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Author: Nicols, Thomas.
Title: A lapidary, or, The history of pretious [sic] stones with cautions for the undeceiving of all those that deal with pretious [sic] stones / by Thomas Nicols ...
Publication Info: Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan, Digital Library Production Service
2011 December (TCP phase 2)
Availability:

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Print source: A lapidary, or, The history of pretious [sic] stones with cautions for the undeceiving of all those that deal with pretious [sic] stones / by Thomas Nicols ...
Nicols, Thomas.

Cambridge [Cambridgeshire]: Printed by Thomas Buck ..., 1652.
Notes:
Published also in 1653 under title: Arcula gemmea, or, A cabinet of jewels; and in 1659 under title: Gemmarius fidelius, or, The faithful lapidary ...
Reproduction of original in Huntington Library.
Subject terms:
Precious stones -- Early works to 1800.
URL: http://name.umdl.umich.edu/A52334.0001.001

Contents
title page
To the Right Worshipfull the Heads of the Ʋniversitie of CAMBRIDGE.
To the courteous Reader.
The Contents of the Lapidary, or Book of cautions.
An Admonition or Advertise∣ment to the Reader.
list
part
Of Pretious stones or Gemms in generall.
The generall division of stones.
The manner of the generation of stones.
Originall of Gemms according to Hermes and Plato.
Of the places of the birth of Gemms in generall.
The causes of Perspicuitie and Diapha∣nitie in them.
The Materiall cause of transparencie.
The cause of the colour in pretious stones.
The cause of hardnesse in gemms.
The cause of the ponderousnesse of Gemms.
Of the adulteration of Gemms, and their discoverie.
The way of making pretious stones in their enclosures appear fairer and larger then they truly are.
Of the foyls tinctures or bracteae.
Aqua gemmas penetrans.
To help the softnesse of gemms.
To colour crystall that it may resemble gemms with colour.
The manner of taking away the colours of gemms naturally coloured.
Artificiall stones.
Foyls and Bracteae.
The way of polishing and engraving pretious stones.
Faculties of Gemms.
Effects attributed to pretious stones, which their nature is not capable of effecting.
Langius his opinion of the generating of gemms.
Supernaturall effects of stones.
That we may not be mistaken in the effects of creatures, it is necessary that these things should be known.
Rules.
Rules è regione.
Whether the cause be Divine or Diabolick, true or false, it will thus appear.
Whether the cause of this or that effect be the true cause of it or no, will appear by these things. Rules.
Conditions to make effects truly naturall.
Of the division of Gemms.
lapidary
The first part of the Lapidarie.
CHAP. I. Of the Diamond.
Of its tincture or foyl.
Of the adulteration of the Diamond.
Of the names of it.
The kinds of it.
Of the places where they are found.
Of the properties, qualities, and faculties of the Diamond.
Of the dignities and value of it.
CHAP. II. Of the Carbuncle or Ruby.
Of its tincture or foyl.
Of its Adulteration.
Of its Names.
The kinds of it.
Of the places wherein they are found.
Of its properties.
Of its value and dignity.
CHAP. III. Of the Balassius or Palatius.
The foyls of it.
The place.
The kinds of it.
Of its vertues and properties.
Of its worth and value.
CHAP. IV. Of the Rubaces and Rubacells.
Their value.
CHAP. V. Of Granats.
Its tincture or foyl.
Of its adulteration.
Of its names.
Of it kinds.
The places where they are found.
Of its properties.
The value, dignitie, and worth of them.
CHAP. VI. Of the Almandine.
CHAP. VII. Of the Hyacinth.
Of its foyl or tincture.
Of its adulteration.
Of its names.
Of its kinds.
Of the places where they are found.
Of its properties.
Of the dignities and value.
CHAP. VIII. Of the Amethyst.
Of its foyl or tincture.
Of its adulteration.
Of its names.
Of its kinds.
Of the places where it is found.
Of its properties.
Of its dignity, worth and value.
CHAP. IX. Of the Margarites and Unions, or Pearl.
Of its Adulteration.
Of its Names.
Of the Kinds of Pearl.
The Places.
Of its properties.
Of their dignitie and value.
CHAP. X, Of the Saphire.
Of its foyl or tincture.
Of its adulteration.
Of its names.
Of its kinds.
The places.
Of its faculties and properties.
Of its dignity and value.
CHAP. XI. Of the Opalus.
Of its foyl or tincture.
Of its adulteration.
Of its names.
The kinds of it.
The places.
Its vertues.
Its value.
CHAP. XII. Of the Emerauld or Smaragde.
Of its foyl or tincture.
Of its adulteration.
Of its names.
Of its kinds.
Of the places.
Of its properties.
Of its value and dignity.
CHAP. XIII. Of the Prassius, Smaragdite, and Chrysoprassius.
Of its Adulteration.
Of its kinds.
The place.
Of its properties.
Of its dignity and value.
CHAP. XIIII. Of the Chrysoprassus.
Its names.
Of its properties.
Of its dignities and value.
CHAP. XV. Of the Smaragdo-Prassius.
Of the kinds of it.
Of its faculties, properties, dignities and value.
CHAP. XVI. Of the Chrysolite, or rather of the true Topaze, which in ancient times was called a Chrysolite commonly and vulgar∣ly; and of the Chrysopatius.
Of its foyl or tincture.
Of its adulteration.
Of its names.
Of its kinds.
Of the places.
Of its properties, nature, and qualities.
Of its dignity and value.
CHAP. XVII. Of the Topaze, or rather of the true Chry∣solite, and of the Chryselectrum and Melichrysus.
Of its foyl or tincture.
Of its adulteration.
Of its Names.
The kinds of it.
Of the places.
Of its nature, properties and qualities.
Of its value and dignity.
CHAP. XVIII. Of the Beryll.
Of its foyl or tincture.
Of its adulteration.
Of its names.
Of its kinds.
The places.
Of its properties.
Of its dignitie and value.
CHAP. XIX. Of the Crystall and Pseudo-diamond.
Of its names.
The kinds of it.
Of the places.
Of its nature and faculties.
Of its dignities and value.
CHAP. XX. Of the Asteria, or Gemma Solis.
Its names.
The place.
Of its nature and properties.
Its dignitie and value.
CHAP. XXI. Of the Oculus Cati.
Its names.
Places.
Its dignity and value.
The second part of the Lapidarie.
CHAP. XXII. Of the Sardius or Cornelian.
Of its names.
Of the kinds of it.
Of the place, and of its nature, pro∣perties, and faculties.
Its dignity and value.
CHAP. XXIII. Of the Sardonyx or Cameus.
Of its Adulteration.
Of its names.
Of its kinds.
The place.
Of its nature and properties.
Of its dignity and value.
CHAP. XXIV. Of the Chalcedony, Carcedonie, or Carchedonie.
Of its adulteration.
Of its kinds.
Of the place.
Its properties.
Its dignitie and value.
CHAP. XXV. Of the Onyx and Chamehuia.
Of its adulteration.
Of its names.
Its kinds.
Its properties.
Dignities and vertues.
CHAP. XXVI. Of the Agate.
Of its adulteration.
Its names, and places where it is found.
Its nature and properties.
Its dignitie and value.
CHAP. XXVII. Of the Oculus Beli, Oculus Cati, and Leucophthalmos.
CHAP. XXVIII. Of the Jasper.
Its foyl or tincture.
Of its adulteration.
Its names.
The kinds of it.
Of the places.
Of its nature and faculties.
Of its dignities and value.
CHAP. XXIX. Of the Heliotrope.
Its names.
The places.
Its nature and properties.
CHAP. XXX. Of Lapis Nephriticus, or the Nephritick stone.
Of its kinds.
The places.
Of its nature and properties.
CHAP. XXXI. Of the Malachite or Molochite.
Of its names.
The places where it is found.
Its vertues.
CHAP. XXXII. Of the Turky stone.
Of the imitation of the Turky, and the correction of its colour if it vanish.
Of its names.
The kinds of it.
The place.
The nature, faculties, and properties of the Turchoys stone.
Of its dignity and value.
CHAP. XXXIII. Of the Lapis Lazuli.
Its names.
Of the places where it is found.
Its nature, properties, faculties.
Its dignity and value.
CHAP. XXXIV. Of the Lapis Armenus.
Of its names.
Its places.
Its nature, properties, and faculties.
CHAP. XXXV. Of the Astroites or Starre-stone.
Its names.
Its kinds.
Of its nature and properties.
Its dignitie and value.
CHAP. XXXVI. Of the Garatromo or Toadstone.
Its names.
Of its kinds.
The third part of the Lapidarie.
CHAP. XXXVII. Of the Corall.
Of its adulteration.
Its names.
Of its kinds.
Of the places.
Its nature and properties.
Tabellae Corallatae.
Its dignitie and value.
CHAP. XXXVIII. Of the Amber, or Succinum.
Of its adulteration.
Of its names.
Of its kinds.
Of the places.
Of its nature and properties.
Its dignity and value.
CHAP. XXXIX. Of the Gagate, or Stone-coal, as some think.
Of its names.
Its kinds.
The places.
Its vertue.
Of its dignitie and value.
CHAP. XL. Of the Lithantthrax, or Coals.
Their names.
Places.
Its use.
CHAP. XLI. Of the Glossopetra, or Tongue-stone.
The place.
Its vertue and value.
CHAP. XLII. Of the Alectorius or Cock-stone.
Its names.
Its kinds.
Its propertie and value.
CHAP. XLIII. Of the Chelidonius Lapis, or Swallow-stone.
CHAP. XLIIII. Of the Dracontia, Draconitis, or Dragon-stone.
CHAP. XLV. Of the Snake-stone, which the Bohemians call Duchanek.
CHAP. XLVI. Of the stone called the Snakes-egge.
CHAP. XLVII. Of the Carp-stone.
CHAP. XLVIII. Of the Lapis Caymanus.
CHAP. XLIX. Of the Palumbella or Dove-stone.
CHAP. L. Of the Swine-stone.
CHAP. LI. Of the Lapis Cenar.
CHAP. LII. Of the Lapis Bezoar.
Of its adulteration.
Its names.
The kinds of it.
The places.
Of its nature and properties.
Its dignitie and value.
CHAP. LIII. Of the stone in the gall of an Ox.
CHAP. LIIII. Of the Aetite or Eagle-stone.
Of its names.
Of its kinds.
Of the places.
Of its properties and vertues.
CHAP. LV. Of the Hematite or Bloud-stone.
Its names.
Of the kinds of it.
Of the places.
Of its nature and properties.
CHAP. LVI. Of the Smyris or Emeri.
Its names.
Its use.
CHAP. LVII. Of the Lapis Samias, or Terra Samia.
Its names.
Its kinds.
Its vertues.
CHAP. LVIII. Of the Selenites, or the Moon-stone.
Of its names.
CHAP. LIX. Of Gypsum and Talcum.
CHAP. LX. Of the Pumex or Pumeise-stone.
CHAP. LXI. Of Lapis Judaicus, or the Jew-stone.
CHAP. LXII. Of the Morochthus.
CHAP. LXIII. Of the Magnes or Load-stone.
Its adulteration.
Its names.
The kinds of it.
The places.
Its nature and faculties.
Its vertue and use.
CHAP. LXIIII. Of the Belemnites, or Lapis Lincis, or Dactylus Ideus.
Of its kinds.
The place.
Its vertues.
CHAP. LXV. Of the Ceraunia.
Of its names.
Its kinds.
CHAP. LXVI. Of the Chelonitis, Brontia and Ombria.
Its names.
Its kinds.
Of the vertues of the Chelonitis, Brontia and Ombria.
CHAP. LXVII. Of the Marble in generall.
Of its adulteration.
Its Names.
Its kinds.
Of the places in generall.
Of the use of Marbles in generall.
CHAP. LXVIII. Of the Lapis Parius, or white Marble.
Of its adulteration.
Its names.
The kinds of it.
The places.
Of the faculties, vertues, and use of the white Marbles.
CHAP. LXIX. Of the Alabaster.
Its names.
Its kinds.
Of the places.
Its vertue.
Of its use.
CHAP. LXX. Of the black, brown, and blue Marbles.
Of its names.
Of the places.
Of its use.
CHAP. LXXI. Of the Lapis Lydius, or the Touch-stone.
Its names.
Its use.
CHAP. LXXII. Of the Green Marble.
Its kinds.
The place.
CHAP. LXXIII. Of the Ophites of the Ancients, or the Serpentine Marble.
Its names.
Its vertues.
CHAP. LXXIIII. Of the Phengites or yellow Marble.
Its names.
Its kinds.
The places.
CHAP. LXXV. Of the brown or gray Marbles.
CHAP. LXXVI. Of the Porphyrites or Porphyrie, or of the Marmor rubrum, or red Marble.
Its adulteration.
Of its names.
Its kinds.
The place.
Of its dignity and use.
CHAP. LXXVII. Of common stones which are vulgarly known, and to be found in most places.
CHAP. LXXVIII. Of the Saxum Arenarium, or the Gra∣vell-stone.
Of its kinds.
CHAP. LXXIX. Of the Crusteous stones, or stones that have scales.
Their names.
CHAP. LXXX. Of the Limosus, limous, mud, or slime-stone.
CHAP. LXXXI. Of the Tophous or knotty stones called Tophi Nodosi lapides.
CHAP. LXXXII. Of the Calx viva or lime stone.
CHAP. LXXXIII. Of the lapis Molaris, or the Mil-stone.
CHAP. LXXXIV. Of the Cos or Whet-stone.
CHAP. LXXXV. Of the common stones of lesser magnitude which are vulgarly known.
CHAP. LXXXVI. Lapides bene vel malè olentes; of stones of smell and savour.
CHAP. LXXXVII. Of common stones vulgarly known which are generated of a more pure earth.
CHAP. LXXXVIII. Of the Pyrites, Fire-stone or Marchasite.
Of its names.
The kinds of it.
The place.
Of its use.
CHAP. LXXXIX. Of the Silex or Flint.
Its names.
Its kinds.
Of the place.
Their dignity value and use.