De orbis dimensione. Priscianus in cosmographia. Capitulum quintum.
IVLIUS CESAR, by counsaile of þe senatoures and elder men*. [aldermen, Cx.] of Rome, lokede*. [sought, Cx.] and serchede stories*. [historyes, Cx.] and bookes of his ȝeres of doynge and dedes, [and]*. [Added from Cx.] ordeyned wyse men Page 43, vol.1 and redy to mete and discreue all þe worlde aboute. Þan from Iulius his tyme to Saturnus tyme, two and þritty ȝere, messangeres, wise men and wel i-tauȝt*. [tauȝht, α. (not Cx.)] in þe practike of gemetrie,*. [So MS. and α; geometrye, Cx.] konnynge and profitable to mete*. [mesure, Cx.] and to gesse hiȝenesse and lowenesse, lengþe and brede and depnesse also, were rediliche i-sent into*. [redyly sente to, Cx.] euery londe aboute to iuges and*. [α omits and.] to cheueteynes,*. [capytayns, Cx.] to lederes*. [gouernours, Cx.] of londes, for þey schulde mete*. [mesure, Cx.] and discreue londe and water, woodes and landes, valeies and pleynes, downes and hulles,*. [montaynes and downes, Cx.] and þe see stronde and euery place where eny man myȝt goo oþer*. [or, Cx.] ride oþer*. [or, Cx.] schip seily; and write and certifie þe senatoures where and what wondres were i-founde. ℞. Þis witnessith Hieronymus, in transferendo historiam Eusebii, libro secundo, capitulo secundo. Þere, he seith, þat Pilatus, iuge of Iewerye,*. [þe Iewery, α.] cer|tefied Tiberius Cesar of meruayles and wondres þat Criste wrouȝte in þe Iewerie, and Tiberius certefied þe senatoures, but þe*. [α omits þe.] senatoures trowed*. [byleued, Cx.] nouȝt, for þey had nouȝt herd [afore]*. [Added from Cx.; not in α.] of so wonder werkes. Priscianus. And so, by warnynge and certefienge of cheueteynes*. [capytayns, Cx.] of londes, it was i-founde and i-knowe þat al þe worlde aboute haþ name kowthe*. [couth, α.] sees*. [hath sees of dyuerse names, Cx.] þritty, ylondes þre score and twelue, famos Page 45, vol.1 hullys*. [montaynes, Cx.] fourty, prouinces þre skore and eyȝtene, noble citees þre hundred þre skore and ten, grete ryueres seuene and fifty, dyuers naciouns sixe skore and fyue.*. [an c. and fyfe and twenty, Cx. (Similar variations of expressing numbers occur elsewhere often.)] Þe roundenesse of þe worlde aboute is þre hundred siþes and fiftene siþes an hondred þowsand paas. Þe lengþe of þe erþe þat men woneþ*. [dwelle, Cx.] ynne from þe est to þe west, þat is from Ynde to Hercules is*. [So also α; pylers of H., Cx.] pilers in þe see Gaditan is eyȝti siþes and fyue siþes an hundred þre score and eyȝtene mile. But þe wey from oon*. [that oon, Cx.] ende to þat oþer is wel*. [moche, Cx.] lasse by water þan by londe. Þe brede of þe erþe from þe souþe to þe north, þat is from þe clyue*. [clyf, Cx.] of occean in Ethiopia, þe londe of Blomen*. [blak men, Cx.] to þe mouþe of þe ryuer Thany wel nyh haluendel lasse þán þe lengþe, and conteyneþ foure and fifty hundred and two and sixty myle. Also it was i-founde þat þe dep|pest place of þe see of myddel erþe conteyneþ doun riȝt fif|tene furlonge depe. [℞.]*. [Added from α.] Tholomeus seiþ þat þe rounde|nesse of a cercle*. [acercle, MS., and similarly in many other places.] aboute conteyneþ þre*. [thryes, Cx.] so moche as þe brede [and the seuendele of the brede],*. [Added from α and Cx. (There is some variation in expressing the words following.)] so þat þe propor|cioun of þe roundenesse aboute of a cercle is*. [α, MS., but cancelled by a dot.] to þe brede as is þe proporcioun of two and twenty to seuene. So it is acounted þat þe roundenesse of þe erþe aboute conteyneþ twenty þowsand and fourty myle. Ȝif we deleþ*. [So also α; departe, Cx.] þe*. [þat, α.] somme on þre and þe seuenþe parte of þe þridde, þe þiknesse of þe erþe þorw oute is almest sexe þousand and fyue*. [and fyue] foure, α.] hondred Page 47, vol.1 myle,*. [fyve honderd four score and enleuen myle, Cx. (also he omits all that follows, till Thenne half, &c.)] for nyne myle lakkeþ at þe leste of þat somme. So þere schal be sexe þowsand foure*. [fyue, Cx.] hondred four*. [So Cx.; nyne, MS.] score and elleuene myle. Þan half þe þiknesse of þe erþe inward and doun riȝt is þre þowsand two hundred and fyue and fourty myle and somwhat ouer, as it were half a myle. So ȝif helle is in*. [in þe, α.] myddel of þe erþe doun riȝt, me myȝte knowe how meny myle is*. [it is, Cx.] to helle.