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Author: Buoni, Thommaso.
Title: Problemes of beautie and all humane affections. VVritten in Italian by Tho: Buoni, cittizen of Lucca. With a discourse of beauty, by the same author. Translated into English, by S.L. Gent.
Publication Info: Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan, Digital Library Production Service
2011 April (TCP phase 2)

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Print source: Problemes of beautie and all humane affections. VVritten in Italian by Tho: Buoni, cittizen of Lucca. With a discourse of beauty, by the same author. Translated into English, by S.L. Gent.
Buoni, Thommaso., Lennard, Samson, d. 1633,

At London: Printed by G. Eld, for Edward Blount, and William Aspley, 1606.
Alternate titles: Problemi della belleza. English I problemi della belleza.
S.L. = Samson Lennard.
A translation of: I problemi della belleza.
The last two leaves are blank.
A variant of the undated edition.
Register begins with B.
Folger Library copy identified as 4103a, and Emmanuel College copy as 4103, on UMI microfilms.
Reproductions of the originals in the Folger Shakespeare Library and Emmanuel College (University of Cambridge). Library.
Appears at reel 646 (Folger Shakespeare Library copy) and at reel 657 (Emmanuel College (University of Cambridge). Library copy).
Subject terms:
Aesthetics -- Early works to 1800.
Emotions -- Early works to 1850.

title page
To the right wor∣thy, and my honora∣ble friend, Maister Samson Lennard, Esquire.
A discourse of the Author, vpon Beauty.
Problemes of Beau∣tie written by Thomas Buonie, Cittizen of Lucca.
Why is Beauty so vniuersal? Probleme. 1.
VVherefore is Beauty impar∣ted to euery particular Creature? Probleme. 2.
VVherefore doeth Beauty shine es∣pecially in women. Probleme. 3.
VVhy doth Beauty so soone decay? Probleme. 4.
VVhy is Beauty especiall apprehended by the sight? Probleme. 5.
VVherefore doth Beauty al∣waies delight? Probleme. 6.
VVhy is Beauty worthy of Loue? Probleme. 7.
VVhy are not all men delighted with one and the same Beauty? Probleme. 8.
VVhy is Beauty enioyed, least esteemed? Probleme. 9.
VVhy is the Beauty of a light woman lesse esteemed? Probleme. 10.
VVhy doth euery man desire to be faire? Probleme. 11.
VVhy is he that is faire inclined to Loue? Probleme. 12.
VVhy are there borne in some Prouinces, tties, Castells, and Ʋillages, Beautifull women, in others Beautifull men, in some Countries men of tale sta∣ture, fat, and white, in others leane of bodye and of a sallowe complec∣tion? Probleme. 13.
VVhy doth the Beauty of women consist sometimes in one colour, somtimes in the variety of colours? Probleme. 14.
VVhy doth the sweetnesse of Speach, & comely cariage of the bodie giue grea∣ter grace vnto Beauty then any other parte? Probleme. 15.
VVhy is the Beauty of women especially seene in the face? Probleme. 16.
VVhy doe women which are not borne fayre attempte with artificiall Beauty to seeme faire? Probleme. 17.
VVhy doeth the Arte, and multitude of Beauties, which women vse being dis∣couered, breede a kinde of loa∣thing and disdaine in the hearts of men? Probleme. 18.
VVhy doth the Beauty of the body with greater celeritie wound the hearts of men, then that of the minde? Probleme. 19.
VVhy doe wise men more esteeme the Beauty of the minde, then of the Body? Probleme. 20.
VVhy do young men preferre the Beauty of the bodie before that of the minde? Probleme. 21.
VVhy is the Beautie of the minde more often seene in olde men then in young? Probleme. 22.
VVhy is the Beauty of the minde ac∣companied with that of the body in the breastes of young men, so much esteemed? Problemes. 23.
ƲƲhy doth the Beautie of the minde al∣wayes helpe, and that of the body often times hurt? Probleme. 24.
VVhy doth the Beauty of the minde make vs like vnto things hea∣uenly, and that of the bo∣dy many times like vnto earthly? Probleme. 25.
VVhy would the Platonists, that the Beauty of corporall things should be as a Lader to ascend vnto the first Faire? Probleme. 26.
VVhy did the Platonists vnder two spe∣ciall senses of seeing and hearing comprehend all Beauty? Probleme. 27.
VVhy would that famous Philosopher, that his disciples should oftentimes take a view of their owne Beauties in a glasse? Probleme. 28.
VVhy doe Princes and women of honou∣rable birth proue for the most part fayrer both in body and mind, then women of ba∣ser condition. Probleme. 29.
VVhy doe faire women preuaile much in obtayning grace and fauour with Princes? Probleme. 30.
VVhy is onely the Beautie of women amongst all other Beauties, na∣med, praised, and esteemed. Probleme. 31.
VVhy is the Beauty of women serued and adorned with the excellency of whatsoeuer things are Beautifull in the world? Probleme. 32.
VVhy is the Beautie of women of such force that it many times ouercommeth the grea∣test personages of the world? Probleme. 33.
VVhy doth the Beauty of a women be∣ing violated, bring infamy and dis∣honour not onely to her selfe, but to her whole family? Probleme. 34.
VVhy is it the custome to hange Beauti∣full pictures in the chambers of those women that are with childe? Probleme. 35.
VVhy doe they make Ʋe∣nus the mother of Beauty? Probleme. 36.
VVhy is onely the Beauty of heauen amongest other Corporall thinges of it selfe permanent? Probleme. 37.
VVhy is the first faire to mortall eyes inuisible? Probleme. 23.
VVhy doe many men little regard the first fayre? Probleme. 39.
Problemes of the Affections. Where at full are set downe: Their Causes, properties, offices, vses, and endes,
Of Loue.
VVhy hath nature ordayned that their should be affections in the world? Probleme. 40.
VVhy is some speciall affection predomi∣nant ouer euery age? Probleme. 41.
VVhy would Nature that in euery thing in the world there should be Loue? Probleme. 42.
VVhy is Loue so potent? Probleme. 43.
VVhy are there so many kindes of Loue vnder the commaunde and Empire of Loue? Probleme. 44.
VVhy are the outward signes of hu∣mane Loue the vncertayne pas∣sions that they suffer, who Loue? Probleme. 45.
VVhy is Loue called a flame, a fire, and the like? Probleme. 46.
VVhy do Poetts faine Loue a Childe? Probleme. 47.
VVhy naked? Probleme. 48.
VVhy winged? Probleme. 49.
VVhy with Bowe and arrowes? Probleme. 50.
ƲƲhy Blind? Probleme. 51.
VVhy ruddy, or high coloured? Probleme. 52.
VVhy sometimes languishing? Probleme. 53.
ƲƲhy doe Louers delight in flowres? Probleme. 54.
VVhy doe not Louers in the presence of those they Loue knowe how to frame their speech? Probleme. 55.
ƲƲhy do Louers blush in the presence of their mistresses? Probleme. 56.
VVhy doe Louers take pleasure in the teares of their beloued? Probleme. 57.
VVhy doe Louers, whither soeuer they goe, carry with them their amorous passions? Probleme. 58.
ƲƲhy doe Louers so much delight in in the neatnesse of their appa∣rell, and bodies? Probleme. 59.
ƲƲhy doe louers so much es∣teeme the giftes of their beloued? Probleme. 60.
VVhy doe Louers so often vse the simi∣litudes of things most excellent, to display the Beauty of her they Loue? Probleme. 61.
VVhy are Louers many times troubled with iealosie, & griefe of the heart? Probleme. 62.
VVhy do louers many times dreame of horrible things? Probleme. 63.
ƲƲhy doe Louers delight in mor∣ning musicke? Probleme. 64.
VVhy do Louers desire to be thought Ʋaliant? Probleme. 65.
VVhy do Louers defend their beloued euen in a wrong and vniust cause? Probleme. 66.
ƲƲhy doe Louers take so much delight in the contemplation of the eye? Probleme. 67.
VVhy is the anger of a louer soone alayed? Probleme. 68.
ƲƲhy cannot Louers hide their passions? Probleme. 69.
VVhy cannot Louers conceale the fauours of their best beloued? Probleme. 70.
VVhy do louers put their fauours they receiue from their Mistresses in the most noble parts of the body? Probleme. 71.
ƲƲhy is hatred ordayned by Nature? Probleme. 72.
VVhy doth Loue somtimes ingender Hate, being by nature contrary vnto it? Probleme. 73.
VVhy is the hatred of men against things generall, and vniuersall, their an∣ger against things more particular? Probleme. 74.
VVhy is Hatred conceiued euerlasting. But anger soone allayed? Probleme. 75.
VVhy doe men sildome hate either their countrie or their parents? Probleme. 76.
VVhy is the Hatred of great Princes, and noble men inexorable? Probleme. 77.
VVhy is the Hatred of wo∣men without end or measure? Probleme. 78.
VVhy hath nature geuen to euery thing a Desire? Probleme. 79.
VVhy is Desire the first lawfull birth, or first borne of Loue? Probleme. 80.
VVhy is Desire infinite and endlesse? Probleme. 81.
VVhy do diuers men desire diuersly. Probleme. 82.
VVhy are the desires of the father more noble, then those of the mother. Probleme. 83.
VVhy is the desire of those that Loue towards the thing beloued so fiery and ardent? Probleme. 84.
ƲƲhy doe the Desires of children ende in matters of small weight? Probleme. 85.
VVhy doth the Desire of immortali∣ty make men bold, and resolute, in vndergoing labors, and dangers? Probleme. 86.
ƲƲhy hath Nature giuen flight to things created? Probleme. 87.
VVhy doth it bring safety and honor, not onely to particular men, but to whole Citties, to fly some∣times the commodi∣tyes of Na∣ture? Probleme. 88.
VVhy is it commendable, sometimes to fly honour, the Citty it selfe, and Ciuil con∣uersation? Probleme. 89.
VVhy is it sometimes infamous, and dishonorable to fly, and especi∣ally to Soldiers? Probleme. 90.
VVhy are not all to be blamed that flie their countries? Probleme. 91.
VVhy hath nature giuen delight vnto creatures? Probleme. 92.
VVhy hath Nature giuen such di∣uersity Delights vnto man? Probleme. 93.
VVhy doth man, being not content with such variety of Delight as nature affords, procure o∣ther vnto himselfe by art and inuen∣tion? Probleme. 94.
VVhy do women, and young men especi∣ally loue things pleasant and Delightfull? Probleme. 95.
VVhy doth the multitude of those de∣lightfull things that especially apper∣taine to the sense of feeling, taste, and smelling, make vs many times intemperate? Probleme. 96.
ƲƲhy did Athens glory in the delight of wisdome, and Rome of armes. Probleme. 97.
VVhy doe Kings and Princes, contrary to the opinion of the common people tast least of pleasure and Delight? Probleme. 98.
VVhy hath Nature giuen Sorrow vnto Creatures? Probleme. 99.
VVhy the sense of feeling most subiect to griefe? Probleme. 100.
VVhy are griefes of the body com∣municated vnto the minde, and those of the minde vnto the body? Probleme. 101.
VVhy are the griefes of the body more sensible and violent in softe and de∣licate bodies, as of women & honorable personages, then of those that are strong and valiant? Probleme. 102.
VVhy are the griefes of the minde farre greater then those of the Body? Probleme. 103.
VVhy are great Princes commonly afflicted with the griefes of the mind, and men of baser con∣dition with those of the body. Probleme. 104.
ƲƲhy are the griefes of women in labour of all other bodily griefes the greatest? Probleme. 105.
VVhy would Plato, that children from their tender yeares should be accu∣stomed both to delight and Sorrow? Probleme. 106.
VVhy do many dye with too great an apprehension of ioye, others with too much griefe and sorrow of the minde? Probleme. 107.
VVhy hath Nature giuen Hope? Probleme. 108.
ƲƲhy do rich men, noble men, and young men hope much? Probleme. 109.
VVhy doth Hope deceiue many? Probleme. 110.
VVhy hath Nature giuen Despaire? Probleme. 111.
VVhy hath nature giuen Feare? Probleme. 112.
VVhy doe Louers alwayes feare? Probleme. 113.
VVhy hath Nature giuen Courage? Probleme. 114.
VVhy are yong men common∣ly bold and coura∣gious? Probleme. 115.
VVhy would Nature giue Anger vnto all liuing Creatures? Probleme. 116.
VVhy is Anger in the brest of men easily turned into a sinne? Probleme. 117.
VVhy is the Anger of Princes, and great gouernours commendable? Probleme. 118.
VVhy do many exercise their Anger against themselues? Probleme. 119.
VVhy hath man onely obteyned of Na∣ture the gift of Shamefastnesse? Probleme. 120.
VVhy do women and young men especially blush? Probleme. 121.
VVhy is the seat of shamefastnesse in the forehead? Probleme. 122.
VVhy hath Nature giuen Compassion? Probleme. 123.
VVhy are women and old men most piti∣full? Probleme. 124.
VVhy are they that are angry, or in misery, not merciful? Probleme. 125.
Why hath Nature giuen to man Emulation. Probleme. 126.
VVhy doe men emulate thinges most noble? Probleme. 127.
The Table of the Problemes.