|Author:||Lefèvre, Raoul, fl. 1460.|
|Title:||The auncient historie, of the destruction of Troy. Conteining the founders and foundation of the said citie, with the causes and maner of the first and second spoiles and sackings thereof, by Hercules and his followers: and the third and last vtter desolation and ruine, effected by Menelaus and all the notable worthies of Greece. Here also are mentioned the rising and flourishing of sundrie kings with their realmes: as also of the decai and ouerthrow of diuers others. Besides many admirable, and most rare exployts of chiualrie and martiall prowesse effected by valorous knightes with incredible euents, compassed for, and through the loue of ladies. Translated out of French into English, by W. Caxton.|
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2011 December (TCP phase 2)
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The auncient historie, of the destruction of Troy. Conteining the founders and foundation of the said citie, with the causes and maner of the first and second spoiles and sackings thereof, by Hercules and his followers: and the third and last vtter desolation and ruine, effected by Menelaus and all the notable worthies of Greece. Here also are mentioned the rising and flourishing of sundrie kings with their realmes: as also of the decai and ouerthrow of diuers others. Besides many admirable, and most rare exployts of chiualrie and martiall prowesse effected by valorous knightes with incredible euents, compassed for, and through the loue of ladies. Translated out of French into English, by W. Caxton.
Lefèvre, Raoul, fl. 1460., Caxton, William, ca. 1422-1491,, Phiston, William,
London: Printed by Thomas Creede [and Valentine Simmes], 1596 [i.e. 1597]
|Alternate titles:||Recueil des histoires de Troie. English Recueil des histoires de Troye. Here beginneth the second booke of the collection of the histories of Troy. In these two books precedent, we haue (by the helpe of God) treated of the two first destructions of Troy. In these two books precedent, we have (by the helpe of God) treated of the two first destructions of Troy.|
Anonymous. By Raoul Lefávre.
Printer's name from separate title page to Book 3.
A translation, by William Caxton, of: Recueil des histoires de Troye.
In three books.
Book 2 has a separate title page, with same imprint as general title page, reading: Here beginneth the second booke of the collection of the histories of Troy. ..
Book 3 has a separate title page (with imprint reading: "Imprinted in London by Valentine Simmes. 1597"), which reads: In these two books precedent, we haue (by the helpe of God) treated of the two first destructions of Troy, with the noble acts and deeds of the strong and puissant Hercules, .. And also how he slew the king Laomedon, .. And afterward, how for the rauishment of the dame Helene, wife of king Menelaus of greece, the said citie was totally destroied, ..
Pagination and signatures continuous.
Pages 243, 599, 601 and 603-04 misnumbered 233, 123, 127 and 127-28.
Some print show-through, and some pages stained.
Reproduction of the original in the Bodleian Library.
Troy (Ancient city) -- Romances -- Early works to 1800.
THE PRINTERS to the curteous Reader, health and happinesse.
The first Booke of the destruction of Troy.
CHAP. 1. Of the linage and ofspring of Saturne, and how for his inuen∣ting of sowing corne, planting, &c. hee was honoured in Crete as a God.
CHAP. II. ¶How Saturne was crowned first King of Crete and how he found first diuers sciences, wherefore the people held him in great honour as a God.
CHAP. III. ¶Howe Saturne went to Delphos, and had aunswere, how hee should haue a son that should chase him out of his realme. And how he maried him to his sister Cibell, &c.
CHAP. IIII. ¶How Saturn had commaunded to slea Iupiter that was new borne, and how his mother Cibell sent him to king Meli∣seus, where he was nourished,
CHAP. V. ¶Howe after the death of King Corinthus of Corinth, his two sonnes, Dardanus and Iasius, stroue who of them should haue the kingdome: and how Dardanus slue his brother Iasius by treason, wherefore hee must depart out of the countrey.
CHAP. VI. ¶Of the great warre that was moued betweene the Pelagi∣ens, and Epiriens, and how king Licaon of Pelagy was de∣stroyed by Iupiter, because of a man put to him to hostage, which king Licaon did rost.
CHAP. VII. ¶How Iupiter after the discomsiture of King Lycaon, trans∣formed himselfe into shape of a religious woman, waiting on the goddesse Diana, for the loue of Calisto daughter of the said Lycaon, and did with her his will.
CHAP. VIII. ¶How Calisto, for asmuch as she was with childe, the god∣desse Diana put her out of the order, and of her company.
CHAP. IX. ¶How Titan assayled by warre his brother Saturne, for as much as he had not put to death all his Children males. &c.
CHAP. X, ¶Howe Iupiter with the ayde of King Meliseus of Epire, deliuered Saturne his father, and Cibell his mother, out of the prison of Titan: and howe hee slue Titan in bat∣taile.
CHAP. XI. ¶How Iupiter vanquished in the field Tiphon, and cast him in the Riuer, &c.
CHAP. XII. ¶How Iupiter and Saturne reconcyled themselues together: and how Iupiter, by commaundement of his father we to destroy the King Apollo of Paphos, and of the edicine of Esculapius. &c.
CHAP. XIII. ¶How Iupiter with great ioy spoused his sister Iuno. And how the king Saturne beganne warre against Iupiter his sonne, &c.
CHAP. XIIII. ¶How they of Crete, when they had heard the commaunde∣ment of Saturne, were sore troubled and greeued: and how he gathered his forces against Iupiter his sonne.
CHAP. XV. ¶How King Saturne, with all his great host came before the Citie of Arcadia, against Iupiter his sonne.
CHAP. XVI. ¶How Iupiter sent his embassadours to his father Saturne for peace. And how Saturne would not heare nor intende to peace. &c.
CHAP. XVII. ¶How Iupiter vanquished in the battaile against Saturne his father: and Saturne fled by the sea.
CHAP. XVIII. ¶How Achisius had a daughter named Danae, the which he did cause to be shut in a tower, for asmuch as he had an answere, that she should haue a sonne the which should turne him into a stone.
CHAP. XIX. ¶Howe Iupiter, in guise of a messenger brought vnto the Tower of Dardan, to the Damosels, and to Danae, many Iewels, faigning that he came from Iupiter.
CHAP. XX. ¶How Iupiter in the guise of a messenger, with many iew∣els, came the second time to see Danaes: and how he spake and gaue to her in knowledge what he was: and how he lay with her that night.
CHAP. XXI. How Jupiter came from his Chamber by night, and lay in the Tower of Dardan, with the Damosel Danae on whom he be∣gate the noble Perseus.
CHAP. XXII. ¶How the King Tantalus of Frygy assayled by battaile the King Troos of Troy: and how Ilion and Ganimedes his sonnes discomfited him in battayle.
CHAP. XXIII. ¶Howe the king Troos chased in battell the king Tantalus: and how the king Saturne came by sea sailing to the port of Troos: & how the king Troos receiued him worshipfully.
CHAP. XXIIII. ¶How Saturne, by the ayde of Ganimedes, and of the Troy∣ans, returned into Crete, to fight against Iupiter, where he was ouercome and vanquished, and Ganimedes taken.
CHAP. XXV. ¶How Iupiter discomfited againe king Saturne in battaile: and how Saturne was put to flight by the sea.
CHAP. XXVI. ¶How Iupiter, after he had sacrificed the Egle, pursued the Troyans: and of the strong battaile that he had against Ga∣nimedes.
CHAP. XXVII. ¶How the King Troos, and Ilion his son, made great sorrow for Ganimedes for they wist not where he was becom, And how Iupiter went to the sea, for to go to Argos
CHAP. XXVIII. ¶How the king Arcrisus, when he sawe his daughter with childe, sent her to exile: and put her in a little vessell into the sea, at the aduenture of fortune, &c.
CHAP. XXIX. ¶How Iupiter returning from Troy by sea, encountred the great theefe Egeon, which he fought with, and ouercame: and of the tidings that hee had of Danae, whereof hee was passing sorrowfull.
CHAP. XXX. ¶How the Queene Medusa came to Athens, to worship in the temple of the goddesse Pallas. And how the king Nep∣tunus waxed amorous of her, and how she deceiued him.
CHAP. XXXI. ¶How Perseus vanquished in battaile the Queene Medusa: and how she fled into her Citie.
CHAP. XXXII. ¶Howe Perseus in this battaile, slewe the mightie sister of Medusa, and vanquished her in the battaile.
CHAP. XXXIII. ¶How Perseus conquered Medusa, and her Citie, and smote off her head. And how hee went to fight against the king Athlas of Septe, a mightie and puissant Giant.
CHAP. XXXIIII. ¶How Perseus turned the king Athlas into a stone: and how the Queen Auria wife of king Pricus waxed amorous of the Knight Bellerophon that refused her, wherfore after he had much payne.
CHAP. XXXV. ¶How Perseus vanquished the monster of the sea, and expo∣sed himself against him for the loue of Andromeda. &c.
CHAP. XXXVI. ¶How Phineus would haue had Andromeda: and how Per∣seus answered him that she should be his wife.
CHAP. XXXVII. ¶Howe Perseus reestablished in his Realme the king Acri∣sius: and how he slue the King by euill aduenture.
CHAP. XXXVIII. ¶How Iupiter lay with Alcumena: and how Queene Iuno sent two serpentes for to slea Hercules: and how Hercules strangled the two serpents.
CHAP. XXXIX. ¶How Hercules began the Olimpiades: and how he waxed amorous of Megara, the Daughter of the king of Thebes: and how he shewed his strength in all maner of games and exercises.
CHAP. XL. ¶How Hercules sayled by the sea into Hesperie: and how he vanquished the Ile with the muttons or sheepe, and van∣quished Philotes, and slew his fellow.
CHAP. XLI. ¶How Hercules fought at the Porte of Troy against a mon∣ster, of the sea, for the daughter of king Laomedon.
CHAP. XLII. ¶How Laomedon shut Hercules out of Troy: and how Hercules sware that he would auenge him.
CHAP. XLIII. ¶How Hercules had battaile against the king Laomedon: and how he vanquished and destroyed Troy the first time.
The Table of the first Booke of the Collection of the Hy∣storie of Troy.
The second Booke of the destruction of Troy.
¶How Hercules fought against three Lions in the forrest of Nemee: and how he slew them, and tooke their skinnes or hides.
CHAP. II. ¶How Iuno sent Hercules into Egypt to be slaine of the ty∣rant Busire: and how Hercules slew the tyrant against the hope and will of Iuno.
CHAP. III. ¶How Hercules espoused Megara: and how he was made knight in Thebes.
CHAP. III. ¶How the Centaures rauished Hypodamia at the wedding of Pirothus: and how Hercules recouered her againe, and vanquished in battaile the Centaures.
CHAP. V. ¶How Pluto rauished Proserpina: and how Orpheus went for her into hell: and how the queene Ceres came vnto the wedding of Pirothus: and how Theseus & Pirothus fought with Cerberus, porter of the sayd hell. &c.
CHAP. VI. ¶How Hercules found Pyrothus dead at the gates of hell, and Theseus in danger: and how Hercules vanquished Cerberus: and how hee conquered Proserpina from Pluto, &c.
CHAP. VII. ¶How Andromeda deliuered Lycaon from his enimies: and how he slew in battaile the king Creon, and tooke the citie of Thebes &c.
CHAP. VIII. ¶How Hercules entered into Thebes in vnknowne habite: and how he put to death the Giant Lincus, and his com∣plices, and his wife Megara, &c.
CHAP. IX. ¶How Hercules put to death the King Laomedon, and de∣stroyed Troy the second time.
CHAP. X. ¶Howe Hercules and Affer assayled by battaile the Giant Antheon: and how they vanquished him in battalle the first time.
CHAP. XI. ¶How Hercules tooke king Athlas: and how he beganne to studie the science of astronomie, and the seauen liberall sciences.
CHAP. XII. How Hercules assembled his battaile against Antheon King of the Lybians, which he put to flight, and slew the King of Cothulie.
CHAP. XIII. ¶How Hercules fought againe, against king Antheon, and put him vnto the death.
CHAP. XIIII. ¶How Hercules and Theseus fought togither agaynst the two Damosels of Scythie, &c.
CHAP. XV. ¶How Hercules began to waxe amorous of Deyanira: and how Achelous & Hercules had battaile the one against the other: and how Achelous was vanquished.
CHAP. XVI. ¶How Hercules put to the worst king Achelous: and how he espoused Deianira.
CHAP. XVII. ¶How Nessus tooke Deianira from Hercules when hee passed with her ouer the riuer: and how Hercules slew Nessus with an arrow.
CHAP. XVIII. ¶How Hercules fought against the serpent of the moore Lerna, and slew him, &c.
CHAP. XIX. ¶How Hercules went into Spaine: and howe hee fought in the Sea against king Gerion, and vanquished him: and how he tooke the citie of Megidda, and entred therein.
CHAP. XX. ¶How Gerion assailed Hercules the second time, before Megidda, and how Hercules slewe his brethren, and van∣quished in his battailes, & constrained Gerion to flie, &c.
CHAP. XXI. ¶How Hercules pursued Gerion, and howe hee went and vanquished him, and put him to the death, at the port of the Corogne.
CHAP. XXII. ¶How Hercules founded the Citie of Corogne, vppon the tombe of Gerion.
CHAP. XXIII. ¶How Hercules assailed the king Cacus, and had battaile a∣gainst him, and ouercame him: and how Cacus began to tyrannise in Italy, &c.
CHAP. XXIIII. ¶How Hercules fought against the eleuen Giantes of Cre∣mona: and how he vanquished them.
CHAP. XXV. ¶How Cacus stole away the oxen and kine belonging to Hercules: and how Hercules fought with him therefore, and slew him.
CHAP. XXVI. ¶How the queene of Laurentia grew inamored of Her∣cules: and how the king Pricus came into Italie with a great hoste, and sent to defie Hercules.
CHAP. XXVII. ¶How Hercules fought against the king Pricus in battaile: and how he fled into the Citie, where Hercules alone slew him and many mo with him.
CHAP. XXVIII. ¶How Hercules was enamoured on Yole the daughter of king Pricus: and how he required her of loue: and how she accorded vnto him.
CHAP. XXIX. ¶How Hercules fought against Diomedes, in the forest of Thrace: and how he made his horse to eate him.
CHAP. XXX. ¶How Deianira was full of sorrowe, forasmuch as Her∣cules loued Yole, &c.
CHAP. XXXI. ¶How Deianira sent to Hercules a shirt enuenimed: and howe Hercules burned himselfe in the fire of his sa∣crifice: and how Deianira slewe herselfe when shee knew that Hercules was dead, by the meanes of her ig∣norance, &c.
❧The table for the second book• of the Collection of the histo∣royes of Troy.
¶The third Booke of the destru∣ction of Troy.
CHAP. I. ¶How the king Priamus reedified the citie of Troy more strong then euer it was before: and of his sonnes and daughters. And how after manie councels he sent An∣thenor and Polydamas into Greece, for to demaund his sister Exione, that Aiax maintained.
CHAP. II. Howe the king Priamus assembled all his barons, for to know whom hee might send into Greece, for to get a∣gaine his sister Exione. And howe Hector answered: and of his good councell: and how Paris declared to his father, the visions and the promise of the Goddesse Ve∣nus, &c.
CHAP. III. ¶Howe Paris and Deyphebus, Eneas, Anthenor, and Polidamus, were sent into Greece: and howe they ra∣uished Helene out of the temple of Venus, with manie prisoners and richesse, and brought them to Troy, where Paris espoused, the said Helene.
CHAP. III. How Menelaus was sore troubled for the rauishing of He∣lene his wife. And how Castor and Pollux brethren of her, pursued Paris in the sea: and of their death: and of the condition and maner of the Lordes, as well Greekes as Troyans.
CHAP. V. ¶How the kinges, dukes, earles, and Barons of Greece as∣sembled al, with their nauie before the citie of Athens, for to come to Troy: and how many shippes each man brought vnto the helpe of the king Menelaus.
CHAP. VI. ¶How the Greekes sent Achilles vnto Delphos, to the God Apollo, for to know the end of their warre: and howe hee found Calchas sent from the Troyans, that went with him to Athens.
CHAP. VI. How the Greekes, with a great nauie, went and sailed to∣ward Troy: and how they arriued at the Porte of Tene∣don, three mile from Troy, which they conquered, and beate downe to the earth.
CHAP. VIII. ¶Howe the Greekes did send Diomedes, and Vlis∣ses, vnto the king Priamus, for to haue againe He∣lene, and the prisoners, and the aunswere that they hadde.
CHAP. IX. ¶How Agamemnon assembled to counsell the Greeks, for to haue vittailes: And how they sent Achilles and Telephus vnto the realme of Messe, where they slewe the King Theutran in battell: And hovve Telephus was made King: And of the Kings that came in the aide and helpe of King Priamus.
CHAP. X. ¶Of the comming of Duke Palamedes: and howe the Greekes departed from the port of Tenedon by the counsell of Diomedes, and came and tooke land before the strong Citie of Troy: and how the Troyans recei∣ued them with battaile right vigorously.
CHAP. XI. ¶Of the second battaile before Troy, in the which were many Kinges and great Barons, slaine by the worthy Hector: and how the Troyans had been victorious of of their enemies, had it not been for the praier of The∣lamon Aiax coosin of Hector, &c.
CHAP. XII. ¶Of the first truce of two monethes, demaunded by the Greekes: and of the three battailes betweene them, in the which Hector beate Achilles to the ground twice, and after slew the king Prothenor, and smote him with one stroke in two partes.
CHAP. XIII. ¶How the Greekes held parliament, how they might slea the worthy Hector: and how they returned to the fourth battaile, in the which Paris and Menelaus encountered, and the king Thoas was brought prisoner to Troy.
CHAP. XIIII. ¶How Priamus would that the king Thoas that was pri∣soner, should haue beene hanged: and how they retur∣ned to the fift battell, in the which Hector slewe with his hands three kings: and how Diomedes slew the Sa∣gittary, &c.
CHAP. XV. ¶Of the truce that were betweene them, after the which began battaile againe from Morne to Euen, with great damage of that one partie and of that other: but the Troyans lost more then the Greekes.
CHAP. XVI. ¶How the Greekes and Troyans began the sixt battaile, that dured by the space of thirtie daies, in which were many kinges and princes dead, of the one side, and of the other: and how Diomedes smote downe Troylus off his horse, and sent it to Briseyda his loue, that recei∣ued it gladly, &c.
CHAP. XVII. ¶How the Greekes and the Troyans began the seuenth battaile, that dured twelue daies, and after beganne the eight battaile much damageous to the Troyans, for Hector was slaine by Achilles, and they were driuen backe into their Citie by force, to their great damage.
CHAP. XVIII. ¶Of the rich sepulture of Hector: and of the great la∣mentations and weepings that the Troyans made for his death: and how Palamedes was chosen duke & go∣uernour of the hoste of the Greeks.
CHAP. XIX. ¶How the king Priamus issued to battaile, for to auenge vpon the Greekes the death of his sonne Hector: and of the prowesses that he did: and of the anniuersary of the said Hector, in which Achilles was surprised with the loue of Polixena the daughter of king Priamus, in such wise that he might endure no rest.
CHAP. XX. ¶How Achilles sent his secret messenger vnto Hecuba the queene of Troy, for to request her daughter Po∣lixena, and of the answere: and how for the loue of her the said Achilles assembled the hoste of the Greeks, and counselled them to depart, and haue peace with the Troyans.
CHAP. XXI. ¶Of the death of Deyphebus the sonne of king Priamus: and how Paris slew Palamedes: and how the Troyans draue backe the Greekes into their tentes, and set fire on their shippes: and how for all these thinges Achilles would not go to battaile, for the loue of Polixene.
CHAP. XXII. ¶Of many battels that were made, on the one side and on the other, to their both great damage: and of certeine truce, and of the death of the noble Troylus that Achil∣les slew against his promise, and drew him at his horse taile through out the hoste: and how Achilles slew the king Menon, &c.
CHAP. XXIII. How Paris, by the perswasion of Hecuba his mother, slew Achilles in the temple of Apollo, and the son of duke Nestor, and how Paris and Aiax slew each other in bat∣taile.
CHAP. XXIIII. How the queen Penthesilea came from Amazonne, with a thousand maydens, to the succour of Troy: and slew many Greekes, and after was shee slaine by Pirr∣hus the sonne of Achilles.
CHAP. XXV. ¶How Anthenor and Eneas spake together among them for to deliuer the citie vnto the Greeks by treason, and did it vnder colour of peace: and howe the king Pria∣mus gainsayd them, with some of his bastards by great and rude words.
CHAP. XXVI. ¶Howe the traitour Anthenor bought of the Priest the Palladium: and gaue it to Vlisses: and of the horse of brasse that was by the Greekes brought to the temple of Pallas, being full of men of armes: and how the city of Troy was taken, and burnt, and the king Priamus slaine, &c.
CHAP. XXVII. ¶Of the dissention that was mooued because of the Pal∣ladium, betweene Thelamon and Vlisses: and howe Eneas and Anthenor were exiled out of Troy: and how the Greekes returned, and of their aduentures.
CHAP. XXVIII. ¶How the king Naulus and Cetus his sonne did spoile on the sea manie shippes of the Greeks, in their return for the death of his sonne Palamedes, and of the death of the king Agamemnon, and of the exile of Diome∣des, and of his calling backe by Egee his wife, &c.
CHAP. XXIX. How Horestes sonne of King Agamemnon cruelly auen∣ged himselfe of the death of his father. And how king Vlysses, after sundry perillous aduentures returned to his Country and kingdome.
CHAP. XXX. Of the dealings of Pyrrhus after his return from Troy: and how Horestes the Son of Agamemnon slew him at Delphos, for that he had gotten away Hermione his Wife.
CHAP. XXXI. Of a Vision that Ulisses had in his sleep: and how Thelagonus the Son of Vlisses by Queen Circe, came to seek Vlisses and slew him, not knowing who he was.
The Table of the Third Book of the Destruction of TROY.