Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden maonachi Cestrensis; together with the English translations of John Trevisa and of an unknown writer of the fifteenth century.
Higden, Ranulf, d. 1364., Trevisa, John, tr. d. 1402., Caxton, William, ca. 1422-1491., Malverne, John, d 1415?, Babington, Churchill, ed. 1821-1889,, Lumby, J. Rawson ed. (Joseph Rawson), 1831-1895.
Table of contents | Add to bookbag
THE EIGHTH BOOK OF THE POLYCHRONICON FROM CAXTON.*. [The marginal references are to Walsingham's History so far as there is anything common to the two, and to the Fasciculus Tempo|rum, one of the authorities to which Caxton acknowledges himself in|debted.]

Capitulum tercium.

IN this yere, xliiij. of the kynge, was a gete pestylence and a grete moreyn of beestes. And there fylle soo grete waters that it caused greete destruction of corne, in soo moche that the nexte yere followyng a busshel of whete was worth thre schyllynges & four pens. In the laste day of May was holden a parlemente at Westmynstre for the brekynge of the pees of the Frensshmen, and how the wronges myght be redressyd and avengyd. In this sayd yere in thassumpcion of oure Lady deyde quene Philyp, and is buryed at Westmynstre. At myd|somer this same yere the duc of Lancastre and the Erle of Herford with a grete companye of men of warre wente over see toward Fraunce, & on Chalkhylle bytwene saynt Omers & Guynes was an huge hooste of Frensshmen, & the hoost of Englysshe men fast by the same, whiche hadde long leyn there, & dyverse Englysshe men yaf counseyll for to fyght with the Frensshmen, but the lorde & capitaynes wold not. Anone after it happed that therle of Warwyck come thyderward. And whanne the Frensshmen herde of his comynge, er he cam fully to londe, they lefte theyr tentes and pavylons with all theyr vytayl, and fledde theyr weye. And whan therle was londed he hasted toward Normandy, and in his comyng ageyne toward Caleys he deyde on the pestylence.

In this yere at mydsomer was made an hooste, and Syre Robert Knollys was made governour, and whanne they cam in to Fraunce, as longe as they helde hem togeder the Frenssh|men durst not come neygh them. But atte last for envye and covetyse that was among them they discorded and sundryd them in to dyverse companyes, whiche couraged the Frenssh|men in soo moche that they cam frely on our Englysshmen, and for the moste part toke and slewe hem. In the same yere Pope Urban cam fro Rome to Avynyon, purposynge to have made a fynal pees bytwene Englond and Fraunce. But er he beganne his traytye he deyde. Somme saye he was poysoned. After Urban, the enleventhe Gregory was pope eyght yere. This pope was callyd tofore Petrus de Bello forte, he was deken Cardynal, and deyde in Rome in Goddes pees. After hym folowed grete trybulacion in the chirche, which God shewyd by Revelacion to saynt Brygytte for the synnes of men Page  527, vol.8 of the chirche. In the same yere Prynce Edward leynge at Burdeux by thavys of his counseyl byganne to sette Inposi|cions and taxes vpon the duchye of Guyan, wherfore the Cyte of Lymoge rebellyd & fought ageynst hym & other moo also, and torned from hym to the Frensshe kynge. Wherfore he toke and destroyed that Cyte, and slough al that was therynne. Sone after Prynce Edward cam in to Englonde levynge behynde hym in Gascoyne the duck of Lancastre and Syre Edmond, Erle of Cambrydge, with other worthy men of armes. In the parle|ment at Westmynstre was graunted to the kynge a subsydye of fyfty thousand pound to be payd of the laye fee. And thenne in hatered of men of the chirche the lordes putte oute of offyce the chaunceler, the Tresorer, and the pryve Seal, and in theyr sted were putte seculer men. In the eyght and fourtyest yere of the regne of kynge Edward, the duk of Lan|castre and the Erle of Cambrydge, the kynges sones, cam oute of Guyan in to Englond, and were maryed to two susters, doughters & heyres of kyng Peter of Spayne. That same yere Frensshmen besyeged Rochel, wherfore the Erle of Penbroke was sente in to Gascoyn with a greete company of men of armes, And er they couthe entre in the haven of Rochel ther cam vppon hem a stronge navye of Spayne, whiche scomfyted the Englysshe men, and toke the Erle with grete tresour and many other noble men. Thenne the kynge with a grete hoost entryd the see to have revenged the siege of Rochel, but the wynde wold not serve hym, wherfore he taryed longe at the see cost, abydynge after a good wynde, but it cam not, and soo he retourned home ageyne. Thenne the duc of Lancastre with a grete hoost wente in to Flaundree and passyd thurgh Pycardye to Parys and soo thurgh alle Fraunce till he cam to Burdeux withoute ony resystence. Aboute this tyme Wenzelaus, sone of Charles kyng of Boheme, his fader yet lyvyng, was electe and chosen to be Emperour, he beyng a childe, of whiche empyre he toke none heede, ne rought not, wherfore, after he had regned four and twenty yere, and after many warnynges, he was deposed: his lecherous lyf defouled hys noble wytte, and his ende was withoute worshippe, for he was never crowned with a dyademe.

In this yere were sent fro the pope two bisshops, one of Ravenne & one of Carpentras, for to treate bytwene two kynges of Fraunce & of Englond, & day was holden at Brugys in Flaun|dres, & ther were for the kyng of Englond the duc of Lancastre the bisshop of London, and many other; and for the Frensshe kynge, the Duc of Burgoyne, his broder the bisshop of Amyens, and many other, but they concluded no thyng.