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Full Record: x-96-11-163ab/163-FE1.TIF

96-11-163AB

Feature 1

This cranium has a loose calotte, held onto the cranium by a rod, and is extremely hydrocephali (enlarged). It is missing RM1 and LM3, which may be lost or resorbed. There is a lot of what appears to be either calculus or plaster about the teeth, and severe enamel hypoplasias, in the form of pitting. The vault bone is thin, and there is severe remodeling of the right superolateral orbital region with a large hole. There is an extrasutural bone at the junction of the right sphenoid, frontal, and zygomatic bones; additionally, there are two large extrasutural bones around bregma, and two or three medium to large sized squamosal bones at right pterion. There is also an extremely sharp anterior nasal spine creating a sharply divided clivus (cf. hydrocephalic #61), as well as a relatively tall and inflated-looking infraorbital region (also cf. hydrocephalic #61). The zygomaxillary sutures are complex and asymmetrical, and there are many wormian bones on either side of the lambdoidal suture. Additionally, there appears to be vascularized resorbing bone on the ectocranial frontal and right and left parietal bones. The sphenoid greater wings are hypertrophied, and there is bony deposition on the posterior dorsum sellae. Also, there are lesions on the left endocranial sphenoid greater wing. The superior and lateral arms of the cruciform eminence are extremely asymmetrical. The right hypoglossal canal is completely bifid, as well as partially the left canal. The left jugular foramen is greatly obstructed by bony formations, and there are two osteophytes on the external occipital jugular notch, one of which completely connects with the other side. The left fa. ovale and spinosum are incompletely separated, and the nasal opening of the incisive canal may be closed off by bone. There may be an accessory foramen anterior to the left fa. ovale, or this formation may result from bifurcation hereof. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing RI1, LI1-2, and LP3. It has a lot of what appears to be either plaster or calculus around the bases of the teeth. There is severe hypo-/dysplasia of the RI2 crown. Overall, the mandible occludes fairly poorly with the maxillae.

Full Record: x-96-11-163ab/163-FE2.TIF

96-11-163AB

Feature 2

This cranium has a loose calotte, held onto the cranium by a rod, and is extremely hydrocephali (enlarged). It is missing RM1 and LM3, which may be lost or resorbed. There is a lot of what appears to be either calculus or plaster about the teeth, and severe enamel hypoplasias, in the form of pitting. The vault bone is thin, and there is severe remodeling of the right superolateral orbital region with a large hole. There is an extrasutural bone at the junction of the right sphenoid, frontal, and zygomatic bones; additionally, there are two large extrasutural bones around bregma, and two or three medium to large sized squamosal bones at right pterion. There is also an extremely sharp anterior nasal spine creating a sharply divided clivus (cf. hydrocephalic #61), as well as a relatively tall and inflated-looking infraorbital region (also cf. hydrocephalic #61). The zygomaxillary sutures are complex and asymmetrical, and there are many wormian bones on either side of the lambdoidal suture. Additionally, there appears to be vascularized resorbing bone on the ectocranial frontal and right and left parietal bones. The sphenoid greater wings are hypertrophied, and there is bony deposition on the posterior dorsum sellae. Also, there are lesions on the left endocranial sphenoid greater wing. The superior and lateral arms of the cruciform eminence are extremely asymmetrical. The right hypoglossal canal is completely bifid, as well as partially the left canal. The left jugular foramen is greatly obstructed by bony formations, and there are two osteophytes on the external occipital jugular notch, one of which completely connects with the other side. The left fa. ovale and spinosum are incompletely separated, and the nasal opening of the incisive canal may be closed off by bone. There may be an accessory foramen anterior to the left fa. ovale, or this formation may result from bifurcation hereof. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing RI1, LI1-2, and LP3. It has a lot of what appears to be either plaster or calculus around the bases of the teeth. There is severe hypo-/dysplasia of the RI2 crown. Overall, the mandible occludes fairly poorly with the maxillae.

Full Record: x-96-11-163ab/163-FE3.TIF

96-11-163AB

Feature 3

This cranium has a loose calotte, held onto the cranium by a rod, and is extremely hydrocephali (enlarged). It is missing RM1 and LM3, which may be lost or resorbed. There is a lot of what appears to be either calculus or plaster about the teeth, and severe enamel hypoplasias, in the form of pitting. The vault bone is thin, and there is severe remodeling of the right superolateral orbital region with a large hole. There is an extrasutural bone at the junction of the right sphenoid, frontal, and zygomatic bones; additionally, there are two large extrasutural bones around bregma, and two or three medium to large sized squamosal bones at right pterion. There is also an extremely sharp anterior nasal spine creating a sharply divided clivus (cf. hydrocephalic #61), as well as a relatively tall and inflated-looking infraorbital region (also cf. hydrocephalic #61). The zygomaxillary sutures are complex and asymmetrical, and there are many wormian bones on either side of the lambdoidal suture. Additionally, there appears to be vascularized resorbing bone on the ectocranial frontal and right and left parietal bones. The sphenoid greater wings are hypertrophied, and there is bony deposition on the posterior dorsum sellae. Also, there are lesions on the left endocranial sphenoid greater wing. The superior and lateral arms of the cruciform eminence are extremely asymmetrical. The right hypoglossal canal is completely bifid, as well as partially the left canal. The left jugular foramen is greatly obstructed by bony formations, and there are two osteophytes on the external occipital jugular notch, one of which completely connects with the other side. The left fa. ovale and spinosum are incompletely separated, and the nasal opening of the incisive canal may be closed off by bone. There may be an accessory foramen anterior to the left fa. ovale, or this formation may result from bifurcation hereof. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing RI1, LI1-2, and LP3. It has a lot of what appears to be either plaster or calculus around the bases of the teeth. There is severe hypo-/dysplasia of the RI2 crown. Overall, the mandible occludes fairly poorly with the maxillae.

Full Record: x-96-11-163ab/163-FE4.TIF

96-11-163AB

Feature 4

This cranium has a loose calotte, held onto the cranium by a rod, and is extremely hydrocephali (enlarged). It is missing RM1 and LM3, which may be lost or resorbed. There is a lot of what appears to be either calculus or plaster about the teeth, and severe enamel hypoplasias, in the form of pitting. The vault bone is thin, and there is severe remodeling of the right superolateral orbital region with a large hole. There is an extrasutural bone at the junction of the right sphenoid, frontal, and zygomatic bones; additionally, there are two large extrasutural bones around bregma, and two or three medium to large sized squamosal bones at right pterion. There is also an extremely sharp anterior nasal spine creating a sharply divided clivus (cf. hydrocephalic #61), as well as a relatively tall and inflated-looking infraorbital region (also cf. hydrocephalic #61). The zygomaxillary sutures are complex and asymmetrical, and there are many wormian bones on either side of the lambdoidal suture. Additionally, there appears to be vascularized resorbing bone on the ectocranial frontal and right and left parietal bones. The sphenoid greater wings are hypertrophied, and there is bony deposition on the posterior dorsum sellae. Also, there are lesions on the left endocranial sphenoid greater wing. The superior and lateral arms of the cruciform eminence are extremely asymmetrical. The right hypoglossal canal is completely bifid, as well as partially the left canal. The left jugular foramen is greatly obstructed by bony formations, and there are two osteophytes on the external occipital jugular notch, one of which completely connects with the other side. The left fa. ovale and spinosum are incompletely separated, and the nasal opening of the incisive canal may be closed off by bone. There may be an accessory foramen anterior to the left fa. ovale, or this formation may result from bifurcation hereof. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing RI1, LI1-2, and LP3. It has a lot of what appears to be either plaster or calculus around the bases of the teeth. There is severe hypo-/dysplasia of the RI2 crown. Overall, the mandible occludes fairly poorly with the maxillae.

Full Record: x-96-11-163ab/163-FE5.TIF

96-11-163AB

Feature 5

This cranium has a loose calotte, held onto the cranium by a rod, and is extremely hydrocephali (enlarged). It is missing RM1 and LM3, which may be lost or resorbed. There is a lot of what appears to be either calculus or plaster about the teeth, and severe enamel hypoplasias, in the form of pitting. The vault bone is thin, and there is severe remodeling of the right superolateral orbital region with a large hole. There is an extrasutural bone at the junction of the right sphenoid, frontal, and zygomatic bones; additionally, there are two large extrasutural bones around bregma, and two or three medium to large sized squamosal bones at right pterion. There is also an extremely sharp anterior nasal spine creating a sharply divided clivus (cf. hydrocephalic #61), as well as a relatively tall and inflated-looking infraorbital region (also cf. hydrocephalic #61). The zygomaxillary sutures are complex and asymmetrical, and there are many wormian bones on either side of the lambdoidal suture. Additionally, there appears to be vascularized resorbing bone on the ectocranial frontal and right and left parietal bones. The sphenoid greater wings are hypertrophied, and there is bony deposition on the posterior dorsum sellae. Also, there are lesions on the left endocranial sphenoid greater wing. The superior and lateral arms of the cruciform eminence are extremely asymmetrical. The right hypoglossal canal is completely bifid, as well as partially the left canal. The left jugular foramen is greatly obstructed by bony formations, and there are two osteophytes on the external occipital jugular notch, one of which completely connects with the other side. The left fa. ovale and spinosum are incompletely separated, and the nasal opening of the incisive canal may be closed off by bone. There may be an accessory foramen anterior to the left fa. ovale, or this formation may result from bifurcation hereof. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing RI1, LI1-2, and LP3. It has a lot of what appears to be either plaster or calculus around the bases of the teeth. There is severe hypo-/dysplasia of the RI2 crown. Overall, the mandible occludes fairly poorly with the maxillae.

Full Record: x-96-11-163ab/163-FE6.TIF

96-11-163AB

Feature 6

This cranium has a loose calotte, held onto the cranium by a rod, and is extremely hydrocephali (enlarged). It is missing RM1 and LM3, which may be lost or resorbed. There is a lot of what appears to be either calculus or plaster about the teeth, and severe enamel hypoplasias, in the form of pitting. The vault bone is thin, and there is severe remodeling of the right superolateral orbital region with a large hole. There is an extrasutural bone at the junction of the right sphenoid, frontal, and zygomatic bones; additionally, there are two large extrasutural bones around bregma, and two or three medium to large sized squamosal bones at right pterion. There is also an extremely sharp anterior nasal spine creating a sharply divided clivus (cf. hydrocephalic #61), as well as a relatively tall and inflated-looking infraorbital region (also cf. hydrocephalic #61). The zygomaxillary sutures are complex and asymmetrical, and there are many wormian bones on either side of the lambdoidal suture. Additionally, there appears to be vascularized resorbing bone on the ectocranial frontal and right and left parietal bones. The sphenoid greater wings are hypertrophied, and there is bony deposition on the posterior dorsum sellae. Also, there are lesions on the left endocranial sphenoid greater wing. The superior and lateral arms of the cruciform eminence are extremely asymmetrical. The right hypoglossal canal is completely bifid, as well as partially the left canal. The left jugular foramen is greatly obstructed by bony formations, and there are two osteophytes on the external occipital jugular notch, one of which completely connects with the other side. The left fa. ovale and spinosum are incompletely separated, and the nasal opening of the incisive canal may be closed off by bone. There may be an accessory foramen anterior to the left fa. ovale, or this formation may result from bifurcation hereof. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing RI1, LI1-2, and LP3. It has a lot of what appears to be either plaster or calculus around the bases of the teeth. There is severe hypo-/dysplasia of the RI2 crown. Overall, the mandible occludes fairly poorly with the maxillae.

96-11-166

96-11-166

This is a calotte that is unassociated with a cranium. It appears to have some endocranial lesions.

96-11-167

96-11-167

This is a calotte that is unassociated with a cranium, but it appears to be from a very wide and large cranium. There is a mounting hole drilled into bregma. There are what appear to be either lesions or arachnoid foveae to the right of the frontal crest. Additionally, the is a knobby osteophyte to the left of the frontal crest.

Full Record: x-96-11-168ab/168-AN.TIF

96-11-168AB

Anterior

This cranium is missing all teeth except for LM1. The RP3-M3 and LP3-4 alveoli are resorbed, and there are moderate carabellis on LM1. The left styloid process is broken, and the right styloid process is held on by adherent soft tissue. Overall, this cranium has a large vault relative to the face, termed “megalocephalic.” There is a pterygo-spinous fossa on the right, and the left side is possibly broken. The medial pterygoid hamuli is missing or broken. The left jugular foramen is greatly reduced. Additionally, the coronal suture is asymmetrical and contains wormian bones; there are also many wormian bones on the lambdoidal suture (viz. right). The posterior sagittal suture is beginning to obliterate, while the anterior suture deviates to meet coronal slightly to the right. There is a possible healed fracture to the inferior nasal bone. Overall, given the great weight of the skull and the size of the vault, it is unclear whether the entire endocranial cavity is enlarged, or if the vault bone is especially thick. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) retains only RP3-4, and the molar alveoli are mostly resorbed. There are odd, doubled lingulae (bilateral), and what appear to be relatively small mental fa.

Full Record: x-96-11-168ab/168-IN.TIF

96-11-168AB

Inferior

This cranium is missing all teeth except for LM1. The RP3-M3 and LP3-4 alveoli are resorbed, and there are moderate carabellis on LM1. The left styloid process is broken, and the right styloid process is held on by adherent soft tissue. Overall, this cranium has a large vault relative to the face, termed “megalocephalic.” There is a pterygo-spinous fossa on the right, and the left side is possibly broken. The medial pterygoid hamuli is missing or broken. The left jugular foramen is greatly reduced. Additionally, the coronal suture is asymmetrical and contains wormian bones; there are also many wormian bones on the lambdoidal suture (viz. right). The posterior sagittal suture is beginning to obliterate, while the anterior suture deviates to meet coronal slightly to the right. There is a possible healed fracture to the inferior nasal bone. Overall, given the great weight of the skull and the size of the vault, it is unclear whether the entire endocranial cavity is enlarged, or if the vault bone is especially thick. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) retains only RP3-4, and the molar alveoli are mostly resorbed. There are odd, doubled lingulae (bilateral), and what appear to be relatively small mental fa.

Full Record: x-96-11-168ab/168-LL.TIF

96-11-168AB

Left Lateral

This cranium is missing all teeth except for LM1. The RP3-M3 and LP3-4 alveoli are resorbed, and there are moderate carabellis on LM1. The left styloid process is broken, and the right styloid process is held on by adherent soft tissue. Overall, this cranium has a large vault relative to the face, termed “megalocephalic.” There is a pterygo-spinous fossa on the right, and the left side is possibly broken. The medial pterygoid hamuli is missing or broken. The left jugular foramen is greatly reduced. Additionally, the coronal suture is asymmetrical and contains wormian bones; there are also many wormian bones on the lambdoidal suture (viz. right). The posterior sagittal suture is beginning to obliterate, while the anterior suture deviates to meet coronal slightly to the right. There is a possible healed fracture to the inferior nasal bone. Overall, given the great weight of the skull and the size of the vault, it is unclear whether the entire endocranial cavity is enlarged, or if the vault bone is especially thick. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) retains only RP3-4, and the molar alveoli are mostly resorbed. There are odd, doubled lingulae (bilateral), and what appear to be relatively small mental fa.

Full Record: x-96-11-168ab/168-PO.TIF

96-11-168AB

Posterior

This cranium is missing all teeth except for LM1. The RP3-M3 and LP3-4 alveoli are resorbed, and there are moderate carabellis on LM1. The left styloid process is broken, and the right styloid process is held on by adherent soft tissue. Overall, this cranium has a large vault relative to the face, termed “megalocephalic.” There is a pterygo-spinous fossa on the right, and the left side is possibly broken. The medial pterygoid hamuli is missing or broken. The left jugular foramen is greatly reduced. Additionally, the coronal suture is asymmetrical and contains wormian bones; there are also many wormian bones on the lambdoidal suture (viz. right). The posterior sagittal suture is beginning to obliterate, while the anterior suture deviates to meet coronal slightly to the right. There is a possible healed fracture to the inferior nasal bone. Overall, given the great weight of the skull and the size of the vault, it is unclear whether the entire endocranial cavity is enlarged, or if the vault bone is especially thick. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) retains only RP3-4, and the molar alveoli are mostly resorbed. There are odd, doubled lingulae (bilateral), and what appear to be relatively small mental fa.

Full Record: x-96-11-168ab/168-RL.TIF

96-11-168AB

Right Lateral

This cranium is missing all teeth except for LM1. The RP3-M3 and LP3-4 alveoli are resorbed, and there are moderate carabellis on LM1. The left styloid process is broken, and the right styloid process is held on by adherent soft tissue. Overall, this cranium has a large vault relative to the face, termed “megalocephalic.” There is a pterygo-spinous fossa on the right, and the left side is possibly broken. The medial pterygoid hamuli is missing or broken. The left jugular foramen is greatly reduced. Additionally, the coronal suture is asymmetrical and contains wormian bones; there are also many wormian bones on the lambdoidal suture (viz. right). The posterior sagittal suture is beginning to obliterate, while the anterior suture deviates to meet coronal slightly to the right. There is a possible healed fracture to the inferior nasal bone. Overall, given the great weight of the skull and the size of the vault, it is unclear whether the entire endocranial cavity is enlarged, or if the vault bone is especially thick. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) retains only RP3-4, and the molar alveoli are mostly resorbed. There are odd, doubled lingulae (bilateral), and what appear to be relatively small mental fa.

Full Record: x-96-11-168ab/168-SU.TIF

96-11-168AB

Superior

This cranium is missing all teeth except for LM1. The RP3-M3 and LP3-4 alveoli are resorbed, and there are moderate carabellis on LM1. The left styloid process is broken, and the right styloid process is held on by adherent soft tissue. Overall, this cranium has a large vault relative to the face, termed “megalocephalic.” There is a pterygo-spinous fossa on the right, and the left side is possibly broken. The medial pterygoid hamuli is missing or broken. The left jugular foramen is greatly reduced. Additionally, the coronal suture is asymmetrical and contains wormian bones; there are also many wormian bones on the lambdoidal suture (viz. right). The posterior sagittal suture is beginning to obliterate, while the anterior suture deviates to meet coronal slightly to the right. There is a possible healed fracture to the inferior nasal bone. Overall, given the great weight of the skull and the size of the vault, it is unclear whether the entire endocranial cavity is enlarged, or if the vault bone is especially thick. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) retains only RP3-4, and the molar alveoli are mostly resorbed. There are odd, doubled lingulae (bilateral), and what appear to be relatively small mental fa.

Full Record: x-96-11-169ab/169A-AN.TIF

96-11-169AB

Anterior

This cranium has a loose calotte, with very loose sutures and the frontal bone entirely separated from the parietals at the coronal suture. The right zygomatic arch is broken, and the nasal bones are missing. There is a clearly missing wormian bone at bregma, and the vault bone is very thin. Additionally, there is a double/bifid lesion of the right f. rotundum, and a residual metopic suture at glabella. The crypt(s) of RP3-4 and RM3 are empty, and there is dental dysplasia present, in the form of enamel hypoplasias and diminutive sizes. The LM1 is mesially rotated, and there are carabellis on the M1s. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing all but one of the incisors, and there is resorption of the left incisor alveoli. There is severe dental dysplasia, including enamel hypoplasias, diminutive tooth sizes, just as for the maxillary teeth. Additionally, the LC-P4 are rotated mesially.

Full Record: x-96-11-169ab/169AB-AN.TIF

96-11-169AB

Anterior

This cranium has a loose calotte, with very loose sutures and the frontal bone entirely separated from the parietals at the coronal suture. The right zygomatic arch is broken, and the nasal bones are missing. There is a clearly missing wormian bone at bregma, and the vault bone is very thin. Additionally, there is a double/bifid lesion of the right f. rotundum, and a residual metopic suture at glabella. The crypt(s) of RP3-4 and RM3 are empty, and there is dental dysplasia present, in the form of enamel hypoplasias and diminutive sizes. The LM1 is mesially rotated, and there are carabellis on the M1s. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing all but one of the incisors, and there is resorption of the left incisor alveoli. There is severe dental dysplasia, including enamel hypoplasias, diminutive tooth sizes, just as for the maxillary teeth. Additionally, the LC-P4 are rotated mesially.

Full Record: x-96-11-169ab/169AB-LL.TIF

96-11-169AB

Left Lateral

This cranium has a loose calotte, with very loose sutures and the frontal bone entirely separated from the parietals at the coronal suture. The right zygomatic arch is broken, and the nasal bones are missing. There is a clearly missing wormian bone at bregma, and the vault bone is very thin. Additionally, there is a double/bifid lesion of the right f. rotundum, and a residual metopic suture at glabella. The crypt(s) of RP3-4 and RM3 are empty, and there is dental dysplasia present, in the form of enamel hypoplasias and diminutive sizes. The LM1 is mesially rotated, and there are carabellis on the M1s. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing all but one of the incisors, and there is resorption of the left incisor alveoli. There is severe dental dysplasia, including enamel hypoplasias, diminutive tooth sizes, just as for the maxillary teeth. Additionally, the LC-P4 are rotated mesially.

Full Record: x-96-11-169ab/169AB-RL.TIF

96-11-169AB

Right Lateral

This cranium has a loose calotte, with very loose sutures and the frontal bone entirely separated from the parietals at the coronal suture. The right zygomatic arch is broken, and the nasal bones are missing. There is a clearly missing wormian bone at bregma, and the vault bone is very thin. Additionally, there is a double/bifid lesion of the right f. rotundum, and a residual metopic suture at glabella. The crypt(s) of RP3-4 and RM3 are empty, and there is dental dysplasia present, in the form of enamel hypoplasias and diminutive sizes. The LM1 is mesially rotated, and there are carabellis on the M1s. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing all but one of the incisors, and there is resorption of the left incisor alveoli. There is severe dental dysplasia, including enamel hypoplasias, diminutive tooth sizes, just as for the maxillary teeth. Additionally, the LC-P4 are rotated mesially.

Full Record: x-96-11-169ab/169B-AN.TIF

96-11-169AB

Anterior

This cranium has a loose calotte, with very loose sutures and the frontal bone entirely separated from the parietals at the coronal suture. The right zygomatic arch is broken, and the nasal bones are missing. There is a clearly missing wormian bone at bregma, and the vault bone is very thin. Additionally, there is a double/bifid lesion of the right f. rotundum, and a residual metopic suture at glabella. The crypt(s) of RP3-4 and RM3 are empty, and there is dental dysplasia present, in the form of enamel hypoplasias and diminutive sizes. The LM1 is mesially rotated, and there are carabellis on the M1s. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing all but one of the incisors, and there is resorption of the left incisor alveoli. There is severe dental dysplasia, including enamel hypoplasias, diminutive tooth sizes, just as for the maxillary teeth. Additionally, the LC-P4 are rotated mesially.

Full Record: x-96-11-169ab/169B-IN.TIF

96-11-169AB

Inferior

This cranium has a loose calotte, with very loose sutures and the frontal bone entirely separated from the parietals at the coronal suture. The right zygomatic arch is broken, and the nasal bones are missing. There is a clearly missing wormian bone at bregma, and the vault bone is very thin. Additionally, there is a double/bifid lesion of the right f. rotundum, and a residual metopic suture at glabella. The crypt(s) of RP3-4 and RM3 are empty, and there is dental dysplasia present, in the form of enamel hypoplasias and diminutive sizes. The LM1 is mesially rotated, and there are carabellis on the M1s. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing all but one of the incisors, and there is resorption of the left incisor alveoli. There is severe dental dysplasia, including enamel hypoplasias, diminutive tooth sizes, just as for the maxillary teeth. Additionally, the LC-P4 are rotated mesially.

Full Record: x-96-11-169ab/169B-LL.TIF

96-11-169AB

Left Lateral

This cranium has a loose calotte, with very loose sutures and the frontal bone entirely separated from the parietals at the coronal suture. The right zygomatic arch is broken, and the nasal bones are missing. There is a clearly missing wormian bone at bregma, and the vault bone is very thin. Additionally, there is a double/bifid lesion of the right f. rotundum, and a residual metopic suture at glabella. The crypt(s) of RP3-4 and RM3 are empty, and there is dental dysplasia present, in the form of enamel hypoplasias and diminutive sizes. The LM1 is mesially rotated, and there are carabellis on the M1s. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing all but one of the incisors, and there is resorption of the left incisor alveoli. There is severe dental dysplasia, including enamel hypoplasias, diminutive tooth sizes, just as for the maxillary teeth. Additionally, the LC-P4 are rotated mesially.

Full Record: x-96-11-169ab/169B-PO.TIF

96-11-169AB

Posterior

This cranium has a loose calotte, with very loose sutures and the frontal bone entirely separated from the parietals at the coronal suture. The right zygomatic arch is broken, and the nasal bones are missing. There is a clearly missing wormian bone at bregma, and the vault bone is very thin. Additionally, there is a double/bifid lesion of the right f. rotundum, and a residual metopic suture at glabella. The crypt(s) of RP3-4 and RM3 are empty, and there is dental dysplasia present, in the form of enamel hypoplasias and diminutive sizes. The LM1 is mesially rotated, and there are carabellis on the M1s. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing all but one of the incisors, and there is resorption of the left incisor alveoli. There is severe dental dysplasia, including enamel hypoplasias, diminutive tooth sizes, just as for the maxillary teeth. Additionally, the LC-P4 are rotated mesially.

Full Record: x-96-11-169ab/169B-RL.TIF

96-11-169AB

Right Lateral

This cranium has a loose calotte, with very loose sutures and the frontal bone entirely separated from the parietals at the coronal suture. The right zygomatic arch is broken, and the nasal bones are missing. There is a clearly missing wormian bone at bregma, and the vault bone is very thin. Additionally, there is a double/bifid lesion of the right f. rotundum, and a residual metopic suture at glabella. The crypt(s) of RP3-4 and RM3 are empty, and there is dental dysplasia present, in the form of enamel hypoplasias and diminutive sizes. The LM1 is mesially rotated, and there are carabellis on the M1s. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing all but one of the incisors, and there is resorption of the left incisor alveoli. There is severe dental dysplasia, including enamel hypoplasias, diminutive tooth sizes, just as for the maxillary teeth. Additionally, the LC-P4 are rotated mesially.

Full Record: x-96-11-169ab/169B-SU.TIF

96-11-169AB

Superior

This cranium has a loose calotte, with very loose sutures and the frontal bone entirely separated from the parietals at the coronal suture. The right zygomatic arch is broken, and the nasal bones are missing. There is a clearly missing wormian bone at bregma, and the vault bone is very thin. Additionally, there is a double/bifid lesion of the right f. rotundum, and a residual metopic suture at glabella. The crypt(s) of RP3-4 and RM3 are empty, and there is dental dysplasia present, in the form of enamel hypoplasias and diminutive sizes. The LM1 is mesially rotated, and there are carabellis on the M1s. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing all but one of the incisors, and there is resorption of the left incisor alveoli. There is severe dental dysplasia, including enamel hypoplasias, diminutive tooth sizes, just as for the maxillary teeth. Additionally, the LC-P4 are rotated mesially.

Full Record: x-96-11-169ab/169-DN.TIF

96-11-169AB

Mandibular Dentition

This cranium has a loose calotte, with very loose sutures and the frontal bone entirely separated from the parietals at the coronal suture. The right zygomatic arch is broken, and the nasal bones are missing. There is a clearly missing wormian bone at bregma, and the vault bone is very thin. Additionally, there is a double/bifid lesion of the right f. rotundum, and a residual metopic suture at glabella. The crypt(s) of RP3-4 and RM3 are empty, and there is dental dysplasia present, in the form of enamel hypoplasias and diminutive sizes. The LM1 is mesially rotated, and there are carabellis on the M1s. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing all but one of the incisors, and there is resorption of the left incisor alveoli. There is severe dental dysplasia, including enamel hypoplasias, diminutive tooth sizes, just as for the maxillary teeth. Additionally, the LC-P4 are rotated mesially.

Full Record: x-96-11-169ab/169-DX.TIF

96-11-169AB

Maxillary Dentition

This cranium has a loose calotte, with very loose sutures and the frontal bone entirely separated from the parietals at the coronal suture. The right zygomatic arch is broken, and the nasal bones are missing. There is a clearly missing wormian bone at bregma, and the vault bone is very thin. Additionally, there is a double/bifid lesion of the right f. rotundum, and a residual metopic suture at glabella. The crypt(s) of RP3-4 and RM3 are empty, and there is dental dysplasia present, in the form of enamel hypoplasias and diminutive sizes. The LM1 is mesially rotated, and there are carabellis on the M1s. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing all but one of the incisors, and there is resorption of the left incisor alveoli. There is severe dental dysplasia, including enamel hypoplasias, diminutive tooth sizes, just as for the maxillary teeth. Additionally, the LC-P4 are rotated mesially.

Full Record: x-96-11-169ab/169-FE1.TIF

96-11-169AB

Feature 1

This cranium has a loose calotte, with very loose sutures and the frontal bone entirely separated from the parietals at the coronal suture. The right zygomatic arch is broken, and the nasal bones are missing. There is a clearly missing wormian bone at bregma, and the vault bone is very thin. Additionally, there is a double/bifid lesion of the right f. rotundum, and a residual metopic suture at glabella. The crypt(s) of RP3-4 and RM3 are empty, and there is dental dysplasia present, in the form of enamel hypoplasias and diminutive sizes. The LM1 is mesially rotated, and there are carabellis on the M1s. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing all but one of the incisors, and there is resorption of the left incisor alveoli. There is severe dental dysplasia, including enamel hypoplasias, diminutive tooth sizes, just as for the maxillary teeth. Additionally, the LC-P4 are rotated mesially.

Full Record: x-96-11-169ab/169A-IN.TIF

96-11-169AB

Inferior

This cranium has a loose calotte, with very loose sutures and the frontal bone entirely separated from the parietals at the coronal suture. The right zygomatic arch is broken, and the nasal bones are missing. There is a clearly missing wormian bone at bregma, and the vault bone is very thin. Additionally, there is a double/bifid lesion of the right f. rotundum, and a residual metopic suture at glabella. The crypt(s) of RP3-4 and RM3 are empty, and there is dental dysplasia present, in the form of enamel hypoplasias and diminutive sizes. The LM1 is mesially rotated, and there are carabellis on the M1s. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing all but one of the incisors, and there is resorption of the left incisor alveoli. There is severe dental dysplasia, including enamel hypoplasias, diminutive tooth sizes, just as for the maxillary teeth. Additionally, the LC-P4 are rotated mesially.

Full Record: x-96-11-169ab/169A-LL.TIF

96-11-169AB

Left Lateral

This cranium has a loose calotte, with very loose sutures and the frontal bone entirely separated from the parietals at the coronal suture. The right zygomatic arch is broken, and the nasal bones are missing. There is a clearly missing wormian bone at bregma, and the vault bone is very thin. Additionally, there is a double/bifid lesion of the right f. rotundum, and a residual metopic suture at glabella. The crypt(s) of RP3-4 and RM3 are empty, and there is dental dysplasia present, in the form of enamel hypoplasias and diminutive sizes. The LM1 is mesially rotated, and there are carabellis on the M1s. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing all but one of the incisors, and there is resorption of the left incisor alveoli. There is severe dental dysplasia, including enamel hypoplasias, diminutive tooth sizes, just as for the maxillary teeth. Additionally, the LC-P4 are rotated mesially.

Full Record: x-96-11-169ab/169A-PO.TIF

96-11-169AB

Posterior

This cranium has a loose calotte, with very loose sutures and the frontal bone entirely separated from the parietals at the coronal suture. The right zygomatic arch is broken, and the nasal bones are missing. There is a clearly missing wormian bone at bregma, and the vault bone is very thin. Additionally, there is a double/bifid lesion of the right f. rotundum, and a residual metopic suture at glabella. The crypt(s) of RP3-4 and RM3 are empty, and there is dental dysplasia present, in the form of enamel hypoplasias and diminutive sizes. The LM1 is mesially rotated, and there are carabellis on the M1s. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing all but one of the incisors, and there is resorption of the left incisor alveoli. There is severe dental dysplasia, including enamel hypoplasias, diminutive tooth sizes, just as for the maxillary teeth. Additionally, the LC-P4 are rotated mesially.

Full Record: x-96-11-169ab/169A-RL.TIF

96-11-169AB

Right Lateral

This cranium has a loose calotte, with very loose sutures and the frontal bone entirely separated from the parietals at the coronal suture. The right zygomatic arch is broken, and the nasal bones are missing. There is a clearly missing wormian bone at bregma, and the vault bone is very thin. Additionally, there is a double/bifid lesion of the right f. rotundum, and a residual metopic suture at glabella. The crypt(s) of RP3-4 and RM3 are empty, and there is dental dysplasia present, in the form of enamel hypoplasias and diminutive sizes. The LM1 is mesially rotated, and there are carabellis on the M1s. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing all but one of the incisors, and there is resorption of the left incisor alveoli. There is severe dental dysplasia, including enamel hypoplasias, diminutive tooth sizes, just as for the maxillary teeth. Additionally, the LC-P4 are rotated mesially.

Full Record: x-96-11-169ab/169A-SU.TIF

96-11-169AB

Superior

This cranium has a loose calotte, with very loose sutures and the frontal bone entirely separated from the parietals at the coronal suture. The right zygomatic arch is broken, and the nasal bones are missing. There is a clearly missing wormian bone at bregma, and the vault bone is very thin. Additionally, there is a double/bifid lesion of the right f. rotundum, and a residual metopic suture at glabella. The crypt(s) of RP3-4 and RM3 are empty, and there is dental dysplasia present, in the form of enamel hypoplasias and diminutive sizes. The LM1 is mesially rotated, and there are carabellis on the M1s. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) is missing all but one of the incisors, and there is resorption of the left incisor alveoli. There is severe dental dysplasia, including enamel hypoplasias, diminutive tooth sizes, just as for the maxillary teeth. Additionally, the LC-P4 are rotated mesially.