Capitulum quadragesimum quartum.
ANTONIUS putte from hym his wif Cleopatra, Cesar his sus|ter, and wedded þe quene of Egipt, and ȝaf hire Arabia. By covetise þat wommen haveþ*. [habbeþ, γ.; have she, Cx.] sche*. [heo, β.] desirede to regne in Rome, and by hir counsaile and confort Antonius meovede a civile bataille aȝenst Octovianus, and was overcome at Actium*. [Actia, Cx.] in Grecia.*. [Grece, β. and Cx.] [Petrus, vicesimo octavo.]*. [From β., γ., and Cx.] Herodes was nouȝt at þe*. [þat, β., γ., and Cx.] batayle, for þat tyme Antonius hadde i-sent hym aȝen þe kyng of Arabia of þe*. [þe] om. β.] prayenge*. [atte prayer, Cx.] of Cleopatra, so þat sche*. [heo, β.; he, Cx.] schulde have his kyngdom þat were overcome, wheþer it evere were. Eutropius, libro 7o. Antonius whan he was overcome at Actium, he fligh*. [fledde, Cx.] into Egipt; þere he slouȝ hym Page 241, vol.4 self, for he hadde noon hope of help noþer*. [ne, Cx.] of socour. Cleopatra mad here*. [hir, Cx.] gay, and mette wiþ Augustis*. [Augustus, Cx.] ȝif sche*. [heo, β.] myȝte*. [meoue, γ.] meve hym*. [entendynge to meove him, Cx.] to leccherye, but sche*. [heo, β. and γ.] myȝte nouȝt spede, and was i-putte in warde, and scapede*. [ascaped, β.; escaped, Cx.] awey, and leyde hir self in a*. [þe, γ.; the, Cx.] grave by here housbonde Antonius, and deyde by þe venym of an addre*. [a naddre, Cx.] þat sche*. [heo, β.] took wiþ here.*. [heore, γ.] After|ward Egipt fil*. [ful to, γ.; fell, Cx.] into þe empere of Rome. Petrus, 7, 8o.*. [78o, β. and Cx.] After þis Augustus echede*. [enlarged, Cx.] Herodes his kyngdom, for he hadde wyseliche arayed*. [wytly provided, Cx.] for hym what hym nedede*. [neodede, γ.] while he was toward Egipt. [℞.]*. [From β. and Cx.] Som acounteþ*. [acompte, Cx.] þe firste ȝere of Augustus his hole kyngdom from þis place forþ,*. [fore, β.; for, γ. and Cx.] afterward he regned a loon.*. [lon, γ.] Beda super Danielem seiþ so as it semeþ. Þat tyme Marcus Torentius*. [Terentius, β., γ., and Cx.] Farro*. [Varro, β., γ., and Cx.] deyde, þat was foure score ȝere olde and ten. Virgilius Narro,*. [Marro, β., γ., and Cx.] þe poete of Mantua, deyde at Brundusium whan he was aboute an*. [an] om. Cx.] fifty winter olde, and was i-buried at*. [in, Cx.] Naples wiþ suche a writynge Page 243, vol.4 on*. [uppon, β.; upon, Cx.] his tombe, þat he made whan he deyde, oþer*. [owther, Cx.] Ovidius afterward, as som men*. [men] om. γ.] wol mene.*. [say, Cx.] "Mantua brouȝt me forth; Calabres ravesched*. [rauesede, γ.; ravessed, Cx.] me; holdeþ now Pertinope.*. [Percinope, Cx.] I made lese fildes*. [made leese feldes, Cx.] and lederes." ℞. Þis was wys at þe comynge*. [at þe comynge] and kunnyng, β.; and connynge, Cx.] of philosofie and used nouȝt*. [ofte, β. and Cx.] nygromancye. Þerfore Alisaundre de naturis rerum telleþ wonderliche of hym, and seiþ þat Naples was greved wiþ a pestilence by blood*. [blode, Cx.] soukers, and Virgill*. [Virgyl, Cx.] þrewe a goldene blood soukere in to þe botme*. [bottom, Cx.] of a pitte. And many ȝere after þis goldene blood soukere was i-take up oute of þe pytte, and þus sone*. [þissoone, γ.; anone, Cx.] þe citee were*. [werþ, γ.; was, Cx.] ful of blood soukers wiþ oute remedye or*. [er, β.; ar, γ.; til, Cx.] þe goldene blood soukere was i-doo in*. [into, β.; put into, Cx.] þe pytte aȝen.*. [þe put age, γ.] Hit is also i-tolde*. [i-tolde and] om. Cx.] and i-seide þere þat oon Marcellus of Naples myȝt nouȝt kepe flesche longe wiþ oute apeyringe.*. [appayryng, Cx.] But Virgil by his witte ordeyned remedye aȝenst þat meschief, and closed flesche i-savered*. [savered, Cx.] i-not by what vertu of herbes, so þat fyve hondred ȝere þe flesche was i-founde fresche and of good savour. Also Page 245, vol.4 þere it is i-seide þat Virgil closed his orcherd*. [orchard, γ.] [al]*. [From β., γ., and Cx.] aboute wiþ ayer*. [aer, γ.] instede of a wal; and he made also a brugge*. [brygge, Cx.] of ayer,*. [aer, γ.] and used to goo over þat brugge*. [brydge, Cx.] whan and whyder hym likede. Þere it is i-seide also þat he bulde þat noble paleys at Rome in þe whiche were i-sette all þe ymages of provinces and of londes. Hugucio*. [Hugo, Cx.] seiþ þe same, and putteþ more þerto of Colloseus,*. [collosens, Cx.] þat ymage of þe sonne oþer*. [owther, Cx.] of Rome. Loke more þerof*. [herof, Cx.] in þe firste book, in þe chapitre of Rome. [Policratica, libro primo.]*. [From β. and γ.] Me seiþ þat þe poete of Mantua, þat is Virgil,*. [Vyrgyl, Cx.] axede of Marcellus of Naples, þe nevew of Augustus, for*. [wherfore, Cx.] he slowȝ meny bryddes, [and]*. [From Cx., not γ.] where*. [wheþer, β., γ., and Cx.] hym were levere be i-schape*. [shapen, Cx.] to a brydde forto*. [for] om. Cx. (bis.)] make*. [take, β., γ., and Cx.] briddes i-take*. [i-take] om. β., γ., and Cx.] oþer to a flyȝe*. [flye, γ. and Cx.] forto take and slee flyȝes. He tolde þis to his grauntsire Augustus, and by coun|saile*. [counseylle, Cx.] of hym he chees*. [chesse, Cx.] forto*. [for] om. Cx.] be made a fliȝe, þat he myȝte dryve al þe flyȝes oute of Naples. Hereby it semeþ þat þe comoun profiȝt*. [profyt, Cx.] schulde be putte bifore eny*. [every werk, Cx.] singuler per|sones Page 247, vol.4 profiȝt. Varrus and Tucta, Virgil his felowes, by heste*. [felawes by commaundement, Cx.] of Augustus amendede Virgil his book Eneydos, noþeles uppon suche a condicioun þat þey schulde putte no þing more þerto. Þis ȝere Seynte Marye*. [Mari, γ.] Cristes*. [Crystys, Cx.] moder is i-bore: here*. [hir, Cx.] fader was Ioachym of þe lynage*. [lygnage, Cx., et infra.] of Iuda; and hir moder was Anna, Isachar his douȝter, of þe lynage of Levi. [℞.]*. [From γ. and Cx.] Here take hede, as Ierom seiþ, þat Anna and Emeria*. [Emerea, Cx.] weren*. [were, β. and Cx.; wer, γ.] tweie sustres. Of Emeria come*. [cam, Cx.] Elizabeth, Iohn*. [Iohan, Cx.] Baptist his moder. Also Anna was first i-wedded to Ioachym, and hadde by hym Mare*. [Marie, β. and γ.; Marge, Cx.] Cristes moder; and sche*. [heo, β.; she, Cx.] was afterward i-wedded to Cleophas, and hadde by hym Marie Cleophe, þat was i-wedded to Alpheus, and of hem come Iacobus Mynor, þe lasse Iames, þat heet*. [was called, Cx.] Alpheus also,*. [also] om. Cx.; γ. has Alpheus also of ham com Symon Chananeus.] [and]*. [From β.] Symon Cananeus, Iudas Taddeus,*. [Thaddeus, Cx.] and Ioseph þat hatte*. [otherwise callyd, Cx.] Barsabas. But in Historia Ecclesiastica, Eusebius, libro 2o, capitulo 2o, seiþ þat Iacobus minor, þe lasse Iames, was i-cleped oure Lordes Page 249, vol.4 broþer for he was [the]*. [From Cx. and γ., which latter omits he was.] sone of Iosep þe spouse of Marye. But þat is nouȝt comounliche i-holde.*. [comynly holden, Cx.] Also Anna was i-wedded to Salome, and hadde by hym Marye Salome, þat was i-wedded to Zebedeus, and hadde by hym þe more Iames and Iohn*. [Iohan, Cx.] þe*. [þe] om. Cx.] Evaungeliste. Þe firste Marye, þat was Cristes moder, was i-wedded to Ioseph þe forsaide Cleophas his broþer. Gaufridus et Alfridus. Kynbelinus, Tenuancius*. [Tenancius, Cx.] his sone, regnede in Bretayne, and gat tweie sones, Gwyderius*. [Guiderius, Cx.] and Arveragus.*. [Arvyragus, Cx.] Oracius Flaccus,*. [Flactus, Cx.] poet and*. [poet and] om. Cx.] satiricus, sevene and fifty ȝere olde, deyeþ*. [dyed, Cx.] at Rome þe sixe*. [sixte, γ.] and þritty ȝere of þe [emperour Augustus. And the xiii.*. [fourtiþe, γ.] yere of]*. [From β., γ., and Cx.] empere*. [empere] om β., γ., and Cx.] Augustus, Marcus Porcius Latro*. [Cato, Cx.] Latinus, þat was decla|mator, a grete ditour,*. [doctor, Cx.] and Seneca þe philosofre his felowe, slowȝ hym self for noye*. [nuy, γ.] and sorwe of a double quarteyn.*. [of a double quarteyn] bis in MS.]Martius,*. [Marianus, β., γ., and Cx.]libro 2o. In þe oon and fourty ȝere of Augustus, in þe sevenþe monþe,*. [moneth, Cx.] þat is Septembre, in þe enlevenþe day of Page 251, vol.4 the monþe*. [mone, Cx.] þe foure and twenty day of Septembre, in*. [on, Cx.] a Þorsday, Iohn*. [Iohan, Cx., et infra.] þe*. [þe] om. β. and Cx.] Baptiste was conceyved; and þere after two hondred dayes þre score and fiftene, in*. [on, Cx.] a Fryday, he was i-bore; and so he went, to fore*. [byfore, Cx.] Crist in his conceyvynge, in his burþe, in his fullynge,*. [follyng, γ.; baptisinge, Cx.] in his prechynge, and in his doynge;*. [dyynge, β.; dyeng, Cx.] but he moste wanye*. [must wane, Cx.] and Criste moste wexe*. [must waxe, Cx.] and encrese; ffor a womman gooþ wiþ childe from þe concepcioun to þe burþe*. [byrth, Cx.] two hondred dayes þre score and fiftene,*. [sixtene, β., γ., and Cx.] so meny dayes Crist hadde in his moder wombe, þeyȝ nouȝt*. [not, Cx.] alle wommen goo so longe wiþ childe, as Seynt Austyn wole mene,*. [meaneth, Cx.] de Civitate [Dei],*. [From Cx.] libro 4o, capitulo 5o; but Iohn*. [Iohan, Cx., et infra.] hadde tweie dayes lasse*. [lees, γ.] in his moder wombe.*. [þeyȝ nouȝt alle, is inserted here again in MS. by a slip of the copy|ist.] Also Iohn was i-bore whan þe day bygan to wanye,*. [shorten or wane, Cx.] and Crist whan þe day bygan to wexe [long].*. [From Cx.] Also Iohn was i-buried wiþ oute heed, and in Crist was no boon*. [bon, γ.] i-broke.*. [broken, Cx.]