¶ Of the trety of Arras, and howe the Duyke of Burgoyn turnet to the Frensshe party; and howe he laide Seege to Caleis, And howe he withdroughe hym in-to Flaundres or þat Ony rescous come, in the nyghte.
IN the xiijthe yere of the regne of Kyng Henry the vjte, was the grettest froste that was in many a day before; for it began vppon Saynt Kateryn even, and lastit to þe iiijte day of Marche, the space of xvj wekes. And Temmes þat tyme was so sore frosen, that the vintage of Burdeux went ouer Shoters Hill: for þe shippis with wyne myght come no nerre then Sandewiche. and þat froste þat tyme distroyet oisters, and muskelles, and fresshe-water fissh, thrugh þe moost party of Englond. ¶ In þat same yere was þe trety of Arras betwene the Kyng of Englond, Henry the vjte, And Philipe, Duyke of Burgoyn; and Charles de Valoice, Dolfyn of Fraunce, that tyme beyng there in enbasshat for þe Kyng of Englond, Henry, Cardynall of Englond, Bisshope of Wynchester, Iohn Kempe, Erchbisshope of York, Iohn, Erle of Huntyngton; Pole, Erle of Suffolk, Prevey Seale, Sir Waulter Hongerford, Sir Iohn Poppahm, with a faire feleshipe with hem, to þe nomber of viijC men. att which trety, þai wold the Kyng of Englond shuld have putte out þe floure de lice out of his Armes; and many oþer thynges was spoken of; but to say shortly, þei couth not accord; wherfore they departit thens, and come home ageyn into Englonde. but thay of þe toun of Popperyng in Flaundres demenet hem vngentilly, and entretid hym vnmanerly as he come rydyngPage 572 thrughe the toun from the saide trety of Arras; wherfore he was sore amovid and grevid with hem, for they made his men to bere out of toune þeyr horses dong, mawegre their tetter; neuerþeles he suffirt it, and rode on his way; but he quytte hem that foule and gret dispite, as ye shall here afterwardes.
¶ Then, as sone as thenbassetoures were departet from Arras, and home, the Dolfyn and the Duyke of Burgoyn were accordet, and made att one for deth of the Duyk of Burgoyns fader, þat was slayn att Muttereux by þe same Dolfyn; and þerwith endit all that trety. And then onon after, þe Duyk tok in-to his handes Abvyle and Amyas, and oþer tounes and Castelles; and after, by a kyng of heroudes, he sent the Kynges lyueray to Caleis, [and, by] the counsail of his lordes and hem of Flaundres, he made redy his ordynaunce and his pepill, to come and lay seege to Caleis. And þe Flemmynges were þen so proude and hawteyn þat they sette by none Englisshe men, but hem hade in gret despite, thrughe-out all Flaundres. And grete noice þere was of comyng of þe seege; neuerþeles Marchaundes yette went al this while into Flaundres to and fro, but thai hade evill chere in al plases. And they of Brigges made payntet clothes, howe þe Flemmynges were att seege att Caleis, and howe þai wann þe toune; and hanget out Englisshe men by the helis out at lopes: and well was hym þat myght by of þes clothes! And þai made entirledes and plaies in Brigges, of þe Cardynall of Wynchester And of the Dolfyn, of thaire purposyng and Ansuaryng att the trety of Arras, And all in dispite and hoker of Englissh men; thei were so glad and fayn þat they shuld lay seege to Caleis, and wynne the wulles of þe staple of Caleis, and to departe it amonges hem; And bostet and said þat þe steevan Caleis was but a [Harleian MS. 53 162b] male tyde, þat is to say, A mele tyde; And mony othir scornefull wordes thai had that tyme Amonges hem. And that same yere, in þe heryng tyme, þere come iij C botes out of Normaundy to Caleis on fisshyng fare, as they were wont ich yere; and euery bote hade in xvj men. and they come as ffisshers, and in ffisshers clothyng; but a gret part of hem were men of werre, and had cast to haue geton þe toune. but att last, as God wolde, the[y] were aspiet by their fyne smale shirtes and byPage 573 their poyntes; wherfore Richarde Woodvile, Squyer, leotenaunt of þe said toun of Caleis vnder the Duyke of Bedford, charget euery souldioure to bere his staff in his hand, as wele in þe cherche and att sacryng tyme as in þe market, and not to leve stondyng att þe chirch durre, as they were wont to do; and so thaie bare thaire stavis in þeire handes in þe chirch, and ouer al. Then the Frensshe men vnderstood wele þat they were aspiet, and sawe wele þey couth not brynge theire entent nor purpos about; And wenth their way out of Caleis hauen in a tide, and went streight to þe toune of Deepe, and come in þere as ffisshers, and so gate þe toun. And in þat same yere dyet the Duyke of Bedford in Roan, on Holy-Rode even in May, which had layn longe seeke; for whos deth was made muche mone amonges Englisshe men that were þat tyme in Normaundy; for as long as he levit, he was doutet and dred amonges the Frenssh men.
¶ In the xiiij yere of the regn of þe said Henry the vjte, Humfrey, Duyke of Gloucester, Protectour and Deffendour of Englond, was made Capteyn of Caleis; and he was Capteyn of Guysnes before that tyme; And so he was both Capteyn of Caleis and of Guysnes. And he made Sir Iohn Radcliffe his Leotenaunt of Caleis, and sent hym thedir; which was a wurshipfull knyȝt, and was welbelouet amonges þe sawdiours there: for he kept and helde A gud and open housold to who þat wolde come, and welcome. ¶ Then come tithynges ich day more and more of þe seege comyng to Caleis. Then Sir John Radecliff, þe Leotenaunt of þe toune, Robert Clidrowe þe Meyre, and Thomas Thirland, Leotenaunt of þe staple of Caleis, with þe sawdioures, marchaundes, and burgeses and comyners, kest vp a faire brode dike on þe south side of the toune, and made iij stronge bullwerkes of erthe and cley, one att þe corner of þe Castell with-out þe toun, anoþer att Bulleyn gate, and anoþer att þe postern be þe Princes Inne; And att Mylke gate was a faire bulwerk made of breke, þat Richard Woodevile had do make or he was discharget of his leotenauntshippe. And þai fortifiet þe walles, toures, and dikes on ich a side of the toune, with-in and without, And dresset theire lopes and theire gunnes to shote both hye and lawe. And the vj Castell in the Marcheȝ þere þat Englisshe men were in hem, fortifiet as strongely as they couthe, that is to say,Page 574 the Castell of Guysnes, the Castell of Balyngham, the Castell of Hammes, the Castell of Sandgat, the Castell of Marke, and the Castell of Oye. And Sir Iohn Radcliff, Leotenaunt, warnet and charget al þe cuntre þat was of þe Englisshe pale, [þat þey] shuld come and bring a[l] thaire goodes, and breke doun theire houses; and so, many of hem did, many of hem stale away, some into Picardy and some into Flaundres. And þere was a cry made in þe market-place of Caleis, þat al maner of men beyng in Caleis, or lyvyng vnder bill vnsworn, þat they shuld come to þe toune-hall, and there to be sworn the Kynges trewe leege men; And þai that wold not be sworn, to take þeire goodes and go theire way where þay wold. And so þere come many, and were there sworn; and many went theire way into Flaundres, and wold not be sworn. ¶ And on Saynt George day, Sir Iohn Radcliff sent word prevely to þe Daywach of þe toune in þe nonetyme to rynge [Harleian MS. 53 163a] out the larom bell, vnwetyng to the sawdioures of þe toune. And so þer was a grete Alarom, and saudioures were onon in thaire harneys, and comyners with hem, And wende þat enmys hade comen to haue fechet the bestys þat were pasteryng about the toun; but þere was non; for Sir Iohn Radclif did it for a sport, because it was Saint George day; And for þat he wolde se howe saudioures wold bokkell and dresse hem to þeire harneys.
¶ And sone afterward, Edmond, Erle of Morteyn, and the Lord Camys, Sir William of Asshton, knyghte, And Sir Geffrey Werburton, knyghte, shuld haue shippit att Wynchilsey to haue gon into Fraunce with the nomber of iij Ml men of speres and Archers; but because there was so gret a noys of þe seege comynge to Caleis, þei were contirmaundit be þe Kyng and þe Duyke of Gloucestre to go thider, and strenghe þe toun till rescous myght be had. And so went þe Erle with his Armee to Caleis. ¶ Then Humfrey, Duyke of Gloucestre, Protectoure and Deffendoure of Englond, and Capteyn of Caleis and of Guysnes, send for al þe lordes of the Reame, both spirituell and temperell, and for al his feede men, and desired of hem an eyde for þe rescowe of þe saide toune of Caleis. And þe lordes temperall hym graunted to go with hym hem-self in propur person, and fynde a certeyn meyny with hem vppon þeire oune cost; And bisshoppis, Abottes and priours also graunted to fynde a certeyn meyny to go with hym And alPage 575 his feede men hym graunted eke to go with hym And he thonket all. And then was it criet in al þe port tounes and haven tounes in Englond, þat al maner shippis þat were able to saile be þe see shuld come into Sandewich haven be a certeyn day; and so thei were þe nomber of ijC sailes and moo. ¶ Philipe, Duyke of Burgoyn, made hym redy, and the Flemmynges, al this while, and toke dyuerse marchaundes prisoners, as they come homward out of Flaundres to Caleis, and specially they of Dunkirke. And when þe Erle of Morteyn was comyn with his Armee to Caleis, as before is saide, he made a iournay of Bulleyn, xxti myle from Caleis, and brent the subbarbes of þe toune, and come to Caleis ageyn on þe next day after, vnfoghten withe, and broughte with hem þaire pray of bestes and theire pillage. And onon after, he made anothir iournay in-to West Flaundres, to a place clepit þe Lawe. And whiles they ryfelt and spoilet that cuntre, and praiet in catell, al þat cuntre gedert, and dome doune to Gravenyng, to mete with hym there. And when þe Erle and his meyny come dryvyng theire pray of bestes before hem, on þe sandes betwene þe toune of Gravenyng and þe see, thay issuet out of þe toune prudly, and faught with hym; but þai were sone discomfit, & slayn of hem iiijC and moo: then thai fledde in-to þe toun, and þe Englyshe men hem foloet, and toke many prisoners. And þer was an Englisshe man, a gentill man, and a spere on horsebake, folowet þe chase of hem right to þe hard gates of þe toun, so nere that his hors bare hym into þe toun of Gravenyng, wheder he wold or no; which after ward was delyuert be raunson. ¶ The Erle þen, with his pepill, drove ouer þe havon of Gravenyng thaire pray of bestes, att lowe water, in spite of al þe Flemmynges, and brought hem with al thaire prisoners to Caleis, and lost neuer a man; thonket be God! and þai brought so gret plente of Cowes with hem, þat a man myght haue þe best melche cowe þat was, for xijd sterlyng. ¶ And when þe Kyng and þe lordes had tithynges of þis iournay of Gravenyng, the Kyng sent to þe saide Erle of Morteyn to Caleis, the Gartur. And onon aftirward, the Lord Camys, Sire William Asshton, And Sir Geffrey Weckton, with þe garnyson of Caleis and of Guysnes, made þe iijde iournay, both of horsemen and [Harleian MS. 53 163b] footemen, and rode before the toune of Arde, and ryfelt all the cuntre about þe said toun. And in the mene while, Sire Robert Savois, CapteynPage 576 of Fynes, had gedirt of Pykardes to þe nombre of iiij Ml speris on horsbake, And laide hem pryvely in Campe Grove besides the Castell of Balyngham. And when þe Lord Camoys with his peple was comyng homward in the feldes be-syde the said grove, the[i] stert iij hares, and þerwith þay gave a gret showte; And so both horsemen and footemen, with huntyng of hem, were stragelt abrode ouer all þe feldys, and were al out of array, and wist nothyng of þe Pikardes þat lay in þe grove besides hem, but euer still showtet and huntet after þe hares, which were att last slayn amonges hem. ¶ And as þay were so stragelt and out of Array, the Pikardes sodeynly brake out of þe Grove, and rode thrughe oure meyny, in and out agayn, and smote doun many fotemen. and þen, many of oure horsemen, seyng this, fledde to þe Castell of Balyngham; but the Lord Camoys and þes ij knyghtes kept þe feld; And as God wold, the fote-mene relevid ageyn to þe standart, And, þe horse-men also, And sett frely on þe Pikardes, and hem discomfyt, and slowe many of hem, and drof hem to the gates of Arde, where-as one Lucas, a squyer, folowet hens within theire barreers, and was slayn; for whome was made much mone. And þus,—thonket be God!—þe Lord Camoys had þe victory of his enmys, þe Pikardes, in a feld callet þe Golden Dale, besidde þe Castell of Balyngham, And come to Caleys, with þeir pray.
¶ Onon after, the Duke of Burgoyn, Phelipe, was redy, and come doune to Gravenyng with his ordynaunce, and Flemmynges, þe nombre of an CL Ml, and xij Ml cartes; and ich cart had his cokke to crawe amonges the host. ¶ Then þai made a brigge ouer þe water of Gravenyng, into a place callet þe Hoke, þat was partenyng to þe saide Duyke. And so come þey ouer, and shewet hem before þe Castell of Oye, and sent to Nicolas Horton, squier, and Capteyn of þe same Castell, an heraude, chargyng hym to delyuer vp þe Castell. And he sent hym worde agayn, and said he toke hym non to kepe; nor non he wold delyuer: Neuerþeles, afterward, by a fals trety, þai had hym out of þe Castell to come speke with þe Duyk. And in þe mene while þe Castell was wonnen by a grate of Iron, þat was lafte open in þe buttery, where-as a gune lay whiles þe saudiers were in þe hall aboven, tretyng of a poyntement with an heraud of þe said Duykes; And sodeynly þe Flemmynges come in, and toke hem in þe hall, andPage 577 hanget lvj on þe gallows vnder þe Castell, without eny pite, And slowe al þe remenaunt, except Nicolas Horton, Capiteyn of þe said Castell, and one William Bullion, Constable, And William Bullion, his cosyn: thes iij were prisoners, but Nicolas Horton þe Capteyn was long afterward raunsonet, and come home in-to Englond; And þe Constable dyet in prison for sorowe; And his cosyn William Bullyon was so beknowe and welebelouet with þe Pikardes, þat thay gave hym his raunson, and lete hym go where he wold, so þat he shuld go to Caleys, and espy when þe Duyk of Gloucester shuld come ouer with his Navey from Sandewich, And sende hem worde. ¶ When this William Bullyon come to Caleis, þe pepill had gret mervaile þat he was letton go without paying of eny rownson; wherfore Edmond, Erle of Morteyn, made to arest hym, and put hym in prison, and bare hym on hond þat he was a spy. And þer he knowlegit þat he promyset hem to give hem warnyng of þe comyng of þe Duyk of Glouceister, because of his deliueraunce, but he sware he thoughte neuer to haue warnet hem; neuertheles, for þat he was broughte vnder þe pillery in þe market of Caleis, and there his hed&;t; was gird of: for whome muche mone was made, for he was a gud Archer.
¶ When þe Flemmynges had þus wonnen þe Castell of Oy be a trayne, as before is said, which was on Saynt Petirs even in Iuyne, thai brake vp al þe lede of the halle and of þe toures, and brent vp euery stykke; And after, vndermynet þe walles and [Harleian MS. 53 164a] þe toures, and sette shores vndernethe, And after, sette þe same shores on fyre, and brent hem, and so lete þe walles and toures fall doune into þe dikes. ¶ Then, þe second day of Iuyle, the Flemmynges laide seege to þe Castell of Mark, þat was next þe Castell of Oye; but þe Erle of Morteyn had sent thider before, Christofer of Barton, squyer, with a certeyn felesshipe with hym, to helpe to strenghe þe Castell. ¶ The Flemmynges laid þeire gonnes to þe walles, & beete doun þe vawmures and þe walles, and gave þe Englisshe men with-in many stronge assawtes; and they manfully hem diffendit, and beet hem of, and fortifiet þe walles ageyn with tymbre and donge, & with such thyng as they had within hem, And kept it be strenghe vj dais. And when þay sawe þai couth haue no rescowe, thay gave it ouer, and yoldePage 578 hemself prisoners. ¶ Then þe Flemmynges spoilet þe Castell, and brake of al þe lede, and brent it, and vndermynet þe walles and toures, and sette shores þer-vnder; and after brent hem, and lete þe walles and toures fall into þe dike, as þai hade done þe Castell of Oye. ¶ Then, þe ixte day of Iuyle, In þe yere of oure Lord Ihesu Crist Ml iiijC xxxvj, Philipe, Duyk of Burgoyn, with þe Flemmynges, come to Caleis, and laid seege þerto be land, and pight his tentis before þe toune, on þe playne of Saint Peters, a myle nere out of þe toun. And þe Duyk hym-self lay a litill from Newname brigge, And þai of Gaunt beside hym, And þey of Brugges, with þe comyntee of Flaundres, lay besides Saynt Peters Chirche. but the Duyke lay not þere but ij days, but þat he remeved from thens, and al þe Gaunteners with hym, to þe Est ende of þe toun, And þere he pichet his tentes; for he wold ly no lenger att þe west ende of þe toun, for cause a gune shotte thrugh his tent. And then þei of Gaunt onon made a strong bulwerk on an high hill of þe downe, of pipis & tymber, betweene þaire loggynges and þe toun, and shott gunnes in-to þe toun; and many tymes þai shot al ouer þe toun; but al þeire gunshot did neuer harm, thanket be God and þe Holy Virgyn Saint Barbara! ¶ In þe mene whiles, whil þe Duyke lay att seege at Caleis, with þe Flemmynges, Sir Robert Savois, knyght, with iiij Ml Picardes, come before þe Castell of Balyngham. And one Richard Sellyng, beyng þerof leotenaunt vnder Richard Bokelond, Squier, and Capteyn of þe same Castell which Richard Sellyng gave ouer þat Castell shamefully, without eny stroke, vppon apoyntement to go to þe Castell of Guysnes in thaire doublettes; and so thai did; and lafte al theire goodes, and þe stuff of þe Castell behynde hem, which was þe best-stuffet place in al þoo marches.
And when Richard Sellyng come þus to Guysnes with his feleshippe, William Picton, Leotenaunt of Guysnes vnder Humfrey, Duyke of Gloucester, putte hym in prison in þe said Castell of Guysnes. And when þe Picardes had þis Castell, þe[i] spoilet it, and brake of þe lede, and brant al þe place, and vndermynet þe walles and toures, and lete hem fall in þe dike, as the Flemmynges hade done with þe Castelles of Oye and Mark. ¶ Then þe Picardes come before þe Castell of Guysnes, and laide seege þerto, andPage 579 broughte with hem a gret brasen gune of Dogeon, with iij chambers, and ij othir grete gunnes of Iron callet bumbardes; and þaye laide þe brasen gune in A seller of þe toune of Guysnes, on þe dikeside of þe Castell, and shotte att a ward next a toure callet þe Faanetoure, and brake it doune in-to þe dike. but William Picton, Leotenaunt of þe Castell, with his felesshipe with-in, full manfully and discretely hym gidet, and it fortifiet ageyn with tymber and dong. ¶ And in this while, anoþer meyny of Picardes come before þe Castell of Sandgate, and bade hem deliuer vp þe Castell for þai said all oþer Castelles were gyven ouer. Wherfore Sir Thomas Knevet, [that] was sent thidir with A crewe, and made þerof leotenaunt be þe Kyng, Wist not what for to do; And so, [Harleian MS. 53 164b] by þe counsaile of one Sir Thomas Heneley, Preest, A traitour, he gave vp þe Castell of Sandgate, shamefully and cowardly, with-oute eny stroke, and hym-self and all þat were with-in þe Castell, prisoners, except þe fals preest, which was letton go where he wold; but he went vp into Fraunce, and neuer man wist after where þat he become. ¶ And when þai had þe Castell þai brake doun þe lede, and sette fyre on al þe place, and vndermynet þe walles; but þe Dongeon was so strong, þay couth not vndermyne it, but brake it a litill abouen; and so þey lefte it, and lete it stande.
¶ Philipe, Duyk of Burgoyn, lay still all this while, with his host of Flemmynges, before Caleis; and þei of þe toune had letten in the see, and drownet al þe cuntre about hem. And ich day þai of þe toune and þe Flemmynges skarmysshet to-gedirs. And when þai had leyn þer xiiij daies, þe Duyke lete ordeyn .xx. shippis out of Flaundres, wherof vj old shippes were lade with hard ston, chalke, and brekes masont in hem with morter, to droune hem in þe haven of Caleis, þat no shippis shuld come þer-in. And when it was full see, about none, þey bulgit hem, some in þe havenmouthe, and some be-sides the haven, to no purpos; for þei durst not tary, nor þei had no gret leysere to droun hem, for fere of gun-shotte; And so þei went þeire way ageyn and on þe next day after, at lawe water, wel was hym of þe toun þat myght bring an Ax to breke þe shippis; and so þai did, al to peces, and broughte hem in-to toune, and refresshid wele þe pouer pepil; and al þe brekstones were gyven to Saynt Mary Chirch; and so were þai al cariet in-to toun. And whilis þis in doyng .I. thowsandPage 580 Flemmynges stoden on þe downes and beheld it, and were full sory in þeire hertes, and were full gretely þerwith abasshit; for þai had wend þer shuld no shippis haue comen in þe haven afterward. ¶ Sone after þat, it fell þat they of Brugges that lay at Saint Petirs, come from þeire tentes doun to Bulleyngate ward, some with pavis, and some with crossebawes, a grete meyny stragelynge. And þei of þe toune ordeynt speres on horsebakke prevely in Bulleyngat bulwerk, so þat they were not seyn; and sent out certeyn fotemen to scarmysshe with hem, til þey sawe theyre tyme to breke out on hem. And when þe horsemen sawe þaire tyme, þei sodenly prikkit to hem; and þen þe Flemmynges fledde to þe tentes; but or þai couth come there, þai were ouerthrawen, and brought in-to þe toune, xxxvjti of hem prisoners; and þe host with-in þe tentes fled out at þe est side, and wend al þe worlde had comyn on hem: And þis was on a Thursday; wherfore þe Flemmynges it clepit the 'Quade Thursdagh.' ¶ When þis Iourney wes done vppon hem þat were of Brugges, and of þe comynte of Flaundres, the Gaunteners þat lay with þe Duyke at þe est ende of þe toune, loghe hem to scorn; for þe which fill a gret debate amonges hem, and faught with-in hem-self, so þat noþer party come to othir after þat tyme. ¶ And on þe Setirday sevennyght, & ij daies afterward, they of þe toune of Caleis, certeyn horsemen & fotemen, Issuyt out sodenly on þe afternoone, and went streight to theire bullewerk on the hye hill in þe dounes, and manfully it wanne and toke, and slowe al þat euer were in hit, and brake doune þe bullewerk, and went hamward with þeir prisoners; but þe Erle of Morteyn mette hem without þe toune, and made to sle al þe prisoners, for cause of one Watkyn Ruskyn, a gentill man and a gud spere, was slayn at þe wynnyng of þe same bullewerk. And when þis bullewerk was þus wonne vppon hem of Gaunt, they of Brugges were glad, and logh hem of Gaunt to scorn.