Capitulum quartum. Mar., libro 2o.
EDWARD, þe Eldere by his surname, regned after his fader*. [vader, γ., et infra.] foure and twenty ȝere; he was lowere þan his fader in*. [y, α.] wor|shippe of lettrure,*. [letture, γ.] and heyere*. [hyȝer, α.; heiȝer, β.; heyȝher, γ.; hygher, Cx.] þan he in worldliche*. [worllych, γ.] ioye and worshippe, for he bulde newe citees and amended*. [repayred, Cx.] citees þat were*. [α, α., γ., and Cx.] i-peyred*. [appayred, β.] and sprad þe endes of his kyngdom wydder*. [wyddur, γ.] þan dede his fader. He made þe kynges of Scottes and of Combres*. [Cambers, γ.] and of Walschemen*. [to, add. β.] ȝelde*. [ȝulde, γ.] hem to hym. He wan Estsex, Norþhumberlond, and Mercia wiþ strengþe*. [stryngþe, γ.] out of þe honde*. [hondes, α., β., γ., and Cx.] of Danes, and hadde all Mercia after þe deth of his suster*. [soster, γ.] Elfleda. On his firste wyf*. [Edelstan, Cx.] Egwyna he gat his eldest sone Ethelstan;*. [Edelstan, Cx.] oon*. [vurste vyf, γ.] queene Edgiva he gat Edredus and Edwynus and sevene douȝtres; he maried oon*. [on, β. and γ.] of hem*. [ham, γ.] to Otho þe emperour, and anoþer to Charles kyng of West Fraunce, and þe þridde to Siththricus*. [Sihthricus, β.; Sihthiricus, γ.; Sythyrycus, Cx.] duke of Norþhomber|lond. Page 401, vol.6Willelmus de Regibus, libro 2 o. On his þridde wif Ethelswitha he gat*. [bygate, Cx., et infra.] Edmond and Edred; eiþer of hem reg|nede after here broþer Athelston;*. [Ethelstan, α., β., γ., and Cx.] he gat also tweie douȝtres, seint Edburgh*. [Edburg, β; Edburge, γ.] þat was i-sacred to God, and resteþ at Wyn|chestre, and Edgiva þe faire,*. [veyr, γ.] þat was i-maried to Lowys kyng of Gyan.*. [Gyean, γ.; Guyan, Cx.] Also þis made his sones lerne*. [lurne, γ.] lettrure;*. [letture, γ., et infra.] and he made his douȝtres firste lerne lettrure, and þerafter he made hem lese*. [use, α., β., and Cx.] þe nedle*. [a mad ham use þe neld, γ.; nelde, β.; nylde, Cx.] and þe distaf. Willelmus de Pontificibus, libro 2 o. Of þis mayde Edburga it is i-rad þat whanne sche*. [heo, β.] was þre ȝere olde here fader wolde wete*. [y-wyte, α. and γ.; wite, β.; wytte, Cx.] and assaye*. [essay, Cx.] wheþer sche wolde*. [heo schuld, β.] torne to God oþer to þe world,*. [worl, γ.] and dede*. [leyde, Cx.] in þe*. [þat, β.] oon side of his chambre meny faire iewelles*. [veyr juwels, γ.] and dyvers and grete richesse, and in*. [þat, add. β.] oþer side chalys and gospelles, þanne in anoþer place he dede*. [putt, Cx.] be|sauntes,*. [besaundes, γ.] broches, and rynges, þanne þe norse*. [norice, β.; nors, γ.] brouȝt forþ þe childe, þanne þe childe was i-bede*. [boden, Cx.] chese and take what he*. [he] a, γ.; heo, β.; she, Cx.]Page 403, vol.6 wolde; and sche creep*. [heo creop, β.; crep, γ.] on honde and on*. [on] om. α., β., and γ.] foot*. [voot, γ.] and took þe gospel. Þanne þe fader custe*. [kissed, β.] þe childe, and seide, "Goo þider as God clepeþ þe; sewe hym with a gracious foot þat ledeþ the;" and so þerafter sche*. [heo, β., et infra.] was i-made mynchoun;*. [monchon, β.; meynchyn, γ.; nonne, Cx.] kyng his blood made here nevere*. [never made her, Cx.] torne aweyward, but sche*. [hue, γ.] wolde take þe schoon*. [shoes, Cx.] of here sustres priveliche by nyȝte and*. [and] from α., β., γ., and Cx.; of, MS.] wasche*. [wasse, α; waysche, γ.] hem and smere hem, and priveliche brynge hem aȝen.*. [priveliche before aȝen, α., β., and γ. Cx. adds: that sygnefyed mekenes.] After Iohn þe fourþe Benet was pope þre ȝere. Also þat ȝere seynt Grymbalde þe confessour, þat was kyng Alure|dus his techer, deide at Wynchestre. Þat ȝere Plegmundus þe archebisshop in*. [in] of, β. and Cx.] þe citee Dorobernia, þat is Caunturbury, ordeyned sevene bisshoppes to þe chirches of Engelond; fyve to þe lond of Giweysys,*. [Giwyseyes, β.; Guyseyes, Cx.] þat beeþ West Saxons, [oon]*. [From β.] at Wynchestre, oon in Cornwaile, oon at Shireborne, oon at Welles, [oon]*. [From β.] at Crittoun.*. [Kirtoun, β.; Crytton, γ.; Kyrton, Cx.] Also among þe Souþ Saxons oon, and in Mercia oon at Dorkynga,*. [Dorkyngam, Cx.] þat is now*. [now] om. β. and γ.] Dorchestre bysides Oxenforde; for Formosus þe pope hadde i-ȝeve*. [yeven, Cx.] his curse*. [cours, α. and Cx.; cors, β. and γ.]Page 405, vol.6 to kyng Edward and to Englisshe men for*. [bycause of, Cx.] scarste*. [skarste, β.] of bis|shoppes in here lond, þat hadde i-be bisshoples sevene ȝere to gidres. Þat ȝere brede faillede in Irlond, for wormes þat were tweie*. [twy, γ.] toþed and i-liche to wontes fil*. [vul, γ.] doun from hevene and ete*. [yte, γ.] þe brede corne. But þe wormes were i-doo awey by pray|enge and fastynge. Clito Ethelwoldus, kyng Edward his emes sone, roos*. [ros, β. and γ.; or rebellyd, add. Cx.] aȝenst þe kyng, and occupiede þe citee of Wyne|borne*. [Wynburn, β. and Cx., et infra.] besides Bathe, and seide, þat he wolde have þe maistrie oþer deie þere; but he ravisched*. [ravesched, β.; raveste, γ.] and tok awey a mynchoun*. [monchon, β., et infra, meynchyn, γ.; toke with hym a nonne, Cx.] of þe abbay of Wynborne, and wente þens to þe Danes of Norþhomberlond, and prayed hem of helpe. But þe kyng pursewede*. [pursued, β.] hem so strongliche þat he forsook*. [vorsouk, γ.] Engelond, and wente*. [flyȝ, β.] into Fraunce; but þe kyng brouȝte wiþ hym þe mynchoun*. [meynchen, γ.; nonne, Cx.] aȝen, and restored here into here abbay: but þe same ȝere Ethelwoldus*. [Ethelwulfus, Cx.] com aȝen wiþ schippes in grete array, and took wiþ hym þe Danes þat woned in Est Anglond, and assailede and destroyede al þat he myȝte fynde*. [yvynde, γ.] anon to Page 407, vol.6 Crekanforde, þat is Crekelade;*. [Criklade, β.; Crekelad, γ.] þanne he passede Tempse,*. [Temse, β. and γ.] and spoillede and robbede þe londe anon*. [anon] om. Cx.] to Bradenestok, and so he wente aȝen to Est Anglond, þat conteyneþ Northfolk and Souþfolk, as it is i-seide to forehonde*. [vorhond, γ.] ofte tyme. Þe kyng folowede after, and destroyede*. [distried, β.] and spoylede þe londe of his enemyes from þe ryvors*. [ryver Ous, α., β., and Cx.] to þe bondes*. [boundes, Cx.] of seint Edmond his lond, and heet*. [hyte, γ.] his men þat non of hem schulde abyde by|hynde; bot þe Kentisshe men forgendrede*. [vorgenderde, γ.] þe kynges heste,*. [heeste, β.] and abide þere, and were i-slawe nyh*. [neiȝ, β.] alle [of]*. [From γ. and Cx.] þe Danes; meny were i-slawe in eiþer side, bote Clito Ethelwoldus was i-slawe among his enemyes: þanne þe Danes sigh þat kyng Edward myȝte nouȝt be overcome, and made pees wiþ hym. After Benet, þe fifte Leo was pope twenty*. [twey, β. and Cx.] monþes, for his preost*. [prust, γ.] Cristofre prisoned hym, and toke*. [touk, γ.] þe poperiche*. [papasye, Cx.] [so by maystrie, but he was cast out after þe fourþe*. [vurde, γ., bis.] monþe. Þe fourþe,*. [vurde, γ., bis.] Sergius put out Cristofre,*. [Crystofor, Cx., et infra.] and was pope]*. [From α., β., γ., and Cx.] þerafter seven ȝere. [Som tyme he was decon*. [dekene, β.] cardynal, and reproved*. [repreved, γ.] of Formosus þe pope, and wente to Frensche*. [þe Vreyns, γ.]Page 409, vol.6 men. By help of hem he prisoned Cristofre þat assaylede*. [gate, Cx.] þe poperiche and hylde*. [heelde, β.; huld, γ.] hit by strengþe, and þanne he hym self occupiede þe poperiche. And in wreche of his [of]*. [From β.] put|tynge*. [of-pottyng, γ.] he made hem take up*. [op, γ.] Formosus þe pope out of his grave, and smyte of his heed,*. [hed, β.] and þrewe þe body into Tyber. Bote at þe laste fischers founde*. [vyschers vonde, γ.] þat body, and brouȝte it to Seynt Peter his cherche, and þe ymages of holy seyntes dede þat body greet reverens*. [reverauns, γ.] and worschippe in his comynge.]*. [From α., γ., and Cx.] Þat ȝere þe citee Carlegioun,*. [Caerleon, Cx.] þat is Legecestria, þat now hatte Chestre, after þat he*. [he] hit, β.; a, γ.] was destroyede*. [distruyed, β.] by þe Danes, was re|stored aȝen by help of Etheldredus duke of Mercia, and of his wif Elfleda; þat citee was þoo i-closed aboute wiþ newe walles, and i-made nyh suche*. [neiȝ sich, β.] two as it was raþer.*. [byfore, Cx.] So þat þe castel þat was somtyme by þe water wiþ oute þe walles is now in þe toun wiþ ynne þe walles. ℞. Kyng Edward bulde*. [buyld, Cx., et infra.] a castel at Hereforde; þat tyme was þe abbay of Cluni i-founded of William þe mylde, prince of Burgoyne. Þe firste abbot of þat place*. [plas, γ., bis.] was seint Odo, þe secounde Majolus.*. [Mayclus, Cx.] William de Page 411, vol.6 Pontificibus, libro 4o, seiþ þat firste þe monkes of þat place were riche in þe worlde, and of cleer religioun in God. Þat tyme Etheldredus duke of Mercia and his wif Elfleda translated þe bones of seint Edward*. [Oswald, β. and γ.] þe kyng from Bardeneye to Gloucetre,*. [Glouceter, γ.] þere þey bulde an abbay in worschippe of seint Peter.