Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden maonachi Cestrensis; together with the English translations of John Trevisa and of an unknown writer of the fifteenth century.
Higden, Ranulf, d. 1364., Trevisa, John, tr. d. 1402., Caxton, William, ca. 1422-1491., Malverne, John, d 1415?, Babington, Churchill, ed. 1821-1889,, Lumby, J. Rawson ed. (Joseph Rawson), 1831-1895.
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THE EIGHTH BOOK OF THE POLYCHRONICON FROM CAXTON.*. [The marginal references are to Walsingham's History so far as there is anything common to the two, and to the Fasciculus Tempo|rum, one of the authorities to which Caxton acknowledges himself in|debted.]

Capitulum 26.*. [25 is omitted in the numbering.]

THIS yere of our Lord a thousand four honderd & fyfty was the grete grace of the Iubilee at Rome, where was greete Page  573, vol.8 pardonne, in soo moche that from alle places of Crystendome grete multitude of peple resorted theder. This yere Syre Thomas Cryell was overthrowen at Fermygny, and many Englysshemen slayne and taken prysonners. This same yere was a grete assemblyng and gaderyng togeder of the comons of Kente in greete nombre, and made an insurrection and rebellyd ageynste the kynge and his lawes, and ordeyned hem a capytayne callyd Iohan Cade, an Irysshe man, whiche named hym self Mortymer, cosyn to the ducke of Yorke. And this capytayne helde these men togeder and made ordenaunces among them, & brought hem to Blackheth, where he made a bylle of petycions to the kyng and hys counseyll, and shewyd what inyuryes and oppressions the poure comyns suffryd, and alle vnder coloure for to come to his aboue. And he had a grete multitude of peple. And the sevententh day of Iuyn the kynge with many lordes, Capytayns, and men of warre wente towarde hym to the Blackheth. And whan the captayne of Kente vnderstode the comyng of the kynge with so grete a puyssaunce, he withdrewe hym with his peple to Sevenok, a lytil vyllage. And xxviij. daye of Iuyn, beynge withdrawen and goon, the kynge cam with his armye sette in ordre and enbataylled to the Blackheth, and by advys of his counseyll sente sir Umfrey Stafford knyght, and William Stafford Squyer, two valyaunt capytains, with certayne peple to fight with the capytayne and to take hym, and brynge hym and his acces|saryes to the kynge; whiche wente to Sevenok, and there the capytayne with his felauship mette with hem, and fought ayenst hem, and in conclusion slewe them bothe and as many as abode and wolde not yelde hem nor flee. Duryng these scarmuche fyll a grete varyaunce among the lordes men and comyn peple beyng on Blackheth ageynst theyr lordes and capytayns, sayng playnly that they wolde goo to the capytayne of Kente to assyste and helpe hym, but yf they myghte have execucion on the traytours beyng aboute the kyng: wherto the kyng sayd nay. And they sayd playnly that the lord Saye tresorer of Englond, the Bisshop of Salysbury, the abbot of Gloucetre, Danyel and Trevylyan, and many moo were traytours, and worthy to be ded; wherfor for to plese the lordes meyne, and also somme of the kynges hows, the lord Saye was arestyd and sente to the Toure of London. And thenne the kynge herynge tydynges of the dethe and overthrowynge of the Staffords withdrewe hym to London, and fro thennes to Kyllyng|worth; for the kyng ne the lordes durste not truste theyr owne houshold meyne. Thenne after that the capytayne had hadde this victorye vpon the Staffordes, anone he toke sire Umfrayes salade and his brygantyns smyten ful of gylt nayles, and also his gylt spores, and arayed hym lyke a lord and a capytayne, and resorted with al his meyne, and also mo than he had to Page  574, vol.8 fore, to the Blackheth ageyne, to whome cam tharchebisshop of Caunterbury and the duck of Bokyngham to the Blacketh, and spake with hym. As it was sayde they fonde hym wytty in his talkyng and his requestys, and so they departed. And the thyrdde day of Iuyll he cam and entryd in to London with alle his peple, and there dyde make cryes in the kynges name and his that no man shold robbe ne take noo mannes good, but yf he payd for it, and cam rydynge thurgh the cyte in grete pryde, and smote his swerde vpon London stone in Canwyck strete; and he beyng in the cyte sente to the Tour for to have the lord Saye, and soo they sette hym and brought hym to the Guyldhalle before the mayer and Aldermen, where he was examyned, and he sayd he wold and ought to be iuged by his peres. And the comons of Kent toke hym by force from the mayer and offycers that kept hym, and toke hym to a pryeste to shryve hym. And er he myght be half shryven they brought hym to the standard in Chepe, and there smote of his hede; on whoos soule God have mercy, Amen. And thus deyde the lord Saye, tresorer of Englond. After this they sette his heede on a spere, and bare it aboute in the cyte. And the same day at Myle ende Crowmer was byheded. And the same day byfore at after none the capytayne with certayne of his mayne wente to Phelyp Malpas hows, and robbyd hym, and toke away moche goode. And fro thennes he wente to saynt Margrete patyns to one Gherstys hows, and robbyd hym also. At which robbyng dyverce men of London of theyr neyghbours were at it, and toke part with theym. For this robbyng the peples hertes fyll from hym, and every thryfty man was aferd for to be servyd in lyke wyse. For ther was many a man in London that awayted and wolde feyne have seen a comyn robberye, whiche God forbede. For it is to suppose yf he hadde not robbed he myght have gon fer er he had bee with|stonde. For the kyng and alle the lordes of the Royame were departed, excepte the lord Scales, that kepte the Toure. And the fyfthe day of Iuyll he dyde do smyte of a mans heede in Southwerke. And the nyght after, the mayre of London, the aldermen, and the comons of the cyte, concluded to dryve awey the capytayne and his hooste, and sente to the lord Scales, to the Tour, and to Mathew Gogh, a capytayne of Normandye, that they wolde that nyghte assayle the capytayne with them of Kente. And so they dyde, and cam to London brydge in to Southwerke, er the capytayne had ony knowlege therof. And they fought with them that kepte the brydge. And the Kentysshmen wente to harnoys, and cam to the brydge, and shot and fought with hem, and gate the brydge, and made them of London to flee, and slowe many of hem. And this endured all the nyght to and fro tyll nyne of the clock on the morne. And atte laste they brent the drawe|brydge, Page  575, vol.8 where many of them of London were drouned. In whiche nyght Sutton an alderman was slayne, Rogyer Bey|saunt, and Mathew Gogh, and many other. And after this the chaunceler of Englond sente to the capytayne a pardone general for him, and another for alle his meyne. And thenne they departed from Southwerke, every man home to his hows. And whanne they were al departed and goone ther were pro|clamaciones made in Kente, Southsex, and in other places, that what man coude take the capytayne, quyck or deede, should have a thousande marck. And after this, one Alysaunder Iden, squyer of Kente, toke hym in a gardyn in Southsex, and in the takynge the capytayne Iohan Cade was slayne, and after byheded, and his heede sette on London brydge. And anone after thenne the kyng cam in to Kente, and dyde his iustyces sytte at Caunterbury and enquyre who were accessaryes and chyef cause of this insurrection. And ther were eyght men iuged to deth in one day, and in other places moo. And fro thennes the kyng wente in to Southsex, and in to the weste countre, where a lytell byfore was slayne the bisshop of Salys|bury. And this same yere were so many iuged to deth that thre and twenty hedes stode on London bridge attones.