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Results for crania1ic
Check for portfolio Record Accession Number Label Description
Full Record: x-96-11-011ab/011B-RL.TIF

96-11-011AB

Right Lateral

Cranium (a), which is broken and weathered about temporals, missing incisors and LC. There is a tripartite Inca bone, the temporalis insertion on frontal's zygomatic processes is fairly deeply excavated, sutures from infraorbital foramina to orbits are still present. Pterygoid hamuli are oblong and point inferiorly. Mandible (b) with several lower teeth present. Alveoli of both M1s, LP3 and RP4 are resorbed, theRP3 has caries, mental foramina are bifid, and the right mental foramen especially enlarged.

Full Record: x-96-11-011ab/011B-SU.TIF

96-11-011AB

Superior

Cranium (a), which is broken and weathered about temporals, missing incisors and LC. There is a tripartite Inca bone, the temporalis insertion on frontal's zygomatic processes is fairly deeply excavated, sutures from infraorbital foramina to orbits are still present. Pterygoid hamuli are oblong and point inferiorly. Mandible (b) with several lower teeth present. Alveoli of both M1s, LP3 and RP4 are resorbed, theRP3 has caries, mental foramina are bifid, and the right mental foramen especially enlarged.

Full Record: x-96-11-011ab/011-DX.TIF

96-11-011AB

Maxillary Dentition

Cranium (a), which is broken and weathered about temporals, missing incisors and LC. There is a tripartite Inca bone, the temporalis insertion on frontal's zygomatic processes is fairly deeply excavated, sutures from infraorbital foramina to orbits are still present. Pterygoid hamuli are oblong and point inferiorly. Mandible (b) with several lower teeth present. Alveoli of both M1s, LP3 and RP4 are resorbed, theRP3 has caries, mental foramina are bifid, and the right mental foramen especially enlarged.

Full Record: x-96-11-011ab/011-FE1.TIF

96-11-011AB

Feature 1

Cranium (a), which is broken and weathered about temporals, missing incisors and LC. There is a tripartite Inca bone, the temporalis insertion on frontal's zygomatic processes is fairly deeply excavated, sutures from infraorbital foramina to orbits are still present. Pterygoid hamuli are oblong and point inferiorly. Mandible (b) with several lower teeth present. Alveoli of both M1s, LP3 and RP4 are resorbed, theRP3 has caries, mental foramina are bifid, and the right mental foramen especially enlarged.

Full Record: x-96-11-011ab/011-FE2.TIF

96-11-011AB

Feature 2

Cranium (a), which is broken and weathered about temporals, missing incisors and LC. There is a tripartite Inca bone, the temporalis insertion on frontal's zygomatic processes is fairly deeply excavated, sutures from infraorbital foramina to orbits are still present. Pterygoid hamuli are oblong and point inferiorly. Mandible (b) with several lower teeth present. Alveoli of both M1s, LP3 and RP4 are resorbed, theRP3 has caries, mental foramina are bifid, and the right mental foramen especially enlarged.

Full Record: x-96-11-011ab/011-FE3.TIF

96-11-011AB

Feature 3

Cranium (a), which is broken and weathered about temporals, missing incisors and LC. There is a tripartite Inca bone, the temporalis insertion on frontal's zygomatic processes is fairly deeply excavated, sutures from infraorbital foramina to orbits are still present. Pterygoid hamuli are oblong and point inferiorly. Mandible (b) with several lower teeth present. Alveoli of both M1s, LP3 and RP4 are resorbed, theRP3 has caries, mental foramina are bifid, and the right mental foramen especially enlarged.

Full Record: x-96-11-011ab/011-FE4.TIF

96-11-011AB

Feature 4

Cranium (a), which is broken and weathered about temporals, missing incisors and LC. There is a tripartite Inca bone, the temporalis insertion on frontal's zygomatic processes is fairly deeply excavated, sutures from infraorbital foramina to orbits are still present. Pterygoid hamuli are oblong and point inferiorly. Mandible (b) with several lower teeth present. Alveoli of both M1s, LP3 and RP4 are resorbed, theRP3 has caries, mental foramina are bifid, and the right mental foramen especially enlarged.

Full Record: x-96-11-011ab/011-FE5.TIF

96-11-011AB

Feature 5

Cranium (a), which is broken and weathered about temporals, missing incisors and LC. There is a tripartite Inca bone, the temporalis insertion on frontal's zygomatic processes is fairly deeply excavated, sutures from infraorbital foramina to orbits are still present. Pterygoid hamuli are oblong and point inferiorly. Mandible (b) with several lower teeth present. Alveoli of both M1s, LP3 and RP4 are resorbed, theRP3 has caries, mental foramina are bifid, and the right mental foramen especially enlarged.

Full Record: x-96-11-011ab/011-FE6.TIF

96-11-011AB

Feature 6

Cranium (a), which is broken and weathered about temporals, missing incisors and LC. There is a tripartite Inca bone, the temporalis insertion on frontal's zygomatic processes is fairly deeply excavated, sutures from infraorbital foramina to orbits are still present. Pterygoid hamuli are oblong and point inferiorly. Mandible (b) with several lower teeth present. Alveoli of both M1s, LP3 and RP4 are resorbed, theRP3 has caries, mental foramina are bifid, and the right mental foramen especially enlarged.

Full Record: x-96-11-012ab/012AB-AN.TIF

96-11-012AB

Anterior

Dolichocephalic cranium (a) with RM1-2. There is extensive alveolar resorption, the vault is anteroposteriorly oblong, and the sagittal, lambdoidal and lambdoidal sutures are obliterated, although individual was probably not old. Mandible (b) with some teeth, and resorbed LM2 alveolus.

Full Record: x-96-11-012ab/012A-PO.TIF

96-11-012AB

Posterior

Dolichocephalic cranium (a) with RM1-2. There is extensive alveolar resorption, the vault is anteroposteriorly oblong, and the sagittal, lambdoidal and lambdoidal sutures are obliterated, although individual was probably not old. Mandible (b) with some teeth, and resorbed LM2 alveolus.

Full Record: x-96-11-012ab/012A-RL.TIF

96-11-012AB

Right Lateral

Dolichocephalic cranium (a) with RM1-2. There is extensive alveolar resorption, the vault is anteroposteriorly oblong, and the sagittal, lambdoidal and lambdoidal sutures are obliterated, although individual was probably not old. Mandible (b) with some teeth, and resorbed LM2 alveolus.

Full Record: x-96-11-012ab/012A-SU.TIF

96-11-012AB

Superior

Dolichocephalic cranium (a) with RM1-2. There is extensive alveolar resorption, the vault is anteroposteriorly oblong, and the sagittal, lambdoidal and lambdoidal sutures are obliterated, although individual was probably not old. Mandible (b) with some teeth, and resorbed LM2 alveolus.

Full Record: x-96-11-012ab/012AB-LL.TIF

96-11-012AB

Left Lateral

Dolichocephalic cranium (a) with RM1-2. There is extensive alveolar resorption, the vault is anteroposteriorly oblong, and the sagittal, lambdoidal and lambdoidal sutures are obliterated, although individual was probably not old. Mandible (b) with some teeth, and resorbed LM2 alveolus.

Full Record: x-96-11-012ab/012AB-RL.TIF

96-11-012AB

Right Lateral

Dolichocephalic cranium (a) with RM1-2. There is extensive alveolar resorption, the vault is anteroposteriorly oblong, and the sagittal, lambdoidal and lambdoidal sutures are obliterated, although individual was probably not old. Mandible (b) with some teeth, and resorbed LM2 alveolus.

Full Record: x-96-11-012ab/012-FE1.TIF

96-11-012AB

Feature 1

Dolichocephalic cranium (a) with RM1-2. There is extensive alveolar resorption, the vault is anteroposteriorly oblong, and the sagittal, lambdoidal and lambdoidal sutures are obliterated, although individual was probably not old. Mandible (b) with some teeth, and resorbed LM2 alveolus.

Full Record: x-96-11-012ab/012-FE2.TIF

96-11-012AB

Feature 2

Dolichocephalic cranium (a) with RM1-2. There is extensive alveolar resorption, the vault is anteroposteriorly oblong, and the sagittal, lambdoidal and lambdoidal sutures are obliterated, although individual was probably not old. Mandible (b) with some teeth, and resorbed LM2 alveolus.

Full Record: x-96-11-012ab/012-FE3.TIF

96-11-012AB

Feature 3

Dolichocephalic cranium (a) with RM1-2. There is extensive alveolar resorption, the vault is anteroposteriorly oblong, and the sagittal, lambdoidal and lambdoidal sutures are obliterated, although individual was probably not old. Mandible (b) with some teeth, and resorbed LM2 alveolus.

Full Record: x-96-11-012ab/012-FE4.TIF

96-11-012AB

Feature 4

Dolichocephalic cranium (a) with RM1-2. There is extensive alveolar resorption, the vault is anteroposteriorly oblong, and the sagittal, lambdoidal and lambdoidal sutures are obliterated, although individual was probably not old. Mandible (b) with some teeth, and resorbed LM2 alveolus.

Full Record: x-96-11-012ab/012-FE5.TIF

96-11-012AB

Feature 5

Dolichocephalic cranium (a) with RM1-2. There is extensive alveolar resorption, the vault is anteroposteriorly oblong, and the sagittal, lambdoidal and lambdoidal sutures are obliterated, although individual was probably not old. Mandible (b) with some teeth, and resorbed LM2 alveolus.

Full Record: x-96-11-012ab/012A-AN.TIF

96-11-012AB

Anterior

Dolichocephalic cranium (a) with RM1-2. There is extensive alveolar resorption, the vault is anteroposteriorly oblong, and the sagittal, lambdoidal and lambdoidal sutures are obliterated, although individual was probably not old. Mandible (b) with some teeth, and resorbed LM2 alveolus.

Full Record: x-96-11-012ab/012A-IN.TIF

96-11-012AB

Inferior

Dolichocephalic cranium (a) with RM1-2. There is extensive alveolar resorption, the vault is anteroposteriorly oblong, and the sagittal, lambdoidal and lambdoidal sutures are obliterated, although individual was probably not old. Mandible (b) with some teeth, and resorbed LM2 alveolus.

Full Record: x-96-11-012ab/012A-LL.TIF

96-11-012AB

Left Lateral

Dolichocephalic cranium (a) with RM1-2. There is extensive alveolar resorption, the vault is anteroposteriorly oblong, and the sagittal, lambdoidal and lambdoidal sutures are obliterated, although individual was probably not old. Mandible (b) with some teeth, and resorbed LM2 alveolus.

Full Record: x-96-11-013ab/013A-AN.TIF

96-11-013AB

Anterior

Cranium (a) with all teeth, but LI1-C crowns are broken, and M3s have only just broken through the crypts. Completely lacks nasal bones, has strong hypoplastic enamel of incisors, canine and molars, and shovel-shaped incisors. The vaginal processes are very large, the pterygoid hamuli are ‘blunted,’ and the medial petrosals are porous. There is a diamond-shaped Inca bone at the superior occipital, with additional large wormian bone on the right lambdoidal suture, and a wormian bone at the right temporal's parietal notch. Sagittal, partial, coronal, and lambdoidal sutures are beginning to obliterate. There is an osteophytic 'plate' on medial-most sphenoid greater wings' orbital surface (bilaterally, cf. #4). Occipital condyles are bifid because of incomplete fusion of the condylar to occipital parts. Foramina ovalia are incompletely closed. This mandible is associated with the 13A cranium. All teeth are present but some crowns are broken. The M3s are unerupted, but the crypts are exposed. The tooth crowns have the same severe hypo-/dysplasias as the maxillary homologs, with the M1 crowns being especially malformed. There is also poor occlusion with the maxillary arcade.

Full Record: x-96-11-013ab/013A-SU.TIF

96-11-013AB

Superior

Cranium (a) with all teeth, but LI1-C crowns are broken, and M3s have only just broken through the crypts. Completely lacks nasal bones, has strong hypoplastic enamel of incisors, canine and molars, and shovel-shaped incisors. The vaginal processes are very large, the pterygoid hamuli are ‘blunted,’ and the medial petrosals are porous. There is a diamond-shaped Inca bone at the superior occipital, with additional large wormian bone on the right lambdoidal suture, and a wormian bone at the right temporal's parietal notch. Sagittal, partial, coronal, and lambdoidal sutures are beginning to obliterate. There is an osteophytic 'plate' on medial-most sphenoid greater wings' orbital surface (bilaterally, cf. #4). Occipital condyles are bifid because of incomplete fusion of the condylar to occipital parts. Foramina ovalia are incompletely closed. This mandible is associated with the 13A cranium. All teeth are present but some crowns are broken. The M3s are unerupted, but the crypts are exposed. The tooth crowns have the same severe hypo-/dysplasias as the maxillary homologs, with the M1 crowns being especially malformed. There is also poor occlusion with the maxillary arcade.

Full Record: x-96-11-013ab/013AB-AN.TIF

96-11-013AB

Anterior

Cranium (a) with all teeth, but LI1-C crowns are broken, and M3s have only just broken through the crypts. Completely lacks nasal bones, has strong hypoplastic enamel of incisors, canine and molars, and shovel-shaped incisors. The vaginal processes are very large, the pterygoid hamuli are ‘blunted,’ and the medial petrosals are porous. There is a diamond-shaped Inca bone at the superior occipital, with additional large wormian bone on the right lambdoidal suture, and a wormian bone at the right temporal's parietal notch. Sagittal, partial, coronal, and lambdoidal sutures are beginning to obliterate. There is an osteophytic 'plate' on medial-most sphenoid greater wings' orbital surface (bilaterally, cf. #4). Occipital condyles are bifid because of incomplete fusion of the condylar to occipital parts. Foramina ovalia are incompletely closed. This mandible is associated with the 13A cranium. All teeth are present but some crowns are broken. The M3s are unerupted, but the crypts are exposed. The tooth crowns have the same severe hypo-/dysplasias as the maxillary homologs, with the M1 crowns being especially malformed. There is also poor occlusion with the maxillary arcade.

Full Record: x-96-11-013ab/013AB-LL.TIF

96-11-013AB

Left Lateral

Cranium (a) with all teeth, but LI1-C crowns are broken, and M3s have only just broken through the crypts. Completely lacks nasal bones, has strong hypoplastic enamel of incisors, canine and molars, and shovel-shaped incisors. The vaginal processes are very large, the pterygoid hamuli are ‘blunted,’ and the medial petrosals are porous. There is a diamond-shaped Inca bone at the superior occipital, with additional large wormian bone on the right lambdoidal suture, and a wormian bone at the right temporal's parietal notch. Sagittal, partial, coronal, and lambdoidal sutures are beginning to obliterate. There is an osteophytic 'plate' on medial-most sphenoid greater wings' orbital surface (bilaterally, cf. #4). Occipital condyles are bifid because of incomplete fusion of the condylar to occipital parts. Foramina ovalia are incompletely closed. This mandible is associated with the 13A cranium. All teeth are present but some crowns are broken. The M3s are unerupted, but the crypts are exposed. The tooth crowns have the same severe hypo-/dysplasias as the maxillary homologs, with the M1 crowns being especially malformed. There is also poor occlusion with the maxillary arcade.

Full Record: x-96-11-013ab/013AB-RL.TIF

96-11-013AB

Right Lateral

Cranium (a) with all teeth, but LI1-C crowns are broken, and M3s have only just broken through the crypts. Completely lacks nasal bones, has strong hypoplastic enamel of incisors, canine and molars, and shovel-shaped incisors. The vaginal processes are very large, the pterygoid hamuli are ‘blunted,’ and the medial petrosals are porous. There is a diamond-shaped Inca bone at the superior occipital, with additional large wormian bone on the right lambdoidal suture, and a wormian bone at the right temporal's parietal notch. Sagittal, partial, coronal, and lambdoidal sutures are beginning to obliterate. There is an osteophytic 'plate' on medial-most sphenoid greater wings' orbital surface (bilaterally, cf. #4). Occipital condyles are bifid because of incomplete fusion of the condylar to occipital parts. Foramina ovalia are incompletely closed. This mandible is associated with the 13A cranium. All teeth are present but some crowns are broken. The M3s are unerupted, but the crypts are exposed. The tooth crowns have the same severe hypo-/dysplasias as the maxillary homologs, with the M1 crowns being especially malformed. There is also poor occlusion with the maxillary arcade.

Full Record: x-96-11-013ab/013B-AN.TIF

96-11-013AB

Anterior

Cranium (a) with all teeth, but LI1-C crowns are broken, and M3s have only just broken through the crypts. Completely lacks nasal bones, has strong hypoplastic enamel of incisors, canine and molars, and shovel-shaped incisors. The vaginal processes are very large, the pterygoid hamuli are ‘blunted,’ and the medial petrosals are porous. There is a diamond-shaped Inca bone at the superior occipital, with additional large wormian bone on the right lambdoidal suture, and a wormian bone at the right temporal's parietal notch. Sagittal, partial, coronal, and lambdoidal sutures are beginning to obliterate. There is an osteophytic 'plate' on medial-most sphenoid greater wings' orbital surface (bilaterally, cf. #4). Occipital condyles are bifid because of incomplete fusion of the condylar to occipital parts. Foramina ovalia are incompletely closed. This mandible is associated with the 13A cranium. All teeth are present but some crowns are broken. The M3s are unerupted, but the crypts are exposed. The tooth crowns have the same severe hypo-/dysplasias as the maxillary homologs, with the M1 crowns being especially malformed. There is also poor occlusion with the maxillary arcade.

Full Record: x-96-11-013ab/013B-IN.TIF

96-11-013AB

Inferior

Cranium (a) with all teeth, but LI1-C crowns are broken, and M3s have only just broken through the crypts. Completely lacks nasal bones, has strong hypoplastic enamel of incisors, canine and molars, and shovel-shaped incisors. The vaginal processes are very large, the pterygoid hamuli are ‘blunted,’ and the medial petrosals are porous. There is a diamond-shaped Inca bone at the superior occipital, with additional large wormian bone on the right lambdoidal suture, and a wormian bone at the right temporal's parietal notch. Sagittal, partial, coronal, and lambdoidal sutures are beginning to obliterate. There is an osteophytic 'plate' on medial-most sphenoid greater wings' orbital surface (bilaterally, cf. #4). Occipital condyles are bifid because of incomplete fusion of the condylar to occipital parts. Foramina ovalia are incompletely closed. This mandible is associated with the 13A cranium. All teeth are present but some crowns are broken. The M3s are unerupted, but the crypts are exposed. The tooth crowns have the same severe hypo-/dysplasias as the maxillary homologs, with the M1 crowns being especially malformed. There is also poor occlusion with the maxillary arcade.

Full Record: x-96-11-013ab/013B-LL.TIF

96-11-013AB

Left Lateral

Cranium (a) with all teeth, but LI1-C crowns are broken, and M3s have only just broken through the crypts. Completely lacks nasal bones, has strong hypoplastic enamel of incisors, canine and molars, and shovel-shaped incisors. The vaginal processes are very large, the pterygoid hamuli are ‘blunted,’ and the medial petrosals are porous. There is a diamond-shaped Inca bone at the superior occipital, with additional large wormian bone on the right lambdoidal suture, and a wormian bone at the right temporal's parietal notch. Sagittal, partial, coronal, and lambdoidal sutures are beginning to obliterate. There is an osteophytic 'plate' on medial-most sphenoid greater wings' orbital surface (bilaterally, cf. #4). Occipital condyles are bifid because of incomplete fusion of the condylar to occipital parts. Foramina ovalia are incompletely closed. This mandible is associated with the 13A cranium. All teeth are present but some crowns are broken. The M3s are unerupted, but the crypts are exposed. The tooth crowns have the same severe hypo-/dysplasias as the maxillary homologs, with the M1 crowns being especially malformed. There is also poor occlusion with the maxillary arcade.

Full Record: x-96-11-013ab/013B-PO.TIF

96-11-013AB

Posterior

Cranium (a) with all teeth, but LI1-C crowns are broken, and M3s have only just broken through the crypts. Completely lacks nasal bones, has strong hypoplastic enamel of incisors, canine and molars, and shovel-shaped incisors. The vaginal processes are very large, the pterygoid hamuli are ‘blunted,’ and the medial petrosals are porous. There is a diamond-shaped Inca bone at the superior occipital, with additional large wormian bone on the right lambdoidal suture, and a wormian bone at the right temporal's parietal notch. Sagittal, partial, coronal, and lambdoidal sutures are beginning to obliterate. There is an osteophytic 'plate' on medial-most sphenoid greater wings' orbital surface (bilaterally, cf. #4). Occipital condyles are bifid because of incomplete fusion of the condylar to occipital parts. Foramina ovalia are incompletely closed. This mandible is associated with the 13A cranium. All teeth are present but some crowns are broken. The M3s are unerupted, but the crypts are exposed. The tooth crowns have the same severe hypo-/dysplasias as the maxillary homologs, with the M1 crowns being especially malformed. There is also poor occlusion with the maxillary arcade.

Full Record: x-96-11-013ab/013B-RL.TIF

96-11-013AB

Right Lateral

Cranium (a) with all teeth, but LI1-C crowns are broken, and M3s have only just broken through the crypts. Completely lacks nasal bones, has strong hypoplastic enamel of incisors, canine and molars, and shovel-shaped incisors. The vaginal processes are very large, the pterygoid hamuli are ‘blunted,’ and the medial petrosals are porous. There is a diamond-shaped Inca bone at the superior occipital, with additional large wormian bone on the right lambdoidal suture, and a wormian bone at the right temporal's parietal notch. Sagittal, partial, coronal, and lambdoidal sutures are beginning to obliterate. There is an osteophytic 'plate' on medial-most sphenoid greater wings' orbital surface (bilaterally, cf. #4). Occipital condyles are bifid because of incomplete fusion of the condylar to occipital parts. Foramina ovalia are incompletely closed. This mandible is associated with the 13A cranium. All teeth are present but some crowns are broken. The M3s are unerupted, but the crypts are exposed. The tooth crowns have the same severe hypo-/dysplasias as the maxillary homologs, with the M1 crowns being especially malformed. There is also poor occlusion with the maxillary arcade.

Full Record: x-96-11-013ab/013B-SU.TIF

96-11-013AB

Superior

Cranium (a) with all teeth, but LI1-C crowns are broken, and M3s have only just broken through the crypts. Completely lacks nasal bones, has strong hypoplastic enamel of incisors, canine and molars, and shovel-shaped incisors. The vaginal processes are very large, the pterygoid hamuli are ‘blunted,’ and the medial petrosals are porous. There is a diamond-shaped Inca bone at the superior occipital, with additional large wormian bone on the right lambdoidal suture, and a wormian bone at the right temporal's parietal notch. Sagittal, partial, coronal, and lambdoidal sutures are beginning to obliterate. There is an osteophytic 'plate' on medial-most sphenoid greater wings' orbital surface (bilaterally, cf. #4). Occipital condyles are bifid because of incomplete fusion of the condylar to occipital parts. Foramina ovalia are incompletely closed. This mandible is associated with the 13A cranium. All teeth are present but some crowns are broken. The M3s are unerupted, but the crypts are exposed. The tooth crowns have the same severe hypo-/dysplasias as the maxillary homologs, with the M1 crowns being especially malformed. There is also poor occlusion with the maxillary arcade.

Full Record: x-96-11-013ab/013-DN.TIF

96-11-013AB

Mandibular Dentition

Cranium (a) with all teeth, but LI1-C crowns are broken, and M3s have only just broken through the crypts. Completely lacks nasal bones, has strong hypoplastic enamel of incisors, canine and molars, and shovel-shaped incisors. The vaginal processes are very large, the pterygoid hamuli are ‘blunted,’ and the medial petrosals are porous. There is a diamond-shaped Inca bone at the superior occipital, with additional large wormian bone on the right lambdoidal suture, and a wormian bone at the right temporal's parietal notch. Sagittal, partial, coronal, and lambdoidal sutures are beginning to obliterate. There is an osteophytic 'plate' on medial-most sphenoid greater wings' orbital surface (bilaterally, cf. #4). Occipital condyles are bifid because of incomplete fusion of the condylar to occipital parts. Foramina ovalia are incompletely closed. This mandible is associated with the 13A cranium. All teeth are present but some crowns are broken. The M3s are unerupted, but the crypts are exposed. The tooth crowns have the same severe hypo-/dysplasias as the maxillary homologs, with the M1 crowns being especially malformed. There is also poor occlusion with the maxillary arcade.

Full Record: x-96-11-013ab/013-DX.TIF

96-11-013AB

Maxillary Dentition

Cranium (a) with all teeth, but LI1-C crowns are broken, and M3s have only just broken through the crypts. Completely lacks nasal bones, has strong hypoplastic enamel of incisors, canine and molars, and shovel-shaped incisors. The vaginal processes are very large, the pterygoid hamuli are ‘blunted,’ and the medial petrosals are porous. There is a diamond-shaped Inca bone at the superior occipital, with additional large wormian bone on the right lambdoidal suture, and a wormian bone at the right temporal's parietal notch. Sagittal, partial, coronal, and lambdoidal sutures are beginning to obliterate. There is an osteophytic 'plate' on medial-most sphenoid greater wings' orbital surface (bilaterally, cf. #4). Occipital condyles are bifid because of incomplete fusion of the condylar to occipital parts. Foramina ovalia are incompletely closed. This mandible is associated with the 13A cranium. All teeth are present but some crowns are broken. The M3s are unerupted, but the crypts are exposed. The tooth crowns have the same severe hypo-/dysplasias as the maxillary homologs, with the M1 crowns being especially malformed. There is also poor occlusion with the maxillary arcade.

Full Record: x-96-11-013ab/013-FE1.TIF

96-11-013AB

Feature 1

Cranium (a) with all teeth, but LI1-C crowns are broken, and M3s have only just broken through the crypts. Completely lacks nasal bones, has strong hypoplastic enamel of incisors, canine and molars, and shovel-shaped incisors. The vaginal processes are very large, the pterygoid hamuli are ‘blunted,’ and the medial petrosals are porous. There is a diamond-shaped Inca bone at the superior occipital, with additional large wormian bone on the right lambdoidal suture, and a wormian bone at the right temporal's parietal notch. Sagittal, partial, coronal, and lambdoidal sutures are beginning to obliterate. There is an osteophytic 'plate' on medial-most sphenoid greater wings' orbital surface (bilaterally, cf. #4). Occipital condyles are bifid because of incomplete fusion of the condylar to occipital parts. Foramina ovalia are incompletely closed. This mandible is associated with the 13A cranium. All teeth are present but some crowns are broken. The M3s are unerupted, but the crypts are exposed. The tooth crowns have the same severe hypo-/dysplasias as the maxillary homologs, with the M1 crowns being especially malformed. There is also poor occlusion with the maxillary arcade.

Full Record: x-96-11-013ab/013-FE2.TIF

96-11-013AB

Feature 2

Cranium (a) with all teeth, but LI1-C crowns are broken, and M3s have only just broken through the crypts. Completely lacks nasal bones, has strong hypoplastic enamel of incisors, canine and molars, and shovel-shaped incisors. The vaginal processes are very large, the pterygoid hamuli are ‘blunted,’ and the medial petrosals are porous. There is a diamond-shaped Inca bone at the superior occipital, with additional large wormian bone on the right lambdoidal suture, and a wormian bone at the right temporal's parietal notch. Sagittal, partial, coronal, and lambdoidal sutures are beginning to obliterate. There is an osteophytic 'plate' on medial-most sphenoid greater wings' orbital surface (bilaterally, cf. #4). Occipital condyles are bifid because of incomplete fusion of the condylar to occipital parts. Foramina ovalia are incompletely closed. This mandible is associated with the 13A cranium. All teeth are present but some crowns are broken. The M3s are unerupted, but the crypts are exposed. The tooth crowns have the same severe hypo-/dysplasias as the maxillary homologs, with the M1 crowns being especially malformed. There is also poor occlusion with the maxillary arcade.

Full Record: x-96-11-013ab/013A-IN.TIF

96-11-013AB

Inferior

Cranium (a) with all teeth, but LI1-C crowns are broken, and M3s have only just broken through the crypts. Completely lacks nasal bones, has strong hypoplastic enamel of incisors, canine and molars, and shovel-shaped incisors. The vaginal processes are very large, the pterygoid hamuli are ‘blunted,’ and the medial petrosals are porous. There is a diamond-shaped Inca bone at the superior occipital, with additional large wormian bone on the right lambdoidal suture, and a wormian bone at the right temporal's parietal notch. Sagittal, partial, coronal, and lambdoidal sutures are beginning to obliterate. There is an osteophytic 'plate' on medial-most sphenoid greater wings' orbital surface (bilaterally, cf. #4). Occipital condyles are bifid because of incomplete fusion of the condylar to occipital parts. Foramina ovalia are incompletely closed. This mandible is associated with the 13A cranium. All teeth are present but some crowns are broken. The M3s are unerupted, but the crypts are exposed. The tooth crowns have the same severe hypo-/dysplasias as the maxillary homologs, with the M1 crowns being especially malformed. There is also poor occlusion with the maxillary arcade.

Full Record: x-96-11-013ab/013A-LL.TIF

96-11-013AB

Left Lateral

Cranium (a) with all teeth, but LI1-C crowns are broken, and M3s have only just broken through the crypts. Completely lacks nasal bones, has strong hypoplastic enamel of incisors, canine and molars, and shovel-shaped incisors. The vaginal processes are very large, the pterygoid hamuli are ‘blunted,’ and the medial petrosals are porous. There is a diamond-shaped Inca bone at the superior occipital, with additional large wormian bone on the right lambdoidal suture, and a wormian bone at the right temporal's parietal notch. Sagittal, partial, coronal, and lambdoidal sutures are beginning to obliterate. There is an osteophytic 'plate' on medial-most sphenoid greater wings' orbital surface (bilaterally, cf. #4). Occipital condyles are bifid because of incomplete fusion of the condylar to occipital parts. Foramina ovalia are incompletely closed. This mandible is associated with the 13A cranium. All teeth are present but some crowns are broken. The M3s are unerupted, but the crypts are exposed. The tooth crowns have the same severe hypo-/dysplasias as the maxillary homologs, with the M1 crowns being especially malformed. There is also poor occlusion with the maxillary arcade.

Full Record: x-96-11-013ab/013A-PO.TIF

96-11-013AB

Posterior

Cranium (a) with all teeth, but LI1-C crowns are broken, and M3s have only just broken through the crypts. Completely lacks nasal bones, has strong hypoplastic enamel of incisors, canine and molars, and shovel-shaped incisors. The vaginal processes are very large, the pterygoid hamuli are ‘blunted,’ and the medial petrosals are porous. There is a diamond-shaped Inca bone at the superior occipital, with additional large wormian bone on the right lambdoidal suture, and a wormian bone at the right temporal's parietal notch. Sagittal, partial, coronal, and lambdoidal sutures are beginning to obliterate. There is an osteophytic 'plate' on medial-most sphenoid greater wings' orbital surface (bilaterally, cf. #4). Occipital condyles are bifid because of incomplete fusion of the condylar to occipital parts. Foramina ovalia are incompletely closed. This mandible is associated with the 13A cranium. All teeth are present but some crowns are broken. The M3s are unerupted, but the crypts are exposed. The tooth crowns have the same severe hypo-/dysplasias as the maxillary homologs, with the M1 crowns being especially malformed. There is also poor occlusion with the maxillary arcade.

Full Record: x-96-11-013ab/013A-RL.TIF

96-11-013AB

Right Lateral

Cranium (a) with all teeth, but LI1-C crowns are broken, and M3s have only just broken through the crypts. Completely lacks nasal bones, has strong hypoplastic enamel of incisors, canine and molars, and shovel-shaped incisors. The vaginal processes are very large, the pterygoid hamuli are ‘blunted,’ and the medial petrosals are porous. There is a diamond-shaped Inca bone at the superior occipital, with additional large wormian bone on the right lambdoidal suture, and a wormian bone at the right temporal's parietal notch. Sagittal, partial, coronal, and lambdoidal sutures are beginning to obliterate. There is an osteophytic 'plate' on medial-most sphenoid greater wings' orbital surface (bilaterally, cf. #4). Occipital condyles are bifid because of incomplete fusion of the condylar to occipital parts. Foramina ovalia are incompletely closed. This mandible is associated with the 13A cranium. All teeth are present but some crowns are broken. The M3s are unerupted, but the crypts are exposed. The tooth crowns have the same severe hypo-/dysplasias as the maxillary homologs, with the M1 crowns being especially malformed. There is also poor occlusion with the maxillary arcade.

Full Record: x-96-11-014/014-AN.TIF

96-11-014

Anterior

Cranium missing all teeth. There is a huge, partially-healed hole (allegedly from surgery) on the left parietal, and a healed fracture line radiating anteromedially from the hole. The metopic suture is completely preserved. There is alveolar resorption, and abscessing at the left M1-2. The vomeral perpendicular plate is ‘doubled’ anteriorly, and the inferolateral margins of the nasal aperture are grooved. The left hypoglossal canal is bifid, and the left jugular foramen is nearly bifid. The massetric tubercles are notched at zygomaxillare inferior, and there is a small lesion on facial surface of the right inferomedial orbital margin

Full Record: x-96-11-014/014-DX.TIF

96-11-014

Maxillary Dentition

Cranium missing all teeth. There is a huge, partially-healed hole (allegedly from surgery) on the left parietal, and a healed fracture line radiating anteromedially from the hole. The metopic suture is completely preserved. There is alveolar resorption, and abscessing at the left M1-2. The vomeral perpendicular plate is ‘doubled’ anteriorly, and the inferolateral margins of the nasal aperture are grooved. The left hypoglossal canal is bifid, and the left jugular foramen is nearly bifid. The massetric tubercles are notched at zygomaxillare inferior, and there is a small lesion on facial surface of the right inferomedial orbital margin

Full Record: x-96-11-014/014-IN.TIF

96-11-014

Inferior

Cranium missing all teeth. There is a huge, partially-healed hole (allegedly from surgery) on the left parietal, and a healed fracture line radiating anteromedially from the hole. The metopic suture is completely preserved. There is alveolar resorption, and abscessing at the left M1-2. The vomeral perpendicular plate is ‘doubled’ anteriorly, and the inferolateral margins of the nasal aperture are grooved. The left hypoglossal canal is bifid, and the left jugular foramen is nearly bifid. The massetric tubercles are notched at zygomaxillare inferior, and there is a small lesion on facial surface of the right inferomedial orbital margin

Full Record: x-96-11-014/014-LL.TIF

96-11-014

Left Lateral

Cranium missing all teeth. There is a huge, partially-healed hole (allegedly from surgery) on the left parietal, and a healed fracture line radiating anteromedially from the hole. The metopic suture is completely preserved. There is alveolar resorption, and abscessing at the left M1-2. The vomeral perpendicular plate is ‘doubled’ anteriorly, and the inferolateral margins of the nasal aperture are grooved. The left hypoglossal canal is bifid, and the left jugular foramen is nearly bifid. The massetric tubercles are notched at zygomaxillare inferior, and there is a small lesion on facial surface of the right inferomedial orbital margin

Full Record: x-96-11-014/014-PO.TIF

96-11-014

Posterior

Cranium missing all teeth. There is a huge, partially-healed hole (allegedly from surgery) on the left parietal, and a healed fracture line radiating anteromedially from the hole. The metopic suture is completely preserved. There is alveolar resorption, and abscessing at the left M1-2. The vomeral perpendicular plate is ‘doubled’ anteriorly, and the inferolateral margins of the nasal aperture are grooved. The left hypoglossal canal is bifid, and the left jugular foramen is nearly bifid. The massetric tubercles are notched at zygomaxillare inferior, and there is a small lesion on facial surface of the right inferomedial orbital margin

Full Record: x-96-11-014/014-RL.TIF

96-11-014

Right Lateral

Cranium missing all teeth. There is a huge, partially-healed hole (allegedly from surgery) on the left parietal, and a healed fracture line radiating anteromedially from the hole. The metopic suture is completely preserved. There is alveolar resorption, and abscessing at the left M1-2. The vomeral perpendicular plate is ‘doubled’ anteriorly, and the inferolateral margins of the nasal aperture are grooved. The left hypoglossal canal is bifid, and the left jugular foramen is nearly bifid. The massetric tubercles are notched at zygomaxillare inferior, and there is a small lesion on facial surface of the right inferomedial orbital margin

Full Record: x-96-11-014/014-SU.TIF

96-11-014

Superior

Cranium missing all teeth. There is a huge, partially-healed hole (allegedly from surgery) on the left parietal, and a healed fracture line radiating anteromedially from the hole. The metopic suture is completely preserved. There is alveolar resorption, and abscessing at the left M1-2. The vomeral perpendicular plate is ‘doubled’ anteriorly, and the inferolateral margins of the nasal aperture are grooved. The left hypoglossal canal is bifid, and the left jugular foramen is nearly bifid. The massetric tubercles are notched at zygomaxillare inferior, and there is a small lesion on facial surface of the right inferomedial orbital margin

Full Record: x-96-11-015/015-AN.TIF

96-11-015

Anterior

Cranium has a small crack and hole on inferior left infraorbital surface, a broken right zygomatic arch, and a long crack running through right pterionic region. The metopic suture is present, but obliterated anteriorly. As the specimen displays “Dehiscence of orbital walls” (written on the frontal), much orbital is bone missing. There is also white, bony deposition/remodeling of the posterosuperior orbital surface. There is a healed fracture of anterior margins of the nasal bones, as well as in ill-set, healed fracture of the left zygomatic arch. All dental alveoli are resorbed, so much so that anteriorly the incisive foramen is at the erstwhile-alveolar margin. The right parietal boss is much more laterally protuberant than the right, leading to substantial vault asymmetry. There are a number of healed cut or scratch-marks on the posterior parietals. The sphenoid spines are hypertrophied, and the lesser wings/ infratemporal fossae are highly vascularized. The left hypoglossal canal is bifurcated, there is arthritis (or some bony hypertrophy) of the medial occipital condyles, and the occipital condyle’s articular surface extended posteriorly. The spheno-occipital synchondrosis either broken or unfused, and the hard posterior hard palate is extremely thin.