of Honey.
To extract the Oyl of Wax.
CHAP. VII. Of Manna.
To make Spirit of Manna.
CHAP. VIII. Of Animals.
Of Man.
Of Hair.
Of Milk.
Of the After-burthen.
Of Ʋrine.
To make the Igneous Spirit of Ʋrin, and prepare its Volatile Salt.
To make the Water, Oyl, Spirit, volatile and fixed Salt, of Humane Bloud.
To make the Salt and Elixir of the Stone and Bladder.
Of Humane Flesh and its Preparations.
Preparation of the Modern Mummy.
To make the modern Mumial Balsom.
How the Fat of Mans Body is to be prepared and distilled.
To make the Spirit, Oyl, and Volatile Salt of Mans Bones and Skull.
The manner of preparing Remedies out of Harts-horn.
How the Velvet head of a Stag is to be distilled, to have thereby the Water of the Stags-head.
A Philosophical Preparation of Harts-horn.
How to prepare the Spirit, Oyl, and Volatile Salt of Harts-horn.
To make the Tincture of the Volatile Salt of Harts-horn.
Of the Preparations made out of Vipers.
The manner of desiccating Vipers, to make the Powder and Trochisks thereof.
How the Spirit, Oyl, volatile Salt, volatile fixed Salt, sublimation of that Salt, and the fixed Salt of Vipers, is to be prepared.
How Volatile Salts are to be stayed, fixed, and purified.
The manner of subliming again the Volatile fixed Salt.
How the Essence of Vipers, with their true volatile Salt is to be prepared.
The manner how to make the simple Theriacal Salt, impregnated with the Alexiterial and Confortative Vertue of Vipers.
Another Preparation of a Theriacal Salt much more specifical then the fore-going.
CHAP. IX. Of Vegetables and their Chymical Preparations.
First Discourse of distilled Waters.
Of the preparation of Nitrous, Juicy Plants, how to extract the Juice thereof, the Liquor, Water, Extract, Essential Nitro-tantareous Salt, and the Fixed Salt.
The Preparation of Juicy Plants, possessed with an Essential Volatile Salt, and how to extract the Water thereof, their Spirit, Juice, Liquor, Essential Volatile Salt, Extract and Fixed Salt.
How the Spirit of Juicy Plants, possessed with an Essential Volatile Salt, is to be Extracted.
The manner of Extracting Liquors from the Plants and their Quintessences.
Of the Ʋse and Vertue of the Liquor of Plants.
Of the Ʋse and Vertue of the Q. E. of Plants.
Second Discourse of Syrups.
The manner of preparing the Syrup called Acetosus Simplex, or Syrup of Vinegar, after the ancient and vulgar way.
The manner of preparing Syrups of the Juyces of Plants, as well of those that are deprived of smell, as Odoriferous; with the necessary Notes for their Depuration.
How the Juyces and Syrups of Plants of the First Classis shall be prepared.
How the Juyces and Syrups of Plants of the second Classis shall be prepared.
How the Juyces and Syrups of Plants of the third Classis, shall be prepared.
The old process or manner of making Syrup of Orange Flowers.
The Chymical and genuine Preparation of Orange-Flower Syrup.
The old way of Preparing Syrup of Limons.
The manner of preparing artificially the Syrup of Limon-Rind.
The vulgar Preparation of Syrup of Cinamon.
The Preparation of Syrup of Cinamon according to the Precepts and Prescriptions of Chymistry.
The old way of preparing the compounded Syrup of Wormwood.
How the compounded Syrup of Wormwood must rightly be prepared.
The ancient way of preparing your acetous Syrup, or the com∣pounded Syrup of Vinegar.
The Chymical Preparation of the compounded acetous Syrup.
The ancient way of preparing the Syrup of Mugwort.
The Description of the said Syrup.
The vulgar preparation of the Syrup of Chicory with Rhubarb.
The Vulgar manner of this Process is then such.
The right way of preparing Chymically the compounded Syrup of Chicory with Rhubarb.
The manner of Preparing the compounded Syrup of Hysop accord∣ing to the method of the Ancients.
Pectoral Syrup of Hysop very singular.
The vulgar way of Preparing the Syrup of Carthamy.
The true Chymical Preparation of the Syrup of Carthamy:
SECT. I. Of Roots.
EXAMPLE. I. Of the Preparation of Odoriferous Roots, which abound in Spirit and Volatile Salt.
How to prepare the Potable and Dissoluble Oyl of the Root of Angelica.
How the unctuous Balsom of the Oyl of Angelica Root may be prepared.
EXAMPLE II. Of the Root of Enula Campana.
Of the Root of Consolida Major, or Great Comfrey and Satyrion.
The manner of making the Extract or Bloud of the Roots of Great Comfrey and of Satyrion.
Of the Root of Female Fern.
Of the Roots of Falp and Mechoacan.
To prepare the Magistery or Rosin of Jalap.
To make the true Extract of Mechoacan.
Of the Roots used for the Extraction of Fecula's.
The manner of preparing Fecula's.
SECT. II. Of Leaves.
SECT. III. Of Flowers.
Of the Rose, and of the several Chymical Preparations made by it.
How to Extract the Tincture of Red Roses.
The manner of Extracting the Water, Oyl, Spirit and Salt of Roses.
The way of preparing the true Essence of Roses.
To make the Queen of Hungary's Water with the Flowers of Rosemary.
SECT. IV. Of Fruits.
How to prepare truly the Extract of Coloquints.
The manner of Preparing the Spiritus vitae aureus, Rullandi.
SECT. V. Of Seeds, or Berries and their Seeds.
Of Ferment and its Action, and how the Fermentation of Corn is to be performed; as also of Rye and Barly, to extract the burning Spirit thereof.
The Preparation of the Spirituous Water and Aetherial Oyl of Aniseeds, Fennel, Parsley, and the like.
The Preparation of Seeds of Garden Cresses, Mustard, and other of the like Nature.
The manner of Extracting from Juniper-berries, all the good and ver∣tue contained in them, for the use of Chymical Pharmacy.
To prepare the Elixir of Juniper-berries.
SECT. VI. Of. Rinds.
To make the Elixir of Limon and Orange Peel.
How the Spirit, Oyl, and Salt, Extract Tincture and Magistery, of Rind of Guaiacum is to be prepared.
To prepare the Extract of Guaiacum Rind, and its Tincture.
SECT. VII. Of Woods.
The manner of preparing the Extract and Essence of Lignum Aloes.
To prepare the Water and Oyl of Lignum Rhodium.
To make the Extract of Nephritical Wood, or Lignum Nephriticum.
To make the Spirituous water and Oyl of Sassafras.
A Table of all the Heads of the Principal Matters contained in this Treatise.
title page
A Compendious BODY of Chymistry.
CHAP. IX. Of VEGETABLES, and their Chymical preparation.
SECTION VIII. Of Juyces and Liquors.
The Anatomy of Wine.
To extract the Spirit of Wine.
To prepare the Alkool of Wine.
How to prepare the Tartarized Spirit of Wine.
Of the Anatomy of Vinegar.
The manner of distilling Vinegar.
To prepare the Radical or alkalized Vinegar.
Another very subtil Spirit of Vinegar.
How to prepare the Chrystals of Vinegar or its subtil Tartar:
Of Tartar, and the preparations extracted from it.
The Purification of Tartar.
To prepare the Martial or chalybeated Tartar.
The distillation of Tartar, and how to extract both the Spirit and the Oyl thereof.
To prepare the vitriolated Tartar, or Magistery thereof.
How to prepare the {oil} ☿ of Sennertus, or the Purgative salt of Tartar.
To prepare the Tincture of Tartar.
How to prepare the dissoluble Glasse of Tartar, and to extract the Tincture thereof.
Of Opium, which is the condensed juyce of Poppy.
The common preparation of Opium.
To make the Extract of plain Opium.
Laudanum, or the specifick Anodine of Paracelsus.
Hysterical Laudanum for Womens use.
Laudanum against Dysentery and all sort of Fluxes immoderate, as also against Agues.
Of the Elaterium, or condensated juyce of wild-Cucumber.
Cleansing and depuration of the Elaterium.
How the Extract of Elaterium is to be made.
SECTION IX. Of Oyle.
How the Oyle of Philosophers is to be prepared.
How the Oyl must be defecated.
SECTION X. Of Gummy Drops or Resins.
Of the Distillation of Common Turpentine.
How Gum Elemy is to be distilled.
SECTION. XI. Of gum resins, &c.
The distillation of Ladanum.
How to work upon Benjuin.
To make the tincture and Magistery of Benjuin.
To make the Flowers of Benjuin.
The Distillation of it.
To prepare an excellent Angelical Water, and the Mass or Past, which is called the Spanish Past.
Of Camphire.
How to work the plain oyl of Camphire.
The manner of preparing compounded oyl of Camphire.
The manner of distilling the Gum Ammoniack.
CHAP. X. Of Minerals and their Chymical Preparation.
SECTION I. Of Earths.
Of Terra Sigillata or sealed Earth.
The distillation of sealed or sigilled Earth.
Of Bolus.
Preparation of the Bolus to make it more astringent for out∣ward applications.
Preparation of Bolus to resolve coagulated blood inwardly.
Preparation of Bolus against Dysentery and Diarrhea's.
Preparation of Bolus against Pestilential and contagious Diseases.
SECTION II. Of Stones.
Of the Emerald, and its Chymical preparation.
Of the Chymical Preparation of Emerald.
Of Chrystal, and its Chymical preparation.
The Chymical Preparation of Chrystal.
The Preparon of Salt of Chrystal.
How the Elixir or Essence of Chrystal is to be prepared.
Of Coral, and its Chymical Preparation.
The Chymical preparation of Coral.
How to prepare rightly the salt of Coral.
How to make the false Magistery of Coral.
How to prepare the true Magistery of Coral.
Of the Tincture of Coral.
True processe of the Tincture of Coral.
The first Menstruum.
The second Menstruum.
To make the Tincture of Coral thus.
To prepare the true Syrup of Coral.
Of the Lapis Judaicus, and its Chymical preparation.
Of Talk and its Chymical Preparation.
The Chymical preparation of Venetian Talk.
To prepare a cream of Talk, of lesser trouble and work then the forementioned.
The Chymical preparation of red Talk.
Of the Calk or Stare-lime-stone, and its Chymical Preparation.
How the water of quick and prepared Lime is to be made.
To prepare the plain Water against Gangrenes, and other symptomes and accidents thereof.
The wonderful and true Water against Gangrenes.
The manner of preparing the Ophthalmick water.
To make the spirit or true Magistery of Quick-lime.
SECTION III. Of Metals.
Of Gold and its Chymical preparation.
To make the vulgar or common Cement.
To make the Regal Cement, unto which only Gold doth resist.
Of the Calcination of Gold whereby to open it.
Amalgamation of Gold and Mercury.
The Calcinatory cementation of Gold.
The Reverberation of Gold.
To prepare the Crocus and Tincture of Gold.
To prepare the Crocus of Gold.
Solar Diaphoretick, Cordial Powder.
To make the sublimation of Sol.
Of Silver and its Chymical Preparation.
The first preparation of the Tincture of Lune.
The second preparation of the Tincture of Lune.
The third preparation of Lunar Tincture.
Of Iron, and its Chymical Preparation.
How Iron ought to be purg'd, and made closer, to be turned into Steel.
To prepare the astringent Crocus Martis.
How the Crocus Martis aperitive is to be prepared.
How the Vitriol of Mars is to be prepared.
To make the Extract or Syrup of Mars.
To prepare the Salt of Mars.
To make the astringent Tincture of Mars.
To make the aperitive Tincture of Mars.
How the red Chrystals of Mars are to be prepared.
Of Copper and its Chymical Preparation.
The preparation of green Copper, or Verdegrease.
To make the volatile Vitriol of ♀.
The Distillation of the Spirit of ♀.
To prepare the vitriol of ♀, with the Narcotick Sulphur, and Crocus thereof.
Preparation of the Narcotick Sulphur of the Vitriol of ♀.
The Tincture of Sulphur of ♀.
To prepare the Crocus of Vitriol of Venus.
Of Lead and its Chymical Preparation.
General preparations to open Lead.
To prepare the Sugar or Salt of ♄.
The use of the Liquor of ♄, and how to make with it the false Magistery, Cremor, Butter and Nutritum.
Of Tin and its Chymical Preparation.
The distillation of Tin, yielding several noble Remedies, both against internal and external Diseases.
SECTION IV. Of half or semi Metals, and middle or mean Minerals, which come the nearest to the nature of Metals.
Of Quick-filver or Mercury, and its Chymical Preparation.
The purification of Mercury.
The Revivification of Cinnabar into flowing Mercury.
The Calcination and Precipitation of Mercury.
To make the Precipitate of Mercury without addition.
To make the Solar or Lunar Precipitate.
To make a very excellent fix Precipitate.
To make the Precipitate called Arcanum Corallinum.
The sublimation of Mercury.
To make the Corrosive Sublimate.
To prepare the Mercury dulcis, or sweet Sublimate.
To sublimate Cinnabar, or Vermilion.
To prepare the silvered and pearled flowers of Mercury.
The distillation of Mercury.
The distillation of spirit of Mercury without addition.
To prepare the white and Diaphoretical spirit of Mercury.
To make the red and Diaphoretical spirit of Mercury.
To make a sweet Oyle of Mercury.
To prepare the Astrum Mercurij, or star of Mercury.
To make the Salt of Mercury.
Tincture of Mercury, which is called The Sulphur thereof.
Of Antimony and its Chymical Preparation.
The general preparations of Antimony.
The particular preparations of Antimony, and how the Glass of Antimony is to be made by plain distillation.
To make the Crocus or antimonial Saffron, which is called Crocus Metallorum.
The first Crocus Metallorum.
The second Crocus Metallorum, which is though to be that of Rullandus.
The third Crocus Metallorum.
The manner of preparing Diaphoretical Antimony.
Of the Regulus of Antimony.
The best preparation of Regulus of Antimony.
The Solar Calcination of Antimony.
Moist Calcination of Antimony.
The first Precipitate of Antimony.
The second Antimonial Precipitate.
The sublimation of Antimony.
How the Flowers of Antimony are to be prepared.
Flowers of the Regulus of Antimony.
The correction of the Antimonial Flowers.
How to prepare the Aromatized Spirit of Wine.
The distillation of Antimony, which yields the Vinegar or acid Spirit, the Oyle and Spirit of Antimony.
The distillation of Antimonial Vinegar.
The distillation of Oyl or Balsom of Antimony.
Pills against Agues.
Distillation of the Butter or icy Oyle of Antimony.
How the Emetical Powder is to be prepared.
Preparation of the Mineral Bezoar.
How to prepare the water or Spirit of compounded Antimony.
Liquation or resolution of Antimony.
The extraction of Antimony.
Description of the strong Lye, by which the extraction of the sulphur of Antimony is performed.
How to extract the sulphur of Antimony.
Panacea of the true antimonial Sulphur.
Of the Tincture of Antimony.
The first Antimonial Tincture.
The second Antimonial Tincture.
The infusion of Antimony.
The correction of antimonial Glass, or Emetical powder corrected.
The true antimonial Syrup.
The true Emetical purgative Tartar.
Ophthalmick antimonial Water.
The salification of Antimony.
The second way of preparing salt of Antimony.
Of Bismut, called by some white Antimony.
The Magistery of Tin Glass.
The distillation of Bismut.
SECTION V. Of Salts.
Of common Salt, and its Chymical Preparation.
Purification of common Salt.
The Calcination of Common Salt.
The distillation of Common Salt.
How to make and duly prepare the Spirit of Salt.
The essential and stomachical spirit of Salt.
The preparation of the sweet Chrystals of Common salt, or the coagulated spirit of Salt.
Of Niter or Salt-peter, and its Chymical preparation.
The purification of Niter.
Calcination of Niter, to prepare the Chrystal Mineral.
The fixation of Niter.
To make the Solar dissolutive Earth of fixed Niter.
The distillation of Niter, and how to prepare the spirit of Niter.
The circulated spirit of Niter for Physick.
How the good aqua Fortis is to be prepared.
The vitriolated Niter, otherwise the Arcanum of Niter and double Panacea.
How the Aqua fortis is to be regaliz'd or made Regal.
How the true Regal water is to be prepared.
Of Allom and its Chymical preparation.
Purification of Allom.
The Calcination or Ʋstion of Allom.
The Distillation of Allom.
How Allom may be turned into a liquid Magistery.
How Sugar of Allom is to be prepared.
The salification of Allom.
Extraction of Allom.
Of Armoniack Salt and its Chymical preparation.
The Purification and Chrystallization of Armoniack Salt.
The sublimation of Flowers of Salt Armoniack.
The Calcination or Fixation of Salt Armoniack.
The Distillation of Armoniack Salt.
To make the Spirit and volatile urinous Salt of Armoniack.
How the spirit of Armoniack Salt is to be extracted.
The Liquation of Salt Armoniack.
Of Vitriol and its Chymical Preparation.
Of the Purification of Vitriol and manner of Preparing the Gelly.
The Calcination of Vitriol.
The Philosophical calcination of Vitriol.
The distillation of Vitriol.
To prepare the Dew of Vitriol.
To draw the acid Water of Vitriol.
To make the acid Spirit and corrosive oyle of Vitriol.
To prepare the Oyle or sweet spirit of Vitriol.
The Tartarized Spirit of Vitriol.
The Precipitation of Vitriol.
To make the Metallick Earth or Oker of Vitriol.
To make the sweet sulphur of Vitriol.
To make the Purging Sulphur of Vitriol.
To make the fixed and volatile Sulphur of Vitriol.
The Sublimation of Vitriol.
The Salification of Vitriol.
The extraction of Vitriol.
The Tincture or essence of the Sulphur of Vitriol.
The Tincture of fixed Sulphur of Vitriol.
SECTION VI. Of Sulphureous Minerals, and Sulphurs.
Of Arsentck, and its Chymical Preparation.
The sublimation of Arsenick; To prepare the dulcified Arsenick.
To make the diaphoretical Rubies of Arsenick.
The fixation of Arsenick.
To prepare the fixed sudorifick Arsenick.
The liquation or resolution of Arsenick.
Of Brimstone and its Chymical Preparation.
The sublimation; To make the Flowers of Brimstone.
The Precipitation. To prepare the Milk, Cremor, Butter, or Magistery of Brimstone.
The true and infallible manner of preparing the Milk of Sulphur.
The Distillation of Sulphur.
The first manner of preparing the spirit of Brimstone.
The second manner of making the spirit of Sulphur and Brimstone.
How the true Oyle of Brimstone is to be distilled.
How the faetid oyle of Sulphur or Brimstone is to be prepared.
The Infusion and Extraction. How the Balsoms and Tin∣ctures of Sulphure are to be made.
The plain Balsom of Sulphur or Brimstone.
The Compounded Balsom of Brimstone.
The Vulnerary Balsom of Brimstone.
The first Tincture of Sulphur or Brimstone.
The second Tincture of Sulphur:
The third Tincture of Sulphur.
The salification, To prepare the salt of Brimstone.
Of Bitumen, or fat Earth.
Of yellow Amber or Karabe.
How the Tincture or essence of Amber is to be prepared.
How the Magistery of Amber or Karabe is to be prepared.
How the distillation of Amber is to be made.
How the spirit of Amber is to be separated.
How the volatile salt of Amber is to be separated and rectified.
How to make rightly the Rectification of oyle of Amber.
Of Ambergrise and its Chymical Preparation.
The first Essence of Ambergrise.
The second Essence of Ambergrise.
A Table of all the Heads of the prin∣cipal Matters contained in this second part of Chymistry.