|Author:||Guicciardini, Lodovico, 1521-1589.|
|Title:||The garden of pleasure contayninge most pleasante tales, worthy deeds and witty sayings of noble princes [et] learned philosophers, moralized. No lesse delectable, than profitable. Done out of Italian into English, by Iames Sanforde, Gent. Wherein are also set forth diuers verses and sentences in Italian, with the Englishe to the same, for the benefit of students in both tongs.|
|Publication Info:||Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan, Digital Library Production Service
2012 November (TCP phase 2)
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The garden of pleasure contayninge most pleasante tales, worthy deeds and witty sayings of noble princes [et] learned philosophers, moralized. No lesse delectable, than profitable. Done out of Italian into English, by Iames Sanforde, Gent. Wherein are also set forth diuers verses and sentences in Italian, with the Englishe to the same, for the benefit of students in both tongs.
Guicciardini, Lodovico, 1521-1589., Sandford, James,
Imprinted at London: By Henry Bynneman, Anno. 1573.
|Alternate titles:||Hore di ricreatione. English L'hore di ricreatione. Graue sayings & pleasant deedes. Grave sayings & pleasant deedes.|
A translation of: Guicciardini, Lodovico. L'hore di ricreatione.
Colophon reads: Imprinted at London by Henry Bynneman, dvvelling in Knight riders streate, at the signe of the Mermayde. Anno. 1573. And are to be sold at his shop at the northwest dore of Poules Church.
Running title reads: Graue sayings & pleasant deedes.
Reproduction of the original in the Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery.
Anecdotes -- Italy.
Ad comitem Lecestriae.
To the right honourable, Lord Robert Dudley, Earle of Ley∣cester, Baron of Denbigh, Knight of the most noble order of the Garter.
To the Reader.
Sayings and deedes notable, as well graue as pleasant.
That bookes are vvise and faithfull counsellours.
That a merrie conceit stoutly and pleasantly spoken by the Captaine, giueth cou∣rage to the Souldiers.
That Nature vvarneth vs to shunne superfluous babbling.
That according to the iudgement of the vvyse, mannes ignorance is exceeding greate.
That constant and valiant men make a iest of griefe and payne.
That the chaunces of Fortune are straunge and maruellous.
That vvith the constancie of the mynde, the strokes of Fortune and men are borne off.
That vvise men make aunsvvere to euerie deepe demaunde.
Hovve soone brute beastes are satisfied and hovve insatiable men are.
That experience is gotten vvith tyme.
That craft is deceyued vvith craft.
That by the multitude of lavves made, the abundance of vices is declared.
The opinion and counsels of Epicurus.
That the nature of man is vvauering and troubled vvith diuers passions.
That Fooles cannot stand quiet.
That abstinence is the defendresse of vertue.
VVhat is the best and the vvorste parte in man.
That Princes ought to see iustice kept.
That true Nobilitie is deryued from Vertue.
That he is yong that is in health, and riche that is not in dette.
That good counsell doth ouercome an armie, and that one errour cau∣seth great ruine.
That by meanes of suttle and pretie iesting, men somtimes auoyde both damage and shame.
That it is more miserable to be borne than buried.
That neyther for frendship, neyther for any other thing, vve ought to do things dishonest.
That in matters of lyfe and death a man ought not to put him selfe rashly into any mans handes.
That the fashion of the nose doth suffici∣ently declare the nature of a man.
A most noble comparison of Ciceros.
That learnyng is muche sette by of vvyse men.
That vvee ought not to be so homely vvith Princes, that decorum, that is, semelinesse or that vvhiche becommeth the person, be ouerpassed.
That their soueraintie is short vvhich rule by violent meanes.
That truth of all things is the mightiest.
That speedinesse to become great in a realme, doth preuent enuie.
A merie aunsvvere to a fond demaunde, of one asking, vvhen the greatest con∣fusion shall be among men.
VVhat the companions and daughters of pride are, and vvherin false felici∣tie dothe consist.
That clemencie shyneth in a Prince aboue other things.
That loue causeth infinite erroures, vvith the damage and shame vvhiche folovveth it.
VVhy Princes learne better to ryde than any other thing.
That in all things vve ought to choose the cunningest men.
That some are sorovvfull for things that make other ioyfull.
That subtiltie vsed in season is some∣tymes an incredible helpe.
VVhy fortune is blynde, foolishe, and foule.
That the common people doe bevvraye themselues, bothe by their dee∣des and vvordes.
The Bay tree hath diuers and noble ver∣tues and significations.
Hovv one may receyue commoditie euen of his enimies.
That Fortune, for the continual turning of hir vvhele, suffreth no mā in the highest degree to rest in quiet.
That craftie men do couer vices vnder diuers colours.
That an vniust Iudge giues sentence on his side that giueth him the greatest bribe.
That in aduersitie true frendes are discerned from fayned.
VVhat great faithfulnesse a chaste vvo∣man beareth to hir husbande.
That controuersie in lavve, is the losse of of tyme, money, and frendes.
Philosophers make but a trifle of Fortune.
A mans vertue is esteemed euen of the enimie.
That debtes ordinarily do take a mans sleepe from him.
That vvise men thinke it a folie to endeuor to come to highnesse and honour.
The man that is auaunced to high de∣gree, oftentimes forgetteth both his frendes and himselfe.
The follie of a prince, the displeasure of a vvoman, and the vnfaythfulnesse of a frend, vvhat disorder they brede.
That three thyngs chaunge the nature of man.
That the uttleties and deceytes of Corti∣zans, or rather vvhoores, are great, and not to seeke.
That businesse requireth the ovvners coun∣tenance and not deputiship.
That beautie is a heauenly gift and grace of the auncients in diuers sorts prai∣sed and esteemed.
That the vvickednesse of gouernours doth oftentymes cause, that the people rebell against the prince.
A notable vvay to knovv the quali∣tie of a man.
That stoute men and true Christians dye for the faith vvith incredible constancie.
That in this life are tvvo states to be de∣sired, the one of Princes, the other of fooles.
To breake faith and promise is a thing dete∣stable and greuously to be punished.
Hovve ill fortune may be more easi∣ly endured.
VVith vvhat suttletie greate princes ought to reigne after the opinion of Homer.
That to be deceyued of friendes is to be excused, but to suffer to be beguyled of enimies is to be reproued.
That a readie ansvvere deliuereth a man out of daunger.
That the fruite is gathered accordyng as the seede is sovvne.
That mans desire is kindled through things forbidden.
That valiant men and of profound vvitte, do conquere their enimies vvith re∣die and vvittie ansvveres.
Leasing is hatefull and vnsufferable in all men, sauing in Phisitions.
That ryches in the iudgement of Philo∣sophers doe prouoke vvicked and hurtfull desires.
That vanitie and lightnesse are peculiar en∣dovvmentes and qualities of vvomen.
That a princely magnificence ought to be measured vvith the nobilitie of the giuer, not vvith the basenesse of the receyuer.
That loue is a monster, lyke to Chimera.
That the deceytes of some vvomen tovvards their husbands are great and greuous.
A shrevvd and pleasant rebuke of Diogenes tovvardes a vvanton yong man.
That ouermuch talke is very trouble∣some to the hearers.
A suttle crueltie, but tyrannous and monstrous.
That prosperitie and aduersitie chaungeth commonly the nature of men.
That a lyar is not beleeued vvhen he telleth the truth.
The customes of Princes are diuers, accor∣ding to the diuersities of their natures.
VVhen a man of all other liuing creatures, is the best, and vvhen the vvorste.
That vnreasonable demaundes de∣serue foolish aunsvveres.
That many persons doe foolishly, and to be mocked, that abate their age.
That pouertie maketh a man safe euen amidst murtherers.
That husbandes oughte to giue credite to theyr vviues, that their chil∣dren be their ovvne.
VVhat kynde of men are most noble.
That it belongeth to a Princes magnani∣mitie to forgiue offences recey∣ued in baser Fortune.
That the diuine maiestie is a thing to men incomprehensible.
That a mans goodnesse appeareth in euery fortune.
That the maliciousnesse of mans nature hath nede of matter to vvork vpon.
That some kynde of follies are plea∣sant and delectable.
That it is moste profitable in the state of vvedlocke seldome to gather the frutes of matrimonie.
That vvisedome and experience is more to be required in a captayn, than strength and outvvarde shevve of body.
That the victorie and luckynesse of the armie do depend of the captiaines vertue and manhood.
That it is a detestable and a foul thing to suffer gold to beare rule in euery thyng.
That liberalitie and clemencie are the best instruments to rule.
That vvise men leaue not a certayne gayne for an vncertayne, although it be muche greater.
Hovve muche Gods helpe can do in hu∣mane things, and contrarivvise, hovv much Gods vvrath doth hurt.
VVhen vve must dine and suppe accor∣ding to Diogenes the Cynike.
That vvise men make a iest of superstition.
That foolishe and impertinent tauntes are soone vvrested against the taunters.
That a mans counsell ought timely to be thought vpon, contrarivvise a vvomans sodayne.
That vaynglorie is oftentimes repu∣ted for follie.
That vayne ceremonies do little differ from vayne lyes.
That euery man ought to speake of his ovvne, and not of an other mans profession.
That God hath appoynted to euery man his office, and that he doth not allovv that men should go beside it.
That it belongeth to vvyse and noble prin∣ces to maynteyne the safetie and strength of the cōmonaltie.
That Peace hath fiue great enimies.
An aduised and a byting aunsvver.
That a bolde and vvarie aunsvvere deli∣uereth men out of great daungers.
That bountie, vvithout good choise is vvorthy blame.
That prouidence auoydeth the greatest daungers, and rashnesse vvor∣keth the contrary.
That rigoure and sharpnesse of may∣sters maketh seruants vnprofi∣table and vnapte.
That God alone is the absolute protec∣toure of the vvhole vvorld.
He that doth his ovvne businesse, de∣fileth not his handes.
An opinion of Ciceros concerning the sharpnesse of vvitte.
That a iust Prince ought to minister Iu∣stice euen against his ovvne kinsfolke.
That learned men do vvillingly feede themselues vvith learning.
That the studie of loue letteth and tur∣neth avvay euery other studie.
That death is abhorred euen of them that are in most miserie.
That men of a readie vvitte, do easy∣ly ridde themselues of vnrea∣sonable demaundes.
That a man ought not to seeke reuenge, and ought to dispise all tempo∣rall thinges.
That vvine ought to be vvatered.
That to haue many enimies, is lesse daungerous, than to haue one alone.
That the loue of the people is a thing of all other most vnconstant.
Fitte meanes to come soone to a Monarchie.
That a man can not excuse his faults in ascribing them to destinie.
That money letteth sleepe.
The description of a man after Aristotle.
That the pollicy of a valiaunt Captayne is of great effecte and force in vvarre.
That enuy hurteth asvvell priuately as publikely.
That in euery state or degree of men vertue is necessarie and moste profitable.
That Princes of great vvorthinesse be suche as freely confesse the ver∣tue of their enimie
The Oracle of Scipio Nasica touching the Romane state.
That vvise men ought not to giue themselues to seruice or administration.
That vve ought muche more to looke to the ending than to the beginning of great and perillous enterprises.
That religious and vvise Princes doe choose rather to dye, than to liue vnmete to gouerne.
The great efficacie and vertue of pouertie.
That Pallas and Bacchus agree not vvell togither, to vvit, that vertue can not dvvell vvith drunkennesse.
Hovve much silence is allovved, hovve profitable and sure it is.
That it is of no lesse vertue to knovve hovve to keepe silence, than to learne hovv to speake.
That vve ought vtterly to forget our enimies.
That Sophistrie and boasting hath no place among vvise and lerned men.
That the substaunce and vaynglorie of this vvorld is in the ende both sleepe and vvinde.
That vvith the counsayle of the vvise, the craft of the deceitful is ouercome.
Hovve lyfe fleeth avvay, and death follovveth.
That victorie ill vsed, tourneth to the losse of the conqueroure.
Hovv sharply, according to Iustinian, flatterers are to be punished.
That it is a dishonestie for a man to set foorth himselfe vvith other mens labours.
That vvise princes make small accounte of the vaine speech of the people.
That byting ansvveres are meete for sharpe demaundes.
That scoffing many tymes lighteth vpon the scoffers head.
These tvvo vvords mine and thine marre the vvorlde.
That vile counsels are to be despised of noble and vvorthy men.
That the vertue of curtesie is had in price euen of murderers, and that it ma∣keth them gentle and pitiful.
That the ignoraunt sell their labours dearer than the learned.
That the ignorant lavvyer is like to neces∣sitie, vvhich hath no lavve.
That the honor of euery man depen∣deth of his ovvne deedes, not of others vvordes.
Many excellent meanes to keepe the minde quiet.
That youth had neede of good bringing vp, to the ende to bring foorth good fruite in age.
A singular meane to constrayne euery man vvhosoeuer he be, not to refuse a present.
That enuy follovveth glory.
A parable shevving that malmsey is good at all times of ones meale.
VVhy the head vvaxeth hoare before the beard.
He is more miserable that commeth vn∣der the povver of vvicked people, than he that is deliuered and scapeth their hands.
That it is lesse damage to giue one thing to them that are in neede, than to lend tvvo.
He that restoreth not, requireth in vayne to borrovve agayne.
A profitable maner of praying.
The principall and pleasauntest Prouerbes and sentences of the foresayde Piouano, are these follovving, vvhich bicause many of them haue a better grace in the Italian than in the Englishe tong, I thought good to put them in bothe languages.
That the lavves thorovve ignorance and wickednesse are muche corrupted by the Iudges.
That the readinesse of mynde and tongue is peculiar to valiant men.
That sleepe is the brother of death.
That a mans dealing is full of de∣ceite and trouble.
VVhat, and hovve many kinds there are of vvorldly or humaine goodnesse, and vvherevppon the true felicitie dependeth.
Notable conceits of Timon of Athens.
VVith vvhat lets the desires of vertue are assayled.
That hunger & thirst are the sauce of meat.
That the desires of men are diuers.
That presents ought to be forbidden them that are in office.
In vvhat great miserie vvorthy men are brought sometimes through the fault of others.
That humain creatures do receiue diuers qua∣lities and giftes of the Planets.
The riche man compared to the Peacocke.
That a mans vvordes are the image of his mynde.
VVhat thing the people is.
That vvine ought to be drunk moderately.
That iealousie bringeth foorth vvicked effectes.
A singuler example of continencie.
That loue hath no lavve, and maketh one thing seeme for an other.
A maruellous stoutnesse of a mans minde, accompanied vvith pitie tovvardes his countrie.
Counsels of great Captains, to saue them¦selues, and to ouercome their ennimies.
That Princes ought to displace the craftie and vvicked instru∣ments of iustice.
Philosophicall obseruations in mankynde.
That vvise men are thankfull to God for benefites receyued.
That the vyell framed minde endureth all trouble and displeasure.
To vvhat maner perturbations or vi∣ces of man, the three furies of hell are correspondent.
That the minde is the guyde and the true life of man.
In vvhat things humanitie doth chiefly consist.
That it is a very harde thing to knovve the nature of men.
That death hath no more regard of yong men than of olde.
A notable discription of arte, in mans shape.
That mans ambition cannot abyde any fellovve in rule.
That the presence and svveete speache of the Prince is very profitable in daun∣gerous and troublous times.
That it belongeth to euery man but es∣pecially to Princes to keepe faith and promise.
That vvise men liue in suche vvise that they feare not for∣ged crimes.
That vvomen do rather obey sense than reason.
That men ought to do good euen to the dead.
That the life of priuate men is more pleasaunt and quiet than that of Princes.
VVith vvhat gentlenesse and mildnesse va∣liaunt Princes auoide the misreports of their subiects against them.
That the remembrance of our short life doth muche abate mans lofti∣nesse of mynde.
He that knovveth much, speaketh little.
That syncere friendship is knovvne in aduersitie.
That a vvise manne obeyeth necessitie.
In what manner profitably and with prayse one may be conuersant among men.
That the great ryches of the Parents doth commonly let the children from the greating of vertue.
That the modestie of Princes greatly shy∣neth abroade in their prosperitie.
The number, forme, and nature of the Graces.
That readinesse of aunsvvering is muche auailable.
That Venerie hurteth olde men, and doth no good to yong men.
VVhy humane lavves are like to Spydes vvebs.
A very good example, how to vse victo∣rie in conquered countreyes.
That vvomē thorough the sufferaunce of their husbands, beare a great stroke in stares.
That flatterie sometimes costeth the flatterers deare.
A vvyse and most profitable admonition.
That vertue and not money maketh a man aliue.
That he vvhich hath any notable faulte, ought to take great heed that he prouoke none that may reproue him.
That false vvitnesses do hardly stand in the handes of aduised demaunders.
Hovve profitable and precious friendship is.
That aduisedly and not rashely vve ought to be resolued touching matters of vveight.
That man ought still to be mynde∣full that he is subiecte to all the strokes of fortune.
Fitte remedies against loue, and in vvhat state they be vvhich are in loue.
That it is a vertuous deede and vvorthy commendation, not to reueale an others secret, euen as it is a vvise mans part seldome to communicate his secrets to any m n.
That the duetie of a vvise man is to muse be∣fore hande vpon that vvhich is to come, and aftervvarde constantly to en∣dure euery accident.
That Vserers and false accusers are vvilde beasts, that vvander in the ciuill life.
VVhat great vnquietnesse is in man.
That the ioy of this vvorlde dothe not long endure.
That vvisedome, valiauntnesse of courage, and other vertues, are the sure and strong ankers of mans life.
That pouertie doth not giue anoye, but mans insatiable greedinesse.
That vnexpert and ignorant men are vvorthily laughed to scorne.
That husbandes ought to beare muche vvith their vviues by reason of children.
That the erroures caused of loue, if they be not criminall, are to be excused and pardoned.
Hovve muche Prognostications and foretel∣lings proceeding of iudicial Astrologie, are to be scorned, is declared by this Prognostication of Pasquine of Rome.
That the vice of anger is most hurtfull.
That Princes commonly vvil haue no admonition.
That through crafte and vvarinesse a man is othervvhile deliuered out of danger.
Hovve mans life is encombred and full of trouble: and hovv pleasant and quiet.
That the sight of friends doth chear vp them that are in heauinesse, as the sight of the Phisitions the diseased.
That couetousnesse blindeth men.
A vvarie ansvvere, impertinent to the demaunde.
That mans doings on the one side, are vvor∣thy of laughter, and on the other of vveeping.
That a vvife to some is a very heauie burthē.
That vvith vvittie and ready aduisement, the fastnesse or nigardshippe of an other is oftentimes ouercome.
That neyther force nor eloquence is strong inough against impossibilitie and pouertie.
That the mynd of man is vnquiet vntill that he turne thither from vvhence he came.
That a man ought to content himselfe vvith that vvhich God hath giuen him, vvith∣out seeking any further.
Hovve many and vvhat abuses there be that corrupt the vvorlde.
Philosophicall and true opinions concer∣ning mans ryches and substance.
An argument vvorthie of consideration, touching the immortalitie of the soule.
VVhat difference after vvise mens iudge∣ment, is betvveene the learned and the ignorant.
That euen Philosophers sometimes doe vexe and tormente themselues for the losse of their deare things.
A very good regiment for him that is vvhole, to maintaine his health.
That it is follye to looke for more of things then nature doth affourde them.
That the fruite and safetie of mony, consisteth in occuping and not in keping.
That the counsayles of youth, are rashe and vnaduised, and of age, considered and perfecte.
That the state of vvorldly things is very full of chaunge, and therefore that it is meete for vs to prepare to endure both fortunes.
A Philosophicall opinion touching the iudging of friendes causes.
That none can liue in this vvorlde vvith∣oute trouble.
That loue entreth the bodye by the eyes, and ouercommeth both Gods and men.
That vvomen sometymes doe vvor∣thy deedes.
That valiaunte and vertuous men vvill not be corrupted.
That men although they be old and mise∣rable, desire for all that to liue.
An example vvorthie of remembrance, of loue tovvardes ones countrey.
That giftes please God and men.
That he vvhich hath chiefe authoritie vn∣der a Prince, and is sodainly aduaun∣ced to honour, most common∣ly is subiect to enuie.
A meete ansvvere for spitefull speche.
That the arrogancie of some presumptu∣ous persons is oftentimes scorned by the promptnesse of an other.
That fathers ought to make accompt of their children, according to their desertes, not othervvyse.
VVomens counsell sometimes is much vvorth.
That couetousnesse is a thyng mon∣strous and pestiferous.
That it is a foule and damnable thing, to bee loued vvith dishonest and vvanton loue.
Of hovve many kindes, and of vvhat qualities dreames are.
That hope doth sometyme deceyue more than dreaming.
Hovv muche vvise and pleasant vvords do preuayle vvith greate men.
In vvhat degree Aristotle putteth fayned frendship.
A true and trimme sentence.
VVhat thing Fortune is, and hovve she tourneth about hir vvheele,
A courteous and maruellous behaui∣oure of a yong Prince.
A noble aduertisement to vvomen, for their children.
Erasmus his iudgement of Luther.
A very hote and hastie maynteyner of the Gospell.
An example meete to be remembred of all men in the agonie of death.
The godly departing of Velcurio out of this lyfe.
A comforte agaynst the temptations of the diuell.
That fortune is common and mutable, novve fauouring one man, then an other and therfore in prosperitie being puffed vp vvith pride, vve ought not to forget aduersitie.
That euerie man ought to follovve his ovvne vocation.
Of the vvell bringing vp of Children.
VVhat labours are greatest and pleasantest.
Foure things required in feastes.
That Christians being taken prisoners by Christians, ought to be merci∣fully intreated.
VVatchfulnesse, and carefull diligence be∣commeth a Magistrate.
The originall of the Electourship.
The tokens of a vvell framed com∣mon vvealth.
A description of three chiefe vo∣cations in this life.
The picture of a good magistrate among the auncientes.
The modest aunsvvere of Charles the fifth touching his prayses.
Three things necessarye for euery Magistrate.
The order of Charles the fifth his counsell.
That soone pricketh vvhich vvill be a thorne.
A briefe summe of the nevve and olde testament.
VVhat things breede all mischiefe.
VVho are notable fooles.
VVhat housholde is vnprofitable.
VVhosoeuer vvanteth money is no∣thing set by.
That three things displease both God and men.
Foure things do corrupt all iudgements.
Foure things cannot be kept close.
Foure things kill a man before his time.
Foure deedes of a Tyranne.
Foure sortes of men get friends.
That a man is not to be iudged by his face.
That vve oughte to take heede of flat∣terers as of poyson.
Tvvo things necessary for him that vvill lyue quietly in matrimonie.
Pollicies of VVarre.
That vertue can doe more than crueltye, and that mens mindes are more turned vvith clemencye, than vvith outrage and fiercenesse.
¶Certayne Italian Pro∣uerbes and sentences, done into Englishe, by I. Sanf.
A pleasant ansvvere of Virgill.
A mery rest of vinum Theologicum that is, vvine of the diuines.