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Author: Guevara, Antonio de, Bp., d. 1545?
Title: The dial of princes, compiled by the reuerend father in God, Don Antony of Gueuara, Byshop of Guadix, preacher, and chronicler to Charles the fifte, late of that name Emperour. Englished out of the Frenche by T. North, sonne of Sir Edvvard North knight, L. North of Kyrtheling.
Publication Info: Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan, Digital Library Production Service
2011 December (TCP phase 2)

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Print source: The dial of princes, compiled by the reuerend father in God, Don Antony of Gueuara, Byshop of Guadix, preacher, and chronicler to Charles the fifte, late of that name Emperour. Englished out of the Frenche by T. North, sonne of Sir Edvvard North knight, L. North of Kyrtheling.
Guevara, Antonio de, Bp., d. 1545?, North, Thomas, 1535-1601?,, Guevara, Antonio de, d. 1545?., Marcus Aurelius, 121-180.

[London]: Now newly imprinted by Richarde Tottill, and Thomas Marshe, Anno Domini. 1568.
Alternate titles: Libro llamado Relox de principes. English Relox de principes.
Translations of the authorised version of "Relox de principes", and of "Aviso de privados".
"The thirde booke of the Diall of princes" (caption title) has separate foliation and register. "The fourth booke of the Dyall of princes" has divisional title page; foliation and register are continuous.
The last 24 leaves contain "Certaine other letters vvritten by Marcus Aurelius".
Reproduction of the original in the Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery.
Subject terms:
Marcus Aurelius, -- Emperor of Rome, -- 121-180.
Education of princes -- Early works to 1800.

title page
To the moste highe and vertuouse Princesse, Mary, by the grace of God, Queene of Englande, Spayne, Fraunce, bothe Sicilles, Ierusalem, Naples, and Irelande. Defendour of the faith, Archiduchesse of Austria, Duchesse of Burgundie, Mylaine, and Brabante, Countesse of Haspourge, Flaunders, and Tyroll. Longe health and perpetual felicitie.
The generall Prologue vppon the Booke entytuled, the Diall of Princes, with the famous booke of MARCVS AVRELIVS. Compyled by the reuerend Father in God, the Lord Antony of Gueuara, Bishop of Guadix, Confessor and Chro∣nicler of Charles the fifte Emperoure of Rome, to whom & to al other Princes and noble men this worke was directed.
Jn this Prologue, the Aucthour speaketh parti∣cularlye of the booke, called Marcus Aurelius, which he translated and dedicated to the Empe∣rour Charles the fyfte.
The Argumente of the booke called the Diall of Princes. VVherein the aucthour declareth, hys in∣tencion and maner of proceadinge.
The Table of the Diall of Princes
The first booke of the Diall of princes, vvith the famous Booke of Marcus Aurelius, wherein be entreateth what excellencie is in the prince, that is a good Christian: and contrariwyse, what euils do folowe him, that is a cruell tyrante.
¶Where the Authour speaketh of the birth and lynage of the wyse Philo∣sopher and Emperour, Marcus Aurelius And he putteth also at the begin∣ning of this Booke thrée Chapters, wherin he entreateth of the discourse of his life: for by his Epistles and doctrine, the whole of this presente woorke is proued. Cap. i.
¶Of a letter whych Marcus Aurelius sent to his frend Pulio, wherein hee declareth the order of hys whole lyfe: and amongest other thinges he ma∣keth mencion of a thyng that happened to a Romaine Censor with hys host of Campagna. Cap. ii.
Marcus Aurelius concludeth the letter, and declareth at large the sciences he learned, and al the maisters which he had. And in the ende he reciteth fiue notable thynges, in the obseruaunce of whych the Romaynes were verye curious. Cap. iii.
¶Of the excellency of christian religion, whych manyfesteth the true God, and disproueth the vanitye of the auncyents hauyng so many Gods And that in the olde tyme, when the enemyes were reconcyled in their houses, they caused also that the gods should embrace eche other in the Temples. Cap. iiii.
¶Howe the Philosopher Bruxellus was greatly estemed amongest the auncientes for his lyfe, and the woordes whyche he spake vnto the Romaines at the houre of hys death. Cap. v.
¶Of that the sage Philosopher Bruxellus spake to the Senate of Rome, at the hower of his death. Cap. vi.
¶Howe the Gentiles thoughte that one God was not able to defende them from their enemies, and how the Romans sent throughout al the Empire to borow gods when they foughte agaynst the Gothes. Cap. vii.
¶ Of a Letter sent from the senate of Rome to all the subiects of the Empire. Chap. viii.
¶ Of the true and lyuing god, and of the maruailes he wrought in the old lawe to manyfest his deuine power, and of the supersticion of the false gods. Cap. ix.
¶How ther is but one true God, & how happy those Realmes are which haue a good christian to their king, and how the gentils affirme that the good prin∣ces after their death were changed into gods & the wycked into deuils: whych thing the Auctoure proueth by soundry examples. Cap. x.
¶Of sondry gods which the auncientes worshipped, of the office of those gods, howe they were reuenged of them when they displeased them, and of the Twentie elect goddes. Cap. xi.
¶Of other more naturall and peculiar Gods, whiche the auncient peo∣ple had. Cap. xxii.
¶How Tiberius the knyghte was chosen gouernour of the empire, and af∣terwardes created Emperoure, only for being a good Christian. And how God depriued Iustinian the yonger, both of his empire and sences for being an heretike. Cap. xiii.
¶Of the woordes the Empresse Sophia spake vnto Tiberius Constantinus then beyng gouernour of the Empyre, whyche only tended to reproue hym for that he lauishely consumed the treasure of the Empire gotten by her. Cap. xiiii.
¶The aunswere of Tiberius vnto the Empresse Sophia Augusta: Wher∣in he declareth that noble Princes neade not to hourd vp great treasures: And of the hidden treasure this good Emperour found by reuelacion, in the Palace wher he remayned. Cap. xv.
¶How the Chefetaine Nasetes ouercame manye battailes, only for that his whole confidence was in god. And what happened to him by the Empresse Sophia Augusta: wherin may be noted the vnthankefulnes of Princes towardes their seruauntes. Cap. xvi.
¶Of a letter the Emperour Marcus Aurelius sente to the Kynge of Scicile, in which he recordeth the trauailes they endured togethers in their youth, and reproueth him of his small reuerence towardes the temples. Chapter xvii.
¶ The Emperour procedeth in his lettter, to admonishe princes to be feareful of their gods, and of the sentence which the Senate gaue vppon this king: for pulling downe the Churche. Cap. xviii.
¶Howe the Gentils honoured those whiche were deuout in the seruice of the Gods. Cap. xix.
¶For fiue causes princes ought to be better Christians then their subiectes. Cap. xx.
¶What the Philosopher Byas was: of his constancie whan he lost all his goodes, and of the ten lawes he gaue worthy to bée had in memorie. Cap. xxi.
¶The questions demaunded of the Philosopher Bias.
¶The Lawes whych Bias gaue to the Prienenses
¶How god from the beginning punished men by his iustyce, and spe∣ciallye those Princes that dispise his Churche, and howe all wicked Christians are parishioners of hell. Cap. xxii.
¶The authour proueth by twelue examples that princes are sharply punished when they vsurpe boldly vpon the churches and violate the tēples. Cap. xxiii.
¶Why the children of Aaron were punished.
¶The cause why the Azotes were punished.
¶The cause why Prince Oza was punished.
¶Why kyng Balthasar was punished.
¶Why Kyng Ahab was punished.
¶Why kyng Manasses was punished.
¶Why Iulyus, Pompeius, Xerxes, Catilina Germanicus, and Brennus were punyshed.
¶How Valentine the Emperoure because he was an euyll Chrystian, loste in one day both the Empire and his lyfe, and was burned alyue in a shepecote. Cap. xxiiii.
¶Of the Emperour Valentinian and Gracian hys sonne, whych reig∣ned in the time of saynte Ambrose: whyche because they were good Christians, were alwayes fortunate, and that god gyueth victorye vn∣to Princes, more throughe the teares of them that pray, then through the weapons of those that fyght.
¶Of the godly Oration, which the Emperour Gracian made to his souldiours, before he gaue the battaile. Cap. xxvi.
¶That the captaine Theodosius, which was father of the great Emperour Theo∣dosius, died a good Christian. And of the king Hismarus, and the bishop Siluanus, and of a councell that was celebrated, with the lawes whiche they made and established in the same. Cap. xxvii.
¶A collection or Purport of the counsell of Hyponense.
¶What a goodly thynge it is to haue but one Prince to rule the pu∣blike weale: for there is no greater enemye to the common weale, then he whiche procureth many to commaund therin, as by reasons folowing it shalbe proued. Cap. xxviii.
¶That in a publike weale there is no greater destruction: then where princes dayly consent to new orders, and chaunge olde customes. Cap. xxix.
¶When the tirannes beganne to reigne, and vpon what occasion commaun∣ding and obeying first began. And how the auctorytie, which the prince hath, is by the ordenaunce of God. Cap xxx.
¶Of the golden age in times past, and worldly miserie which we haue at this present. Cap. xxxi.
¶Howe king Alexander the great after he had ouercome king Darius in Asia, went to conquere the great India, and of that whiche happened vnto him with the Garamantes, and howe the good life hath more po∣wer then any force of warre. Cap. xxxii.
¶Of an oration whiche one of the sages of Garamantia made vnto kyng Alexander. A goodly lesson for al ambitious men. Cap. xxxiii.
¶The sage Garamante continueth his oration, shewing that perpetuitie of life can not be bought with any worldly treasure. Among other notable matters he maketh mention of the seuen lawes which they obserued. Cap. xxxiiii.
¶That princes ought to consider, for what cause they were made princes, and what Thales the philosopher was, of the .xii. questions asked him, and of his aunswere he made vnto them. Cap xxxv.
¶What Plutarch the Philosopher was. Of the wise words he spake to Trai∣an the Emperoure, And howe the good Prince is the head of the publike weale. Cap. xxxvi.
¶As there are two sences in the head, smelling and hering: So likewise the prince whiche is the heade of the common weale oughte to here the com∣plaintes of al his subiectes, and should knowe them al, to recompence their seruices. Cap. xxxvii.
¶Of the great feast the Romaynes celebrated to the god Ianus the first day of Ianuarye, and of the bountye and liberalitye of the Emperoure Marcus Aurelius the same daye. Cap. xxxviii.
¶Of the aunswere the Emperour Marcus Aurelius made to the Senatour Fuluius before al the Senate, being reproued of him for his familiaritie he vsed to al, contrary to the maiestye and authoritie of the Romayne Em∣perour, wherin he paynteth enuious men. Cap. xxxix.
¶Of a letter the emperour Marcus Aurelius sent to his frende Pulio, declaring the opinion of certaine philosophers concerning the felicitie of man. Cap. xl.
¶Of the Philosopher Epicurus.
¶Of the Philosopher Eschilus.
¶Of the philosopher Pindarus.
Of the philosopher Zeno.
¶Of the Philosopher Anacharsis.
Of the Sarmates.
¶Of the Philosopher Chilo
Of Crates the philosopher.
Of Estilpho the philosopher.
Of Simonides the philosopher.
Of Archita the philosopher.
Of Gorgias the philosopher.
Of Crisippus the philosopher.
Of Antisthenes the philosopher.
Of Sophocles the philosopher.
Of Euripides the philosopher.
Of Palemon the philosopher.
Of Themistocles the philosopher.
Of Aristides the philosopher.
Of Heraclitus the philosopher.
¶That princes and great Lordes ought not to esteme them selues, for being fayre, and wel proportioned. Cap. xli..
¶Of a letter the Emperour Marcus Aurelius wrote to his Nephew, worthy to be noted of all young gentlemen. Cap. xlii.
How princes and great Lordes in olde time were louers of wise men. Chap. xliii.
How the Emperour Theodosius prouided wise men at the houre of his death, for the edification of his .2. sonnes. Archadius and Honorius. xliiii. Chap.
Howe Cresus king of Lydia was a great frende and louer of Sages. Of a letter the same Cresus wrote to the Philosopher Anacharsis. And of an other letter of the Philosophers answer agayne to the Kyng. Chap. xlv.
The letter of kyng Cresus, to Ancharsis the Philosopher.
The letter of the Philosopher Anacharsis to the king Cresus.
¶Of the wysedome and sentences of Phalaris the tyraunt, and howe he putte an Artisan to death for inuentinge newe tor∣mentes. Cap. xlvi.
¶The letter of Phalaris the tyraunt to Popharco the Philosopher.
¶How Philippe kyng of Macedonia, Alexander the great, the king Ptolomeus, the king Antigonus, the king Archelaus, and Prrus kynge of the Epirotes, were all great louers and frendes of the sages. Cap. xlvii.
¶The letter of king Philippe to Aristotle the philosopher.
The Seconde booke of the Diall of princes, vvhere∣in the Authoure treateth, howe Princes and greate Lordes, shoulde behaue theym selues towardes their wyues. And howe they ought to noryshe, and brynge vp their Children
¶Of what excellencye mariage is, and wheras common people ma∣rie of free will, Princes and noble men oughte to marye of ne∣cessitie. Cap. i.
¶The aucthoure folowing his purpose, declareth that by meanes of maryage, many mortal enemyes haue bene made good and parfite frendes. Cap. iii.
¶Of sundry and diuerse lawes which the auncientes had in contractinge matrimony, not only in the choise of women, but also in the maner of ce∣lebrating mariage. Cap. iii.
¶ How Princesses and great Ladies ought to loue their husbandes, and that loue ought not by coniurations, and enchauntementes to be procured: but by wisedome, honestie, and vertue desired. Cap. iiii.
¶Of the reuenge a woman of Grece toke of him that had killed her husband, in hope to haue her in mariage. Cap. v.
¶That Princesses and great Ladies ought to be obedient to their hus∣bandes, and that it is a great shame to the husbande, that his wyfe should commaunde him. Cap. vi.
¶That women, and especially Princesses and great Ladies shoulde be ve∣ry circumspect in going abrode out of their houses, and that through the re∣sorte of theym that commeth to their houses, they bee not euyll spoken of. Chap. vii.
¶Of the commodities and discommodities which folowe Princesses and great Ladyes that go abroade to vysite or abyde in the house Cap. viii.
¶That women great with child, inspecially the Princesses & great Ladyes ought to be very circumspect, for the daunger of the creatures wherein is shewed many misfortunes happened to women with child in the old tyme for suffering them to haue their willes. Cap. ix.
¶The aucthour foloweth and declareth other inconueniences and vnluckye chaunces which haue happened to women with child. Chap. x.
¶ That women great with childe, and especially princesses and great ladies, ought to be gently vsed of their husbandes. Cap. xi.
¶ What the Philosopher Pisto was, and of the rules he gaue concer∣ning women with childe. Cap. xii.
Of thre counselles which Lucius Seneca gaue vnto a secretary his frend, who serued the Emperour Nero: and how the Emperour Marke Aureille disposed all the howers of the daye. Chap. xiii.
Of the importunate suete of the Empresse Faustine, to the Emperour Marke Aureille Concerning the key of his closet. Chap. xiiii.
The aunswere of the Emperour to Faustine concerning her demaunde of the key of the studdie. Chap. xv.
¶ The Emperour folowyng his matter admonisheth men of the great daun∣gers whiche ensue vnto them by excessiue haunting the company of women. And reciteth certaine rules for maried men, which (if they obserue) maye cause them to liue in peace with their wyues. Cap. xvi.
The Rules are these.
¶ The Emperour aunswereth more particularlye concernyng the Key of his studye. Cap. xvii.
¶That princesses and noble women ought not to be ashamed to giue their children sucke with their owne breastes. Cap. xviii.
¶The Aucthour stil perswadeth women to giue their owne children sucke. Cap. xix.
¶That princesses and great Ladies ought to be very circumspecte in chosinge their nources. Of seuen properties whiche a good nource should haue. Chap. xx.
The auctoure addeth .iii. other conditions to a good nourse that giueth sucke: that they drinke no wine, that she be honest, and chiefly that she be well conditioned. Chap. xxi.
Of the disputations before Alexander the great, concernyng the time of the suckyng of babes. Chap. xxii.
Of sondrye kindes of sorceries, charmes and witchecraftes, whych they in olde time vsed in geuing their children sucke, the which Christians ought to eschewe. Chap. xxiii.
¶Of a letter which Marcus Aurelius sent to his frend Dedalus, in the end wherof he enueyeth against those women whiche cure children by sorceries, char∣mes, and enchauntementes. Cap. xxiiii.
¶The letter of the Emperour Marcus Aurelius.
¶ Howe excellent a thinge it is for a gentleman to haue an eloquent tongue. Cap. xxv.
¶ Of a letter whiche the Athenians, sente to the Lacedemonians. Cap. xxvi.
¶That nurces which giue sucke to the children of Princes, ought to be discret, and sage women. Chap. xxvii.
¶That women may be no lesse wise then men, & though they be not, it is not through default of nature, but for want of good bringing vp. Cap. xxviii.
¶Of a letter whiche Pithagoras sent to his sister Theoclea, he being in Rhodes, & she in Samothracia, reading both philosophie. Cap. xxix.
¶The authour foloweth his purpose, perswading princesses and other ladies to endeuour them selues to be wyse, as the women were in olde tyme. Cap. xxx.
Of the worthines of the ladye Cornelia, and of a notable epistle she wrote to her .ii. sonnes which serued in the warres Tyberius, and Caius diswadyng them from the pleasures of rome, and exorting them to endure the trauailes of warre. Chap. xxxi.
The letter of Cornelia to her .ii. sonnes Tiberius and Caius otherwise called Gracchi.
Of the education and doctrine of children whiles they are yong. Wherein the auctour declareth many notable histories. Chap. xxxii.
¶Princes ought to take hede that their children be not brought vp in vayne pleasures and delightes. For oftetimes they are so wicked, that the fathers would not only haue them with sharpe discipline corrected: but also with bit∣ter teares buried. Chap. xxxiii.
¶That princes and grete Lordes oughte to be carefull in seking wyse men to bryng vp their children. Of .x. conditions that good Schole maisters ought to haue. Cap. xxxiiii.
¶Of the ii. children of Marcus Aurelius the Emperour, of the which the best beloued dyed. And of the maisters he prouided for the other named Comodus▪ Chap. xxxv.
¶Of the wordes whiche Marcus Aurelius spake to fiue of the▪ xiiii maisters whiche he had chosen for the education of his sonne, and howe he sent them from his pallace for that they behaued them selues lightly at the feaste of the God Genius. Chap. xxxvi.
That Princes and other noble men ought to ouer see the tutours of their chil∣dren, least they conceale the secret faultes of their scollers. Chap xxxvii.
Of the determination of the Emperour when he committed his childe to the tutours, whyche he had prouided for his education. Chapter. xxxviii.
That tutours of Princes and noble mens children ought to be very circum∣spect, that their scollers doe not accustome them selues in vices whilles they are yonge, and speciallye they must kepe them from foure vices. Chap. xxxix.
¶Of two other vices perillous in youthe, whiche the maisters ought to kepe them from: and that is to be shameles in countenaunce, and addicted to the luste of the fleshe. Cap. xl.
The thirde booke of the Diall of princes, with the famous Booke of Marcus Aurelius, wherein he entreateth of the vertues whiche Princes ought to haue, as Iustice, peace, and magnificence.
¶How Princes and great Lordes ought to trauaile to administer to all equall Iustice Cap. i.
¶The way that princes ought to vse in chosing theire iudges and officers in their countreys. Cap. ii.
¶Of an oracion whiche a villayne dwellinge neere to the ryuer of Danuby made before the Senatours of Rome, concerning the tyranies and oppressions, which their officers vsed in his countrey. And the oracion is deuyded into three Chap∣ters. Cap. iii.
¶The vyllayne argueth againste the Romaynes, which without cause or reason conquered theire countreye, and proued manifestlye that theye thoroughe of∣fending of their goddes, were vanquished of the Romaynes. Cap. iiii.
¶The villaine concludethe his oration against the iudges, which minister not ius∣tice, and declarethe howe preiudiciall suche wycked men are vnto the publyke weale. Cap. v.
¶That princes & noble men oughte to be very circumspect in chosinge iudges and offycers, for therein consistethe the profyte of the publike weale, Cap. vi.
¶Of a letter which themperour Marcus Aurelius wrote to Antigonus his frend, answering an other which he sent hym out of Scicile, wherin he aduertised him of the crueltie of the romaine Iudges. and this letter is deuyded into .5. Chapters Cap. vii.
¶The Emperour continueth still his letter speakinge againste cruell iudges, and reciteth two examples the one of a pitifull kinge of Cipres, & the other of a cruell iudge of Rome. Cap. viii.
¶Marcus Aurelius continueth his letter againste cruell iudges. Of the woordes whiche themperour Nero spake concerning iustice, and of the instruccion them∣perour Augustus gaue to a iudge which he sent into Dacya. Cap. ix.
¶ The Emperour foloweth hys purpose in his letter againste cruell declareth a notable imbassage whych came from Iuda to the to complaine of the iudges that gouerned that Realme. Cap. x.
¶The Emperour concludeth hys letter againste the cruell iudges, and declareth what the graundfather of king Boco spake in the Senate. Cap. xi.
¶An exhortacion of the autcour to Princes and noble men, to embrace peace, and to eschewe the occasions of warre. Cap. xij.
¶The auctoure recytethe the commodities which come of peace, declaring how di∣uers princes vppon light occasions haue made cruell warres. Cap. xiij.
¶Themperour Marcus Aurelius writeth to his friend Cornelius, wherein he dys∣cribeth the discomodyties of warre, and the vanitie of tryumphe. Cap. xiiij.
¶Marcus Aurelius goeth on with his letter, and declareth the order that the Ro∣maynes vsed in settyng forth theire men of warre, & of the outragious villanyes which captaines & souldiours vse in the warre. Cap. xv.
¶Marcus Aurelius Emperor pursueth his letter, shewyng the great dammages that haue ensued for the warres begonne wyth straunge realmes. Cap. xvi.
¶The admonition of the Aucthour to Princes and greate Lordes to thintent that the more they growe in yeares, the more they are bounde to refraine from vy∣ces. Cap. xvii.
¶That princes when they are aged, should be temperate in eating, sober in drin∣kynge, modest in apparell, and aboue all, true in communicacion. Cap. xviii.
¶Of a letter of the Emperour, Marcus Aurelius, to Claudius and Claudin{us}, re∣prouinge them beinge olde men, for that they lyued youthefullye. Cap. xix.
¶The Emperour followethe his letter & perswadeth Claudins & Claudinus bee∣ing now olde, to geue no more credit to the world, nor to any of his deceytful flat∣teries. Cap. xx.
¶The Emperoure procedeth in his letter, & proueth by good reasons, that sithe the aged persons wyl be serued and honored of the yong: they oughte to bee more vertuous and honest then the yonge. Cap. xxi.
¶The Emperor concludeth his letter, and sheweth what perilles those old men lyue in which dissolutely like yong children passe their days, and geeueth vnto them holsome counsell for the remedy therof. Cap. xxii.
¶Princes ought to take heede that they be not noted of auarice, for that the coue∣ious man is both of god and man hated. Cap. xxiii
¶The auctor foloweth his matter, and with great reasons discommendeth the vices of couetous men. Cap. xxiiii.
¶Of a letter which the Emperor Marcus Aurelius wrot to his frend Cincinatus who beeing a Romayn knight became a marchaunt of Capua, wherin hee tou∣cheth those gentlemen whych take vpon them the trade of marchandise against their vocation. It is deuyded into .iii. Chapters. Cap. xxv.
¶The Emperor proceedeth in his letter and declareth what vertues men ought to vse, and the vyces which they ought to eschew. Cap. xxvi.
¶The Emperor concludeth his letter and perswadeth his frend Cincinnatus to despise the vanities of the world, and sheweth though a man bee neuer so wyse, yet hee shall haue need of an other mans counsell. Cap. xxvii.
¶The aucthor perswadeth princes and great Lords to fly couetousnes and a∣uarice, and to beecome bowntifull and liberall, which vertue is euer pertinent to the roiall parson. Cap. xxviii.
¶The auctour foloweth his intencion and perswadeth gentlemen, and those that professe armes, not to abase them selues for gaines sake, to take vpon them any vyle function or office. Cap. xix.
¶Of a letter which the emperor wrote to Mercurius his neighbour a marchaunt of Samia, wherein men may learn the daungers of those which traffyck by sea, and also see the couetousnes of them that trauaile by land. Cap. xxx.
¶The Emperor followeth his matter & concludeth his letter, greatly reprouing his frend Mercurius for that hee tooke thought for the losse of his goods. Hee sheweth him the nature of fortune, and describeth the condicions of the couetous man. Cap. xxxi.
¶The pallace here beehold, where men doo striue, by fruitles toyle, to conquere what they can. And fortune cke that princes fancies riue, by his vnbrideled wyl, that alwayes wan.
¶That Princes and noble men ought to consider the mysery of mans nature, and that brute beasts are in some poynts (reason set a part) to be preferred vnto mā. Cap. xxxij.
¶The auctour followeth his purpose, & excellently compareth the mysery of men, with the lyberty of beasts. Cap. xxxiij.
¶The Emperor Marcus Aurelius writeth this letter to Domitius a citezin of Capua to comfort him in his exile, beeing banished for a quarell beetwixt him and an other about the rūning of a hors, very comfortable to those that haue been in fauor and now fallen in disgrace. Cap. xxxiiii.
¶That Princes and noble men ought to bee aduocates for widows, fathers of orphanes, and helpers of all those which are comfortles. Cap. xxxv.
¶That the troubles griefes, and sorows of widdows are much greater, then those of widdowers: where fore princes and noble men ought to haue more com∣passion vpon the weemen: then on men. Cap. xxxvi.
¶Of a letter whych the Emperor Marcus Aurelius wrote to a Romayn Lady named Lauinia, comforting her for the death of her husband. Cap. xxxvii.
¶ The Emperor proceedeth in his letter, and perswadeth wydowes to put their willes to the will of god, and exhorteth them to lyue honestly. Cap. xxxviii.
¶That Princes and noble men ought to despyse the world, for that there is no∣thing in the world but playn disceit. Cap. xxxix.
¶The autour followeth his intencion, and speaketh vehemently against the dys∣ceyts of the world. Cap. xl.
¶Of a letter the Emperor Marcus Aurelius wrote to hys frend Torquatus to comfort hym in hys banishment, which is notable for all men to learn the vani∣ties of this world. Cap. xli.
¶Marcus Aurelius goeth on with hys letter and by strong and hygh reasons per∣swadeth all that lyue in the world, not to trust the world, nor any thing therein. Cap. xlij.
¶Prynces and noble men ought not to beare wyth iugglers, iesters, parasytes, and common players, nor wyth any such kynde of raskals, and loyterers. And of the laws whych the Romayns made in thys beehalf. Cap. xliij.
¶How some iesters were punished by the auncients, and of the iesters and loyte∣rers of our tyme. Cap. xliiii.
¶ Of a letter which ye Emperor wrote to Lambertus his frend, gouernor of He∣lespont certifying him that hee had banished from Rome all fooles and loytering plaiers and is deuided into .3. chapters, a notable letter for those that keepe counter¦fet fooles in their howses. Cap. xlv.
¶Marcus Aurelius goeth forward with his letter and declareth how hee found the sepulchres of many learned Philosophers in Helespont, whereunto hee sent all these loyterers. Cap. xlvi.
¶The Emperor endeth his letter, & sheweth the cause and tyme why and when these iesters, and iuglers were admitted into Rome. Cap. xlvii.
¶That princes and noble men ought to remember that they are mortal, and must dye, where are sundry notable consolations against the feare of death. Cap. xlviii.
¶ Of the death of Marcus Aurelius the Emperor, and how there are few frends which dare say the truth to sick men. Cap. xlix.
¶ Of the comfortable woords, which the Secretary Panutius spake to the Empe∣ror Marcus Aurelius at the hour of his death. Cap. l.
¶Pannatius the secretary continueth his exhortatiō admonishing al men willing∣ly to accept death, and vtterly to forsake the world and all his vanities. Cap. li.
¶The aunswer of the emperour Marcus to Panutius his secretory, wherein hee declareth that hee tooke no thought to forsake the world: but all his sorow was to leaue beehynd hym an vnhappy chyld to enheryt the Empire. Cap. lij.
¶The Emperour Marcus Aurelius concludeth his matter, and sheweth that sun∣dry yong princes for beeing vicious, haue vndoone them selues, and impouery∣shed their Realmes. Cap. liij.
¶Of the woords which the Emperour Marcus Aurelius spake vnto his sonne Commodus at the hower of death, necessary for all yong gentlemen to vnder∣stand. Cap. liiij.
¶The Emperor Marcus Aurelius followeth his purpose, & among other holsome counsailes exhorteth his sonne to keepe wise and sage men about him, for to geeue him counsayle in al his affayres. Cap. lv.
¶The Emperor foloweth his matter and exhorteth his sonne vnto certain par∣ticuler things woorthy to bee engraued in the harts of men. Cap. lvi.
¶The good Marcus Aurelius, Emperor of Rome, endeth his purpose & life. And of the last woords which hee spake to his sonne Commodus, and of the table of counsels which hee gaue him. Cap. lvii.
half title
The Epistle to the Reader.
¶The prolog of this present woork sheweth what one true frend ought to doo for an other: Addressed to the right honorable the lord Fraunces Conos, great commaunder of Lyon.
¶The aucthor proceedeth on.
¶The aucthor concludeth.
¶All you that bee princes familiers, and beeloued Courtiers: obserue and retayn with you these few precepts and counsels.
¶The Argument of the booke entituled the fauored courtier, wheare the author sheweth the intent of his woork, exhorting all men to read and study good and vertuous bookes vtterly reiectyng fables and vayn trifflyng stories of small doc∣trine & erudicion.
¶The fourth booke of the Dyall of Prin∣ces, Compiled by the Lord Antony Gueuara, Bysshop of Mondogueto.
¶That it is more necessary for the courtyer (abydyng in court) to bee of lyuely spirit & audacity, then it is for the souldior, that goeth to serue in the warres. Cap. i.
¶Of courtiers brawles and quarells with the harbingers for ill lodging. Cap. ii.
¶How the courtier should entreate his host or maister of the house where hee lyeth. Cap. iii.
¶What the courtier must doo to winne the Princes fauor. Cap. iiij.
¶What maners and gestures beecome the courtier when hee speaketh to the prince. Cap. v.
¶How the Courtier shoold beehaue him self to know, and to visit the noble men and gentlemen, that bee great with the Prince and continuing still in court. Cap. vi.
¶Of the good countenaunce and modesty the courtier should haue, in beehauyng hym self at the prince or noble mans table in the tyme of hys meale. Cap. vii.
¶What company the courtier shoold keepe, and how hee shoold apparell him self. Cap. viij.
¶Of the wise maner the courtier should haue to serue and honor the ladies and gentil women, and also to satisfy and please the vsshers and por∣ters of the kings house. Cap. ix.
¶Of the great paines and trobles the courtier hath that is toild in sutes of law, and how hee must suffer, and beehaue him self with the iudges. Cap. x.
¶The auctor chaungeth his matter, and speaketh to the beeloued of the court, admonishyng them to bee pacient in their troubles, & that they bee not par∣tiall in thaffaires of the com∣mon weale. Cap. xi.
¶That the officers and beeloued of the court shoold bee very dyligent, and carefull in the dispatch of the affaires of the prince and common weale, and in correcting and reforming their seruants, they shoold also bee very circumspect and aduysed. Cap. xii.
¶That the derelings of the court beware they bee not proud, and hygh mynded, For lyghtly they neuer fall but through this wicked vyce. Chap. xiii.
¶That it is not fitt for courtiers to bee too couetous, if they mean to keepe them selues out of many troubles and daungers. Cap. xiiii.
¶That the fauored of the court shoold not trust too much to their fauor and credyt they haue, nor to the great prosperity of their life, a woorthy chapter and full of good doctrine. Cap. xv.
¶The aucthor admonisheth those that are in fauor, and great with the prynce, that they take heede of the deceipts of the world, and learne to lyue, and dye honorably, and that they leaue the court beefore age ouertake them. Cap. xvi.
¶Of the continency of fauored courtiers, and how they ought to shonne the com∣pany & conuersation of vnhonest women, and to bee carefull quickly to dispatch all such as sue vnto them. Cap. xvii.
¶That the nobles & beloued of princes exceede not in superfluous fare, & that they bee not too sūptuous in their meates. A notable chapter for those yt vse too much delicacye and superfluity. Chap. xviii.
¶The author continueth his purpose.
¶That the fauored of princes ought not to bee dishonest of their tongues, nor en∣uyous of their woords. Cap. xix.
¶A comendation of troth, which professed courtiers ought to imbrace, & in no respect to be found defectiue in the contrary, telling one thing for an other. Cap. xx.
Here folovveth certaine other letters vvritten by Marcus Aurelius, Selected out of the Spanishe copie, not wrytten in the Frenche tongue.
¶Of the huge monstre seene in Scicily in the tyme of Marcus Aurelius: And of the letters he wrote with bloude vpon a gate. Cap. i.
¶ Of that whiche chaunced vnto Antigonus a citezen of Rome, in the time of Marcus Aurelius. Cap. ii.
¶Howe Marcus Aurelius sought the wealth of his people, and howe his people loued him. Cap. iii.
¶How at the intercession of many whiche the Empresse had sent, the Em∣perour graunted his doughter Lucilla licence to sporte her selfe at the feastes. Cap. lxi.
Of the sharpe words which Marcus Aurelius spake to hys wyfe, and to his doughter. Cap. v.
¶The Emperour causeth his wife to take away al occasions of euyl frome her doughter, wherein is declared the frayltye of the tender fleshe. Cap. vi.
¶ Of a letter whych the Emperour Marcus Aurelius sent to Piramon hys e∣special frend, to comfort him in his troubles. Cap. vii.
¶ A letter sent by the Emperour Marcus Aurelius to Catullus Censorius, that was so sorowefull for the death of Verissimus the Emperoures sonne, worthy to be red and noted. Cap. viii.
¶ A letter sent by Marcus Aurelius Emperour to Catullus Censoius, of the newes which at that time were at Rome. Cap. ix.
Marcus Aurelius writeth to the amorous ladyes of Rome. Chap. x.
¶Of a letter sent by Marcus Aurelius to his loue Boemia, for that she desired to go with him to the warres. Cap. xi.
¶The aunswere of Boemia to the Emperour Marcus Aurelius. Wherin is ex∣pressed the great malice, and litle pacience of an euill woman. Cap. xii.
Marcus Aurelius wryteth to the lady Macrine the Romaine, of whom (behol∣ding her at the wyndowe) he became enamoured. Whiche declareth what force the beauty of a fayre woman hath in a weake man. Cap. xiii.
¶Of an other letter whiche the emperour sent to the Lady Macrine, wherin he expresseth the firy flames which consume sonest the gentle harts. Cap. xiiii.
¶Of a letter whiche the Emperour Marcus Aurelius sent to the beautiful lady Liuia, wherein he proueth that loue is naturall, and that the moste parte of the philosophers and wyse men, haue bene by loue ouercome. Cap. xv.