Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden maonachi Cestrensis; together with the English translations of John Trevisa and of an unknown writer of the fifteenth century.
Higden, Ranulf, d. 1364., Trevisa, John, tr. d. 1402., Caxton, William, ca. 1422-1491., Malverne, John, d 1415?, Babington, Churchill, ed. 1821-1889,, Lumby, J. Rawson ed. (Joseph Rawson), 1831-1895.
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Capitulum vicesimum.

AURELIUS Alexander was emperour as it were*. [as it were] om. Cx.] þrittene ȝere; þis was so cruel*. [cruwel, β. and γ.] in correctiouns of þe lawe of chivalrie, þat he un|dede*. [undide, β.] hole legiouns þat made grucchynge*. [grutchyng, Cx.] and strif; his assessour was oon [Vulpianus]*. [From Cx.] a connynge man of lawe; he was i-slawe at August*. [Magust, α.; Magunst, β.; Ma|gonst, γ.; Magounce, Cx., et infra.] in Almayne in stryvynge of knyȝtes: in his tyme þe sixte translacioun was i-founde of holy writt at Nicapolus*. [Nicapolis, β. and γ.; Nyca|polis, Cx.] in Palestina. Marcianus.*. [Marcus, Cx.] Calixtus þe pope was i-martired in Alisaundre his tyme, and þe first Urban was pope after hym as it were*. [as it were] om. Cx.] eyȝte ȝere; he ordeynede þat þe offrynges of Cristene men schulde*. [be, added in α., γ., and Cx.] non oþir wyse be y-spend*. [spent, Cx.] but in use of holy chirche, þat he knowlechede verrailiche his synne,*. [þat . . . synne] om. α., β., γ., and Cx.] and in help of nedy*. [neody, γ.] [Cristen]*. [From γ.] men, ffor þey beeþ þe avowes*. [afowes, γ.; vowes, Cx.] of Cristen men and þe prys of synne. In his tyme þe chirche of Rome bygan first to have londes and rentes, and wiþ þe profit*. [prouffyt, Cx.] þerof he fonde notaries and clerkes to write þe lyvynge Page  69, vol.5 and dedes of holy seyntes; to forehonde*. [to fore this tyme, Cx.] holy chirche lyvede as þe apostles, and feng*. [fond, γ.; receyved, Cx.] onliche money to þe use of needy*. [neody, γ.] Cristen men. Þis is þat Urban þat cristned*. [folled, β.; follede, γ.] Valerianus þe spouse of Seint Cecily,*. [Cecil, β.] and was at þe laste i-martred wiþ hem*. [hym, Cx.] in Aurelius his tyme. After hym Poncianus was pope as it were*. [as it were] om. Cx.] fyve ȝere, and at þe laste he was i-brouȝt and i|martired at Sardinia,*. [Sardina, α.] and aftirward pope*. [pope] om. Cx.] Fabyan brouȝte his body to Rome, and buriede it þere. Me seiþ þat oon Siriacus*. [Sciriacus, γ.] was pope after þis Poncianus oon ȝere, but for*. [for] bycause, Cx.] he resignede þe poperiche*. [poperych, γ.; papacye, Cx.] aȝenst þe wille of þe clergy, and oon Antherus was y-made pope, and also*. [also] om. Cx.] for he wente to Agrippina*. [whiche nowe is called Coleyn, added in Cx.] wiþ en|leven þowsand maydons þat*. [þat] whom, Cx.] he hadde i-cristened*. [y-folled, β.] wel nygh alle, he is nouȝt y-sette in þe book of rekenynge of bisshoppis.*. [bishoppes] popes, Cx.] Þe cardynales trowede*. [trowide, β.] þat he lefte þe poperiche nouȝt for devocioun, but for likynge of þe*. [þe] om. Cx.] maydens, [noþeles he was clene mayde*. [and, added in γ.] i-martred wiþ þe same maydenes].*. [From α., γ., and Cx.: γ. adds: "as hyt ys y-write in þe legende of þe same maydons."] After þat Aurelius Page  71, vol.5 was i-slawe at Mangounst,*. [Magust, β.; Magonst, γ.] Maximius*. [Maximinus, α. and Cx.] Iulius was i-made emperour by þe oost wiþoute auctorite of þe senatoures, and was emperour þre ȝere; he pursewed*. [persywed, γ.; poursiewed, Cx.] holy chirche specialliche for Origenes, and he was i-slawe at þe laste in Aquilia. Gor|dianus was emperour sixte*. [sixe, α.; six, Cx.] ȝere, and was y-slawe of oon Phelip, prefecte of þe pretorie, nouȝt fer from Rome, after þat Gordianus hadde overcome þe Parthes. Fabyan was pope after Antherus as it were*. [as it were] om. Cx.] fiftene ȝere. Whanne þe pope was deed, þis passed by þe way, and talkede wiþ his frendes of þe chesynge*. [cheosyng, γ.] of a newe pope, þanne a colvere*. [dowve, Cx.] com sodeynliche and sat*. [saat, γ.] on his heed, and seide, "Þou schalt be y-crowned bisshop at*. [of, Cx.] Rome;" and so he was i-chose by Goddes or|dynaunce, and ordeyned sevene notaries to write þe dedes of holy martires; and he ordeynede þat every ȝere crisme and oyle schulde be i-halowed*. [halewide, β.] in holy chirche; and he was i-mar|tired at þe laste in Decius his tyme. In þis popes tyme oon Navacius, a preost of Rome, desired to be pope, and bycam an heretyk,*. [erretik, β.] and denyede*. [denyȝede, α.] þat a synful man myȝte be saved; þerfore was y-made a counsail of sixty bisshoppes. Þat tyme was Page  73, vol.5 Affricanus þe writere in his floures.*. [flouring, Cx.] Heraclides þe bisshop wil*. [wol, γ.] mene,*. [will mene] sayth, Cx.] þat [he]*. [From β.] wroot þe lyves of holy fadris in a book þat hatte Paradisus. Affricanus, þe writer of stories,*. [þe writer of stories] om. α., γ., and Cx.] was i-prayed and wente to Alexandria, and occupiede þe maister his*. [his] om. Cx.] chayer after Origenes. Also þat tyme Coelus, duke of Colchestre, slouȝ Asclepiodotus, and regnede in Bretayne as it were*. [as it were] om. Cx.] þritty ȝere, anon to þe comynge of Constancius.