|Author:||Le Clerc, Daniel, 1652-1728.|
|Title:||The history of physick, or, An account of the rise and progress of the art, and the several discoveries therein from age to age with remarks on the lives of the most eminent physicians / written originally in French by Daniel Le Clerc, M.D. ; and made English by Dr. Drake and Dr. Baden ; with additional notes and sculptures.|
|Publication Info:||Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan, Digital Library Production Service
2011 April (TCP phase 2)
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The history of physick, or, An account of the rise and progress of the art, and the several discoveries therein from age to age with remarks on the lives of the most eminent physicians / written originally in French by Daniel Le Clerc, M.D. ; and made English by Dr. Drake and Dr. Baden ; with additional notes and sculptures.
Le Clerc, Daniel, 1652-1728., Drake, James, 1667-1707., Baden, Andrew, 1666-1699.
London: Printed for D. Brown ... A. Roper ... T. Leigh, and D. Midwinter ..., 1699.
|Alternate titles:||Histoire de la médecine. English|
Translation of: Histoire de la médecine.
Attributed to Daniel Le Clerc. Cf. BM.
Page numbers 369-370 omitted in pagination.
Reproduction of original in Cushing Collection, Yale University Medical School Library.
Medicine -- History.
Physicians -- Early works to 1800.
TO Sir Thomas Millington, Kt. President of the Colledge of Physicians of London, and Physician in Ordinary to his Majesty.
TO THE READER.
The Author's Preface.
THE HISTORY OF Physick.
BOOK I. The Rise and Progress of Physick, from the beginning of the World, to the time of the Trojan War in∣clusive.
CHAP. I. The Reasons that first put Men upon the Search after Medicine, and their ear∣liest proceedings therein.
CHAP. II. Whether Med'cine came immediately from God: And how the first Remedies were found out.
CHAP. III. How Physick was practis'd among the most ancient People; and how, what is said of the beginning, or inven∣tion of Physick, is to be understood.
CHAP. IV. That Prometheus, by some reputed the first Inventor of Physick, is a feign'd Person. The first Man the first Phy∣sician.
CHAP. V. HERMES, or MERCURY, or THOTH the Inventor of Physick, by some confounded with MOSES.
CHAP. VI. OSYRIS, or APIS, or SERAPIS, and ISIS, other Inventors of Physick.
CHAP. VII. HORUS, APOLLO, or PAEON, another Inventor of Physick.
CHAP. VIII. ARABUS another Inventor of Physick.
CHAP. IX. ESCULAPIUS the most famous, or most generally known of the Inventors of Physick; or of those that brought the Art to some degree of Perfection. Wherein of CHIRON the CEN∣TAUR, and the HEROES his Pupils; as also of MELAMPUS, and POLYIDUS.
CHAP. X. The Centaur CHIRON, and the HEROES his Pupils in Physick.
CHAP. XI. MELAMPUS and POLYIDUS: Wherein is the first example of Purga∣tion, and of a Mineral Remedy taken inwardly.
CHAP. XII. The History of ESCULAPIUS con∣tinued: Wherein by the way of CAD∣MUS and BACCHUS, by some repu∣ted the Inventors of Physick.
CHAP. XIII. Of CHARMS, and the manner how they were introduc'd into Physick. ESCULAPIUS us'd 'em, as did all the rest of the Ancients.
CHAP. XIV. Of AMULETS, and other sorts of CHARMS.
CHAP. XV. ESCULAPIUS embrac'd also the solid Physick, He is reputed the Author of CLINICK Med'cine: Won∣drous Cures reported of him, as raising of the Dead.
CHAP. XVI. Farther Authorities to prove that all the Physick of ESCULAPIUS was within a very little reducible to Sur∣gery. PLATO's sense of his Physick.
CHAP. XVII. The common Opinion, which makes ES∣CULAPIUS the Author of Phy∣sick in general, reconcild to that which allows him the knowledge of Surgery only.
CHAP. XVIII. Supposing there were two ESCULA∣PIUS's, one an Aegyptian, the other a Greek, we may thence infer, that the former had more knowledge than the latter, or that they both were severally the Inventors of Physick, each in his own Country: Wherein the man∣ner, how this Art was transmitted from one Nation to another, is occa∣sionally examin'd.
CHAP. XIX. PODALIRIUS and MACHAON, Esculapius's two Sons, famous Physi∣cians, or Surgeons; their Wives and Families.
CHAP. XX. The first instance of PHLEBOTO∣MY; Reflections upon the Antiquity and Invention of that Remedy, and of PURGATION; And, upon the opinion, that Brutes taught Men the first use of divers Med'cines.
CHAP. XXI. Epione, Wife to ESCULAPIUS; Hygiaea, Aegle, Panacaea, and Jaso his Daughter.
CHAP. XXII. The History of ESCULAPIUS continued. Wherein, what is ascrib'd to him in Physick by the Antients af∣ter his being deified, is set forth.
CHAP. XXIII. Of the Temples built to ESCULAPI∣US. In particular of that at Epi∣daurus; and of the several different representations of Esculapius.
CHAP. XXIV. How ESCULAPIUS is represent∣ed in some Medals. Of the figure of the Telesphorus, which is join'd in some of 'em
CHAP. XXIV. ESCULAPIUS appear'd sometimes in the form of a Serpent. His Voyage to Rome, to put a stop to the Plague: Of the Temple built for him in the Isle of Tyber. Some particulars concern∣ing the Temple, and the place where it was erected.
CHAP. XXV. Of the Worship of ESCULAPIUS, which was every where the same, ex∣cept at Cyrene.
CHAP. XXVI. Of the ESCULAPIUS of Pergamus.
CHAP. XXVII. Of ESCULAPIUS of Cos.
CHAP. XXVIII. Four Oracles, or Prescriptions of ES∣CULAPIUS given to sick men, en∣grav'd upon a Marble Table, found at Rome.
CHAP. XXIV. Japis, Linus, Orpheus, Musaeus, and Homer, Inventors of Physick, or some of the ancientest Physicians.
CHAP. XXX. Diana, Latona, Pallas, Cybele, Angi∣tia, Medea, Circe, Polydamna, Aga∣meda, or Perimeda, Helena, and Oenone.
CHAP. XXXI. Athotis, Thosothrus, Jachen, and Solomon.
THE HISTORY OF Physick.
CHAP I. Of what happen'd to this Art from the time of the Trojan War, to that of Peloponnesus.
CHAP. II. Of the Asclepiadae, and the Schools which they erected.
CHAP. III. Of the several branches of the Asclepia∣dae, and the three different Schools which they erected.
CHAP. IV. Of the School of Cnidus in particular.
CHAP. V. Of the Physicians of Cos. Reflexions upon their Physick, and that of the Cnidians.
CHAP. VI. Of those Physicians that were Philoso∣phers, and first of Pythagoras, and Xamolxis his Slave.
CHAP VII. Empedocles, Alcmaeon, Epicharmus, and Eudoxus, the Disciples or Followers of Pythagoras.
CHAP. VIII. Of Heraclitus, Democritus, and some other Physicians that were Philoso∣phers.
CHAP. IX. An explicatin of some of the Philo∣sophical opinions of Democritus, which seem not to have been rightly explain'd.
CHAP. X. Of some Physicians who were contempo∣raries of the preceeding Philosophers, and first of Acron, reputed to be the chief of the Empirics.
CHAP. XI. Of Herodicus, the Inventor of Gym∣nastick Physick.
CHAP XII. Reflexions upon what has been said be∣fore.
THE HISTORY OF Physick.
CHAP I. How far Hippocrates carry'd this Art.
CHAP. II. Of the Philosophy of Hippocrates.
CHAP. III. Of the Anatomy of Hippocrates.
Of the description of the HEART.
Of the BRAIN.
Of the NERVES.
Of the Organs of SENSE.
Of the FIBRES.
Of the MUSCLES.
Of the Oesophagus; of the Stomach or Ventricle; and of the Guts.
Of the LIVER.
Of the SPLEEN.
Of the LUNGS.
Of the Membrane which separates the Belly from the Breast.
Of the Reins, the Ureters, and Bladder of Urine.
Of the Organs, and manner of Generation.
Of the seventh and eighth Months Birth.
CHAP. IV. Of other accidents or symptoms that accompany Diseases, and those that happen before or after them. Of the signs by which Hippocrates di∣stinguishd one from the other, and knew be∣forehand what wou'd be the success, or future event.
CHAP. V. Of the sorts of Diseases that Hippo∣crates knew, gave names to, or describ'd.
CHAP. VI. A Catalogue of the Diseases of the first Class, or of those whose Greek Names are preserv'd, and have always conti∣nued very near the same.
CHAP. VII. The distempers of the second Class, or that have not preserv'd the names which Hippocrates gives them, tho' they have been known by the accidents or symptoms that he ascribd to them.
CHAP. VIII. The Diseases of the third Class, which are those which Hippocrates gave no name to, but which we mây, or think we may, know by the description he gives of them.
CHAP. IX. Diseases of the fourth Class, that have not been known to the Physicians that liv'd since Hippocrates. neither by the description he has given of them, nor by the names he gives them, which have not been in use since.
CHAP. X. Distempers of the fifth Class, or which have names that are no longer known, and at the same time have no description given of them, which is the reason we can speak nothing of them but by con∣jecture.
CHAP. XI. Of the means to preserve Health.
CHAP. XII. The Practice of Hippocrates, or his manner of managing distempers. Ge∣neral Maxims on which this practice is founded.
CHAP. XIII. Of the Remedies which Hippocrates made use of; and first of all of Diet, and of a regular method of Living.
CHAP. XIV. Of Purgation; under which are com∣prehended all the ways of emptying, or discharging the Bowels and Sto∣mach.
CHAP. XV. Of the Purgation of the Head, and that of the Lungs in particular.
CHAP. XVI. Whether Hippocrates made use of Pur∣gations or Superstitious Purifications, which we spoke of above.
CHAP. XVII. Of Blood-letting, and of the Application of Cupping-Glasses.
CHAP. XVIII. Of Diuretick and Sudorifick Remedies.
CHAP. XIX. Of the Simple Mediicines which change the disposition of the body and hu∣mours, as to their sensible qualities, without making any sensible Evacu∣ation.
CHAP. XX. Of Hipnotic or Sleep-procuring Me∣dicines.
CHAP. XXI. Of the Specifick Remedies of the several distempers, whose operations are not accounted for.
CHAP. XXII. Of the Remedies apply'd externally to diverse parts of the Body. Of Com∣pound Medicines in general, and of the Pharmacy of Hippocrates.
CHAP. XXIII. A List of the Simples us'd by Hip∣pocrates,
CHAP. XXIV. Some instances of particular Cures of some Diseases, both Acute and Chro∣nical.
CHAP XXIV. Of Womens Distempers.
CHAP. XXV. Of the Chyrurgery of Hippocrates.
CHAP. XXVI. Opinions and Maxims of Hippocra∣tes, concerning Physick, and Physici∣ans in general.
CHAP. XXVII. Of the Writings of Hippocrates.
CHAP. XXVIII. Of the Letters of Hippocrates, and o∣ther pieces annext to his works, where∣in are divers circumstances touching his Life and death, and the chief oc∣casions he had to shew himself in the exercise of his profession.
CHAP XXIX. Some other particulars about the travels of Hippocrates, his personal quali∣ties, the commendations bestow'd upon him, and what has been said against him.
CHAP. XXX. Of Phaeon, Euryphon, Philistion, Aris∣ton, Pythocles, Philetas, Acumenus, Aegimius, Physicians contemporary with Hippocrates.
THE HISTORY OF Physick.
CHAP. I. Thessalus and Draco, the Sons of Hippocra∣tes, Polybus his Son in law; some others of his descendants, and some persons of the same name with Hippocrates.
CHAP. II. Prodicus Dexippus and Appollonius disciples of Hippocrates. Ctesias his Kinsman.
CHAP. III. Opinions of Plato concerning Physick.
CHAP. IV. Nicomachus, Aristotle's Father.
CHAP. V. Aristotle.
CHAP. VI. Theophrastus.
CHAP. II. Heraclides of Pontus.
CHAP VIII. Diocles.
CHAP IX. Praxagoras.
CHAP X. Petron.
CHAP. XI. Menecrates and Critobulus.
CHAP. XXII. Philip, Glaucias, Alexippus, Pausa∣sanias, Alexais, and Androcydas.
CHAP. XIII. Syennesis, Diogenes, Clidemus, Thra∣sias, and Alexias.