Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden maonachi Cestrensis; together with the English translations of John Trevisa and of an unknown writer of the fifteenth century.
Higden, Ranulf, d. 1364., Trevisa, John, tr. d. 1402., Caxton, William, ca. 1422-1491., Malverne, John, d 1415?, Babington, Churchill, ed. 1821-1889,, Lumby, J. Rawson ed. (Joseph Rawson), 1831-1895.
Page  83, vol.8

Capitulum vicesimum quintum.

KYNG Henry is deed at Fontenbraud,*. [Fontenebraud, β.; Fontene|brad, γ.; Fonteverard, Cx.] and his sone Richard was kyng after hym, and regnede ten ȝere. Stephene*. [Steven, Cx.] of Canturbury discreved cleerliche his manere and his dedes, and for þis storye schulde [not]*. [From α.; nouȝt, β.] mysse þe noble dedes of so greet a duke, I have studied*. [y-studed, γ.] to take þe floures of Stevenes book. Þis kyng ordeyned redeliche*. [redyly, Cx.] his þinges byȝonde þe see, and cam into Engelond for to be crowned. In his comynge prisouns were i-oponed and he was i-crowned at Londoun of Baldewyn, archebisshop of Caunterbury, þe þridde day of Septembre, þe whiche is acounted an evel day by þe veyn bileve and usage of mysbileved men, as is i-cleped [in]*. [From α., β., γ., and Cx.] þe kalender dayes*. [dayes] om. Cx.] dies Egipciacus, and dies malus, an evel day by þe veyn bileve,*. [by . . . bileve] om. α. and Cx.] as it were a day of bodynge of evel*. [From α. and Cx., tris.] happes to þe Iewes; [for þe Iewes*. [Juwes, γ., et infra.] of Engelond þat*. [þat] om. α. and β.] hadde*. [hadden, β.] evel]*. [From β. and γ.] happes þat day. Meny [Iewes]*. [From β. and γ.] come to þis solempnite leste þe welþe þat þei hadde under þe olde kyng schulde be wiþdrawe in þe newe kynges tyme. But þe kyng heet and comaundede þat þe Iewes schulde nouȝt come into þe chirche while he were i-crowned noþer into þe paleys while he were at mete. But while þe kyng Page  85, vol.8 was at mete som of þe Iewes parsed*. [perside, β.; presede, γ.; pressed, Cx.] among oþere and come with ynne þe paleys gate,*. [ȝate, α.] and oon of hem was i-smete wiþ a manis feest.*. [vuest, γ.; fyste, Cx.] Þan þe rabbisshe*. [rabbisch, β.; rabyssh, Cx.] peple*. [rabysch pupel, γ.] wende þat þe kyng had so i-hote, and up wiþ staves, battes, and stoones, and leide on þe Iewes and madde hem to flee. Here of sprank*. [sprang, Cx.] likynge tidynges*. [tiþingis, β.; tyþyngus, γ.; thynges, Cx.] into al þe citee, as þey þe kyng hadde i-hote, and*. [and . . . staves] om. α., β., and Cx.] up with staves to destroye þe Iewes. And þe peple, resynge and crienge, breck*. [brake, Cx.] up þe hous þere þe Iewes were i-flowe*. [fledde, Cx.] for drede, and brende and spoylede and took what þey myȝte, and wolde nouȝt leve for þe kynges sendynge.*. [sonde, α.] But*. [þe, α., β., and Cx.] outrage of so greet woodnesse ȝif it were i-suffred schulde passe meny cruel dedes, and blenschede*. [blemesched, β.; blemsede, γ.; blemysshed, Cx.] moche þe bygynnynge of þe kyng.*. [of þe kyng] om. β.; α. and Cx. have "þe kynges begynnynge."] But for þe grete multitude of hem þat were gilty*. [gulty, γ.] he moste lete*. [late, α.] passe what he myȝt nouȝt take of ful*. [ful, from α.,β., and Cx.; for] wreche. At þe laste þe Iewes had pees i-graunted, and anon þe kyng ȝeveþ dignetees þat voydeþ.*. [avoideþ, β.; avoydeth, Cx.] And al wiþ oute þat his broþer Iohn hadde of his fader ȝifte in Irlond and in Normandie, he ȝaf hym þe provinces of Cornewayle, of Devenschire, of Notingham, of Lancastre. Also he ȝaf hym þe eorles douȝter Page  87, vol.8 of Gloucetre to wif, þat was his cosyn in þe þridde degree,*. [gree, α.] wiþ al her fader lordschippe. Þe lordschepe of þe fourþe deel*. [vurde del, γ.] þat was i-ȝove,*. [iȝeve him, β.] i-made*. [i-] om. α.; yeven hym made him, Cx.] hym unkynde and untrewe, and desired*. [desire, α. and β.; desyre, γ. and Cx.] þe hool kyngdom. Þe kyng committed þe destour|bance*. [governaunee, Cx.] of þe reawme*. [rewme, β.] to þe bisshop of Durham, þat schulde more skilfulliche and semeliche occupie hym self in Goddis service þan in þe kynges service. For þe gospel seiþ þat no man may serve eiþer lord at þe fulle*. [twey lordes at ful, Cx.] as he schulde, þey þe bisshop wolde to dele hym self for to plese eiþer kyng of hevene and of erþe. Certeynliche þe Kyng of hevene alloweþ nouȝt service þat is so to-deled, for he wolde*. [wil, α.] be served with al þe myȝt of þe*. [þe] om. α. and γ.] soule. And what ȝif þe bisshop þat is but half i-ȝeve to Goddes service doþ nouȝt his service ne*. [his . . . ne] om. α., β., and Cx.] his offys*. [office, β.] as he schulde, but ordeyneþ unworþy and recheles persons in his sted,*. [stude, β.] for he wol*. [wolde, α. and Cx.] serve holiche*. [holiliche, β.] in þe paleys oþer in þe*. [þe] om. α. and γ.] feyre and court. For in*. [in] om. γ.] non half man makeþ good*. [God, Cx.] at þe fulle*. [atte volle, γ.] of þe acountes of an erþelich prince. Also þe kynge for to have þe more large spens*. [spence, β. and Cx.] toward Ierusalem, he resignede þe castelles of Berwik and of Rokesburgh to þe kyng of Scotlond for ten þowsand pound. Also he begiled þe olde man þe riche bisshop of Durham, and made hym begge*. [bigge, β.; bye, Cx.] his [owne]*. [From α., β., γ.] province for a greet somme of money. Þerfore þe kyng seide ofte in his game, "I am a wonder crafty man, for I have i-made a newe eorle of an olde bisshop." By suche Page  89, vol.8 manere while and speche he emptede*. [ampted, β.; amptede, γ.] meny men purses and bagges, and solde dignetees and lordschippes þat longede to þe kyng, as þeyȝ he þouȝte nevere for to come aȝen. In a tyme his frendes*. [vrendes, γ.] þat were homliche wiþ hym blamede hym þerfore, and he answerde and seide: "I*. [Ich, β., bis.] wolde selle*. [sille, γ.] Londoun, and I myȝte fynde a chapman*. [chepman, γ.] þat myȝte wel paye." Meny men bouȝte wiþ þe bettre wil, for me*. [they, Cx.] trowed þat þe kyng wolde nevere come aȝen hom.*. [hom] om. Cx.; home aȝen, α.] He hadde i-fonge*. [i-fonge] om. α.; take, Cx.] power of þe pope þat he myȝte beneme*. [bynyme, α. and β.; byneme, Cx.] þe crosse whome*. [whome, from Cx.; whan, MS.] [þat]*. [From α., β., γ., and Cx.] he wolde, and þerby he gat many þowsand pound. Þan the kyng as it semed bytook rechelesliche þe governaunce*. [governynge, α., β., and Cx.] of his kyngdom to his chaunceller, bisshop of Hely, and seilled into Normandie tofore mydwynter tyde. Þat tyme at Dunstapil*. [Dunstaple, Cx.] þe signe of þe cros was i-seie in hevene, and sone þerafter þe schap of þe cros was i-seie forsake þe baner and passe somwhat of space þerfrom,*. [þarvram, γ.] telle who þat wil what it myȝte mene, for I have i-lerned to telle þis wonder, and not to discreve what it schulde mene. Þanne þe kynges of Engelond and of Fraunce after þat þey hadde i-made suerte bytwene hem tweyne, þat*. [þey, α. and Cx.; þei, β.] dwelled*. [hy dwelde, γ.] at Turon in Fraunce forto abide somer, to wende in þe wey to þe Holy Land nouȝt onliche in*. [for, Cx.] holy entent and for Page  91, vol.8 cause of [þe]*. [From α., β., γ., and Cx.] fey, but for to*. [to] om. α., β., and Cx.] desire of her owne helthe*. [welþe, α., β., and Cx.] and hope of greet hap and fortune.*. [strengþe, α. and β.] Bote þe riȝtwisnesse of God alloweþ non suche [a]*. [From α.] manere doynge, but semeliche God ordeyneþ þat outrage*. [outrageous, Cx.] [pryde]*. [From α., β., and Cx.] of mysbileved men schulde be alayde in þat manere. [Also wiþ oute þe mescheef and woo*. [and woo] om. Cx.] þat Iewes suffrede in here body and catel at Lyncolne and at Lynne, ȝet at ȝork after a longe sege and greet mescheef and woo, Raby, mayster of Iewes, forkutte þe veynes of foure hondred Iewes, and his owne veynes also, and his wifes*. [veynes, Cx., wrongly.] þrote.]*. [From α., β., and Cx.] Also at Staunforde*. [Stanfort, γ.] Iewes were i-bete, i-slawe, and i-spild.*. [y-piled, α. and β.; pylled, Cx.] And oon Iohn, moost hardy of Cristen men, com to Northamptoun wiþ many grete prayes; þere his hostiler slowȝ hym priveliche by nyȝt for covetise of money þat he hadde i-brouȝt, and þrew þe body by nyȝte wiþ oute*. [into, α.] þe citee, and fleyȝ*. [fled, Cx.] awey as a þeef*. [þef, γ.] schulde. Þanne olde wyfes mette, and þere were i-seie wonder*. [wondres, α.] false siȝtes and*. [of, α., β., and Cx.] fals tokenes,*. [vals syȝtes of vals toknes, γ.] and þe sely men bere an*. [on, α. and Cx.] honde þat it was for þe holynesse of þat man, þat þey hilde a verray martir, and wor|schipped þe sepulcre of þe dede man wiþ solempne wacches and ȝiftes; bote wise men lowh*. [louȝ, α. and β.; lough, Cx.] hem to scorne; bote clerkes of þe place were wel apaide þerwith, ffor þey hadde profiȝt þerby. Þis was i-tolde þe bisshop, and anon he forbeed*. [vorbud, γ.] þe doynge of symple men uppon the*. [the] om. α., β., and Cx.] peyne of cursynge, and*. [and, from Cx.; þat, MS.] þe greet boost of coveytous men and of hir false martir. In þe mene tyme, while kyng Richard was absent, William bisshop of Hely, þe kynges chaunceller, procuratour of þe rewme,*. [reme, Cx.] þe popes legat in Engelond i-made for money, he hilde lowe*. [louȝ, α.] the Page  93, vol.8 clergie, and spak by þe kynges power, and bare down þe kynges*. [comoun, α.; comyn, β. and Cx.] peple, and schewed auctorite of þe pope of Rome, and rood wiþ a þowsand hors.*. [horses, β. and Cx.] He greved abbayes with paymentis and with ȝiftes, and made his allye*. [allyes, β. and Cx.] þe grettest of þe lond; eiþer primat his see he hilde lowȝ*. [lowe, Cx.] inow at his owne wille, for Baldewyn þe archebisshop of Caunterbury deide at Tyrus*. [Troys, Cx.] tofore þe comynge of þe kyng to*. [fro, Cx.] þe Holy Lond, and þe kynges broþer Geffray, elyt*. [electe, Cx.] of ȝork, he hadde i-let ten ȝere þat he was nouȝt i-sacred. And also Giffray londede at Dovere, and he bynam his catel, and drowȝ hym out of Seynt Martyns abbay, and putte hym in þe kynges tour; and made a counsaile at Westmynstre as þe kynges procuratour and þe popes legat. Þere his fautour Hewe Nonant,*. [Novant, γ.; Hughe Novaunt, Cx.] bisshop of Chestre, putte forþ a pleynt þat [þe]*. [From α., β., and Cx.] monkes of Coventre had i-sched*. [shadde, Cx.] his blood riȝt tofore þe hiȝe auȝter; þerfore William bisshop of Hely demede þat monkes schulde be putte awey from Coventre, and clerkes i-brouȝt þider þat lyveþ by pro|vendres. By occasioun herof þis Hewe, þat was gylful of wit, schameles and hardy in evel dedes, connynge in lettrure and Page  95, vol.8 faire speche, and had alway i-made debaat and strif bytwene the priour and þe covent of Coventre, now wiþ strengþe of men of armes he put out þe monkes as passing evel deers, and gulty of huge*. [hoge, γ.; hughes, Cx.] trespas, and sente anon to the court of Rome men of answere ful*. [vol, γ.] informed, wiþ lettres of bisshops witnessynge þat þe monkes had forsake Cristes chivalry, and were afalle*. [avalle, γ.] to worldliche likynge; þerfore he prayed of þe pope fre power of þe ordenaunce*. [prayed the pope of free orde|naunce, Cx.] of þat abbay. Þe pope abood sixe monþes wiþ þe sentence for to abide ȝif eny man wolde come and speke for þe monkes, bote defaute of spense*. [spences, β. and Cx.] lette þe monkes, and made þat þe bisshop had al his wille. Þe monkes come unneþe at þe laste, whan þey had [longe]*. [From α., β., and Cx.] i-wope*. [ywept, β.; wepte, Cx.] þe wrong of her violent out puttynge; but þe bisshoppes myȝt and power hadde þe*. [no, α.] maistrye by money and by sleiþe, and meny ȝeres þe monkes were disperbled,*. [disparpled, β. and Cx.] and what þey hadde was i-ordeyned to provendres to*. [to] of, β. and Cx.] clerkes, and þey lyved poor|liche, and gat her liflode as þey myȝte. Þerfore whan þis bisshop [Hew]*. [From α. and γ.; Hugo, β.; Hughe, Cx.] woorþ seek*. [seke, β.; syk, γ.] at Becco in Normandie in a Good Friday, and myȝte no man fynde þat wolde sette hym penaunce, as it is i-seide, [þan he seide],*. [From α., β., and Cx.] And I deme myself Page  97, vol.8 to ligge*. [lye, β. and Cx.] in þe peyne of purgatorie for myn evel dedes anon to þe day of doome."