Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden maonachi Cestrensis; together with the English translations of John Trevisa and of an unknown writer of the fifteenth century.
Higden, Ranulf, d. 1364., Trevisa, John, tr. d. 1402., Caxton, William, ca. 1422-1491., Malverne, John, d 1415?, Babington, Churchill, ed. 1821-1889,, Lumby, J. Rawson ed. (Joseph Rawson), 1831-1895.

Capitulum vicesimum. Iustinianus.

THE secounde Iustinianus, after his fader*. [vader, γ.] Constantyn, was emperoure ten ȝere. After Benet, þe fifte*. [vyfte, γ.] Iohn was pope oon ȝere. After hym Zeno was pope two ȝere. Beda, libro 4o, capitulo 23o. Lotharius kyng of Canturbury deyde of a wounde þat he hadde i-fonge*. [ivonge, γ.] in þe fiȝting*. [vytyng, γ.] of þe Souþ Saxons aȝenst Cedwalla. After hym, he þat slouȝ hym,*. [he þat slouȝ hym] om. β. and Cx.] Edricus, Egbertus his sone, [regnede oon ȝer and an half. After hym þat kyngdom was longe tyme unstedefast under certeyne*. [unstidfast under uncerteyn, β.; uncerteyn, γ.] kynges forto Wyhtred, Egbertus his*. [lawful sone, β.] sone,]*. [From α., β., and γ.] was converted*. [conforted, β., γ.; til Wightred lawful sone was comforted, Cx.]Page  155, vol.6 and regnede in þat kyngdom. Mull, kyng Cedwalla his broþer, and twelve knyȝtes were bysette and i-brend in Kent. Þerfore Cedwalla was wrooþ and destroyed*. [distruyed, β.] Kent eftsones, and Wilfridus feng*. [vyng, γ.] þe bisshopriche of Hangustald*. [Hagustald, β. and γ.] at þe pray|ere of kyng Alfridus. For*. [Vor, γ.] seynt Iohn of Beverly went to ȝork whanne Boso*. [Bosa, α., β., and Cx.] was dede. After Zeno, Sergius was pope þrittene ȝere; he ordeyned þat Agnus Dei schulde be þreis i-songe in þe masse, and by schewynge of God he fonge*. [vond, γ.; fonde, Cx.] a greet deel of þe cros*. [the holy crosse, Cx.] in Seynt Peter his sacrarie. Giraldus, distinctione prima, capitulo 17o. Þe firste*. [vurste, γ.] Pipinus, þat heet Vetulus, Brevis also, þe sone of Hansegesilus,*. [Ansegisilus, β., γ., and Cx.] þe sone of seint Arnulphus, was i-made þe grettest of þe kynges hous,*. [among Frenschmen, add. β.] and feng þe principate of þe est party of Fraunce, and was [prince]*. [From α., β., γ., and Cx.] sevene and twenty ȝere; he fauȝt first aȝenst Theo|doricus kyng of Fraunce, and chasede hym anon to Parys, and whanne*. [Sic in MS.] þe kyngdom, and savede þe kinges lyf and his name. Paulus, libro 7o. Þat tyme in Fraunce kynges torned from þe wit and strenþe*. [stryngþe, γ.] þat kynges were i-woned to have.*. [habbe, γ.]Page  157, vol.6 And þey*. [hy, γ.] þat semede grettest in þe kynges hous rulede*. [reuled, β.] þe kyngdom, for God haþ i-ordeyned þat þe kyngdom scholde torne to þe blood of hem.*. [ham, γ.] Þat ȝere deide seint Cuthbert in þe ilond Farn, þat he hadde i-loved alwey, but his body was i-bore into þe lond Lindefare;*. [ylond Lyndisfare, β.; Lyndys|fare, γ.; Lyndesfarn, Cx.] his bisshopriche reulede Wil|fridus oon ȝere, forto*. [til, β.] he was i-put*. [ypot, γ.] out by þe kyng. Þat ȝere ȝedwalla,*. [Cedwalla, β.] kyng of West Saxons, whanne he hadde nobleliche i-ruled his peple þre ȝere, he forsook the empere, and wente in pilgrimage to Rome; þere he was i-cristned*. [yfulled, β.; yvolled, γ.] of pope Sergius, and i-cleped Peter; ȝet while he was sette in white he was i-take*. [i-take] om. Cx.] with sikenesse and deyde, not fulliche*. [folliche, γ.] þrittene*. [þritty, α. and β.] ȝere olde, þrittene dayes tofore May,*. [Maii, β.] and was i-buried in Seint Peteris chirche, and was worþy to have suche famous writ|ynge on his tombe: "Lordschipe, riches, children, plente of Page  159, vol.6 riches and of welþe, cloþes and*. [and] of, Cx.] riche aray,*. [of rich aray, β.] prayeres,*. [pyers, β.] hous, castels,*. [castellis, Cx.] and walled townes þat his fadre*. [fadres, α.; fader, Cx.] and he hadde i-wonne by strengþe, Ceadwal þe myȝty man*. [men, MS.] of armes lefte and forsook*. [vorsok, γ.] for love of God Almyȝti." Giraldus, distinc|tione prima, capitulo 17o. Here take hede þat þis Cadwaledrus þe laste kyng of Bretouns is i-cleped Cedwalla in þe storie of Romayns and of Longobardes, and in Beda his storie also. But corupliche,*. [corruptlich, β.] for þey*. [corruptlyche vor hy, γ.] knewe nouȝt þe longage of Britouns, þerfore in som place in þe laste vers on his tombe it is i-write in þis manere: "Kyng Cadwaldrus lefte for þe love of God." For it is i-seide þat he was i-cristned*. [folled, β.; yvolled, γ.] of Sergius, þat is to understondynge*. [understande, Cx.] þat he was confermed by anoyntynge*. [anuntynge, γ.] of holy crisme, and þo his propre name was i-chaunged, as it happeþ in confirmacioun of children. And þey*. [þouȝ, β.] he*. [he] a, γ.] were of Page  161, vol.6 Bretouns he was i-cleped kyng of West Saxons, for he was kyng of hem also, for þey ioyneþ*. [vor huy inneþ, γ.] to þe [Walshe men].*. [From Cx.; Walsche men, β.; Walschemen, γ.] Walsche men telleþ þat þey schulde*. [schulleþ, β.; hy schulleth, γ.] eft*. [ageyne, Cx.] have kynges whan Cadwaldrus his boones beeþ i-brouȝt from Rome, but I*. [ych, γ.] holde þat but a fable, as I*. [Y, β.; y, γ.] doo þe storie of Gaufridus in þe ende. After Cedwalla regnede Yne, of þe lynage of kynges, þe sone of Kynredus, þe sone of Ceolwold, þe sone [of]*. [From α., β., γ., and Cx.] Cutha, þe sone of Cuthwyn, þe sone of Ceaulinus, and so forþ; and Yne regned sevene and þritty ȝere, and þo*. [þanne, β.] he wente to Rome in pope Gregory his tyme, and so dede*. [dude, γ.] meny oþer þat tyme. Also þat ȝere deide Benet Bisshop,*. [Bischop, β.] þe twelfþe day of Ianyver. Colfridus was abbot after hym in his either abbay in þe brynke of þe ryver Wyre. Also Theodorus the archebisshop deide, þe ȝere of his age foure score and sevene, [and]*. [From α., β., γ., and Cx.] of his bisshop|riche two and twenty. After hym abbot Briȝtwold was arche|bisshop: anon to þat tyme þe archebisshoppis were of Rome, and seþþe*. [soþþe, γ.] þat tyme þe archebisshoppes were of Engelond. Seynt Wilfridus [was]*. [From β. and Cx.] eft accused of kyng Alfridus to fore Page  163, vol.6 meny bisshoppes, and i-put out of his bisshopriche. Þerfore he appelede to þe court of Rome, and defendede so his cause tofore þe*. [þe] om. β.] pope Iohn þat he hadde lettres of þe pope to þe kynges of Engelond to*. [of, α., β., and Cx.] his restitucioun. Þe redynge of þe synod þat was þoo rehersed was gret help to his cause. Þis Wilfridus hadde i-be at þat synod in pope Agatho his tyme. Þe lettres were i-rad þat were i-sent for hym to kyng Alredus,*. [Aluredus, but, Cx.] bote þe kyng wolde nouȝt ȝit fonge hym, þerfore he tornede to þe kyng of Mercia, and feng of hym þe bisshopriche of Lege|cestria, þat is Chestre, and helde*. [huld, γ.] it anon to Alfridus his deth. Beda, libro 5o, capitulo 9o. Aboute þat tyme Egbertus þe monk, þat we speke*. [spake, Cx.] of to forehonde, þat scapede*. [schaped, γ.] the moreyn by prayers and avowes, hadde i-seilled about Bretayne, and caste for to converte þe men of Germania, but dedes and warn|ynge of hevene hym lette.*. [letted hym, Cx.] For þe schippe þat he hadde i-ordeyned for þat iornay was to-broke wiþ a sodeyn tempest of weder, and þere*. [þoo, α.; þo, β.; tho, Cx.] oon of his breþeren was i-warned by a visioun, and spak to Egebertus, and seide þat he moste, wheþer he wolde oþer no, wende to Seint Columba his abbay aȝen, Page  165, vol.6 for here plowȝes*. [plowes, β.] ȝede nouȝt aryȝt. Þerfore he sente Willebrordus wiþ twelve felawes into ye contrays of Germania, and he tornede moche*. [myche, β.] folk to þe fey by help of þe elder Pipinus,*. [Pupinus, Cx., et infra.] duke of Frensche men, þat hadde i-wonne þe hider*. [hudder, γ.] Frisia;*. [Fryselond, Cx.] and at þe laste by auctorite of pope Gregory he was i-made bisshop of Traies,*. [Utrecht, Cx.] and rulede*. [reulede, γ.] þat bisshopriche wel and nobelliche aboute an fourty ȝere. Offorus deide, bisshop of Wicties, þat hadde men*. [Sic in MS. and Cx.] of þe bisshopriche of Wircetre; and Egwinus was bisshop after hym, þat sone afterward bulde*. [bilde, β.] the abbay of Evesham, by assent of kyng*. [kyng] om. Cx.] Ethelredus. Whanne Theodoricus kyng of Fraunce was dede, þat*. [þat] whome, Cx.] Pipinus Vetulus hadde myldeliche i-suffred to reigne wiþ hym, he made his sone Clodonius kyng. Pipinus Vetulus heet Pipinus Brevis also. Þat ȝere þe men of Caunterbury made pees wiþ Yne, the kyng of West Saxons, and ȝeve þre þowsand pound for þe deþ of Mull Cedwallus his broþer. Iustinianus Cesar was prived of þe ioye of his kyngdom for gilt of*. [gylt and, Cx.] mysby|leve, and wente exciled*. [exiled, β., et infra.] into Pontus. Leo Patricius refte hym Page  167, vol.6 his nose and his tonge, and exciled hym, [and sente him]*. [From α., β., and γ. (not Cx.)] into Cersona.