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Author: Maihew, Edward, 1570-1625.
Title: A treatise of the groundes of the old and newe religion. Deuided into two parts, whereunto is added an appendix, containing a briefe confutation of William Crashaw his first tome of romish forgeries and falsifications.
Publication Info: Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan, Digital Library Production Service
2011 December (TCP phase 2)
Availability:

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Print source: A treatise of the groundes of the old and newe religion. Deuided into two parts, whereunto is added an appendix, containing a briefe confutation of William Crashaw his first tome of romish forgeries and falsifications.
Maihew, Edward, 1570-1625.

[England: Printed by the English Secret Press], Anno Domini M.D.C.VIII. [1608]
Notes:
Anonymous. By Edward Maihew.
Includes a reply to: Crashaw, William. Falsificationum Romanarum.
Identification of printer from STC.
"The first part. Of the groundes of the old religion" (caption title) begins new pagination on A1r. "The second part of this treatise, shewing the groundes of the newe religion" (caption title) begins new pagination on a1r.
With two final errata leaves.
Identified as STC 24247 on UMI microfilm.
Reproduction of the original in the Bodleian Library.
Subject terms:
Crashaw, William, -- 1572-1626. -- Falsificationum Romanarum -- Controversial literature -- Early works to 1800.
Catholic Church -- Apologetic works -- Early works to 1800.
URL: http://name.umdl.umich.edu/A06753.0001.001

Contents
title page
THE PRINTER TO THE READER.
THE PREFACE TO THE READER.
A CATALOGVE OF THE PRINCIPAL COVNCELS WHICH WERE CE∣LEBRATED WITHIN THE FIRST SIX HVN∣DRED YEARES AFTER THE BIRTH OF OVR LORD, as also of the holy Fathers and most famous Ecclesiasti∣cal vvriters, vvho flourished vvithin the said tearme of yeares; gathered out of the workes of Cardinal BARONIVS, and other ap∣proued Authours.
THE FIRST PART. OF THE GROVNDES OF THE OLD RELIGION.
Chap. the first. Of the first ground of Catholike religion, to wit: that there is a God, and that God by his prouidence, gouerneth al thinges.
SECTION THE FIRST. That there is a God.
SECTION THE SECOND. Almighty God hath care of worldly affaires, and ruleth al thinges by his diuine prouidence.
Chapter 2. Of the second ground of our religion, to wit: that the soule of man is immortal, and that it shal either be rewarded euerlastingly in heauen, or punished euerlastingly in hel.
Chapter 3. Of a third principal ground of our faih, to wit: that Christian religion only is the true worship of God.
Chapter 4. That among Christians, they only that professe and embrace the Catholike faith and religion, are in state of saluation, and doe truly worship God.
Chapter 5. Of the definition and conditions of true faith.
SECTION THE FIRST.
SECTION THE SECOND. That faith is a most firme assent of the vnderstanding.
SECTION THE THIRD. Faith is of thinges incomprehensible by natural reason, and consequently obscure.
SECTION THE FOVRTH. By true Christian faith we beleeue such misteries, as God hath reuealed to his Church.
SECTION THE FIFT. That true faith is built vpon diuine authority.
SECTION THE SIXT. Besides the reuelation of God, some infallible propounder of the articles of our faith is necessary: and that they are propounded vnto vs by the Catholike Church.
Chapter 6. Of the supreame and infallible authority of the Catholike Church.
SECTION THE FIRST.
SECTION THE SECOND. The whole summe of Christian doctrine (by word of mouth, not by writing) was committed by Christ to his Apostles.
SECTION THE THIRD. The Church cannot stray from the rule of faith receaued, nor erre in matters of faith or general precepts of manners, which is pro∣ued first, because the holy Ghost directeth her in al truth.
SECTION THE FOVRTH. The same is proued by other arguments.
SECTION THE FIFT. That the testimonies of holy Scripture, and other proofes brought for the infallible and diuine authority of the Church, cannot be applied to the Church, considered as it comprehendeth al faithful Chri∣stians, that are and haue beene since Christes ascension, or since the Apostles daies: but vnto the present Church of al ages.
SECTION THE SIXT. That the same testimonies and proofes, conuince an infallible judgement of the Church concerning euery article of faith, not only con∣cerning certaine of the principal.
SECTION THE SEAVENTH. That to saluation it is necessary to beleeue the whole Catholike faith, and euery article thereof.
Chapter 7. Of the holy Scripture, which is the first particuler ground of faith in the Catholike Church.
SECTION THE FIRST. Howe the Scripture is knowne to be Canonical.
SECTION THE SECOND. Concerning the sense or exposition of holy Scriptures; and first that the Scriptures are hard, and receiue diuers interpretations.
SECTION THE THIRD. The Scriptures may be falsly vnderstood: and that euery priuate man may erre in the vnderstanding of them.
SECTION THE FOVRTH. That the letter of holy Scripture falsly interpreted, is not the word of God.
SECTION THE FIFT. The true sense of the holy Scriptures, is to be learned of the Catho∣like Church, who is the true judge thereof.
SECTION THE SIXT. An objection against the premises is answered, and the que∣stion concerning the last resolution of our faith is discussed.
Chapter 8. Concerning the second particuler ground of Catholike reli∣gion, to wit, Apostolike Traditions.
SECTION THE FIRST. Of Apostolike Tradition in general.
SECTION THE SECOND. Of vnwritten Traditions in particular.
Chapter 9. Of general Councels, which make the third particuler ground of Catholike religion.
Chapter 10. Of the decrees of the supreame visible Pastour of the Church, which make a fourth particuler ground of our faith, and of other grounds hence proceeding.
SECTION THE FIRST. Containing a briefe explication or rehearsal of the Catholike doctrine, concerning the Popes supremacie.
SECTION THE SECOND. The aforesaid doctrine is proued.
SECTION THE THIRD. That the decrees of the Bishop of Rome, when he teacheth the Church as su∣preame Pastour, are of diuine and infallible authority; and of some other groundes of faith, flowing out of these.
SECTION THE FOVRTH. The opinion of some sectaries that the Pope is Antechrist, is brief∣lie confuted: and two objections against the pre∣mises are answered.
Chapter 11. Of the consent of the auncient Fathers, and the general doctrine of the Catholike Church in al ages.
Chapter 12. Containing the conclusion of the first part.
THE SECOND PART OF THIS TREATISE, SHEWING THE GROVNDES OF the newe religion. In which is proued, that the newe Sectaries build their faith vpon no di∣uine authority, but that the ground of al their beliefe and religi∣on is their owne judgement; and consequentlie, that they haue neither true faith, nor religion.
Chapter 1. That by their doctrine they deny or at the least weaken, the three princi∣pal and general groundes of Christian religion, set downe in the three first chapters of the first part.
SECTION THE FIRST. The number of Atheists among them is great, and of the causes by them giuen of this impiety.
SECTION THE SECOND. Of our aduersaries doctrine concerning the immortallity of the soule, heauen and hel.
SECNION THE THIRD. Of our aduersaries impious assertions concerning Christ, and Christian religion.
SECTION THE FOVRTH. That in like sort they weaken the principal proofes of the said three groundes.
Chapter 2. The newe Sectaries debase the true Christian faith, and in place of it, extol a presumptuous faith by themselues inuented.
Chapter 3. That our aduersaries deny the infallible authority of the Church, and affirme it to haue erred and perished.
Chapter 4. They reject al particuler groundes of faith aboue assigned, and proued to be found in the Church of Christ, be∣sides the holie Scriptures.
Chapter 5. They build not vpon the holy Scripture, and first, that the bare let∣ter of holy Scripture only, is not a sufficient ground of Christian faith and religion.
SEGTION SHE FIRST. In which this is proued, because by Scripture the Scripture it selfe can∣not be proued Canonical. It is also argued, that according to the sectaries groundes there is no Canonical Scripture, and some principal reasons (especially inspiration of the spirit) which they alleage for the proofe of such Scripture, are refelled.
SECTION THE SECOND. In which the same argument is prosecuted, and two thinges principallie are proued. First, that the newe Testament receiueth smal authority (if we beleeue our aduersaries) by this that it was written by the A∣postles and Disciples, because they accuse them of er∣rour. Secondlie because they confesse the text of Scripture to be corrupted.
SECTION THE THIRD. The same is proued, because euery Christian is bound to admit and beleeue certaine propositions, neither expresly contained, nor (according to some mens judgements) so euidently gathered out of the holy Scripture.
SECTION THE FOVRTH. The insufficiency of the bare letter of holy Scripture is proued by other arguments, especially by this; that the true interpretation cannot be infallibly gathered out of the letter.
Chapter 6. The newe Sectaries Bibles containe not the true word of God.
SECTION THE FIRST. In which this is first proued concerning al their Bibles in general.
SECTION THE SECOND. That Luther, Zwinglius, Caluin, and Beza, in particular haue corruptly translated the Scriptures.
SECTION THE THIRD. Our English Sectaries also, haue falsly and corruptly translated the Scriptures.
SECTION THE FOVRTH. Containing false translations against the authority of the Church, Traditions, honour of Images, Purga∣tory, and the honour of Saints.
SECTION THE FIFT. Of their corruptions against inherent Iustice, Iustification by good workes, Merit of good workes, and keeping the Com∣mandements, and in defence of their special Faith, vaine Security, &c. and against Freewil, and Merits.
SECTION THE SIXT. Of their false translations against the Real presence, Priest-hood, election of Bishops, single life of Priests, Penance, and sa∣tisfaction for Sinne; the Sacrament of Matri∣mony, and some other points.
SECTION THE SEAVENTH. That the Professors of the newe religion in corrupting the Scriptures, followe the steps of the auncient Here∣tikes, and what followeth of this discourse.
Chapter 7. That they build not vpon the letter of holy Scripture, contai∣ned (as they say) in their owne Bibles.
SECTION THE FIRST. In which this is proued; first, because the propositions (which they tearme of their faith) are not in expresse tearmes contained in the Scripture.
SECTION THE SECOND. The same argument is confirmed by the testimonie of some Pro∣testants, concerning the true sense of some wordes of Scripture, alleaged for our Catholike doctrine touching justification in the Se∣ction before.
SECTION THE THIRD. The like discourse is made concerning a place of Scripture alleaged for the real presence.
SECTION THE FOVRTH. The followers of the newe religion in diuers matters obserue not the letter of their owne Bibles.
Chapter 8. In receiuing, translating, and expounding the holy Scriptures they only build vpon their owne fancies and judge∣ment, and that they haue no other ground.
SECTION THE FIRST. In which this is proued by their doctrine and dissention con∣cerning the bookes of Canonical Scripture, and their altering of the text of the same.
SECTION THE SECOND. The same is confirmed by their translations, and expositions, of holy Scripture.
SECTION THE THIRD. Concerning the newe exposition of those wordes, This is my body, in particular.
SECTION THE FOVRTH. That certaine rules prescribed by Field for the true vnderstanding of Scripture, of themselues alone without the censure of the Church, are insufficient to assure vs, that our ex∣position made, is of diuine truth.
SECTION THE FIFT. Concerning their deductions out of holy Scripture: that they like∣wise are framed by them according to their owne fan∣cies; and of their accusations of one another touching these matters.
SECTION THE SIXT. The vnlearned and ignorant sectaries, in receiuing and expoun∣ding the holy Scriptures, likewise build vpon their owne fancies and judgements, and haue no other ground of their faith and religion.
SECTION THE SEAVENTH. Of the miserable estate of the vnlearned and ignorant Sectaries.
SECTION THE EIGHT. That the newe sectaries alleage Scriptures to confirme their newe doctrine, it is no certaine argument that they build their faith and religion vpon the said Scriptures.
Chapter 9. In which is proued by the newe Sectaries forsaking their owne supposed ground and flying to others, also by their dissension and inconstancy, that they build their faith and re∣ligion only vpon their owne fancies.
SECTION THE FIRST. Concerning their flying to other groundes by themselues rejected, and their dissension.
SECTION THE SECOND. Concerning the inconstancy of the Professors of the newe religion.
Chapter 10. Containing the Conclusion of this Treatise.
AN APPENDIX TO THIS TREATISE, CONTAINING A BRIEFE CONFVTATION OF A BOOKE, PVBLISHED IN THE YEARE M.D.C.VI. BY WILLIAM CRASHAW, bearing this title Romish forgeries and falfifications, &c.
AN INDEX OR TABLE OF AL THE CHAPTERS AND SECTIONS OF THIS TREATISE.
The first part of the groundes of the old religion.
THE SECOND PART. In which is proued that the newe sectaries build their faith vpon no diuine authority, but that the ground of al their beliefe and religion is their owne judge∣ment, and consequently that they haue neither true faith nor religion.
Errors escaped in the printing.