Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden maonachi Cestrensis; together with the English translations of John Trevisa and of an unknown writer of the fifteenth century.
Higden, Ranulf, d. 1364., Trevisa, John, tr. d. 1402., Caxton, William, ca. 1422-1491., Malverne, John, d 1415?, Babington, Churchill, ed. 1821-1889,, Lumby, J. Rawson ed. (Joseph Rawson), 1831-1895.

Capitulum vicesimum.

AFFTER Conradus þe firste Frederik was emperour of Al|mayns and of Romayns seven and þritty ȝere. After pope Page  15, vol.8 Adrianus deeþ, þat hym hadde crowned, þis was grevous*. [a grevous enemy, β., γ., and Cx.] to pope Alisaundre, ffor in prejudice of hym he helde with foure*. [huld wyþ vour, γ.] false popes everiche*. [eche, Cx.] after oþer. Also for þe pope was flowe*. [aflowe, β.; fledde, Cx.] to þe kyng of Fraunce, he fauȝte aȝenst þe kyng of Fraunce wiþ a grete strengþe of Bemeners*. [Boemes, β. and Cx.] and of Danes, but he was i-put*. [y-pot, γ.] of by help of Richard kyng of Engelond. When*. [þanne, β.; Than, Cx.] þe ȝere of oure Lord enlevene hondred and sexty and two*. [tweyne, Cx.] he com to Melan, þat was hiȝest i-walled of eny toun, and destroyed*. [destruyed, β.] it streiȝt*. [downe, Cx.] to þe grounde. At þe laste, after þat þis hadde i-doo þe pope meny grete*. [grete] om. Cx.] greves, þe rebelnesse he dradde*. [Transposed in α., β., γ., and Cx.] of þe Lombardes,*. [Lumbardus, γ.] and prayeden*. [prayd, Cx.] forȝifnes of þe pope, and took þe cros on*. [in, Cx.] his flesch to þe Holy Lond, as it were in amendement of his synne; and he was i-drenched*. [adreynt, β.] þere in*. [drowned in, Cx.] a litel ryver besides Armenye, and i-buried at Tirus; and his sone, a noble ȝongelynge, deide at þe sege of Ptholomayda, þat is Acon, and nyh al þe nobilte*. [noblete, β.; nobelte, γ.] of Cristen men deide þat tyme. After Page  17, vol.8 Eugenius, Anastasius was pope as it were two ȝere; þat ȝere deide seint Bernard, abbot of Clerevaus,*. [Clervaulx, Cx.] þat was i-bore in Burgoyne in þe castel of Fonteyns; he was a noble knyȝtes sone, and was first i-fed*. [vurste yved, γ.] wiþ his owne moder melk,*. [moders mylk, Cx.] and afterward i-norsched wiþ gretter metes. Þan the ȝere of oure Lord enlevene hondred and twelve; after þe bygynnynge of þe ordre of Cisterciensis, þat is þe ordre of white monkes, fiftene; of his owne age two and twenty, he entred into Cisterci wiþ þritty felawes; and after þe fifte ȝere of his conversacioun he was*. [was ordeyned, β. and Cx.] abbot of Clervaus; þere he usede wakynge passynge þe usage of mankynde,*. [mankuynde, γ.] he saide þat he lost no tyme more þan whan he sleepe, and he likned deeþ to sleep; [unneþe he*. [unnethe that he, Cx.] myȝte suffre hem þat rowtede and ferde*. [aferde, Cx.] foule*. [furde voule, γ.] in here*. [his, Cx.] sleep; he wente to mete as hit were to torment. For greet abstenaunce þat he usede he hadde lost his taast*. [taste, Cx.] and savoure of mete and of drinke, so þat he wolde take oyle in stede of wyn and blood in stede of buttre.*. [boter, β.; botter, Cx.] He wolde seie*. [sygge þat hym saverede, γ.] þat he*. [him, Cx.] savered water, for hit kelede his mouþ and his jowes. Al þat he lernede*. [lurnde, γ.] of scripture he drank hit in wodes and in fyldes*. [veldes, γ.; feldes, Cx.] in his meditatiouns and bedes. He knowlechede none oþer Page  19, vol.8 maystres*. [þat he had, add. β.] but okes and beches. In his cloþynge was poverte wiþouten eny filþe.*. [vylþe, γ.] He seide þat cloþinge is juge and witnes of hert and þouȝt, of negligence oþer of pryde and veynglorie; þat proverbe is ofte had*. [he hade oft, Cx.] in his mouþ and alwey in his herte, "Alle men wondreþ of hym þat doþ as noon oþer dooþ." To þe novis*. [novyce, Cx.] þat schulde come to religioun he wolde seie, "ȝif ȝe bene*. [bene] om. β.] hieþ*. [Ef ȝe hyȝeþ, γ.; Yf ye hye, Cx.] to þat þat is wiþ ynne, leveþ*. [leveth, Cx.] here wiþ oute þe bodyes þat ȝe brouȝte of þe world,*. [worl, γ.]þe spirites schal entre,*. [intre, γ.] flesche doþ no profyȝt." As ofte as me prayede hym to be bisshop he seide þat he was not his owne man,*. [man] om. Cx.] but þat he was y-ordeyned to þe service of oþere men.]*. [From α., β., γ., and Cx.] Alway he was i-wont*. [was founde, Cx.] oþer biddynge, oþer redynge, oþer writynge, oþer in meditaciouns, oþer prechynge and techynge his breþeren. [Þe ȝere of oure Lord enleven hondred and two*. [thre, Cx.] and fifty, whan his deþ neiȝhede, he bitook his breþe|ren]*. [From α., β., γ., and Cx.] þre poyntes to kepe, and seide þat he hadde kepte hem in þis*. [þis] his, β.; hys, γ.] wise al his lyf tyme, and seide,*. [saide, α.] "I wolde no man sclaundre, Page  21, vol.8 but ȝif eny sclaundre were i-rise*. [aryse, Cx.] I cessed hit what I myȝte; I trowede myn owne wit lasse þan oþer men dooþ*. [other mennes dome, Cx.]; ȝif I*. [ich, β.]were i-greved I asked no wreche of hym þat hadde i-greved me." Bernard wroot meny nobil bookes, and specialliche of þe Incarnacioun of Crist, and dede*. [dude, γ.] meny miracles,*. [myraclis, β.] and bulde*. [buylded, Cx.] sixty*. [þrescore, β.] abbayes, and passed out of þis world*. [worl, γ.] to oure Lord of hevene. Also þat ȝere deide þe secounde Ranulph, þat heet Gervous*. [Gernons, α.; hight Gercious, Cx.] by his surname, he was þe fourþe*. [vurde, γ.] eorle of Chestre after þe conquest: his sone þe secounde Hughe was lord after hym in þat ducherie nyne and twenty ȝere, and dede meny grete dedes. Also þat ȝere deide kyng Stephene*. [Steven, Cx.] in Kent, in þe abbay of Feveresham,*. [Faversham, β.] þat he hadde i-bulde*. [he buylded, Cx.; up, add. β.] out of*. [y-buld op of, γ.] þe grounde. In þis Stephene his tyme a knyȝt þat hiȝte Oweyn*. [Owen, Cx.] wente into purgatorie of þe secounde Patrik, abbot and nouȝt bisshop. He come aȝen and dwelled in þe nedes*. [nede, γ.] of þe abbay*. [of, add. β.] Ludens*. [Ludene, Cx.] of white monkes in Irlond, and tolde of joye and of Page  23, vol.8 peynes þat he hadde i-seie, as it is i-seide to forehonde*. [sayd byfore, Cx.] in þe firste book,*. [book] om. Cx.] capitulo 34o of þe wondres of Irlond.