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Results for crania1ic
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Full Record: x-96-11-159/159-SU.TIF

96-11-159

Superior

This cranium has a loose calotte, and weathering has opened and loosened many facial sutures. It appears to be possibly microcephalic (diminutive). There is severe pitting and remodeling of the vault, including the frontal, parietal, and occipital bones); this could indicate porotic hyperostosis. There is farily pronounced depression of the left infratemporal region, and an asymmetrical foramen magnum, with long axis deviation and bony deposition anteriorly. The occipital condyle size and shape are asymmetrical. Additionally, there are farily open petrotympanic fissures (chorda tympani n.). Dentally, the M3s, LC, and RP3 are missing, and the crowns of the R and LI1, RI2, and RC are broken. There is severe calculus on the tooth crowns, and linear enamel hypoplasia on LI1. The LI2 is malformed and peg-like. Additionally, there is variable carabellis expression on the molars.

Full Record: x-96-11-159/159-DX.TIF

96-11-159

Maxillary Dentition

This cranium has a loose calotte, and weathering has opened and loosened many facial sutures. It appears to be possibly microcephalic (diminutive). There is severe pitting and remodeling of the vault, including the frontal, parietal, and occipital bones); this could indicate porotic hyperostosis. There is farily pronounced depression of the left infratemporal region, and an asymmetrical foramen magnum, with long axis deviation and bony deposition anteriorly. The occipital condyle size and shape are asymmetrical. Additionally, there are farily open petrotympanic fissures (chorda tympani n.). Dentally, the M3s, LC, and RP3 are missing, and the crowns of the R and LI1, RI2, and RC are broken. There is severe calculus on the tooth crowns, and linear enamel hypoplasia on LI1. The LI2 is malformed and peg-like. Additionally, there is variable carabellis expression on the molars.

Full Record: x-96-11-159/159-FE1.TIF

96-11-159

Feature 1

This cranium has a loose calotte, and weathering has opened and loosened many facial sutures. It appears to be possibly microcephalic (diminutive). There is severe pitting and remodeling of the vault, including the frontal, parietal, and occipital bones); this could indicate porotic hyperostosis. There is farily pronounced depression of the left infratemporal region, and an asymmetrical foramen magnum, with long axis deviation and bony deposition anteriorly. The occipital condyle size and shape are asymmetrical. Additionally, there are farily open petrotympanic fissures (chorda tympani n.). Dentally, the M3s, LC, and RP3 are missing, and the crowns of the R and LI1, RI2, and RC are broken. There is severe calculus on the tooth crowns, and linear enamel hypoplasia on LI1. The LI2 is malformed and peg-like. Additionally, there is variable carabellis expression on the molars.

Full Record: x-96-11-159/159-FE2.TIF

96-11-159

Feature 2

This cranium has a loose calotte, and weathering has opened and loosened many facial sutures. It appears to be possibly microcephalic (diminutive). There is severe pitting and remodeling of the vault, including the frontal, parietal, and occipital bones); this could indicate porotic hyperostosis. There is farily pronounced depression of the left infratemporal region, and an asymmetrical foramen magnum, with long axis deviation and bony deposition anteriorly. The occipital condyle size and shape are asymmetrical. Additionally, there are farily open petrotympanic fissures (chorda tympani n.). Dentally, the M3s, LC, and RP3 are missing, and the crowns of the R and LI1, RI2, and RC are broken. There is severe calculus on the tooth crowns, and linear enamel hypoplasia on LI1. The LI2 is malformed and peg-like. Additionally, there is variable carabellis expression on the molars.

Full Record: x-96-11-159/159-FE3.TIF

96-11-159

Feature 3

This cranium has a loose calotte, and weathering has opened and loosened many facial sutures. It appears to be possibly microcephalic (diminutive). There is severe pitting and remodeling of the vault, including the frontal, parietal, and occipital bones); this could indicate porotic hyperostosis. There is farily pronounced depression of the left infratemporal region, and an asymmetrical foramen magnum, with long axis deviation and bony deposition anteriorly. The occipital condyle size and shape are asymmetrical. Additionally, there are farily open petrotympanic fissures (chorda tympani n.). Dentally, the M3s, LC, and RP3 are missing, and the crowns of the R and LI1, RI2, and RC are broken. There is severe calculus on the tooth crowns, and linear enamel hypoplasia on LI1. The LI2 is malformed and peg-like. Additionally, there is variable carabellis expression on the molars.

Full Record: x-96-11-159/159-FE4.TIF

96-11-159

Feature 4

This cranium has a loose calotte, and weathering has opened and loosened many facial sutures. It appears to be possibly microcephalic (diminutive). There is severe pitting and remodeling of the vault, including the frontal, parietal, and occipital bones); this could indicate porotic hyperostosis. There is farily pronounced depression of the left infratemporal region, and an asymmetrical foramen magnum, with long axis deviation and bony deposition anteriorly. The occipital condyle size and shape are asymmetrical. Additionally, there are farily open petrotympanic fissures (chorda tympani n.). Dentally, the M3s, LC, and RP3 are missing, and the crowns of the R and LI1, RI2, and RC are broken. There is severe calculus on the tooth crowns, and linear enamel hypoplasia on LI1. The LI2 is malformed and peg-like. Additionally, there is variable carabellis expression on the molars.

Full Record: x-96-11-159/159-IN.TIF

96-11-159

Inferior

This cranium has a loose calotte, and weathering has opened and loosened many facial sutures. It appears to be possibly microcephalic (diminutive). There is severe pitting and remodeling of the vault, including the frontal, parietal, and occipital bones); this could indicate porotic hyperostosis. There is farily pronounced depression of the left infratemporal region, and an asymmetrical foramen magnum, with long axis deviation and bony deposition anteriorly. The occipital condyle size and shape are asymmetrical. Additionally, there are farily open petrotympanic fissures (chorda tympani n.). Dentally, the M3s, LC, and RP3 are missing, and the crowns of the R and LI1, RI2, and RC are broken. There is severe calculus on the tooth crowns, and linear enamel hypoplasia on LI1. The LI2 is malformed and peg-like. Additionally, there is variable carabellis expression on the molars.

Full Record: x-96-11-159/159-LL.TIF

96-11-159

Left Lateral

This cranium has a loose calotte, and weathering has opened and loosened many facial sutures. It appears to be possibly microcephalic (diminutive). There is severe pitting and remodeling of the vault, including the frontal, parietal, and occipital bones); this could indicate porotic hyperostosis. There is farily pronounced depression of the left infratemporal region, and an asymmetrical foramen magnum, with long axis deviation and bony deposition anteriorly. The occipital condyle size and shape are asymmetrical. Additionally, there are farily open petrotympanic fissures (chorda tympani n.). Dentally, the M3s, LC, and RP3 are missing, and the crowns of the R and LI1, RI2, and RC are broken. There is severe calculus on the tooth crowns, and linear enamel hypoplasia on LI1. The LI2 is malformed and peg-like. Additionally, there is variable carabellis expression on the molars.

Full Record: x-96-11-159/159-PO.TIF

96-11-159

Posterior

This cranium has a loose calotte, and weathering has opened and loosened many facial sutures. It appears to be possibly microcephalic (diminutive). There is severe pitting and remodeling of the vault, including the frontal, parietal, and occipital bones); this could indicate porotic hyperostosis. There is farily pronounced depression of the left infratemporal region, and an asymmetrical foramen magnum, with long axis deviation and bony deposition anteriorly. The occipital condyle size and shape are asymmetrical. Additionally, there are farily open petrotympanic fissures (chorda tympani n.). Dentally, the M3s, LC, and RP3 are missing, and the crowns of the R and LI1, RI2, and RC are broken. There is severe calculus on the tooth crowns, and linear enamel hypoplasia on LI1. The LI2 is malformed and peg-like. Additionally, there is variable carabellis expression on the molars.

96-11-160AB

96-11-160AB

This cranium has the calotte wired and screwed into the rest of the cranium. It is microcephalic (diminutive). The entire alveolar process is resorbed. There is a healed nasal fracture; it appears missing on the left, and displaced to the right. There are osteophytic growths on the right, and the ethnovomer is displaced to the left in the middle. Additionally, the glabella is greatly developed and vacularized. There is an accessory foramen, possibly for the internal carotid, which is inferior to the right optic canal by joining of the right anterior clinoid process to the sella turcica. The porosity of the dorsum sellae exposes the sphenoid sinus. There is a mandible associated with the 160A cranium. It is missing all teeth, and most alveoli are resorbed (viz. premolar, molar). There is a support wire inset in the corpus in resorbed molar region.

Full Record: x-96-11-161ab/161-AN.TIF

96-11-161AB

Anterior

This cranium is fairly weathered and microcephalic (diminutive). The right nasal bone is missing. All alveoli are resorbed, resulting in very short lower face, anteriorly up to the incisive canal. The metopic suture is unfused, and the sagittal suture is moderately obliterated; this obliteration may be the result of weathering. The distal alveolar margins and maxillary tuberosities are weakly/barely attached to the pterygoid plates. There is bony remodeling and/or deposition on the left lacrimal fossa, in the superolateral orbital corner. The supraorbital region is highly vascularized. There are relatively large pterygopalatine fossae (bilateral), and the fa. ovale is incompletely closed, posteriorly (bilateral). The mandible associated with this cranium, (b), has no teeth present and all alveoli resorbed.

Full Record: x-96-11-161ab/161-IN.TIF

96-11-161AB

Inferior

This cranium is fairly weathered and microcephalic (diminutive). The right nasal bone is missing. All alveoli are resorbed, resulting in very short lower face, anteriorly up to the incisive canal. The metopic suture is unfused, and the sagittal suture is moderately obliterated; this obliteration may be the result of weathering. The distal alveolar margins and maxillary tuberosities are weakly/barely attached to the pterygoid plates. There is bony remodeling and/or deposition on the left lacrimal fossa, in the superolateral orbital corner. The supraorbital region is highly vascularized. There are relatively large pterygopalatine fossae (bilateral), and the fa. ovale is incompletely closed, posteriorly (bilateral). The mandible associated with this cranium, (b), has no teeth present and all alveoli resorbed.

Full Record: x-96-11-161ab/161-LL.TIF

96-11-161AB

Left Lateral

This cranium is fairly weathered and microcephalic (diminutive). The right nasal bone is missing. All alveoli are resorbed, resulting in very short lower face, anteriorly up to the incisive canal. The metopic suture is unfused, and the sagittal suture is moderately obliterated; this obliteration may be the result of weathering. The distal alveolar margins and maxillary tuberosities are weakly/barely attached to the pterygoid plates. There is bony remodeling and/or deposition on the left lacrimal fossa, in the superolateral orbital corner. The supraorbital region is highly vascularized. There are relatively large pterygopalatine fossae (bilateral), and the fa. ovale is incompletely closed, posteriorly (bilateral). The mandible associated with this cranium, (b), has no teeth present and all alveoli resorbed.

Full Record: x-96-11-161ab/161-PO.TIF

96-11-161AB

Posterior

This cranium is fairly weathered and microcephalic (diminutive). The right nasal bone is missing. All alveoli are resorbed, resulting in very short lower face, anteriorly up to the incisive canal. The metopic suture is unfused, and the sagittal suture is moderately obliterated; this obliteration may be the result of weathering. The distal alveolar margins and maxillary tuberosities are weakly/barely attached to the pterygoid plates. There is bony remodeling and/or deposition on the left lacrimal fossa, in the superolateral orbital corner. The supraorbital region is highly vascularized. There are relatively large pterygopalatine fossae (bilateral), and the fa. ovale is incompletely closed, posteriorly (bilateral). The mandible associated with this cranium, (b), has no teeth present and all alveoli resorbed.

Full Record: x-96-11-161ab/161-RL.TIF

96-11-161AB

Right Lateral

This cranium is fairly weathered and microcephalic (diminutive). The right nasal bone is missing. All alveoli are resorbed, resulting in very short lower face, anteriorly up to the incisive canal. The metopic suture is unfused, and the sagittal suture is moderately obliterated; this obliteration may be the result of weathering. The distal alveolar margins and maxillary tuberosities are weakly/barely attached to the pterygoid plates. There is bony remodeling and/or deposition on the left lacrimal fossa, in the superolateral orbital corner. The supraorbital region is highly vascularized. There are relatively large pterygopalatine fossae (bilateral), and the fa. ovale is incompletely closed, posteriorly (bilateral). The mandible associated with this cranium, (b), has no teeth present and all alveoli resorbed.

Full Record: x-96-11-161ab/161-SU.TIF

96-11-161AB

Superior

This cranium is fairly weathered and microcephalic (diminutive). The right nasal bone is missing. All alveoli are resorbed, resulting in very short lower face, anteriorly up to the incisive canal. The metopic suture is unfused, and the sagittal suture is moderately obliterated; this obliteration may be the result of weathering. The distal alveolar margins and maxillary tuberosities are weakly/barely attached to the pterygoid plates. There is bony remodeling and/or deposition on the left lacrimal fossa, in the superolateral orbital corner. The supraorbital region is highly vascularized. There are relatively large pterygopalatine fossae (bilateral), and the fa. ovale is incompletely closed, posteriorly (bilateral). The mandible associated with this cranium, (b), has no teeth present and all alveoli resorbed.

Full Record: x-96-11-162ab/162A-AN.TIF

96-11-162AB

Anterior

This cranium is microcephalic (diminutive), or may just be very small. It retains RP4-M2 and LM2. There is resorption of the LI1, LP4-M1, and RM3 alveoli, as well as an abscess of the LM3 alveolus. The mesial surface of RP4 has large caries, and overall the teeth are highly worn. There is a healing fracture of the nasal bones and right maxilla. The left hypoglossal canal is bridged and/or bifid. Additionally, the left parietal and occipital portions of the vault protrude a bit more than the right side, and the major vault sutures are beginning to be obliterated (viz. sagittal). The mandible (b) associated with this cranium has a broken right condyle, with all teeth missing and all alveoli resorbed.

Full Record: x-96-11-162ab/162AB-RL.TIF

96-11-162AB

Right Lateral

This cranium is microcephalic (diminutive), or may just be very small. It retains RP4-M2 and LM2. There is resorption of the LI1, LP4-M1, and RM3 alveoli, as well as an abscess of the LM3 alveolus. The mesial surface of RP4 has large caries, and overall the teeth are highly worn. There is a healing fracture of the nasal bones and right maxilla. The left hypoglossal canal is bridged and/or bifid. Additionally, the left parietal and occipital portions of the vault protrude a bit more than the right side, and the major vault sutures are beginning to be obliterated (viz. sagittal). The mandible (b) associated with this cranium has a broken right condyle, with all teeth missing and all alveoli resorbed.

Full Record: x-96-11-162ab/162B-AN.TIF

96-11-162AB

Anterior

This cranium is microcephalic (diminutive), or may just be very small. It retains RP4-M2 and LM2. There is resorption of the LI1, LP4-M1, and RM3 alveoli, as well as an abscess of the LM3 alveolus. The mesial surface of RP4 has large caries, and overall the teeth are highly worn. There is a healing fracture of the nasal bones and right maxilla. The left hypoglossal canal is bridged and/or bifid. Additionally, the left parietal and occipital portions of the vault protrude a bit more than the right side, and the major vault sutures are beginning to be obliterated (viz. sagittal). The mandible (b) associated with this cranium has a broken right condyle, with all teeth missing and all alveoli resorbed.

Full Record: x-96-11-162ab/162B-IN.TIF

96-11-162AB

Inferior

This cranium is microcephalic (diminutive), or may just be very small. It retains RP4-M2 and LM2. There is resorption of the LI1, LP4-M1, and RM3 alveoli, as well as an abscess of the LM3 alveolus. The mesial surface of RP4 has large caries, and overall the teeth are highly worn. There is a healing fracture of the nasal bones and right maxilla. The left hypoglossal canal is bridged and/or bifid. Additionally, the left parietal and occipital portions of the vault protrude a bit more than the right side, and the major vault sutures are beginning to be obliterated (viz. sagittal). The mandible (b) associated with this cranium has a broken right condyle, with all teeth missing and all alveoli resorbed.

Full Record: x-96-11-162ab/162B-LL.TIF

96-11-162AB

Left Lateral

This cranium is microcephalic (diminutive), or may just be very small. It retains RP4-M2 and LM2. There is resorption of the LI1, LP4-M1, and RM3 alveoli, as well as an abscess of the LM3 alveolus. The mesial surface of RP4 has large caries, and overall the teeth are highly worn. There is a healing fracture of the nasal bones and right maxilla. The left hypoglossal canal is bridged and/or bifid. Additionally, the left parietal and occipital portions of the vault protrude a bit more than the right side, and the major vault sutures are beginning to be obliterated (viz. sagittal). The mandible (b) associated with this cranium has a broken right condyle, with all teeth missing and all alveoli resorbed.

Full Record: x-96-11-162ab/162B-PO.TIF

96-11-162AB

Posterior

This cranium is microcephalic (diminutive), or may just be very small. It retains RP4-M2 and LM2. There is resorption of the LI1, LP4-M1, and RM3 alveoli, as well as an abscess of the LM3 alveolus. The mesial surface of RP4 has large caries, and overall the teeth are highly worn. There is a healing fracture of the nasal bones and right maxilla. The left hypoglossal canal is bridged and/or bifid. Additionally, the left parietal and occipital portions of the vault protrude a bit more than the right side, and the major vault sutures are beginning to be obliterated (viz. sagittal). The mandible (b) associated with this cranium has a broken right condyle, with all teeth missing and all alveoli resorbed.

Full Record: x-96-11-162ab/162B-RL.TIF

96-11-162AB

Right Lateral

This cranium is microcephalic (diminutive), or may just be very small. It retains RP4-M2 and LM2. There is resorption of the LI1, LP4-M1, and RM3 alveoli, as well as an abscess of the LM3 alveolus. The mesial surface of RP4 has large caries, and overall the teeth are highly worn. There is a healing fracture of the nasal bones and right maxilla. The left hypoglossal canal is bridged and/or bifid. Additionally, the left parietal and occipital portions of the vault protrude a bit more than the right side, and the major vault sutures are beginning to be obliterated (viz. sagittal). The mandible (b) associated with this cranium has a broken right condyle, with all teeth missing and all alveoli resorbed.

Full Record: x-96-11-162ab/162B-SU.TIF

96-11-162AB

Superior

This cranium is microcephalic (diminutive), or may just be very small. It retains RP4-M2 and LM2. There is resorption of the LI1, LP4-M1, and RM3 alveoli, as well as an abscess of the LM3 alveolus. The mesial surface of RP4 has large caries, and overall the teeth are highly worn. There is a healing fracture of the nasal bones and right maxilla. The left hypoglossal canal is bridged and/or bifid. Additionally, the left parietal and occipital portions of the vault protrude a bit more than the right side, and the major vault sutures are beginning to be obliterated (viz. sagittal). The mandible (b) associated with this cranium has a broken right condyle, with all teeth missing and all alveoli resorbed.

Full Record: x-96-11-162ab/162-DX.TIF

96-11-162AB

Maxillary Dentition

This cranium is microcephalic (diminutive), or may just be very small. It retains RP4-M2 and LM2. There is resorption of the LI1, LP4-M1, and RM3 alveoli, as well as an abscess of the LM3 alveolus. The mesial surface of RP4 has large caries, and overall the teeth are highly worn. There is a healing fracture of the nasal bones and right maxilla. The left hypoglossal canal is bridged and/or bifid. Additionally, the left parietal and occipital portions of the vault protrude a bit more than the right side, and the major vault sutures are beginning to be obliterated (viz. sagittal). The mandible (b) associated with this cranium has a broken right condyle, with all teeth missing and all alveoli resorbed.

Full Record: x-96-11-162ab/162A-IN.TIF

96-11-162AB

Inferior

This cranium is microcephalic (diminutive), or may just be very small. It retains RP4-M2 and LM2. There is resorption of the LI1, LP4-M1, and RM3 alveoli, as well as an abscess of the LM3 alveolus. The mesial surface of RP4 has large caries, and overall the teeth are highly worn. There is a healing fracture of the nasal bones and right maxilla. The left hypoglossal canal is bridged and/or bifid. Additionally, the left parietal and occipital portions of the vault protrude a bit more than the right side, and the major vault sutures are beginning to be obliterated (viz. sagittal). The mandible (b) associated with this cranium has a broken right condyle, with all teeth missing and all alveoli resorbed.

Full Record: x-96-11-162ab/162A-LL.TIF

96-11-162AB

Left Lateral

This cranium is microcephalic (diminutive), or may just be very small. It retains RP4-M2 and LM2. There is resorption of the LI1, LP4-M1, and RM3 alveoli, as well as an abscess of the LM3 alveolus. The mesial surface of RP4 has large caries, and overall the teeth are highly worn. There is a healing fracture of the nasal bones and right maxilla. The left hypoglossal canal is bridged and/or bifid. Additionally, the left parietal and occipital portions of the vault protrude a bit more than the right side, and the major vault sutures are beginning to be obliterated (viz. sagittal). The mandible (b) associated with this cranium has a broken right condyle, with all teeth missing and all alveoli resorbed.

Full Record: x-96-11-162ab/162A-PO.TIF

96-11-162AB

Posterior

This cranium is microcephalic (diminutive), or may just be very small. It retains RP4-M2 and LM2. There is resorption of the LI1, LP4-M1, and RM3 alveoli, as well as an abscess of the LM3 alveolus. The mesial surface of RP4 has large caries, and overall the teeth are highly worn. There is a healing fracture of the nasal bones and right maxilla. The left hypoglossal canal is bridged and/or bifid. Additionally, the left parietal and occipital portions of the vault protrude a bit more than the right side, and the major vault sutures are beginning to be obliterated (viz. sagittal). The mandible (b) associated with this cranium has a broken right condyle, with all teeth missing and all alveoli resorbed.

Full Record: x-96-11-162ab/162A-RL.TIF

96-11-162AB

Right Lateral

This cranium is microcephalic (diminutive), or may just be very small. It retains RP4-M2 and LM2. There is resorption of the LI1, LP4-M1, and RM3 alveoli, as well as an abscess of the LM3 alveolus. The mesial surface of RP4 has large caries, and overall the teeth are highly worn. There is a healing fracture of the nasal bones and right maxilla. The left hypoglossal canal is bridged and/or bifid. Additionally, the left parietal and occipital portions of the vault protrude a bit more than the right side, and the major vault sutures are beginning to be obliterated (viz. sagittal). The mandible (b) associated with this cranium has a broken right condyle, with all teeth missing and all alveoli resorbed.

Full Record: x-96-11-162ab/162A-SU.TIF

96-11-162AB

Superior

This cranium is microcephalic (diminutive), or may just be very small. It retains RP4-M2 and LM2. There is resorption of the LI1, LP4-M1, and RM3 alveoli, as well as an abscess of the LM3 alveolus. The mesial surface of RP4 has large caries, and overall the teeth are highly worn. There is a healing fracture of the nasal bones and right maxilla. The left hypoglossal canal is bridged and/or bifid. Additionally, the left parietal and occipital portions of the vault protrude a bit more than the right side, and the major vault sutures are beginning to be obliterated (viz. sagittal). The mandible (b) associated with this cranium has a broken right condyle, with all teeth missing and all alveoli resorbed.

Full Record: x-96-11-162ab/162AB-AN.TIF

96-11-162AB

Anterior

This cranium is microcephalic (diminutive), or may just be very small. It retains RP4-M2 and LM2. There is resorption of the LI1, LP4-M1, and RM3 alveoli, as well as an abscess of the LM3 alveolus. The mesial surface of RP4 has large caries, and overall the teeth are highly worn. There is a healing fracture of the nasal bones and right maxilla. The left hypoglossal canal is bridged and/or bifid. Additionally, the left parietal and occipital portions of the vault protrude a bit more than the right side, and the major vault sutures are beginning to be obliterated (viz. sagittal). The mandible (b) associated with this cranium has a broken right condyle, with all teeth missing and all alveoli resorbed.

Full Record: x-96-11-162ab/162AB-LL.TIF

96-11-162AB

Left Lateral

This cranium is microcephalic (diminutive), or may just be very small. It retains RP4-M2 and LM2. There is resorption of the LI1, LP4-M1, and RM3 alveoli, as well as an abscess of the LM3 alveolus. The mesial surface of RP4 has large caries, and overall the teeth are highly worn. There is a healing fracture of the nasal bones and right maxilla. The left hypoglossal canal is bridged and/or bifid. Additionally, the left parietal and occipital portions of the vault protrude a bit more than the right side, and the major vault sutures are beginning to be obliterated (viz. sagittal). The mandible (b) associated with this cranium has a broken right condyle, with all teeth missing and all alveoli resorbed.

Full Record: x-96-11-163ab/163A-AN.TIF

96-11-163AB

Anterior

This cranium has a loose calotte, held onto the cranium by a rod, and is extremely hydrocephali (enlarged). It is missing RM1 and LM3, which may be lost or resorbed. There is a lot of what appears to be either calculus or plaster about the teeth, and severe enamel hypoplasias, in the form of pitting. The vault bone is thin, and there is severe remodeling of the right superolateral orbital region with a large hole. There is an extrasutural bone at the junction of the right sphenoid, frontal, and zygomatic bones; additionally, there are two large extrasutural bones around bregma, and two or three medium to large sized squamosal bones at right pterion. There is also an extremely sharp anterior nasal spine creating a sharply divided clivus (cf. hydrocephalic #61), as well as a relatively tall and inflated-looking infraorbital region (also cf. hydrocephalic #61). The zygomaxillary sutures are complex and asymmetrical, and there are many wormian bones on either side of the lambdoidal suture. Additionally, there appears to be vascularized resorbing bone on the ectocranial frontal and right and left parietal bones. The sphenoid greater wings are hypertrophied, and there is bony deposition on the posterior dorsum sellae. Also, there are lesions on the left endocranial sphenoid greater wing. The superior and lateral arms of the cruciform eminence are extremely asymmetrical. The right hypoglossal canal is completely bifid, as well as partially the left canal. The left jugular foramen is greatly obstructed by bony formations, and there are two osteophytes on the external occipital jugular notch, one of which completely connects with the other side. The left fa. ovale and spinosum are incompletely separated, and the nasal opening of the incisive canal may be closed off by bone. There may be an accessory foramen anterior to the left fa. ovale, or this formation may result from bifurcation hereof. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing RI1, LI1-2, and LP3. It has a lot of what appears to be either plaster or calculus around the bases of the teeth. There is severe hypo-/dysplasia of the RI2 crown. Overall, the mandible occludes fairly poorly with the maxillae.

Full Record: x-96-11-163ab/163-FE7.TIF

96-11-163AB

Feature 7

This cranium has a loose calotte, held onto the cranium by a rod, and is extremely hydrocephali (enlarged). It is missing RM1 and LM3, which may be lost or resorbed. There is a lot of what appears to be either calculus or plaster about the teeth, and severe enamel hypoplasias, in the form of pitting. The vault bone is thin, and there is severe remodeling of the right superolateral orbital region with a large hole. There is an extrasutural bone at the junction of the right sphenoid, frontal, and zygomatic bones; additionally, there are two large extrasutural bones around bregma, and two or three medium to large sized squamosal bones at right pterion. There is also an extremely sharp anterior nasal spine creating a sharply divided clivus (cf. hydrocephalic #61), as well as a relatively tall and inflated-looking infraorbital region (also cf. hydrocephalic #61). The zygomaxillary sutures are complex and asymmetrical, and there are many wormian bones on either side of the lambdoidal suture. Additionally, there appears to be vascularized resorbing bone on the ectocranial frontal and right and left parietal bones. The sphenoid greater wings are hypertrophied, and there is bony deposition on the posterior dorsum sellae. Also, there are lesions on the left endocranial sphenoid greater wing. The superior and lateral arms of the cruciform eminence are extremely asymmetrical. The right hypoglossal canal is completely bifid, as well as partially the left canal. The left jugular foramen is greatly obstructed by bony formations, and there are two osteophytes on the external occipital jugular notch, one of which completely connects with the other side. The left fa. ovale and spinosum are incompletely separated, and the nasal opening of the incisive canal may be closed off by bone. There may be an accessory foramen anterior to the left fa. ovale, or this formation may result from bifurcation hereof. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing RI1, LI1-2, and LP3. It has a lot of what appears to be either plaster or calculus around the bases of the teeth. There is severe hypo-/dysplasia of the RI2 crown. Overall, the mandible occludes fairly poorly with the maxillae.

Full Record: x-96-11-163ab/163A-IN.TIF

96-11-163AB

Inferior

This cranium has a loose calotte, held onto the cranium by a rod, and is extremely hydrocephali (enlarged). It is missing RM1 and LM3, which may be lost or resorbed. There is a lot of what appears to be either calculus or plaster about the teeth, and severe enamel hypoplasias, in the form of pitting. The vault bone is thin, and there is severe remodeling of the right superolateral orbital region with a large hole. There is an extrasutural bone at the junction of the right sphenoid, frontal, and zygomatic bones; additionally, there are two large extrasutural bones around bregma, and two or three medium to large sized squamosal bones at right pterion. There is also an extremely sharp anterior nasal spine creating a sharply divided clivus (cf. hydrocephalic #61), as well as a relatively tall and inflated-looking infraorbital region (also cf. hydrocephalic #61). The zygomaxillary sutures are complex and asymmetrical, and there are many wormian bones on either side of the lambdoidal suture. Additionally, there appears to be vascularized resorbing bone on the ectocranial frontal and right and left parietal bones. The sphenoid greater wings are hypertrophied, and there is bony deposition on the posterior dorsum sellae. Also, there are lesions on the left endocranial sphenoid greater wing. The superior and lateral arms of the cruciform eminence are extremely asymmetrical. The right hypoglossal canal is completely bifid, as well as partially the left canal. The left jugular foramen is greatly obstructed by bony formations, and there are two osteophytes on the external occipital jugular notch, one of which completely connects with the other side. The left fa. ovale and spinosum are incompletely separated, and the nasal opening of the incisive canal may be closed off by bone. There may be an accessory foramen anterior to the left fa. ovale, or this formation may result from bifurcation hereof. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing RI1, LI1-2, and LP3. It has a lot of what appears to be either plaster or calculus around the bases of the teeth. There is severe hypo-/dysplasia of the RI2 crown. Overall, the mandible occludes fairly poorly with the maxillae.

Full Record: x-96-11-163ab/163A-LL.TIF

96-11-163AB

Left Lateral

This cranium has a loose calotte, held onto the cranium by a rod, and is extremely hydrocephali (enlarged). It is missing RM1 and LM3, which may be lost or resorbed. There is a lot of what appears to be either calculus or plaster about the teeth, and severe enamel hypoplasias, in the form of pitting. The vault bone is thin, and there is severe remodeling of the right superolateral orbital region with a large hole. There is an extrasutural bone at the junction of the right sphenoid, frontal, and zygomatic bones; additionally, there are two large extrasutural bones around bregma, and two or three medium to large sized squamosal bones at right pterion. There is also an extremely sharp anterior nasal spine creating a sharply divided clivus (cf. hydrocephalic #61), as well as a relatively tall and inflated-looking infraorbital region (also cf. hydrocephalic #61). The zygomaxillary sutures are complex and asymmetrical, and there are many wormian bones on either side of the lambdoidal suture. Additionally, there appears to be vascularized resorbing bone on the ectocranial frontal and right and left parietal bones. The sphenoid greater wings are hypertrophied, and there is bony deposition on the posterior dorsum sellae. Also, there are lesions on the left endocranial sphenoid greater wing. The superior and lateral arms of the cruciform eminence are extremely asymmetrical. The right hypoglossal canal is completely bifid, as well as partially the left canal. The left jugular foramen is greatly obstructed by bony formations, and there are two osteophytes on the external occipital jugular notch, one of which completely connects with the other side. The left fa. ovale and spinosum are incompletely separated, and the nasal opening of the incisive canal may be closed off by bone. There may be an accessory foramen anterior to the left fa. ovale, or this formation may result from bifurcation hereof. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing RI1, LI1-2, and LP3. It has a lot of what appears to be either plaster or calculus around the bases of the teeth. There is severe hypo-/dysplasia of the RI2 crown. Overall, the mandible occludes fairly poorly with the maxillae.

Full Record: x-96-11-163ab/163A-PO.TIF

96-11-163AB

Posterior

This cranium has a loose calotte, held onto the cranium by a rod, and is extremely hydrocephali (enlarged). It is missing RM1 and LM3, which may be lost or resorbed. There is a lot of what appears to be either calculus or plaster about the teeth, and severe enamel hypoplasias, in the form of pitting. The vault bone is thin, and there is severe remodeling of the right superolateral orbital region with a large hole. There is an extrasutural bone at the junction of the right sphenoid, frontal, and zygomatic bones; additionally, there are two large extrasutural bones around bregma, and two or three medium to large sized squamosal bones at right pterion. There is also an extremely sharp anterior nasal spine creating a sharply divided clivus (cf. hydrocephalic #61), as well as a relatively tall and inflated-looking infraorbital region (also cf. hydrocephalic #61). The zygomaxillary sutures are complex and asymmetrical, and there are many wormian bones on either side of the lambdoidal suture. Additionally, there appears to be vascularized resorbing bone on the ectocranial frontal and right and left parietal bones. The sphenoid greater wings are hypertrophied, and there is bony deposition on the posterior dorsum sellae. Also, there are lesions on the left endocranial sphenoid greater wing. The superior and lateral arms of the cruciform eminence are extremely asymmetrical. The right hypoglossal canal is completely bifid, as well as partially the left canal. The left jugular foramen is greatly obstructed by bony formations, and there are two osteophytes on the external occipital jugular notch, one of which completely connects with the other side. The left fa. ovale and spinosum are incompletely separated, and the nasal opening of the incisive canal may be closed off by bone. There may be an accessory foramen anterior to the left fa. ovale, or this formation may result from bifurcation hereof. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing RI1, LI1-2, and LP3. It has a lot of what appears to be either plaster or calculus around the bases of the teeth. There is severe hypo-/dysplasia of the RI2 crown. Overall, the mandible occludes fairly poorly with the maxillae.

Full Record: x-96-11-163ab/163A-RL.TIF

96-11-163AB

Right Lateral

This cranium has a loose calotte, held onto the cranium by a rod, and is extremely hydrocephali (enlarged). It is missing RM1 and LM3, which may be lost or resorbed. There is a lot of what appears to be either calculus or plaster about the teeth, and severe enamel hypoplasias, in the form of pitting. The vault bone is thin, and there is severe remodeling of the right superolateral orbital region with a large hole. There is an extrasutural bone at the junction of the right sphenoid, frontal, and zygomatic bones; additionally, there are two large extrasutural bones around bregma, and two or three medium to large sized squamosal bones at right pterion. There is also an extremely sharp anterior nasal spine creating a sharply divided clivus (cf. hydrocephalic #61), as well as a relatively tall and inflated-looking infraorbital region (also cf. hydrocephalic #61). The zygomaxillary sutures are complex and asymmetrical, and there are many wormian bones on either side of the lambdoidal suture. Additionally, there appears to be vascularized resorbing bone on the ectocranial frontal and right and left parietal bones. The sphenoid greater wings are hypertrophied, and there is bony deposition on the posterior dorsum sellae. Also, there are lesions on the left endocranial sphenoid greater wing. The superior and lateral arms of the cruciform eminence are extremely asymmetrical. The right hypoglossal canal is completely bifid, as well as partially the left canal. The left jugular foramen is greatly obstructed by bony formations, and there are two osteophytes on the external occipital jugular notch, one of which completely connects with the other side. The left fa. ovale and spinosum are incompletely separated, and the nasal opening of the incisive canal may be closed off by bone. There may be an accessory foramen anterior to the left fa. ovale, or this formation may result from bifurcation hereof. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing RI1, LI1-2, and LP3. It has a lot of what appears to be either plaster or calculus around the bases of the teeth. There is severe hypo-/dysplasia of the RI2 crown. Overall, the mandible occludes fairly poorly with the maxillae.

Full Record: x-96-11-163ab/163A-SU.TIF

96-11-163AB

Superior

This cranium has a loose calotte, held onto the cranium by a rod, and is extremely hydrocephali (enlarged). It is missing RM1 and LM3, which may be lost or resorbed. There is a lot of what appears to be either calculus or plaster about the teeth, and severe enamel hypoplasias, in the form of pitting. The vault bone is thin, and there is severe remodeling of the right superolateral orbital region with a large hole. There is an extrasutural bone at the junction of the right sphenoid, frontal, and zygomatic bones; additionally, there are two large extrasutural bones around bregma, and two or three medium to large sized squamosal bones at right pterion. There is also an extremely sharp anterior nasal spine creating a sharply divided clivus (cf. hydrocephalic #61), as well as a relatively tall and inflated-looking infraorbital region (also cf. hydrocephalic #61). The zygomaxillary sutures are complex and asymmetrical, and there are many wormian bones on either side of the lambdoidal suture. Additionally, there appears to be vascularized resorbing bone on the ectocranial frontal and right and left parietal bones. The sphenoid greater wings are hypertrophied, and there is bony deposition on the posterior dorsum sellae. Also, there are lesions on the left endocranial sphenoid greater wing. The superior and lateral arms of the cruciform eminence are extremely asymmetrical. The right hypoglossal canal is completely bifid, as well as partially the left canal. The left jugular foramen is greatly obstructed by bony formations, and there are two osteophytes on the external occipital jugular notch, one of which completely connects with the other side. The left fa. ovale and spinosum are incompletely separated, and the nasal opening of the incisive canal may be closed off by bone. There may be an accessory foramen anterior to the left fa. ovale, or this formation may result from bifurcation hereof. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing RI1, LI1-2, and LP3. It has a lot of what appears to be either plaster or calculus around the bases of the teeth. There is severe hypo-/dysplasia of the RI2 crown. Overall, the mandible occludes fairly poorly with the maxillae.

Full Record: x-96-11-163ab/163AB-AN.TIF

96-11-163AB

Anterior

This cranium has a loose calotte, held onto the cranium by a rod, and is extremely hydrocephali (enlarged). It is missing RM1 and LM3, which may be lost or resorbed. There is a lot of what appears to be either calculus or plaster about the teeth, and severe enamel hypoplasias, in the form of pitting. The vault bone is thin, and there is severe remodeling of the right superolateral orbital region with a large hole. There is an extrasutural bone at the junction of the right sphenoid, frontal, and zygomatic bones; additionally, there are two large extrasutural bones around bregma, and two or three medium to large sized squamosal bones at right pterion. There is also an extremely sharp anterior nasal spine creating a sharply divided clivus (cf. hydrocephalic #61), as well as a relatively tall and inflated-looking infraorbital region (also cf. hydrocephalic #61). The zygomaxillary sutures are complex and asymmetrical, and there are many wormian bones on either side of the lambdoidal suture. Additionally, there appears to be vascularized resorbing bone on the ectocranial frontal and right and left parietal bones. The sphenoid greater wings are hypertrophied, and there is bony deposition on the posterior dorsum sellae. Also, there are lesions on the left endocranial sphenoid greater wing. The superior and lateral arms of the cruciform eminence are extremely asymmetrical. The right hypoglossal canal is completely bifid, as well as partially the left canal. The left jugular foramen is greatly obstructed by bony formations, and there are two osteophytes on the external occipital jugular notch, one of which completely connects with the other side. The left fa. ovale and spinosum are incompletely separated, and the nasal opening of the incisive canal may be closed off by bone. There may be an accessory foramen anterior to the left fa. ovale, or this formation may result from bifurcation hereof. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing RI1, LI1-2, and LP3. It has a lot of what appears to be either plaster or calculus around the bases of the teeth. There is severe hypo-/dysplasia of the RI2 crown. Overall, the mandible occludes fairly poorly with the maxillae.

Full Record: x-96-11-163ab/163AB-LL.TIF

96-11-163AB

Left Lateral

This cranium has a loose calotte, held onto the cranium by a rod, and is extremely hydrocephali (enlarged). It is missing RM1 and LM3, which may be lost or resorbed. There is a lot of what appears to be either calculus or plaster about the teeth, and severe enamel hypoplasias, in the form of pitting. The vault bone is thin, and there is severe remodeling of the right superolateral orbital region with a large hole. There is an extrasutural bone at the junction of the right sphenoid, frontal, and zygomatic bones; additionally, there are two large extrasutural bones around bregma, and two or three medium to large sized squamosal bones at right pterion. There is also an extremely sharp anterior nasal spine creating a sharply divided clivus (cf. hydrocephalic #61), as well as a relatively tall and inflated-looking infraorbital region (also cf. hydrocephalic #61). The zygomaxillary sutures are complex and asymmetrical, and there are many wormian bones on either side of the lambdoidal suture. Additionally, there appears to be vascularized resorbing bone on the ectocranial frontal and right and left parietal bones. The sphenoid greater wings are hypertrophied, and there is bony deposition on the posterior dorsum sellae. Also, there are lesions on the left endocranial sphenoid greater wing. The superior and lateral arms of the cruciform eminence are extremely asymmetrical. The right hypoglossal canal is completely bifid, as well as partially the left canal. The left jugular foramen is greatly obstructed by bony formations, and there are two osteophytes on the external occipital jugular notch, one of which completely connects with the other side. The left fa. ovale and spinosum are incompletely separated, and the nasal opening of the incisive canal may be closed off by bone. There may be an accessory foramen anterior to the left fa. ovale, or this formation may result from bifurcation hereof. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing RI1, LI1-2, and LP3. It has a lot of what appears to be either plaster or calculus around the bases of the teeth. There is severe hypo-/dysplasia of the RI2 crown. Overall, the mandible occludes fairly poorly with the maxillae.

Full Record: x-96-11-163ab/163AB-RL.TIF

96-11-163AB

Right Lateral

This cranium has a loose calotte, held onto the cranium by a rod, and is extremely hydrocephali (enlarged). It is missing RM1 and LM3, which may be lost or resorbed. There is a lot of what appears to be either calculus or plaster about the teeth, and severe enamel hypoplasias, in the form of pitting. The vault bone is thin, and there is severe remodeling of the right superolateral orbital region with a large hole. There is an extrasutural bone at the junction of the right sphenoid, frontal, and zygomatic bones; additionally, there are two large extrasutural bones around bregma, and two or three medium to large sized squamosal bones at right pterion. There is also an extremely sharp anterior nasal spine creating a sharply divided clivus (cf. hydrocephalic #61), as well as a relatively tall and inflated-looking infraorbital region (also cf. hydrocephalic #61). The zygomaxillary sutures are complex and asymmetrical, and there are many wormian bones on either side of the lambdoidal suture. Additionally, there appears to be vascularized resorbing bone on the ectocranial frontal and right and left parietal bones. The sphenoid greater wings are hypertrophied, and there is bony deposition on the posterior dorsum sellae. Also, there are lesions on the left endocranial sphenoid greater wing. The superior and lateral arms of the cruciform eminence are extremely asymmetrical. The right hypoglossal canal is completely bifid, as well as partially the left canal. The left jugular foramen is greatly obstructed by bony formations, and there are two osteophytes on the external occipital jugular notch, one of which completely connects with the other side. The left fa. ovale and spinosum are incompletely separated, and the nasal opening of the incisive canal may be closed off by bone. There may be an accessory foramen anterior to the left fa. ovale, or this formation may result from bifurcation hereof. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing RI1, LI1-2, and LP3. It has a lot of what appears to be either plaster or calculus around the bases of the teeth. There is severe hypo-/dysplasia of the RI2 crown. Overall, the mandible occludes fairly poorly with the maxillae.

Full Record: x-96-11-163ab/163B-AN.TIF

96-11-163AB

Anterior

This cranium has a loose calotte, held onto the cranium by a rod, and is extremely hydrocephali (enlarged). It is missing RM1 and LM3, which may be lost or resorbed. There is a lot of what appears to be either calculus or plaster about the teeth, and severe enamel hypoplasias, in the form of pitting. The vault bone is thin, and there is severe remodeling of the right superolateral orbital region with a large hole. There is an extrasutural bone at the junction of the right sphenoid, frontal, and zygomatic bones; additionally, there are two large extrasutural bones around bregma, and two or three medium to large sized squamosal bones at right pterion. There is also an extremely sharp anterior nasal spine creating a sharply divided clivus (cf. hydrocephalic #61), as well as a relatively tall and inflated-looking infraorbital region (also cf. hydrocephalic #61). The zygomaxillary sutures are complex and asymmetrical, and there are many wormian bones on either side of the lambdoidal suture. Additionally, there appears to be vascularized resorbing bone on the ectocranial frontal and right and left parietal bones. The sphenoid greater wings are hypertrophied, and there is bony deposition on the posterior dorsum sellae. Also, there are lesions on the left endocranial sphenoid greater wing. The superior and lateral arms of the cruciform eminence are extremely asymmetrical. The right hypoglossal canal is completely bifid, as well as partially the left canal. The left jugular foramen is greatly obstructed by bony formations, and there are two osteophytes on the external occipital jugular notch, one of which completely connects with the other side. The left fa. ovale and spinosum are incompletely separated, and the nasal opening of the incisive canal may be closed off by bone. There may be an accessory foramen anterior to the left fa. ovale, or this formation may result from bifurcation hereof. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing RI1, LI1-2, and LP3. It has a lot of what appears to be either plaster or calculus around the bases of the teeth. There is severe hypo-/dysplasia of the RI2 crown. Overall, the mandible occludes fairly poorly with the maxillae.

Full Record: x-96-11-163ab/163-DN.TIF

96-11-163AB

Mandibular Dentition

This cranium has a loose calotte, held onto the cranium by a rod, and is extremely hydrocephali (enlarged). It is missing RM1 and LM3, which may be lost or resorbed. There is a lot of what appears to be either calculus or plaster about the teeth, and severe enamel hypoplasias, in the form of pitting. The vault bone is thin, and there is severe remodeling of the right superolateral orbital region with a large hole. There is an extrasutural bone at the junction of the right sphenoid, frontal, and zygomatic bones; additionally, there are two large extrasutural bones around bregma, and two or three medium to large sized squamosal bones at right pterion. There is also an extremely sharp anterior nasal spine creating a sharply divided clivus (cf. hydrocephalic #61), as well as a relatively tall and inflated-looking infraorbital region (also cf. hydrocephalic #61). The zygomaxillary sutures are complex and asymmetrical, and there are many wormian bones on either side of the lambdoidal suture. Additionally, there appears to be vascularized resorbing bone on the ectocranial frontal and right and left parietal bones. The sphenoid greater wings are hypertrophied, and there is bony deposition on the posterior dorsum sellae. Also, there are lesions on the left endocranial sphenoid greater wing. The superior and lateral arms of the cruciform eminence are extremely asymmetrical. The right hypoglossal canal is completely bifid, as well as partially the left canal. The left jugular foramen is greatly obstructed by bony formations, and there are two osteophytes on the external occipital jugular notch, one of which completely connects with the other side. The left fa. ovale and spinosum are incompletely separated, and the nasal opening of the incisive canal may be closed off by bone. There may be an accessory foramen anterior to the left fa. ovale, or this formation may result from bifurcation hereof. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing RI1, LI1-2, and LP3. It has a lot of what appears to be either plaster or calculus around the bases of the teeth. There is severe hypo-/dysplasia of the RI2 crown. Overall, the mandible occludes fairly poorly with the maxillae.

Full Record: x-96-11-163ab/163B-IN.TIF

96-11-163AB

Inferior

This cranium has a loose calotte, held onto the cranium by a rod, and is extremely hydrocephali (enlarged). It is missing RM1 and LM3, which may be lost or resorbed. There is a lot of what appears to be either calculus or plaster about the teeth, and severe enamel hypoplasias, in the form of pitting. The vault bone is thin, and there is severe remodeling of the right superolateral orbital region with a large hole. There is an extrasutural bone at the junction of the right sphenoid, frontal, and zygomatic bones; additionally, there are two large extrasutural bones around bregma, and two or three medium to large sized squamosal bones at right pterion. There is also an extremely sharp anterior nasal spine creating a sharply divided clivus (cf. hydrocephalic #61), as well as a relatively tall and inflated-looking infraorbital region (also cf. hydrocephalic #61). The zygomaxillary sutures are complex and asymmetrical, and there are many wormian bones on either side of the lambdoidal suture. Additionally, there appears to be vascularized resorbing bone on the ectocranial frontal and right and left parietal bones. The sphenoid greater wings are hypertrophied, and there is bony deposition on the posterior dorsum sellae. Also, there are lesions on the left endocranial sphenoid greater wing. The superior and lateral arms of the cruciform eminence are extremely asymmetrical. The right hypoglossal canal is completely bifid, as well as partially the left canal. The left jugular foramen is greatly obstructed by bony formations, and there are two osteophytes on the external occipital jugular notch, one of which completely connects with the other side. The left fa. ovale and spinosum are incompletely separated, and the nasal opening of the incisive canal may be closed off by bone. There may be an accessory foramen anterior to the left fa. ovale, or this formation may result from bifurcation hereof. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing RI1, LI1-2, and LP3. It has a lot of what appears to be either plaster or calculus around the bases of the teeth. There is severe hypo-/dysplasia of the RI2 crown. Overall, the mandible occludes fairly poorly with the maxillae.

Full Record: x-96-11-163ab/163B-LL.TIF

96-11-163AB

Left Lateral

This cranium has a loose calotte, held onto the cranium by a rod, and is extremely hydrocephali (enlarged). It is missing RM1 and LM3, which may be lost or resorbed. There is a lot of what appears to be either calculus or plaster about the teeth, and severe enamel hypoplasias, in the form of pitting. The vault bone is thin, and there is severe remodeling of the right superolateral orbital region with a large hole. There is an extrasutural bone at the junction of the right sphenoid, frontal, and zygomatic bones; additionally, there are two large extrasutural bones around bregma, and two or three medium to large sized squamosal bones at right pterion. There is also an extremely sharp anterior nasal spine creating a sharply divided clivus (cf. hydrocephalic #61), as well as a relatively tall and inflated-looking infraorbital region (also cf. hydrocephalic #61). The zygomaxillary sutures are complex and asymmetrical, and there are many wormian bones on either side of the lambdoidal suture. Additionally, there appears to be vascularized resorbing bone on the ectocranial frontal and right and left parietal bones. The sphenoid greater wings are hypertrophied, and there is bony deposition on the posterior dorsum sellae. Also, there are lesions on the left endocranial sphenoid greater wing. The superior and lateral arms of the cruciform eminence are extremely asymmetrical. The right hypoglossal canal is completely bifid, as well as partially the left canal. The left jugular foramen is greatly obstructed by bony formations, and there are two osteophytes on the external occipital jugular notch, one of which completely connects with the other side. The left fa. ovale and spinosum are incompletely separated, and the nasal opening of the incisive canal may be closed off by bone. There may be an accessory foramen anterior to the left fa. ovale, or this formation may result from bifurcation hereof. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing RI1, LI1-2, and LP3. It has a lot of what appears to be either plaster or calculus around the bases of the teeth. There is severe hypo-/dysplasia of the RI2 crown. Overall, the mandible occludes fairly poorly with the maxillae.

Full Record: x-96-11-163ab/163B-PO.TIF

96-11-163AB

Posterior

This cranium has a loose calotte, held onto the cranium by a rod, and is extremely hydrocephali (enlarged). It is missing RM1 and LM3, which may be lost or resorbed. There is a lot of what appears to be either calculus or plaster about the teeth, and severe enamel hypoplasias, in the form of pitting. The vault bone is thin, and there is severe remodeling of the right superolateral orbital region with a large hole. There is an extrasutural bone at the junction of the right sphenoid, frontal, and zygomatic bones; additionally, there are two large extrasutural bones around bregma, and two or three medium to large sized squamosal bones at right pterion. There is also an extremely sharp anterior nasal spine creating a sharply divided clivus (cf. hydrocephalic #61), as well as a relatively tall and inflated-looking infraorbital region (also cf. hydrocephalic #61). The zygomaxillary sutures are complex and asymmetrical, and there are many wormian bones on either side of the lambdoidal suture. Additionally, there appears to be vascularized resorbing bone on the ectocranial frontal and right and left parietal bones. The sphenoid greater wings are hypertrophied, and there is bony deposition on the posterior dorsum sellae. Also, there are lesions on the left endocranial sphenoid greater wing. The superior and lateral arms of the cruciform eminence are extremely asymmetrical. The right hypoglossal canal is completely bifid, as well as partially the left canal. The left jugular foramen is greatly obstructed by bony formations, and there are two osteophytes on the external occipital jugular notch, one of which completely connects with the other side. The left fa. ovale and spinosum are incompletely separated, and the nasal opening of the incisive canal may be closed off by bone. There may be an accessory foramen anterior to the left fa. ovale, or this formation may result from bifurcation hereof. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing RI1, LI1-2, and LP3. It has a lot of what appears to be either plaster or calculus around the bases of the teeth. There is severe hypo-/dysplasia of the RI2 crown. Overall, the mandible occludes fairly poorly with the maxillae.

Full Record: x-96-11-163ab/163B-RL.TIF

96-11-163AB

Right Lateral

This cranium has a loose calotte, held onto the cranium by a rod, and is extremely hydrocephali (enlarged). It is missing RM1 and LM3, which may be lost or resorbed. There is a lot of what appears to be either calculus or plaster about the teeth, and severe enamel hypoplasias, in the form of pitting. The vault bone is thin, and there is severe remodeling of the right superolateral orbital region with a large hole. There is an extrasutural bone at the junction of the right sphenoid, frontal, and zygomatic bones; additionally, there are two large extrasutural bones around bregma, and two or three medium to large sized squamosal bones at right pterion. There is also an extremely sharp anterior nasal spine creating a sharply divided clivus (cf. hydrocephalic #61), as well as a relatively tall and inflated-looking infraorbital region (also cf. hydrocephalic #61). The zygomaxillary sutures are complex and asymmetrical, and there are many wormian bones on either side of the lambdoidal suture. Additionally, there appears to be vascularized resorbing bone on the ectocranial frontal and right and left parietal bones. The sphenoid greater wings are hypertrophied, and there is bony deposition on the posterior dorsum sellae. Also, there are lesions on the left endocranial sphenoid greater wing. The superior and lateral arms of the cruciform eminence are extremely asymmetrical. The right hypoglossal canal is completely bifid, as well as partially the left canal. The left jugular foramen is greatly obstructed by bony formations, and there are two osteophytes on the external occipital jugular notch, one of which completely connects with the other side. The left fa. ovale and spinosum are incompletely separated, and the nasal opening of the incisive canal may be closed off by bone. There may be an accessory foramen anterior to the left fa. ovale, or this formation may result from bifurcation hereof. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing RI1, LI1-2, and LP3. It has a lot of what appears to be either plaster or calculus around the bases of the teeth. There is severe hypo-/dysplasia of the RI2 crown. Overall, the mandible occludes fairly poorly with the maxillae.

Full Record: x-96-11-163ab/163B-SU.TIF

96-11-163AB

Superior

This cranium has a loose calotte, held onto the cranium by a rod, and is extremely hydrocephali (enlarged). It is missing RM1 and LM3, which may be lost or resorbed. There is a lot of what appears to be either calculus or plaster about the teeth, and severe enamel hypoplasias, in the form of pitting. The vault bone is thin, and there is severe remodeling of the right superolateral orbital region with a large hole. There is an extrasutural bone at the junction of the right sphenoid, frontal, and zygomatic bones; additionally, there are two large extrasutural bones around bregma, and two or three medium to large sized squamosal bones at right pterion. There is also an extremely sharp anterior nasal spine creating a sharply divided clivus (cf. hydrocephalic #61), as well as a relatively tall and inflated-looking infraorbital region (also cf. hydrocephalic #61). The zygomaxillary sutures are complex and asymmetrical, and there are many wormian bones on either side of the lambdoidal suture. Additionally, there appears to be vascularized resorbing bone on the ectocranial frontal and right and left parietal bones. The sphenoid greater wings are hypertrophied, and there is bony deposition on the posterior dorsum sellae. Also, there are lesions on the left endocranial sphenoid greater wing. The superior and lateral arms of the cruciform eminence are extremely asymmetrical. The right hypoglossal canal is completely bifid, as well as partially the left canal. The left jugular foramen is greatly obstructed by bony formations, and there are two osteophytes on the external occipital jugular notch, one of which completely connects with the other side. The left fa. ovale and spinosum are incompletely separated, and the nasal opening of the incisive canal may be closed off by bone. There may be an accessory foramen anterior to the left fa. ovale, or this formation may result from bifurcation hereof. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing RI1, LI1-2, and LP3. It has a lot of what appears to be either plaster or calculus around the bases of the teeth. There is severe hypo-/dysplasia of the RI2 crown. Overall, the mandible occludes fairly poorly with the maxillae.

Full Record: x-96-11-163ab/163-DX.TIF

96-11-163AB

Maxillary Dentition

This cranium has a loose calotte, held onto the cranium by a rod, and is extremely hydrocephali (enlarged). It is missing RM1 and LM3, which may be lost or resorbed. There is a lot of what appears to be either calculus or plaster about the teeth, and severe enamel hypoplasias, in the form of pitting. The vault bone is thin, and there is severe remodeling of the right superolateral orbital region with a large hole. There is an extrasutural bone at the junction of the right sphenoid, frontal, and zygomatic bones; additionally, there are two large extrasutural bones around bregma, and two or three medium to large sized squamosal bones at right pterion. There is also an extremely sharp anterior nasal spine creating a sharply divided clivus (cf. hydrocephalic #61), as well as a relatively tall and inflated-looking infraorbital region (also cf. hydrocephalic #61). The zygomaxillary sutures are complex and asymmetrical, and there are many wormian bones on either side of the lambdoidal suture. Additionally, there appears to be vascularized resorbing bone on the ectocranial frontal and right and left parietal bones. The sphenoid greater wings are hypertrophied, and there is bony deposition on the posterior dorsum sellae. Also, there are lesions on the left endocranial sphenoid greater wing. The superior and lateral arms of the cruciform eminence are extremely asymmetrical. The right hypoglossal canal is completely bifid, as well as partially the left canal. The left jugular foramen is greatly obstructed by bony formations, and there are two osteophytes on the external occipital jugular notch, one of which completely connects with the other side. The left fa. ovale and spinosum are incompletely separated, and the nasal opening of the incisive canal may be closed off by bone. There may be an accessory foramen anterior to the left fa. ovale, or this formation may result from bifurcation hereof. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing RI1, LI1-2, and LP3. It has a lot of what appears to be either plaster or calculus around the bases of the teeth. There is severe hypo-/dysplasia of the RI2 crown. Overall, the mandible occludes fairly poorly with the maxillae.