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Results for crania1ic
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Full Record: x-96-11-056ab/056A-LL.TIF

96-11-056AB

Left Lateral

Cranium (a) is missing all teeth, and most alveoli resorbed. There is a partially healed fracture running from posterior parietal across squamous temporal to the gutter. There is arthritis of both temporomandibular joints. The right jugular foramen is expanded via a deepened jugular notch of the temporal). There is an accessory foramen on right lateral temporal foramen, and multiple mastoid foramina (bilateral and symmetrical). The coronal, sagittal and lambdoidal sutures are partially obliterated. Mandible’s (b) alveoli are all resorbed, and the condyles display arthritis.

Full Record: x-96-11-056ab/056A-PO.TIF

96-11-056AB

Posterior

Cranium (a) is missing all teeth, and most alveoli resorbed. There is a partially healed fracture running from posterior parietal across squamous temporal to the gutter. There is arthritis of both temporomandibular joints. The right jugular foramen is expanded via a deepened jugular notch of the temporal). There is an accessory foramen on right lateral temporal foramen, and multiple mastoid foramina (bilateral and symmetrical). The coronal, sagittal and lambdoidal sutures are partially obliterated. Mandible’s (b) alveoli are all resorbed, and the condyles display arthritis.

Full Record: x-96-11-056ab/056A-RL.TIF

96-11-056AB

Right Lateral

Cranium (a) is missing all teeth, and most alveoli resorbed. There is a partially healed fracture running from posterior parietal across squamous temporal to the gutter. There is arthritis of both temporomandibular joints. The right jugular foramen is expanded via a deepened jugular notch of the temporal). There is an accessory foramen on right lateral temporal foramen, and multiple mastoid foramina (bilateral and symmetrical). The coronal, sagittal and lambdoidal sutures are partially obliterated. Mandible’s (b) alveoli are all resorbed, and the condyles display arthritis.

Full Record: x-96-11-056ab/056A-SU.TIF

96-11-056AB

Superior

Cranium (a) is missing all teeth, and most alveoli resorbed. There is a partially healed fracture running from posterior parietal across squamous temporal to the gutter. There is arthritis of both temporomandibular joints. The right jugular foramen is expanded via a deepened jugular notch of the temporal). There is an accessory foramen on right lateral temporal foramen, and multiple mastoid foramina (bilateral and symmetrical). The coronal, sagittal and lambdoidal sutures are partially obliterated. Mandible’s (b) alveoli are all resorbed, and the condyles display arthritis.

Full Record: x-96-11-056ab/056AB-AN.TIF

96-11-056AB

Anterior

Cranium (a) is missing all teeth, and most alveoli resorbed. There is a partially healed fracture running from posterior parietal across squamous temporal to the gutter. There is arthritis of both temporomandibular joints. The right jugular foramen is expanded via a deepened jugular notch of the temporal). There is an accessory foramen on right lateral temporal foramen, and multiple mastoid foramina (bilateral and symmetrical). The coronal, sagittal and lambdoidal sutures are partially obliterated. Mandible’s (b) alveoli are all resorbed, and the condyles display arthritis.

Full Record: x-96-11-056ab/056AB-LL.TIF

96-11-056AB

Left Lateral

Cranium (a) is missing all teeth, and most alveoli resorbed. There is a partially healed fracture running from posterior parietal across squamous temporal to the gutter. There is arthritis of both temporomandibular joints. The right jugular foramen is expanded via a deepened jugular notch of the temporal). There is an accessory foramen on right lateral temporal foramen, and multiple mastoid foramina (bilateral and symmetrical). The coronal, sagittal and lambdoidal sutures are partially obliterated. Mandible’s (b) alveoli are all resorbed, and the condyles display arthritis.

Full Record: x-96-11-057ab/057-AN.TIF

96-11-057AB

Anterior

This is a cranium that is missing most teeth and has a loose calotte. The right zygomatic arch is broken, and weathering has caused erosion of some facial and endocranial bone. There is also great atrophy of the antero-inferior petrosals, and multiple and massive mastoid fa. (viz. left). The ethmovomer is wildly curved, and the internasal suture deviates superiorly to the left. The infraorbital surfaces are thinned and resorbing. Additionally, the sagittal and lambdoidal sutures are quite obliterated, and the coronal suture is partially obliterated. There is extensive bony obstruction of the left jugular foramen by the occipital bone, as well as obstruction of the right jugular foramen by both the temporal and occipital notches. An osteophyte is pointing toward the left anterior clinoid process on the left anterolateral pituitary fossa. There is strong undulation of the cruciform eminence and cerebral fossae, and a deep lesion filled with osteophytic growth on the left and right endocranial frontal squama. The IAMs on both sides is expanded, and there are pronounced superior nuchal lines (cresty inferiorly). The incisor and premolar/molar alveoli are resorbed, and the LM3 appears to be either held securely in its crypt or impacted. Overall, it is unclear whether some of these characteristics are changes related to old age, with the M3s never having erupted, or if something else is going on. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing most teeth, and most of the teeth that are present are broken. The erupted teeth are highly worn, but each M3 is unerupted, with the crypt barely exposed on the left and right, just broken through.

Full Record: x-96-11-057ab/057-IN.TIF

96-11-057AB

Inferior

This is a cranium that is missing most teeth and has a loose calotte. The right zygomatic arch is broken, and weathering has caused erosion of some facial and endocranial bone. There is also great atrophy of the antero-inferior petrosals, and multiple and massive mastoid fa. (viz. left). The ethmovomer is wildly curved, and the internasal suture deviates superiorly to the left. The infraorbital surfaces are thinned and resorbing. Additionally, the sagittal and lambdoidal sutures are quite obliterated, and the coronal suture is partially obliterated. There is extensive bony obstruction of the left jugular foramen by the occipital bone, as well as obstruction of the right jugular foramen by both the temporal and occipital notches. An osteophyte is pointing toward the left anterior clinoid process on the left anterolateral pituitary fossa. There is strong undulation of the cruciform eminence and cerebral fossae, and a deep lesion filled with osteophytic growth on the left and right endocranial frontal squama. The IAMs on both sides is expanded, and there are pronounced superior nuchal lines (cresty inferiorly). The incisor and premolar/molar alveoli are resorbed, and the LM3 appears to be either held securely in its crypt or impacted. Overall, it is unclear whether some of these characteristics are changes related to old age, with the M3s never having erupted, or if something else is going on. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing most teeth, and most of the teeth that are present are broken. The erupted teeth are highly worn, but each M3 is unerupted, with the crypt barely exposed on the left and right, just broken through.

Full Record: x-96-11-057ab/057-LL.TIF

96-11-057AB

Left Lateral

This is a cranium that is missing most teeth and has a loose calotte. The right zygomatic arch is broken, and weathering has caused erosion of some facial and endocranial bone. There is also great atrophy of the antero-inferior petrosals, and multiple and massive mastoid fa. (viz. left). The ethmovomer is wildly curved, and the internasal suture deviates superiorly to the left. The infraorbital surfaces are thinned and resorbing. Additionally, the sagittal and lambdoidal sutures are quite obliterated, and the coronal suture is partially obliterated. There is extensive bony obstruction of the left jugular foramen by the occipital bone, as well as obstruction of the right jugular foramen by both the temporal and occipital notches. An osteophyte is pointing toward the left anterior clinoid process on the left anterolateral pituitary fossa. There is strong undulation of the cruciform eminence and cerebral fossae, and a deep lesion filled with osteophytic growth on the left and right endocranial frontal squama. The IAMs on both sides is expanded, and there are pronounced superior nuchal lines (cresty inferiorly). The incisor and premolar/molar alveoli are resorbed, and the LM3 appears to be either held securely in its crypt or impacted. Overall, it is unclear whether some of these characteristics are changes related to old age, with the M3s never having erupted, or if something else is going on. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing most teeth, and most of the teeth that are present are broken. The erupted teeth are highly worn, but each M3 is unerupted, with the crypt barely exposed on the left and right, just broken through.

Full Record: x-96-11-057ab/057-PO.TIF

96-11-057AB

Posterior

This is a cranium that is missing most teeth and has a loose calotte. The right zygomatic arch is broken, and weathering has caused erosion of some facial and endocranial bone. There is also great atrophy of the antero-inferior petrosals, and multiple and massive mastoid fa. (viz. left). The ethmovomer is wildly curved, and the internasal suture deviates superiorly to the left. The infraorbital surfaces are thinned and resorbing. Additionally, the sagittal and lambdoidal sutures are quite obliterated, and the coronal suture is partially obliterated. There is extensive bony obstruction of the left jugular foramen by the occipital bone, as well as obstruction of the right jugular foramen by both the temporal and occipital notches. An osteophyte is pointing toward the left anterior clinoid process on the left anterolateral pituitary fossa. There is strong undulation of the cruciform eminence and cerebral fossae, and a deep lesion filled with osteophytic growth on the left and right endocranial frontal squama. The IAMs on both sides is expanded, and there are pronounced superior nuchal lines (cresty inferiorly). The incisor and premolar/molar alveoli are resorbed, and the LM3 appears to be either held securely in its crypt or impacted. Overall, it is unclear whether some of these characteristics are changes related to old age, with the M3s never having erupted, or if something else is going on. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing most teeth, and most of the teeth that are present are broken. The erupted teeth are highly worn, but each M3 is unerupted, with the crypt barely exposed on the left and right, just broken through.

Full Record: x-96-11-057ab/057-RL.TIF

96-11-057AB

Right Lateral

This is a cranium that is missing most teeth and has a loose calotte. The right zygomatic arch is broken, and weathering has caused erosion of some facial and endocranial bone. There is also great atrophy of the antero-inferior petrosals, and multiple and massive mastoid fa. (viz. left). The ethmovomer is wildly curved, and the internasal suture deviates superiorly to the left. The infraorbital surfaces are thinned and resorbing. Additionally, the sagittal and lambdoidal sutures are quite obliterated, and the coronal suture is partially obliterated. There is extensive bony obstruction of the left jugular foramen by the occipital bone, as well as obstruction of the right jugular foramen by both the temporal and occipital notches. An osteophyte is pointing toward the left anterior clinoid process on the left anterolateral pituitary fossa. There is strong undulation of the cruciform eminence and cerebral fossae, and a deep lesion filled with osteophytic growth on the left and right endocranial frontal squama. The IAMs on both sides is expanded, and there are pronounced superior nuchal lines (cresty inferiorly). The incisor and premolar/molar alveoli are resorbed, and the LM3 appears to be either held securely in its crypt or impacted. Overall, it is unclear whether some of these characteristics are changes related to old age, with the M3s never having erupted, or if something else is going on. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing most teeth, and most of the teeth that are present are broken. The erupted teeth are highly worn, but each M3 is unerupted, with the crypt barely exposed on the left and right, just broken through.

Full Record: x-96-11-057ab/057-SU.TIF

96-11-057AB

Superior

This is a cranium that is missing most teeth and has a loose calotte. The right zygomatic arch is broken, and weathering has caused erosion of some facial and endocranial bone. There is also great atrophy of the antero-inferior petrosals, and multiple and massive mastoid fa. (viz. left). The ethmovomer is wildly curved, and the internasal suture deviates superiorly to the left. The infraorbital surfaces are thinned and resorbing. Additionally, the sagittal and lambdoidal sutures are quite obliterated, and the coronal suture is partially obliterated. There is extensive bony obstruction of the left jugular foramen by the occipital bone, as well as obstruction of the right jugular foramen by both the temporal and occipital notches. An osteophyte is pointing toward the left anterior clinoid process on the left anterolateral pituitary fossa. There is strong undulation of the cruciform eminence and cerebral fossae, and a deep lesion filled with osteophytic growth on the left and right endocranial frontal squama. The IAMs on both sides is expanded, and there are pronounced superior nuchal lines (cresty inferiorly). The incisor and premolar/molar alveoli are resorbed, and the LM3 appears to be either held securely in its crypt or impacted. Overall, it is unclear whether some of these characteristics are changes related to old age, with the M3s never having erupted, or if something else is going on. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing most teeth, and most of the teeth that are present are broken. The erupted teeth are highly worn, but each M3 is unerupted, with the crypt barely exposed on the left and right, just broken through.

Full Record: x-96-11-058/058-AN.TIF

96-11-058

Anterior

Cranium is missing the calotte and a small portion of the right nuchal plane. It retains RM2 and LM1-3, and the broken crowns of RM1 and LP3. Bone of the vault is very thin (“papyraceous type”), there are pitting lesions on endocranial frontal squama and sphenoid greater wings. Bilaterally there is an accessory foramen lateral to each jugular foramen. The hypoglossal canals are enlarged, and the left one is bifid.

Full Record: x-96-11-058/058-DX.TIF

96-11-058

Maxillary Dentition

Cranium is missing the calotte and a small portion of the right nuchal plane. It retains RM2 and LM1-3, and the broken crowns of RM1 and LP3. Bone of the vault is very thin (“papyraceous type”), there are pitting lesions on endocranial frontal squama and sphenoid greater wings. Bilaterally there is an accessory foramen lateral to each jugular foramen. The hypoglossal canals are enlarged, and the left one is bifid.

Full Record: x-96-11-058/058-IN.TIF

96-11-058

Inferior

Cranium is missing the calotte and a small portion of the right nuchal plane. It retains RM2 and LM1-3, and the broken crowns of RM1 and LP3. Bone of the vault is very thin (“papyraceous type”), there are pitting lesions on endocranial frontal squama and sphenoid greater wings. Bilaterally there is an accessory foramen lateral to each jugular foramen. The hypoglossal canals are enlarged, and the left one is bifid.

Full Record: x-96-11-058/058-LL.TIF

96-11-058

Left Lateral

Cranium is missing the calotte and a small portion of the right nuchal plane. It retains RM2 and LM1-3, and the broken crowns of RM1 and LP3. Bone of the vault is very thin (“papyraceous type”), there are pitting lesions on endocranial frontal squama and sphenoid greater wings. Bilaterally there is an accessory foramen lateral to each jugular foramen. The hypoglossal canals are enlarged, and the left one is bifid.

Full Record: x-96-11-058/058-PO.TIF

96-11-058

Posterior

Cranium is missing the calotte and a small portion of the right nuchal plane. It retains RM2 and LM1-3, and the broken crowns of RM1 and LP3. Bone of the vault is very thin (“papyraceous type”), there are pitting lesions on endocranial frontal squama and sphenoid greater wings. Bilaterally there is an accessory foramen lateral to each jugular foramen. The hypoglossal canals are enlarged, and the left one is bifid.

Full Record: x-96-11-058/058-RL.TIF

96-11-058

Right Lateral

Cranium is missing the calotte and a small portion of the right nuchal plane. It retains RM2 and LM1-3, and the broken crowns of RM1 and LP3. Bone of the vault is very thin (“papyraceous type”), there are pitting lesions on endocranial frontal squama and sphenoid greater wings. Bilaterally there is an accessory foramen lateral to each jugular foramen. The hypoglossal canals are enlarged, and the left one is bifid.

Full Record: x-96-11-058/058-SU.TIF

96-11-058

Superior

Cranium is missing the calotte and a small portion of the right nuchal plane. It retains RM2 and LM1-3, and the broken crowns of RM1 and LP3. Bone of the vault is very thin (“papyraceous type”), there are pitting lesions on endocranial frontal squama and sphenoid greater wings. Bilaterally there is an accessory foramen lateral to each jugular foramen. The hypoglossal canals are enlarged, and the left one is bifid.

Full Record: x-96-11-059/059-AN.TIF

96-11-059

Anterior

Cranium is missing most teeth, and the right mastoid air cells are exposed. LM1 is the only tooth present and is highly worn to the pulp cavity. The cranial vault appears artificially deformed (antero-posteriorly compressed from top of parietals and occiput). The right parietal is more posterolaterally protuberant (centered at the boss) than the right. The left lateral pterygoid plate extends posteriorly almost creating a pterygo-spinous foramen. There is bony remodeling of between tympanic and mastoids just lateral to stylomastoid foramina bilaterally. The left hypoglossal canal is bridged, there is arthritis at the temporomandibular joints on the articular eminences (viz. on the right). Juxtamastoid eminence is thinned and exposed on the right. The occipital condyles are flat (viz. R), there is a single wormian bone equally expressed on either side of the lambdoidal suture, and a small segment of the sagittal suture is obliterated along with the parietal foramina. The bone on R mastoid process is so thin it is transparent (hence breakage on the mastoid).

Full Record: x-96-11-059/059-IN.TIF

96-11-059

Inferior

Cranium is missing most teeth, and the right mastoid air cells are exposed. LM1 is the only tooth present and is highly worn to the pulp cavity. The cranial vault appears artificially deformed (antero-posteriorly compressed from top of parietals and occiput). The right parietal is more posterolaterally protuberant (centered at the boss) than the right. The left lateral pterygoid plate extends posteriorly almost creating a pterygo-spinous foramen. There is bony remodeling of between tympanic and mastoids just lateral to stylomastoid foramina bilaterally. The left hypoglossal canal is bridged, there is arthritis at the temporomandibular joints on the articular eminences (viz. on the right). Juxtamastoid eminence is thinned and exposed on the right. The occipital condyles are flat (viz. R), there is a single wormian bone equally expressed on either side of the lambdoidal suture, and a small segment of the sagittal suture is obliterated along with the parietal foramina. The bone on R mastoid process is so thin it is transparent (hence breakage on the mastoid).

Full Record: x-96-11-059/059-LL.TIF

96-11-059

Left Lateral

Cranium is missing most teeth, and the right mastoid air cells are exposed. LM1 is the only tooth present and is highly worn to the pulp cavity. The cranial vault appears artificially deformed (antero-posteriorly compressed from top of parietals and occiput). The right parietal is more posterolaterally protuberant (centered at the boss) than the right. The left lateral pterygoid plate extends posteriorly almost creating a pterygo-spinous foramen. There is bony remodeling of between tympanic and mastoids just lateral to stylomastoid foramina bilaterally. The left hypoglossal canal is bridged, there is arthritis at the temporomandibular joints on the articular eminences (viz. on the right). Juxtamastoid eminence is thinned and exposed on the right. The occipital condyles are flat (viz. R), there is a single wormian bone equally expressed on either side of the lambdoidal suture, and a small segment of the sagittal suture is obliterated along with the parietal foramina. The bone on R mastoid process is so thin it is transparent (hence breakage on the mastoid).

Full Record: x-96-11-059/059-PO.TIF

96-11-059

Posterior

Cranium is missing most teeth, and the right mastoid air cells are exposed. LM1 is the only tooth present and is highly worn to the pulp cavity. The cranial vault appears artificially deformed (antero-posteriorly compressed from top of parietals and occiput). The right parietal is more posterolaterally protuberant (centered at the boss) than the right. The left lateral pterygoid plate extends posteriorly almost creating a pterygo-spinous foramen. There is bony remodeling of between tympanic and mastoids just lateral to stylomastoid foramina bilaterally. The left hypoglossal canal is bridged, there is arthritis at the temporomandibular joints on the articular eminences (viz. on the right). Juxtamastoid eminence is thinned and exposed on the right. The occipital condyles are flat (viz. R), there is a single wormian bone equally expressed on either side of the lambdoidal suture, and a small segment of the sagittal suture is obliterated along with the parietal foramina. The bone on R mastoid process is so thin it is transparent (hence breakage on the mastoid).

Full Record: x-96-11-059/059-RL.TIF

96-11-059

Right Lateral

Cranium is missing most teeth, and the right mastoid air cells are exposed. LM1 is the only tooth present and is highly worn to the pulp cavity. The cranial vault appears artificially deformed (antero-posteriorly compressed from top of parietals and occiput). The right parietal is more posterolaterally protuberant (centered at the boss) than the right. The left lateral pterygoid plate extends posteriorly almost creating a pterygo-spinous foramen. There is bony remodeling of between tympanic and mastoids just lateral to stylomastoid foramina bilaterally. The left hypoglossal canal is bridged, there is arthritis at the temporomandibular joints on the articular eminences (viz. on the right). Juxtamastoid eminence is thinned and exposed on the right. The occipital condyles are flat (viz. R), there is a single wormian bone equally expressed on either side of the lambdoidal suture, and a small segment of the sagittal suture is obliterated along with the parietal foramina. The bone on R mastoid process is so thin it is transparent (hence breakage on the mastoid).

Full Record: x-96-11-059/059-SU.TIF

96-11-059

Superior

Cranium is missing most teeth, and the right mastoid air cells are exposed. LM1 is the only tooth present and is highly worn to the pulp cavity. The cranial vault appears artificially deformed (antero-posteriorly compressed from top of parietals and occiput). The right parietal is more posterolaterally protuberant (centered at the boss) than the right. The left lateral pterygoid plate extends posteriorly almost creating a pterygo-spinous foramen. There is bony remodeling of between tympanic and mastoids just lateral to stylomastoid foramina bilaterally. The left hypoglossal canal is bridged, there is arthritis at the temporomandibular joints on the articular eminences (viz. on the right). Juxtamastoid eminence is thinned and exposed on the right. The occipital condyles are flat (viz. R), there is a single wormian bone equally expressed on either side of the lambdoidal suture, and a small segment of the sagittal suture is obliterated along with the parietal foramina. The bone on R mastoid process is so thin it is transparent (hence breakage on the mastoid).

Full Record: x-96-11-060/060-AN.TIF

96-11-060

Anterior

Cranium retains RM1-2, LP3-M1, and a broken RP4 root. The LM3 alveolus is resorbed. The vault is artificially deformed by compression (brachycephaly). The left parietal and occipital bulge more posteriorly than the right. There is great projection of the vaginal processes. There is an articular facet at the inferior surface of the basilar part of the occiput at the anterior margin of the foramen magnum, where the occipital contacted either the anterior arch of the first, or dens of the second, cervical vertebra. This accessory process gives the foramen magnum a heart-shaped appearance. The orbital roofs appear porous, but probably do not represent cribra orbitalia.

Full Record: x-96-11-060/060-DX.TIF

96-11-060

Maxillary Dentition

Cranium retains RM1-2, LP3-M1, and a broken RP4 root. The LM3 alveolus is resorbed. The vault is artificially deformed by compression (brachycephaly). The left parietal and occipital bulge more posteriorly than the right. There is great projection of the vaginal processes. There is an articular facet at the inferior surface of the basilar part of the occiput at the anterior margin of the foramen magnum, where the occipital contacted either the anterior arch of the first, or dens of the second, cervical vertebra. This accessory process gives the foramen magnum a heart-shaped appearance. The orbital roofs appear porous, but probably do not represent cribra orbitalia.

Full Record: x-96-11-060/060-IN.TIF

96-11-060

Inferior

Cranium retains RM1-2, LP3-M1, and a broken RP4 root. The LM3 alveolus is resorbed. The vault is artificially deformed by compression (brachycephaly). The left parietal and occipital bulge more posteriorly than the right. There is great projection of the vaginal processes. There is an articular facet at the inferior surface of the basilar part of the occiput at the anterior margin of the foramen magnum, where the occipital contacted either the anterior arch of the first, or dens of the second, cervical vertebra. This accessory process gives the foramen magnum a heart-shaped appearance. The orbital roofs appear porous, but probably do not represent cribra orbitalia.

Full Record: x-96-11-060/060-LL.TIF

96-11-060

Left Lateral

Cranium retains RM1-2, LP3-M1, and a broken RP4 root. The LM3 alveolus is resorbed. The vault is artificially deformed by compression (brachycephaly). The left parietal and occipital bulge more posteriorly than the right. There is great projection of the vaginal processes. There is an articular facet at the inferior surface of the basilar part of the occiput at the anterior margin of the foramen magnum, where the occipital contacted either the anterior arch of the first, or dens of the second, cervical vertebra. This accessory process gives the foramen magnum a heart-shaped appearance. The orbital roofs appear porous, but probably do not represent cribra orbitalia.

Full Record: x-96-11-060/060-PO.TIF

96-11-060

Posterior

Cranium retains RM1-2, LP3-M1, and a broken RP4 root. The LM3 alveolus is resorbed. The vault is artificially deformed by compression (brachycephaly). The left parietal and occipital bulge more posteriorly than the right. There is great projection of the vaginal processes. There is an articular facet at the inferior surface of the basilar part of the occiput at the anterior margin of the foramen magnum, where the occipital contacted either the anterior arch of the first, or dens of the second, cervical vertebra. This accessory process gives the foramen magnum a heart-shaped appearance. The orbital roofs appear porous, but probably do not represent cribra orbitalia.

Full Record: x-96-11-060/060-RL.TIF

96-11-060

Right Lateral

Cranium retains RM1-2, LP3-M1, and a broken RP4 root. The LM3 alveolus is resorbed. The vault is artificially deformed by compression (brachycephaly). The left parietal and occipital bulge more posteriorly than the right. There is great projection of the vaginal processes. There is an articular facet at the inferior surface of the basilar part of the occiput at the anterior margin of the foramen magnum, where the occipital contacted either the anterior arch of the first, or dens of the second, cervical vertebra. This accessory process gives the foramen magnum a heart-shaped appearance. The orbital roofs appear porous, but probably do not represent cribra orbitalia.

Full Record: x-96-11-060/060-SU.TIF

96-11-060

Superior

Cranium retains RM1-2, LP3-M1, and a broken RP4 root. The LM3 alveolus is resorbed. The vault is artificially deformed by compression (brachycephaly). The left parietal and occipital bulge more posteriorly than the right. There is great projection of the vaginal processes. There is an articular facet at the inferior surface of the basilar part of the occiput at the anterior margin of the foramen magnum, where the occipital contacted either the anterior arch of the first, or dens of the second, cervical vertebra. This accessory process gives the foramen magnum a heart-shaped appearance. The orbital roofs appear porous, but probably do not represent cribra orbitalia.

Full Record: x-96-11-061ab/061A-AN.TIF

96-11-061AB

Anterior

Cranium (a) is missing some of the right orbital floor and infraorbital surface, as well as all canines, incisors, and P4s. The cranium displays hydrocephaly, and there is a right unicoronal synostosis, resulting in extreme asymmetry: the right parietal bulges posterolaterally more than the left. There is a possible fracture of the left nasal bone. Digastric grooves are extremely wide (viz. on right) and there are multiple large mastoid foramina on the right. Infratemporal crests are fairly long and excavated. The extremely sharp anterior nasal spine cleaves a biconcave nasal clivus. The infraorbital area is relatively tall and inflated. There are multiple spines around the foramina spinosa (bilaterally) and fairly wide eustachian tubes. There is a very large and single parietal foramen. The LM1 alveolus is resorbed, and RM1 has strong Carabelli's cusp and a large silver filling on occlusal surface. Mandible (b) retains only right and left M2-3. The M1 alveoli are resorbed, and there are silver fillings on the occlusal surface of each M2.

Full Record: x-96-11-061ab/061AB-LL.TIF

96-11-061AB

Left Lateral

Cranium (a) is missing some of the right orbital floor and infraorbital surface, as well as all canines, incisors, and P4s. The cranium displays hydrocephaly, and there is a right unicoronal synostosis, resulting in extreme asymmetry: the right parietal bulges posterolaterally more than the left. There is a possible fracture of the left nasal bone. Digastric grooves are extremely wide (viz. on right) and there are multiple large mastoid foramina on the right. Infratemporal crests are fairly long and excavated. The extremely sharp anterior nasal spine cleaves a biconcave nasal clivus. The infraorbital area is relatively tall and inflated. There are multiple spines around the foramina spinosa (bilaterally) and fairly wide eustachian tubes. There is a very large and single parietal foramen. The LM1 alveolus is resorbed, and RM1 has strong Carabelli's cusp and a large silver filling on occlusal surface. Mandible (b) retains only right and left M2-3. The M1 alveoli are resorbed, and there are silver fillings on the occlusal surface of each M2.

Full Record: x-96-11-061ab/061AB-RL.TIF

96-11-061AB

Right Lateral

Cranium (a) is missing some of the right orbital floor and infraorbital surface, as well as all canines, incisors, and P4s. The cranium displays hydrocephaly, and there is a right unicoronal synostosis, resulting in extreme asymmetry: the right parietal bulges posterolaterally more than the left. There is a possible fracture of the left nasal bone. Digastric grooves are extremely wide (viz. on right) and there are multiple large mastoid foramina on the right. Infratemporal crests are fairly long and excavated. The extremely sharp anterior nasal spine cleaves a biconcave nasal clivus. The infraorbital area is relatively tall and inflated. There are multiple spines around the foramina spinosa (bilaterally) and fairly wide eustachian tubes. There is a very large and single parietal foramen. The LM1 alveolus is resorbed, and RM1 has strong Carabelli's cusp and a large silver filling on occlusal surface. Mandible (b) retains only right and left M2-3. The M1 alveoli are resorbed, and there are silver fillings on the occlusal surface of each M2.

Full Record: x-96-11-061ab/061B-AN.TIF

96-11-061AB

Anterior

Cranium (a) is missing some of the right orbital floor and infraorbital surface, as well as all canines, incisors, and P4s. The cranium displays hydrocephaly, and there is a right unicoronal synostosis, resulting in extreme asymmetry: the right parietal bulges posterolaterally more than the left. There is a possible fracture of the left nasal bone. Digastric grooves are extremely wide (viz. on right) and there are multiple large mastoid foramina on the right. Infratemporal crests are fairly long and excavated. The extremely sharp anterior nasal spine cleaves a biconcave nasal clivus. The infraorbital area is relatively tall and inflated. There are multiple spines around the foramina spinosa (bilaterally) and fairly wide eustachian tubes. There is a very large and single parietal foramen. The LM1 alveolus is resorbed, and RM1 has strong Carabelli's cusp and a large silver filling on occlusal surface. Mandible (b) retains only right and left M2-3. The M1 alveoli are resorbed, and there are silver fillings on the occlusal surface of each M2.

Full Record: x-96-11-061ab/061B-IN.TIF

96-11-061AB

Inferior

Cranium (a) is missing some of the right orbital floor and infraorbital surface, as well as all canines, incisors, and P4s. The cranium displays hydrocephaly, and there is a right unicoronal synostosis, resulting in extreme asymmetry: the right parietal bulges posterolaterally more than the left. There is a possible fracture of the left nasal bone. Digastric grooves are extremely wide (viz. on right) and there are multiple large mastoid foramina on the right. Infratemporal crests are fairly long and excavated. The extremely sharp anterior nasal spine cleaves a biconcave nasal clivus. The infraorbital area is relatively tall and inflated. There are multiple spines around the foramina spinosa (bilaterally) and fairly wide eustachian tubes. There is a very large and single parietal foramen. The LM1 alveolus is resorbed, and RM1 has strong Carabelli's cusp and a large silver filling on occlusal surface. Mandible (b) retains only right and left M2-3. The M1 alveoli are resorbed, and there are silver fillings on the occlusal surface of each M2.

Full Record: x-96-11-061ab/061B-LL.TIF

96-11-061AB

Left Lateral

Cranium (a) is missing some of the right orbital floor and infraorbital surface, as well as all canines, incisors, and P4s. The cranium displays hydrocephaly, and there is a right unicoronal synostosis, resulting in extreme asymmetry: the right parietal bulges posterolaterally more than the left. There is a possible fracture of the left nasal bone. Digastric grooves are extremely wide (viz. on right) and there are multiple large mastoid foramina on the right. Infratemporal crests are fairly long and excavated. The extremely sharp anterior nasal spine cleaves a biconcave nasal clivus. The infraorbital area is relatively tall and inflated. There are multiple spines around the foramina spinosa (bilaterally) and fairly wide eustachian tubes. There is a very large and single parietal foramen. The LM1 alveolus is resorbed, and RM1 has strong Carabelli's cusp and a large silver filling on occlusal surface. Mandible (b) retains only right and left M2-3. The M1 alveoli are resorbed, and there are silver fillings on the occlusal surface of each M2.

Full Record: x-96-11-061ab/061B-PO.TIF

96-11-061AB

Posterior

Cranium (a) is missing some of the right orbital floor and infraorbital surface, as well as all canines, incisors, and P4s. The cranium displays hydrocephaly, and there is a right unicoronal synostosis, resulting in extreme asymmetry: the right parietal bulges posterolaterally more than the left. There is a possible fracture of the left nasal bone. Digastric grooves are extremely wide (viz. on right) and there are multiple large mastoid foramina on the right. Infratemporal crests are fairly long and excavated. The extremely sharp anterior nasal spine cleaves a biconcave nasal clivus. The infraorbital area is relatively tall and inflated. There are multiple spines around the foramina spinosa (bilaterally) and fairly wide eustachian tubes. There is a very large and single parietal foramen. The LM1 alveolus is resorbed, and RM1 has strong Carabelli's cusp and a large silver filling on occlusal surface. Mandible (b) retains only right and left M2-3. The M1 alveoli are resorbed, and there are silver fillings on the occlusal surface of each M2.

Full Record: x-96-11-061ab/061B-RL.TIF

96-11-061AB

Right Lateral

Cranium (a) is missing some of the right orbital floor and infraorbital surface, as well as all canines, incisors, and P4s. The cranium displays hydrocephaly, and there is a right unicoronal synostosis, resulting in extreme asymmetry: the right parietal bulges posterolaterally more than the left. There is a possible fracture of the left nasal bone. Digastric grooves are extremely wide (viz. on right) and there are multiple large mastoid foramina on the right. Infratemporal crests are fairly long and excavated. The extremely sharp anterior nasal spine cleaves a biconcave nasal clivus. The infraorbital area is relatively tall and inflated. There are multiple spines around the foramina spinosa (bilaterally) and fairly wide eustachian tubes. There is a very large and single parietal foramen. The LM1 alveolus is resorbed, and RM1 has strong Carabelli's cusp and a large silver filling on occlusal surface. Mandible (b) retains only right and left M2-3. The M1 alveoli are resorbed, and there are silver fillings on the occlusal surface of each M2.

Full Record: x-96-11-061ab/061B-SU.TIF

96-11-061AB

Superior

Cranium (a) is missing some of the right orbital floor and infraorbital surface, as well as all canines, incisors, and P4s. The cranium displays hydrocephaly, and there is a right unicoronal synostosis, resulting in extreme asymmetry: the right parietal bulges posterolaterally more than the left. There is a possible fracture of the left nasal bone. Digastric grooves are extremely wide (viz. on right) and there are multiple large mastoid foramina on the right. Infratemporal crests are fairly long and excavated. The extremely sharp anterior nasal spine cleaves a biconcave nasal clivus. The infraorbital area is relatively tall and inflated. There are multiple spines around the foramina spinosa (bilaterally) and fairly wide eustachian tubes. There is a very large and single parietal foramen. The LM1 alveolus is resorbed, and RM1 has strong Carabelli's cusp and a large silver filling on occlusal surface. Mandible (b) retains only right and left M2-3. The M1 alveoli are resorbed, and there are silver fillings on the occlusal surface of each M2.

Full Record: x-96-11-061ab/061-DN.TIF

96-11-061AB

Mandibular Dentition

Cranium (a) is missing some of the right orbital floor and infraorbital surface, as well as all canines, incisors, and P4s. The cranium displays hydrocephaly, and there is a right unicoronal synostosis, resulting in extreme asymmetry: the right parietal bulges posterolaterally more than the left. There is a possible fracture of the left nasal bone. Digastric grooves are extremely wide (viz. on right) and there are multiple large mastoid foramina on the right. Infratemporal crests are fairly long and excavated. The extremely sharp anterior nasal spine cleaves a biconcave nasal clivus. The infraorbital area is relatively tall and inflated. There are multiple spines around the foramina spinosa (bilaterally) and fairly wide eustachian tubes. There is a very large and single parietal foramen. The LM1 alveolus is resorbed, and RM1 has strong Carabelli's cusp and a large silver filling on occlusal surface. Mandible (b) retains only right and left M2-3. The M1 alveoli are resorbed, and there are silver fillings on the occlusal surface of each M2.

Full Record: x-96-11-061ab/061-DX.TIF

96-11-061AB

Maxillary Dentition

Cranium (a) is missing some of the right orbital floor and infraorbital surface, as well as all canines, incisors, and P4s. The cranium displays hydrocephaly, and there is a right unicoronal synostosis, resulting in extreme asymmetry: the right parietal bulges posterolaterally more than the left. There is a possible fracture of the left nasal bone. Digastric grooves are extremely wide (viz. on right) and there are multiple large mastoid foramina on the right. Infratemporal crests are fairly long and excavated. The extremely sharp anterior nasal spine cleaves a biconcave nasal clivus. The infraorbital area is relatively tall and inflated. There are multiple spines around the foramina spinosa (bilaterally) and fairly wide eustachian tubes. There is a very large and single parietal foramen. The LM1 alveolus is resorbed, and RM1 has strong Carabelli's cusp and a large silver filling on occlusal surface. Mandible (b) retains only right and left M2-3. The M1 alveoli are resorbed, and there are silver fillings on the occlusal surface of each M2.

Full Record: x-96-11-061ab/061A-IN.TIF

96-11-061AB

Inferior

Cranium (a) is missing some of the right orbital floor and infraorbital surface, as well as all canines, incisors, and P4s. The cranium displays hydrocephaly, and there is a right unicoronal synostosis, resulting in extreme asymmetry: the right parietal bulges posterolaterally more than the left. There is a possible fracture of the left nasal bone. Digastric grooves are extremely wide (viz. on right) and there are multiple large mastoid foramina on the right. Infratemporal crests are fairly long and excavated. The extremely sharp anterior nasal spine cleaves a biconcave nasal clivus. The infraorbital area is relatively tall and inflated. There are multiple spines around the foramina spinosa (bilaterally) and fairly wide eustachian tubes. There is a very large and single parietal foramen. The LM1 alveolus is resorbed, and RM1 has strong Carabelli's cusp and a large silver filling on occlusal surface. Mandible (b) retains only right and left M2-3. The M1 alveoli are resorbed, and there are silver fillings on the occlusal surface of each M2.

Full Record: x-96-11-061ab/061A-LL.TIF

96-11-061AB

Left Lateral

Cranium (a) is missing some of the right orbital floor and infraorbital surface, as well as all canines, incisors, and P4s. The cranium displays hydrocephaly, and there is a right unicoronal synostosis, resulting in extreme asymmetry: the right parietal bulges posterolaterally more than the left. There is a possible fracture of the left nasal bone. Digastric grooves are extremely wide (viz. on right) and there are multiple large mastoid foramina on the right. Infratemporal crests are fairly long and excavated. The extremely sharp anterior nasal spine cleaves a biconcave nasal clivus. The infraorbital area is relatively tall and inflated. There are multiple spines around the foramina spinosa (bilaterally) and fairly wide eustachian tubes. There is a very large and single parietal foramen. The LM1 alveolus is resorbed, and RM1 has strong Carabelli's cusp and a large silver filling on occlusal surface. Mandible (b) retains only right and left M2-3. The M1 alveoli are resorbed, and there are silver fillings on the occlusal surface of each M2.

Full Record: x-96-11-061ab/061A-PO.TIF

96-11-061AB

Posterior

Cranium (a) is missing some of the right orbital floor and infraorbital surface, as well as all canines, incisors, and P4s. The cranium displays hydrocephaly, and there is a right unicoronal synostosis, resulting in extreme asymmetry: the right parietal bulges posterolaterally more than the left. There is a possible fracture of the left nasal bone. Digastric grooves are extremely wide (viz. on right) and there are multiple large mastoid foramina on the right. Infratemporal crests are fairly long and excavated. The extremely sharp anterior nasal spine cleaves a biconcave nasal clivus. The infraorbital area is relatively tall and inflated. There are multiple spines around the foramina spinosa (bilaterally) and fairly wide eustachian tubes. There is a very large and single parietal foramen. The LM1 alveolus is resorbed, and RM1 has strong Carabelli's cusp and a large silver filling on occlusal surface. Mandible (b) retains only right and left M2-3. The M1 alveoli are resorbed, and there are silver fillings on the occlusal surface of each M2.

Full Record: x-96-11-061ab/061A-RL.TIF

96-11-061AB

Right Lateral

Cranium (a) is missing some of the right orbital floor and infraorbital surface, as well as all canines, incisors, and P4s. The cranium displays hydrocephaly, and there is a right unicoronal synostosis, resulting in extreme asymmetry: the right parietal bulges posterolaterally more than the left. There is a possible fracture of the left nasal bone. Digastric grooves are extremely wide (viz. on right) and there are multiple large mastoid foramina on the right. Infratemporal crests are fairly long and excavated. The extremely sharp anterior nasal spine cleaves a biconcave nasal clivus. The infraorbital area is relatively tall and inflated. There are multiple spines around the foramina spinosa (bilaterally) and fairly wide eustachian tubes. There is a very large and single parietal foramen. The LM1 alveolus is resorbed, and RM1 has strong Carabelli's cusp and a large silver filling on occlusal surface. Mandible (b) retains only right and left M2-3. The M1 alveoli are resorbed, and there are silver fillings on the occlusal surface of each M2.

Full Record: x-96-11-061ab/061A-SU.TIF

96-11-061AB

Superior

Cranium (a) is missing some of the right orbital floor and infraorbital surface, as well as all canines, incisors, and P4s. The cranium displays hydrocephaly, and there is a right unicoronal synostosis, resulting in extreme asymmetry: the right parietal bulges posterolaterally more than the left. There is a possible fracture of the left nasal bone. Digastric grooves are extremely wide (viz. on right) and there are multiple large mastoid foramina on the right. Infratemporal crests are fairly long and excavated. The extremely sharp anterior nasal spine cleaves a biconcave nasal clivus. The infraorbital area is relatively tall and inflated. There are multiple spines around the foramina spinosa (bilaterally) and fairly wide eustachian tubes. There is a very large and single parietal foramen. The LM1 alveolus is resorbed, and RM1 has strong Carabelli's cusp and a large silver filling on occlusal surface. Mandible (b) retains only right and left M2-3. The M1 alveoli are resorbed, and there are silver fillings on the occlusal surface of each M2.

Full Record: x-96-11-061ab/061AB-AN.TIF

96-11-061AB

Anterior

Cranium (a) is missing some of the right orbital floor and infraorbital surface, as well as all canines, incisors, and P4s. The cranium displays hydrocephaly, and there is a right unicoronal synostosis, resulting in extreme asymmetry: the right parietal bulges posterolaterally more than the left. There is a possible fracture of the left nasal bone. Digastric grooves are extremely wide (viz. on right) and there are multiple large mastoid foramina on the right. Infratemporal crests are fairly long and excavated. The extremely sharp anterior nasal spine cleaves a biconcave nasal clivus. The infraorbital area is relatively tall and inflated. There are multiple spines around the foramina spinosa (bilaterally) and fairly wide eustachian tubes. There is a very large and single parietal foramen. The LM1 alveolus is resorbed, and RM1 has strong Carabelli's cusp and a large silver filling on occlusal surface. Mandible (b) retains only right and left M2-3. The M1 alveoli are resorbed, and there are silver fillings on the occlusal surface of each M2.

Full Record: x-96-11-062/062-AN.TIF

96-11-062

Anterior

Cranium is missing all teeth, and the coronal suture, right temporal lines, parietal bosses, and landmarks have all been colored with in with marker. Molar and premolar alveoli are resorbed, and the right and left canines are impacted and malformed. The entoglenoid processes/sphenoid spines are elongated and sharp. The petro-tympanic and tympanic fissures are poorly ossified. External occipital protuberance is pronounced. The vomer not is fully attached to the sphenoid rostrum posteriorly. The internasal suture deviates to left superiorly.