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Results for crania1ic
Check for portfolio Record Accession Number Label Description
Full Record: x-96-11-106/106-PO.TIF

96-11-106

Posterior

All teeth have been lost to resorption, as far as the incisive canal. The metopic suture meets coronal to the right of the sagittal suture, and there are two wormian bones in the sagittal suture. There are also two wormian bones to the left in the lambdoidal suture, and three wormian bones to the right. There is complex wormiation at each parietal notch, as well. The vault bone is extremely thin (transparent) at the middle miningeal arteries and some arachnoid foveae along the sagittal suture.

Full Record: x-96-11-106/106-RL.TIF

96-11-106

Right Lateral

All teeth have been lost to resorption, as far as the incisive canal. The metopic suture meets coronal to the right of the sagittal suture, and there are two wormian bones in the sagittal suture. There are also two wormian bones to the left in the lambdoidal suture, and three wormian bones to the right. There is complex wormiation at each parietal notch, as well. The vault bone is extremely thin (transparent) at the middle miningeal arteries and some arachnoid foveae along the sagittal suture.

Full Record: x-96-11-106/106-SU.TIF

96-11-106

Superior

All teeth have been lost to resorption, as far as the incisive canal. The metopic suture meets coronal to the right of the sagittal suture, and there are two wormian bones in the sagittal suture. There are also two wormian bones to the left in the lambdoidal suture, and three wormian bones to the right. There is complex wormiation at each parietal notch, as well. The vault bone is extremely thin (transparent) at the middle miningeal arteries and some arachnoid foveae along the sagittal suture.

Full Record: x-96-11-107ab/107A-AN.TIF

96-11-107AB

Anterior

The calotte is glued onto the cranium. The incisors are missing, as well as RP3 and LP4 due to resorption. There are overall asymmetries, with the lower face deviating to the right and the lambdoidal suture displaced slightly to the left. The extended (?) occipital protuberance/crest is offset relative to lambda, as well. The region of the parietal boss to the right is more protuberant, and the foramen magnum and right occipital condyle are extended anteroinferiorly and to the right. Overall, the skull is microcephalic (diminutive size overall), and the left jugular foramen is diminutive and obstructed, via. petrosal growth. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most lower teeth present (except for M3s, which may never have come in). LP4 and RM1, and possibly RM2, are missing and the alveoli are resorbed. There is great malocclusion, and the incisors are crowded together. Additionally, there are bridged mylohyoid grooves (bilateral), and large caries on the LM1 trigonid.

Full Record: x-96-11-107ab/107AB-RL.TIF

96-11-107AB

Right Lateral

The calotte is glued onto the cranium. The incisors are missing, as well as RP3 and LP4 due to resorption. There are overall asymmetries, with the lower face deviating to the right and the lambdoidal suture displaced slightly to the left. The extended (?) occipital protuberance/crest is offset relative to lambda, as well. The region of the parietal boss to the right is more protuberant, and the foramen magnum and right occipital condyle are extended anteroinferiorly and to the right. Overall, the skull is microcephalic (diminutive size overall), and the left jugular foramen is diminutive and obstructed, via. petrosal growth. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most lower teeth present (except for M3s, which may never have come in). LP4 and RM1, and possibly RM2, are missing and the alveoli are resorbed. There is great malocclusion, and the incisors are crowded together. Additionally, there are bridged mylohyoid grooves (bilateral), and large caries on the LM1 trigonid.

Full Record: x-96-11-107ab/107B-AN.TIF

96-11-107AB

Anterior

The calotte is glued onto the cranium. The incisors are missing, as well as RP3 and LP4 due to resorption. There are overall asymmetries, with the lower face deviating to the right and the lambdoidal suture displaced slightly to the left. The extended (?) occipital protuberance/crest is offset relative to lambda, as well. The region of the parietal boss to the right is more protuberant, and the foramen magnum and right occipital condyle are extended anteroinferiorly and to the right. Overall, the skull is microcephalic (diminutive size overall), and the left jugular foramen is diminutive and obstructed, via. petrosal growth. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most lower teeth present (except for M3s, which may never have come in). LP4 and RM1, and possibly RM2, are missing and the alveoli are resorbed. There is great malocclusion, and the incisors are crowded together. Additionally, there are bridged mylohyoid grooves (bilateral), and large caries on the LM1 trigonid.

Full Record: x-96-11-107ab/107B-IN.TIF

96-11-107AB

Inferior

The calotte is glued onto the cranium. The incisors are missing, as well as RP3 and LP4 due to resorption. There are overall asymmetries, with the lower face deviating to the right and the lambdoidal suture displaced slightly to the left. The extended (?) occipital protuberance/crest is offset relative to lambda, as well. The region of the parietal boss to the right is more protuberant, and the foramen magnum and right occipital condyle are extended anteroinferiorly and to the right. Overall, the skull is microcephalic (diminutive size overall), and the left jugular foramen is diminutive and obstructed, via. petrosal growth. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most lower teeth present (except for M3s, which may never have come in). LP4 and RM1, and possibly RM2, are missing and the alveoli are resorbed. There is great malocclusion, and the incisors are crowded together. Additionally, there are bridged mylohyoid grooves (bilateral), and large caries on the LM1 trigonid.

Full Record: x-96-11-107ab/107B-LL.TIF

96-11-107AB

Left Lateral

The calotte is glued onto the cranium. The incisors are missing, as well as RP3 and LP4 due to resorption. There are overall asymmetries, with the lower face deviating to the right and the lambdoidal suture displaced slightly to the left. The extended (?) occipital protuberance/crest is offset relative to lambda, as well. The region of the parietal boss to the right is more protuberant, and the foramen magnum and right occipital condyle are extended anteroinferiorly and to the right. Overall, the skull is microcephalic (diminutive size overall), and the left jugular foramen is diminutive and obstructed, via. petrosal growth. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most lower teeth present (except for M3s, which may never have come in). LP4 and RM1, and possibly RM2, are missing and the alveoli are resorbed. There is great malocclusion, and the incisors are crowded together. Additionally, there are bridged mylohyoid grooves (bilateral), and large caries on the LM1 trigonid.

Full Record: x-96-11-107ab/107B-PO.TIF

96-11-107AB

Posterior

The calotte is glued onto the cranium. The incisors are missing, as well as RP3 and LP4 due to resorption. There are overall asymmetries, with the lower face deviating to the right and the lambdoidal suture displaced slightly to the left. The extended (?) occipital protuberance/crest is offset relative to lambda, as well. The region of the parietal boss to the right is more protuberant, and the foramen magnum and right occipital condyle are extended anteroinferiorly and to the right. Overall, the skull is microcephalic (diminutive size overall), and the left jugular foramen is diminutive and obstructed, via. petrosal growth. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most lower teeth present (except for M3s, which may never have come in). LP4 and RM1, and possibly RM2, are missing and the alveoli are resorbed. There is great malocclusion, and the incisors are crowded together. Additionally, there are bridged mylohyoid grooves (bilateral), and large caries on the LM1 trigonid.

Full Record: x-96-11-107ab/107B-RL.TIF

96-11-107AB

Right Lateral

The calotte is glued onto the cranium. The incisors are missing, as well as RP3 and LP4 due to resorption. There are overall asymmetries, with the lower face deviating to the right and the lambdoidal suture displaced slightly to the left. The extended (?) occipital protuberance/crest is offset relative to lambda, as well. The region of the parietal boss to the right is more protuberant, and the foramen magnum and right occipital condyle are extended anteroinferiorly and to the right. Overall, the skull is microcephalic (diminutive size overall), and the left jugular foramen is diminutive and obstructed, via. petrosal growth. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most lower teeth present (except for M3s, which may never have come in). LP4 and RM1, and possibly RM2, are missing and the alveoli are resorbed. There is great malocclusion, and the incisors are crowded together. Additionally, there are bridged mylohyoid grooves (bilateral), and large caries on the LM1 trigonid.

Full Record: x-96-11-107ab/107B-SU.TIF

96-11-107AB

Superior

The calotte is glued onto the cranium. The incisors are missing, as well as RP3 and LP4 due to resorption. There are overall asymmetries, with the lower face deviating to the right and the lambdoidal suture displaced slightly to the left. The extended (?) occipital protuberance/crest is offset relative to lambda, as well. The region of the parietal boss to the right is more protuberant, and the foramen magnum and right occipital condyle are extended anteroinferiorly and to the right. Overall, the skull is microcephalic (diminutive size overall), and the left jugular foramen is diminutive and obstructed, via. petrosal growth. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most lower teeth present (except for M3s, which may never have come in). LP4 and RM1, and possibly RM2, are missing and the alveoli are resorbed. There is great malocclusion, and the incisors are crowded together. Additionally, there are bridged mylohyoid grooves (bilateral), and large caries on the LM1 trigonid.

Full Record: x-96-11-107ab/107-DX.TIF

96-11-107AB

Maxillary Dentition

The calotte is glued onto the cranium. The incisors are missing, as well as RP3 and LP4 due to resorption. There are overall asymmetries, with the lower face deviating to the right and the lambdoidal suture displaced slightly to the left. The extended (?) occipital protuberance/crest is offset relative to lambda, as well. The region of the parietal boss to the right is more protuberant, and the foramen magnum and right occipital condyle are extended anteroinferiorly and to the right. Overall, the skull is microcephalic (diminutive size overall), and the left jugular foramen is diminutive and obstructed, via. petrosal growth. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most lower teeth present (except for M3s, which may never have come in). LP4 and RM1, and possibly RM2, are missing and the alveoli are resorbed. There is great malocclusion, and the incisors are crowded together. Additionally, there are bridged mylohyoid grooves (bilateral), and large caries on the LM1 trigonid.

Full Record: x-96-11-107ab/107A-IN.TIF

96-11-107AB

Inferior

The calotte is glued onto the cranium. The incisors are missing, as well as RP3 and LP4 due to resorption. There are overall asymmetries, with the lower face deviating to the right and the lambdoidal suture displaced slightly to the left. The extended (?) occipital protuberance/crest is offset relative to lambda, as well. The region of the parietal boss to the right is more protuberant, and the foramen magnum and right occipital condyle are extended anteroinferiorly and to the right. Overall, the skull is microcephalic (diminutive size overall), and the left jugular foramen is diminutive and obstructed, via. petrosal growth. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most lower teeth present (except for M3s, which may never have come in). LP4 and RM1, and possibly RM2, are missing and the alveoli are resorbed. There is great malocclusion, and the incisors are crowded together. Additionally, there are bridged mylohyoid grooves (bilateral), and large caries on the LM1 trigonid.

Full Record: x-96-11-107ab/107A-LL.TIF

96-11-107AB

Left Lateral

The calotte is glued onto the cranium. The incisors are missing, as well as RP3 and LP4 due to resorption. There are overall asymmetries, with the lower face deviating to the right and the lambdoidal suture displaced slightly to the left. The extended (?) occipital protuberance/crest is offset relative to lambda, as well. The region of the parietal boss to the right is more protuberant, and the foramen magnum and right occipital condyle are extended anteroinferiorly and to the right. Overall, the skull is microcephalic (diminutive size overall), and the left jugular foramen is diminutive and obstructed, via. petrosal growth. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most lower teeth present (except for M3s, which may never have come in). LP4 and RM1, and possibly RM2, are missing and the alveoli are resorbed. There is great malocclusion, and the incisors are crowded together. Additionally, there are bridged mylohyoid grooves (bilateral), and large caries on the LM1 trigonid.

Full Record: x-96-11-107ab/107A-PO.TIF

96-11-107AB

Posterior

The calotte is glued onto the cranium. The incisors are missing, as well as RP3 and LP4 due to resorption. There are overall asymmetries, with the lower face deviating to the right and the lambdoidal suture displaced slightly to the left. The extended (?) occipital protuberance/crest is offset relative to lambda, as well. The region of the parietal boss to the right is more protuberant, and the foramen magnum and right occipital condyle are extended anteroinferiorly and to the right. Overall, the skull is microcephalic (diminutive size overall), and the left jugular foramen is diminutive and obstructed, via. petrosal growth. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most lower teeth present (except for M3s, which may never have come in). LP4 and RM1, and possibly RM2, are missing and the alveoli are resorbed. There is great malocclusion, and the incisors are crowded together. Additionally, there are bridged mylohyoid grooves (bilateral), and large caries on the LM1 trigonid.

Full Record: x-96-11-107ab/107A-RL.TIF

96-11-107AB

Right Lateral

The calotte is glued onto the cranium. The incisors are missing, as well as RP3 and LP4 due to resorption. There are overall asymmetries, with the lower face deviating to the right and the lambdoidal suture displaced slightly to the left. The extended (?) occipital protuberance/crest is offset relative to lambda, as well. The region of the parietal boss to the right is more protuberant, and the foramen magnum and right occipital condyle are extended anteroinferiorly and to the right. Overall, the skull is microcephalic (diminutive size overall), and the left jugular foramen is diminutive and obstructed, via. petrosal growth. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most lower teeth present (except for M3s, which may never have come in). LP4 and RM1, and possibly RM2, are missing and the alveoli are resorbed. There is great malocclusion, and the incisors are crowded together. Additionally, there are bridged mylohyoid grooves (bilateral), and large caries on the LM1 trigonid.

Full Record: x-96-11-107ab/107A-SU.TIF

96-11-107AB

Superior

The calotte is glued onto the cranium. The incisors are missing, as well as RP3 and LP4 due to resorption. There are overall asymmetries, with the lower face deviating to the right and the lambdoidal suture displaced slightly to the left. The extended (?) occipital protuberance/crest is offset relative to lambda, as well. The region of the parietal boss to the right is more protuberant, and the foramen magnum and right occipital condyle are extended anteroinferiorly and to the right. Overall, the skull is microcephalic (diminutive size overall), and the left jugular foramen is diminutive and obstructed, via. petrosal growth. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most lower teeth present (except for M3s, which may never have come in). LP4 and RM1, and possibly RM2, are missing and the alveoli are resorbed. There is great malocclusion, and the incisors are crowded together. Additionally, there are bridged mylohyoid grooves (bilateral), and large caries on the LM1 trigonid.

Full Record: x-96-11-107ab/107AB-AN.TIF

96-11-107AB

Anterior

The calotte is glued onto the cranium. The incisors are missing, as well as RP3 and LP4 due to resorption. There are overall asymmetries, with the lower face deviating to the right and the lambdoidal suture displaced slightly to the left. The extended (?) occipital protuberance/crest is offset relative to lambda, as well. The region of the parietal boss to the right is more protuberant, and the foramen magnum and right occipital condyle are extended anteroinferiorly and to the right. Overall, the skull is microcephalic (diminutive size overall), and the left jugular foramen is diminutive and obstructed, via. petrosal growth. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most lower teeth present (except for M3s, which may never have come in). LP4 and RM1, and possibly RM2, are missing and the alveoli are resorbed. There is great malocclusion, and the incisors are crowded together. Additionally, there are bridged mylohyoid grooves (bilateral), and large caries on the LM1 trigonid.

Full Record: x-96-11-107ab/107AB-LL.TIF

96-11-107AB

Left Lateral

The calotte is glued onto the cranium. The incisors are missing, as well as RP3 and LP4 due to resorption. There are overall asymmetries, with the lower face deviating to the right and the lambdoidal suture displaced slightly to the left. The extended (?) occipital protuberance/crest is offset relative to lambda, as well. The region of the parietal boss to the right is more protuberant, and the foramen magnum and right occipital condyle are extended anteroinferiorly and to the right. Overall, the skull is microcephalic (diminutive size overall), and the left jugular foramen is diminutive and obstructed, via. petrosal growth. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most lower teeth present (except for M3s, which may never have come in). LP4 and RM1, and possibly RM2, are missing and the alveoli are resorbed. There is great malocclusion, and the incisors are crowded together. Additionally, there are bridged mylohyoid grooves (bilateral), and large caries on the LM1 trigonid.

Full Record: x-96-11-108/108-AN.TIF

96-11-108

Anterior

This is a cranium, missing the calotte and all teeth except for LM3. There is possible healed blunt force trauma along the medial right supraorbital, and as a result, the left supraorbital projects somewhat more and shows greater sinus. The hypoglossal canals are bifurcated (bilateral), and there is a full and low pterygo-spinous foramen on the right. There is also a large, but incomplete, pterygo-spinous process on the right. The LC-M2 alveoli are resorbed, and there is a silver filling on the occlusal LM3. The root of RM2 is abscessed, and the RM2-3 alveoli are resorbed. There are osteophytes on the superomedial orbital corners, where the trochlea inserts (bilateral). Additionally, there is petrosal intrusion into the sigmoid sinuses (bilateral).

Full Record: x-96-11-108/108-DX.TIF

96-11-108

Maxillary Dentition

This is a cranium, missing the calotte and all teeth except for LM3. There is possible healed blunt force trauma along the medial right supraorbital, and as a result, the left supraorbital projects somewhat more and shows greater sinus. The hypoglossal canals are bifurcated (bilateral), and there is a full and low pterygo-spinous foramen on the right. There is also a large, but incomplete, pterygo-spinous process on the right. The LC-M2 alveoli are resorbed, and there is a silver filling on the occlusal LM3. The root of RM2 is abscessed, and the RM2-3 alveoli are resorbed. There are osteophytes on the superomedial orbital corners, where the trochlea inserts (bilateral). Additionally, there is petrosal intrusion into the sigmoid sinuses (bilateral).

Full Record: x-96-11-108/108-IN.TIF

96-11-108

Inferior

This is a cranium, missing the calotte and all teeth except for LM3. There is possible healed blunt force trauma along the medial right supraorbital, and as a result, the left supraorbital projects somewhat more and shows greater sinus. The hypoglossal canals are bifurcated (bilateral), and there is a full and low pterygo-spinous foramen on the right. There is also a large, but incomplete, pterygo-spinous process on the right. The LC-M2 alveoli are resorbed, and there is a silver filling on the occlusal LM3. The root of RM2 is abscessed, and the RM2-3 alveoli are resorbed. There are osteophytes on the superomedial orbital corners, where the trochlea inserts (bilateral). Additionally, there is petrosal intrusion into the sigmoid sinuses (bilateral).

Full Record: x-96-11-108/108-LL.TIF

96-11-108

Left Lateral

This is a cranium, missing the calotte and all teeth except for LM3. There is possible healed blunt force trauma along the medial right supraorbital, and as a result, the left supraorbital projects somewhat more and shows greater sinus. The hypoglossal canals are bifurcated (bilateral), and there is a full and low pterygo-spinous foramen on the right. There is also a large, but incomplete, pterygo-spinous process on the right. The LC-M2 alveoli are resorbed, and there is a silver filling on the occlusal LM3. The root of RM2 is abscessed, and the RM2-3 alveoli are resorbed. There are osteophytes on the superomedial orbital corners, where the trochlea inserts (bilateral). Additionally, there is petrosal intrusion into the sigmoid sinuses (bilateral).

Full Record: x-96-11-108/108-PO.TIF

96-11-108

Posterior

This is a cranium, missing the calotte and all teeth except for LM3. There is possible healed blunt force trauma along the medial right supraorbital, and as a result, the left supraorbital projects somewhat more and shows greater sinus. The hypoglossal canals are bifurcated (bilateral), and there is a full and low pterygo-spinous foramen on the right. There is also a large, but incomplete, pterygo-spinous process on the right. The LC-M2 alveoli are resorbed, and there is a silver filling on the occlusal LM3. The root of RM2 is abscessed, and the RM2-3 alveoli are resorbed. There are osteophytes on the superomedial orbital corners, where the trochlea inserts (bilateral). Additionally, there is petrosal intrusion into the sigmoid sinuses (bilateral).

Full Record: x-96-11-108/108-RL.TIF

96-11-108

Right Lateral

This is a cranium, missing the calotte and all teeth except for LM3. There is possible healed blunt force trauma along the medial right supraorbital, and as a result, the left supraorbital projects somewhat more and shows greater sinus. The hypoglossal canals are bifurcated (bilateral), and there is a full and low pterygo-spinous foramen on the right. There is also a large, but incomplete, pterygo-spinous process on the right. The LC-M2 alveoli are resorbed, and there is a silver filling on the occlusal LM3. The root of RM2 is abscessed, and the RM2-3 alveoli are resorbed. There are osteophytes on the superomedial orbital corners, where the trochlea inserts (bilateral). Additionally, there is petrosal intrusion into the sigmoid sinuses (bilateral).

Full Record: x-96-11-108/108-SU.TIF

96-11-108

Superior

This is a cranium, missing the calotte and all teeth except for LM3. There is possible healed blunt force trauma along the medial right supraorbital, and as a result, the left supraorbital projects somewhat more and shows greater sinus. The hypoglossal canals are bifurcated (bilateral), and there is a full and low pterygo-spinous foramen on the right. There is also a large, but incomplete, pterygo-spinous process on the right. The LC-M2 alveoli are resorbed, and there is a silver filling on the occlusal LM3. The root of RM2 is abscessed, and the RM2-3 alveoli are resorbed. There are osteophytes on the superomedial orbital corners, where the trochlea inserts (bilateral). Additionally, there is petrosal intrusion into the sigmoid sinuses (bilateral).

Full Record: x-96-11-109ab/109A-AN.TIF

96-11-109AB

Anterior

The calotte is loose and missing regions of superior temporal squama. The LI1-2 alveoli are empty, and the canines and P3-4 appear to have never developed. There is severe cribra orbitalia (viz. left), and small but expansive lesions on endocranial frontal squama. There are similar lesions in arachnoid depressions along the sagittal sinus, and within the sagittal sinus distally (by lambda). Additionally, there are bilateral osteophytes on the endocranial basiocciput and anterior clinoid processes. The frontal crest is very pronounced, and there are wormian bones at asteria (bilateral) and a small wormian bone to the left of lambda. The vault is fairly tall and oblong. This skull also displays underbite and extreme development of the occipital-marginal sinus (viz. right). The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most teeth present except LI1, and many of the crowns are broken. As mentioned already, there is severe malocclusion (underbite). The LP3-4 are rotated mesially 90 degrees, and the RP3-4 are rotated distally 90 degrees. There is an “accessory process” on the posterior margin of the coronoid processes (bilateral).

Full Record: x-96-11-109ab/109A-PO.TIF

96-11-109AB

Posterior

The calotte is loose and missing regions of superior temporal squama. The LI1-2 alveoli are empty, and the canines and P3-4 appear to have never developed. There is severe cribra orbitalia (viz. left), and small but expansive lesions on endocranial frontal squama. There are similar lesions in arachnoid depressions along the sagittal sinus, and within the sagittal sinus distally (by lambda). Additionally, there are bilateral osteophytes on the endocranial basiocciput and anterior clinoid processes. The frontal crest is very pronounced, and there are wormian bones at asteria (bilateral) and a small wormian bone to the left of lambda. The vault is fairly tall and oblong. This skull also displays underbite and extreme development of the occipital-marginal sinus (viz. right). The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most teeth present except LI1, and many of the crowns are broken. As mentioned already, there is severe malocclusion (underbite). The LP3-4 are rotated mesially 90 degrees, and the RP3-4 are rotated distally 90 degrees. There is an “accessory process” on the posterior margin of the coronoid processes (bilateral).

Full Record: x-96-11-109ab/109A-RL.TIF

96-11-109AB

Right Lateral

The calotte is loose and missing regions of superior temporal squama. The LI1-2 alveoli are empty, and the canines and P3-4 appear to have never developed. There is severe cribra orbitalia (viz. left), and small but expansive lesions on endocranial frontal squama. There are similar lesions in arachnoid depressions along the sagittal sinus, and within the sagittal sinus distally (by lambda). Additionally, there are bilateral osteophytes on the endocranial basiocciput and anterior clinoid processes. The frontal crest is very pronounced, and there are wormian bones at asteria (bilateral) and a small wormian bone to the left of lambda. The vault is fairly tall and oblong. This skull also displays underbite and extreme development of the occipital-marginal sinus (viz. right). The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most teeth present except LI1, and many of the crowns are broken. As mentioned already, there is severe malocclusion (underbite). The LP3-4 are rotated mesially 90 degrees, and the RP3-4 are rotated distally 90 degrees. There is an “accessory process” on the posterior margin of the coronoid processes (bilateral).

Full Record: x-96-11-109ab/109A-SU.TIF

96-11-109AB

Superior

The calotte is loose and missing regions of superior temporal squama. The LI1-2 alveoli are empty, and the canines and P3-4 appear to have never developed. There is severe cribra orbitalia (viz. left), and small but expansive lesions on endocranial frontal squama. There are similar lesions in arachnoid depressions along the sagittal sinus, and within the sagittal sinus distally (by lambda). Additionally, there are bilateral osteophytes on the endocranial basiocciput and anterior clinoid processes. The frontal crest is very pronounced, and there are wormian bones at asteria (bilateral) and a small wormian bone to the left of lambda. The vault is fairly tall and oblong. This skull also displays underbite and extreme development of the occipital-marginal sinus (viz. right). The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most teeth present except LI1, and many of the crowns are broken. As mentioned already, there is severe malocclusion (underbite). The LP3-4 are rotated mesially 90 degrees, and the RP3-4 are rotated distally 90 degrees. There is an “accessory process” on the posterior margin of the coronoid processes (bilateral).

Full Record: x-96-11-109ab/109AB-AN.TIF

96-11-109AB

Anterior

The calotte is loose and missing regions of superior temporal squama. The LI1-2 alveoli are empty, and the canines and P3-4 appear to have never developed. There is severe cribra orbitalia (viz. left), and small but expansive lesions on endocranial frontal squama. There are similar lesions in arachnoid depressions along the sagittal sinus, and within the sagittal sinus distally (by lambda). Additionally, there are bilateral osteophytes on the endocranial basiocciput and anterior clinoid processes. The frontal crest is very pronounced, and there are wormian bones at asteria (bilateral) and a small wormian bone to the left of lambda. The vault is fairly tall and oblong. This skull also displays underbite and extreme development of the occipital-marginal sinus (viz. right). The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most teeth present except LI1, and many of the crowns are broken. As mentioned already, there is severe malocclusion (underbite). The LP3-4 are rotated mesially 90 degrees, and the RP3-4 are rotated distally 90 degrees. There is an “accessory process” on the posterior margin of the coronoid processes (bilateral).

Full Record: x-96-11-109ab/109AB-LL.TIF

96-11-109AB

Left Lateral

The calotte is loose and missing regions of superior temporal squama. The LI1-2 alveoli are empty, and the canines and P3-4 appear to have never developed. There is severe cribra orbitalia (viz. left), and small but expansive lesions on endocranial frontal squama. There are similar lesions in arachnoid depressions along the sagittal sinus, and within the sagittal sinus distally (by lambda). Additionally, there are bilateral osteophytes on the endocranial basiocciput and anterior clinoid processes. The frontal crest is very pronounced, and there are wormian bones at asteria (bilateral) and a small wormian bone to the left of lambda. The vault is fairly tall and oblong. This skull also displays underbite and extreme development of the occipital-marginal sinus (viz. right). The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most teeth present except LI1, and many of the crowns are broken. As mentioned already, there is severe malocclusion (underbite). The LP3-4 are rotated mesially 90 degrees, and the RP3-4 are rotated distally 90 degrees. There is an “accessory process” on the posterior margin of the coronoid processes (bilateral).

Full Record: x-96-11-109ab/109AB-RL.TIF

96-11-109AB

Right Lateral

The calotte is loose and missing regions of superior temporal squama. The LI1-2 alveoli are empty, and the canines and P3-4 appear to have never developed. There is severe cribra orbitalia (viz. left), and small but expansive lesions on endocranial frontal squama. There are similar lesions in arachnoid depressions along the sagittal sinus, and within the sagittal sinus distally (by lambda). Additionally, there are bilateral osteophytes on the endocranial basiocciput and anterior clinoid processes. The frontal crest is very pronounced, and there are wormian bones at asteria (bilateral) and a small wormian bone to the left of lambda. The vault is fairly tall and oblong. This skull also displays underbite and extreme development of the occipital-marginal sinus (viz. right). The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most teeth present except LI1, and many of the crowns are broken. As mentioned already, there is severe malocclusion (underbite). The LP3-4 are rotated mesially 90 degrees, and the RP3-4 are rotated distally 90 degrees. There is an “accessory process” on the posterior margin of the coronoid processes (bilateral).

Full Record: x-96-11-109ab/109B-AN.TIF

96-11-109AB

Anterior

The calotte is loose and missing regions of superior temporal squama. The LI1-2 alveoli are empty, and the canines and P3-4 appear to have never developed. There is severe cribra orbitalia (viz. left), and small but expansive lesions on endocranial frontal squama. There are similar lesions in arachnoid depressions along the sagittal sinus, and within the sagittal sinus distally (by lambda). Additionally, there are bilateral osteophytes on the endocranial basiocciput and anterior clinoid processes. The frontal crest is very pronounced, and there are wormian bones at asteria (bilateral) and a small wormian bone to the left of lambda. The vault is fairly tall and oblong. This skull also displays underbite and extreme development of the occipital-marginal sinus (viz. right). The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most teeth present except LI1, and many of the crowns are broken. As mentioned already, there is severe malocclusion (underbite). The LP3-4 are rotated mesially 90 degrees, and the RP3-4 are rotated distally 90 degrees. There is an “accessory process” on the posterior margin of the coronoid processes (bilateral).

Full Record: x-96-11-109ab/109B-IN.TIF

96-11-109AB

Inferior

The calotte is loose and missing regions of superior temporal squama. The LI1-2 alveoli are empty, and the canines and P3-4 appear to have never developed. There is severe cribra orbitalia (viz. left), and small but expansive lesions on endocranial frontal squama. There are similar lesions in arachnoid depressions along the sagittal sinus, and within the sagittal sinus distally (by lambda). Additionally, there are bilateral osteophytes on the endocranial basiocciput and anterior clinoid processes. The frontal crest is very pronounced, and there are wormian bones at asteria (bilateral) and a small wormian bone to the left of lambda. The vault is fairly tall and oblong. This skull also displays underbite and extreme development of the occipital-marginal sinus (viz. right). The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most teeth present except LI1, and many of the crowns are broken. As mentioned already, there is severe malocclusion (underbite). The LP3-4 are rotated mesially 90 degrees, and the RP3-4 are rotated distally 90 degrees. There is an “accessory process” on the posterior margin of the coronoid processes (bilateral).

Full Record: x-96-11-109ab/109B-LL.TIF

96-11-109AB

Left Lateral

The calotte is loose and missing regions of superior temporal squama. The LI1-2 alveoli are empty, and the canines and P3-4 appear to have never developed. There is severe cribra orbitalia (viz. left), and small but expansive lesions on endocranial frontal squama. There are similar lesions in arachnoid depressions along the sagittal sinus, and within the sagittal sinus distally (by lambda). Additionally, there are bilateral osteophytes on the endocranial basiocciput and anterior clinoid processes. The frontal crest is very pronounced, and there are wormian bones at asteria (bilateral) and a small wormian bone to the left of lambda. The vault is fairly tall and oblong. This skull also displays underbite and extreme development of the occipital-marginal sinus (viz. right). The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most teeth present except LI1, and many of the crowns are broken. As mentioned already, there is severe malocclusion (underbite). The LP3-4 are rotated mesially 90 degrees, and the RP3-4 are rotated distally 90 degrees. There is an “accessory process” on the posterior margin of the coronoid processes (bilateral).

Full Record: x-96-11-109ab/109B-PO.TIF

96-11-109AB

Posterior

The calotte is loose and missing regions of superior temporal squama. The LI1-2 alveoli are empty, and the canines and P3-4 appear to have never developed. There is severe cribra orbitalia (viz. left), and small but expansive lesions on endocranial frontal squama. There are similar lesions in arachnoid depressions along the sagittal sinus, and within the sagittal sinus distally (by lambda). Additionally, there are bilateral osteophytes on the endocranial basiocciput and anterior clinoid processes. The frontal crest is very pronounced, and there are wormian bones at asteria (bilateral) and a small wormian bone to the left of lambda. The vault is fairly tall and oblong. This skull also displays underbite and extreme development of the occipital-marginal sinus (viz. right). The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most teeth present except LI1, and many of the crowns are broken. As mentioned already, there is severe malocclusion (underbite). The LP3-4 are rotated mesially 90 degrees, and the RP3-4 are rotated distally 90 degrees. There is an “accessory process” on the posterior margin of the coronoid processes (bilateral).

Full Record: x-96-11-109ab/109-DN.TIF

96-11-109AB

Mandibular Dentition

The calotte is loose and missing regions of superior temporal squama. The LI1-2 alveoli are empty, and the canines and P3-4 appear to have never developed. There is severe cribra orbitalia (viz. left), and small but expansive lesions on endocranial frontal squama. There are similar lesions in arachnoid depressions along the sagittal sinus, and within the sagittal sinus distally (by lambda). Additionally, there are bilateral osteophytes on the endocranial basiocciput and anterior clinoid processes. The frontal crest is very pronounced, and there are wormian bones at asteria (bilateral) and a small wormian bone to the left of lambda. The vault is fairly tall and oblong. This skull also displays underbite and extreme development of the occipital-marginal sinus (viz. right). The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most teeth present except LI1, and many of the crowns are broken. As mentioned already, there is severe malocclusion (underbite). The LP3-4 are rotated mesially 90 degrees, and the RP3-4 are rotated distally 90 degrees. There is an “accessory process” on the posterior margin of the coronoid processes (bilateral).

Full Record: x-96-11-109ab/109B-RL.TIF

96-11-109AB

Right Lateral

The calotte is loose and missing regions of superior temporal squama. The LI1-2 alveoli are empty, and the canines and P3-4 appear to have never developed. There is severe cribra orbitalia (viz. left), and small but expansive lesions on endocranial frontal squama. There are similar lesions in arachnoid depressions along the sagittal sinus, and within the sagittal sinus distally (by lambda). Additionally, there are bilateral osteophytes on the endocranial basiocciput and anterior clinoid processes. The frontal crest is very pronounced, and there are wormian bones at asteria (bilateral) and a small wormian bone to the left of lambda. The vault is fairly tall and oblong. This skull also displays underbite and extreme development of the occipital-marginal sinus (viz. right). The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most teeth present except LI1, and many of the crowns are broken. As mentioned already, there is severe malocclusion (underbite). The LP3-4 are rotated mesially 90 degrees, and the RP3-4 are rotated distally 90 degrees. There is an “accessory process” on the posterior margin of the coronoid processes (bilateral).

Full Record: x-96-11-109ab/109B-SU.TIF

96-11-109AB

Superior

The calotte is loose and missing regions of superior temporal squama. The LI1-2 alveoli are empty, and the canines and P3-4 appear to have never developed. There is severe cribra orbitalia (viz. left), and small but expansive lesions on endocranial frontal squama. There are similar lesions in arachnoid depressions along the sagittal sinus, and within the sagittal sinus distally (by lambda). Additionally, there are bilateral osteophytes on the endocranial basiocciput and anterior clinoid processes. The frontal crest is very pronounced, and there are wormian bones at asteria (bilateral) and a small wormian bone to the left of lambda. The vault is fairly tall and oblong. This skull also displays underbite and extreme development of the occipital-marginal sinus (viz. right). The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most teeth present except LI1, and many of the crowns are broken. As mentioned already, there is severe malocclusion (underbite). The LP3-4 are rotated mesially 90 degrees, and the RP3-4 are rotated distally 90 degrees. There is an “accessory process” on the posterior margin of the coronoid processes (bilateral).

Full Record: x-96-11-109ab/109-FE1.TIF

96-11-109AB

Feature 1

The calotte is loose and missing regions of superior temporal squama. The LI1-2 alveoli are empty, and the canines and P3-4 appear to have never developed. There is severe cribra orbitalia (viz. left), and small but expansive lesions on endocranial frontal squama. There are similar lesions in arachnoid depressions along the sagittal sinus, and within the sagittal sinus distally (by lambda). Additionally, there are bilateral osteophytes on the endocranial basiocciput and anterior clinoid processes. The frontal crest is very pronounced, and there are wormian bones at asteria (bilateral) and a small wormian bone to the left of lambda. The vault is fairly tall and oblong. This skull also displays underbite and extreme development of the occipital-marginal sinus (viz. right). The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most teeth present except LI1, and many of the crowns are broken. As mentioned already, there is severe malocclusion (underbite). The LP3-4 are rotated mesially 90 degrees, and the RP3-4 are rotated distally 90 degrees. There is an “accessory process” on the posterior margin of the coronoid processes (bilateral).

Full Record: x-96-11-109ab/109-FE2.TIF

96-11-109AB

Feature 2

The calotte is loose and missing regions of superior temporal squama. The LI1-2 alveoli are empty, and the canines and P3-4 appear to have never developed. There is severe cribra orbitalia (viz. left), and small but expansive lesions on endocranial frontal squama. There are similar lesions in arachnoid depressions along the sagittal sinus, and within the sagittal sinus distally (by lambda). Additionally, there are bilateral osteophytes on the endocranial basiocciput and anterior clinoid processes. The frontal crest is very pronounced, and there are wormian bones at asteria (bilateral) and a small wormian bone to the left of lambda. The vault is fairly tall and oblong. This skull also displays underbite and extreme development of the occipital-marginal sinus (viz. right). The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most teeth present except LI1, and many of the crowns are broken. As mentioned already, there is severe malocclusion (underbite). The LP3-4 are rotated mesially 90 degrees, and the RP3-4 are rotated distally 90 degrees. There is an “accessory process” on the posterior margin of the coronoid processes (bilateral).

Full Record: x-96-11-109ab/109-FE3.TIF

96-11-109AB

Feature 3

The calotte is loose and missing regions of superior temporal squama. The LI1-2 alveoli are empty, and the canines and P3-4 appear to have never developed. There is severe cribra orbitalia (viz. left), and small but expansive lesions on endocranial frontal squama. There are similar lesions in arachnoid depressions along the sagittal sinus, and within the sagittal sinus distally (by lambda). Additionally, there are bilateral osteophytes on the endocranial basiocciput and anterior clinoid processes. The frontal crest is very pronounced, and there are wormian bones at asteria (bilateral) and a small wormian bone to the left of lambda. The vault is fairly tall and oblong. This skull also displays underbite and extreme development of the occipital-marginal sinus (viz. right). The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most teeth present except LI1, and many of the crowns are broken. As mentioned already, there is severe malocclusion (underbite). The LP3-4 are rotated mesially 90 degrees, and the RP3-4 are rotated distally 90 degrees. There is an “accessory process” on the posterior margin of the coronoid processes (bilateral).

Full Record: x-96-11-109ab/109-FE4.TIF

96-11-109AB

Feature 4

The calotte is loose and missing regions of superior temporal squama. The LI1-2 alveoli are empty, and the canines and P3-4 appear to have never developed. There is severe cribra orbitalia (viz. left), and small but expansive lesions on endocranial frontal squama. There are similar lesions in arachnoid depressions along the sagittal sinus, and within the sagittal sinus distally (by lambda). Additionally, there are bilateral osteophytes on the endocranial basiocciput and anterior clinoid processes. The frontal crest is very pronounced, and there are wormian bones at asteria (bilateral) and a small wormian bone to the left of lambda. The vault is fairly tall and oblong. This skull also displays underbite and extreme development of the occipital-marginal sinus (viz. right). The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most teeth present except LI1, and many of the crowns are broken. As mentioned already, there is severe malocclusion (underbite). The LP3-4 are rotated mesially 90 degrees, and the RP3-4 are rotated distally 90 degrees. There is an “accessory process” on the posterior margin of the coronoid processes (bilateral).

Full Record: x-96-11-109ab/109-FE5.TIF

96-11-109AB

Feature 5

The calotte is loose and missing regions of superior temporal squama. The LI1-2 alveoli are empty, and the canines and P3-4 appear to have never developed. There is severe cribra orbitalia (viz. left), and small but expansive lesions on endocranial frontal squama. There are similar lesions in arachnoid depressions along the sagittal sinus, and within the sagittal sinus distally (by lambda). Additionally, there are bilateral osteophytes on the endocranial basiocciput and anterior clinoid processes. The frontal crest is very pronounced, and there are wormian bones at asteria (bilateral) and a small wormian bone to the left of lambda. The vault is fairly tall and oblong. This skull also displays underbite and extreme development of the occipital-marginal sinus (viz. right). The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most teeth present except LI1, and many of the crowns are broken. As mentioned already, there is severe malocclusion (underbite). The LP3-4 are rotated mesially 90 degrees, and the RP3-4 are rotated distally 90 degrees. There is an “accessory process” on the posterior margin of the coronoid processes (bilateral).

Full Record: x-96-11-109ab/109A-IN.TIF

96-11-109AB

Inferior

The calotte is loose and missing regions of superior temporal squama. The LI1-2 alveoli are empty, and the canines and P3-4 appear to have never developed. There is severe cribra orbitalia (viz. left), and small but expansive lesions on endocranial frontal squama. There are similar lesions in arachnoid depressions along the sagittal sinus, and within the sagittal sinus distally (by lambda). Additionally, there are bilateral osteophytes on the endocranial basiocciput and anterior clinoid processes. The frontal crest is very pronounced, and there are wormian bones at asteria (bilateral) and a small wormian bone to the left of lambda. The vault is fairly tall and oblong. This skull also displays underbite and extreme development of the occipital-marginal sinus (viz. right). The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most teeth present except LI1, and many of the crowns are broken. As mentioned already, there is severe malocclusion (underbite). The LP3-4 are rotated mesially 90 degrees, and the RP3-4 are rotated distally 90 degrees. There is an “accessory process” on the posterior margin of the coronoid processes (bilateral).

Full Record: x-96-11-109ab/109A-LL.TIF

96-11-109AB

Left Lateral

The calotte is loose and missing regions of superior temporal squama. The LI1-2 alveoli are empty, and the canines and P3-4 appear to have never developed. There is severe cribra orbitalia (viz. left), and small but expansive lesions on endocranial frontal squama. There are similar lesions in arachnoid depressions along the sagittal sinus, and within the sagittal sinus distally (by lambda). Additionally, there are bilateral osteophytes on the endocranial basiocciput and anterior clinoid processes. The frontal crest is very pronounced, and there are wormian bones at asteria (bilateral) and a small wormian bone to the left of lambda. The vault is fairly tall and oblong. This skull also displays underbite and extreme development of the occipital-marginal sinus (viz. right). The mandible associated with this cranium (b) has most teeth present except LI1, and many of the crowns are broken. As mentioned already, there is severe malocclusion (underbite). The LP3-4 are rotated mesially 90 degrees, and the RP3-4 are rotated distally 90 degrees. There is an “accessory process” on the posterior margin of the coronoid processes (bilateral).

96-11-110

96-11-110

This is a mandible only. Most alveoli are resorbed, and there are osteophytes on the chin region.

96-11-111

96-11-111

This is a mandible only. Most lower teeth are present, and around the chin, the bone is osteophytic.

96-11-112

96-11-112

This is a mandible only, which is slender and broken into two pieces. There are no teeth present, and molar resorption.