Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden maonachi Cestrensis; together with the English translations of John Trevisa and of an unknown writer of the fifteenth century.
Higden, Ranulf, d. 1364., Trevisa, John, tr. d. 1402., Caxton, William, ca. 1422-1491., Malverne, John, d 1415?, Babington, Churchill, ed. 1821-1889,, Lumby, J. Rawson ed. (Joseph Rawson), 1831-1895.
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THE EIGHTH BOOK OF THE POLYCHRONICON FROM CAXTON.*. [The marginal references are to Walsingham's History so far as there is anything common to the two, and to the Fasciculus Tempo|rum, one of the authorities to which Caxton acknowledges himself in|debted.]

Capitulum decimum.

IN the second yere of kynge Harry the fourth, Sire Rogyer of Claryngton, knyght, and two of his men, and the priour of Page  542, vol.8 Launde with eyght frere mynours, were drawen and hanged for treasonne. In this yere beganne a grete debate in Walys bytwene the lorde Gray Rethyn and Ewayn of Glyndor, Squyer of Wales. This Ewayn reysed grete nombre of Walsshmen, and kepte the countrey with strength, and dyde moche harme, and destroyed the kynges townes and lord|shippes in Walys, robbyng and sleyng the kynges peple, whiche contynued longe tyme. And toke the lord Gray prysoner, and made hym to marye his doughter, and helde hym stylle there with his wyf; and sone after, the lord Gray deyde. Thenne kynge Harry with a grete power wente into Wales for to take and destroy the sayd Ewayn; but he and all his company fledde to the montayns, where the kyng myght not hurte hem for the montaynes. And soo the kynge retourned and cam ageyn in to Englonde, for losynge of his men. In the same yere was a grete scarcete of whete in Englond; a quarter was worth sixten shyllynges, wherfor marchandise was sente in to Normandy for whete, and from thennes cam grete plente. Also Syre William Sawtry, preest, was degraded of his prest|hode. Aboute this tyme the Duc of Orleaunce sente an herowde of armes with lettres vnto kynge Harry, by whiche he chalengyd for to fyght with hym withynne lystes at Bour|deux, or in some other metely place, with an honderd gentyl|men withoute reproche ageynste as many gentyll men with|oute reproche. Wherto the kynge answerd ageyne by lettres worshipfully, rehersynge that at suche tyme as it shold plese hym he wolde come with suche nombre as it apperteyneth to a kynge, and conquere his ryght; at whiche tyme he shold be answerd atte full. And soo the mater fynysshed. In the thyrde yere was kynge Henry wedded to dame Jane, Duchesse of Britain. And they were maryed at Wynchestre, and fro thens she cam to London, and so forth to Westmynstre, And there she was crowned Quene. In the same yere was dame Blaunche, oldest doughter to kynge Harry, wedded in Coleyn to the dukes sonne of Bayer with grete solempnyte. In the seventh yere was seen a sterre that is called stella Comata, and anone after was the batayl of Shrewesbury on Mary Magdalens even, in whiche bataylle was slayne Syre Harry Percy, and Syr Thomas Percy taken, and kept two dayes, and after he was hanged, byheded and quartred, and his heede sette on London brydge. And in thys batayl was the prynce shotte in to the heede with an arowe. And the Erle of Stafford was slayne vnder the kynges baner. And many other lordes, knyghtes, squyers and gentyls were put to deth in the sayd batayl. In the fourth yere cam the Emperour of Constantynople with many grete lordes and knyghtes in to Englond, to see the kynge, the peple, and the royamme and the commodytees therof. The same yere the lord Castel, with a grete multitude Page  543, vol.8 of Brytons & of Normans, landed a myle out of Plymouthe, on saynt Laurence day at after none, and cam in to the toune on the bakhalf; and there they abode al that day and al that nyght till it was on the morne ten of the clock, and robbed and despoylled al that was in the toune, and bare hit awey at her owne wylle. In the fyfthe yere was a grete bataylle on the see at Blackpole, two myle oute of Dertmouth, bytwene Englysshmen & Brytons, where, thanked be God, Englysshe|men had the vyctorye, & there were taken, slayne, and drowned moo than fyve honderd gentyls of Frensshemen and Brytons, On whome the lord Castel was pryncipal leder and Capitayne, which there was taken and slayne. Also this same yere Wil|liam Serle, the whiche was one of hem that murtherd the good duke of Gloucetre at Caleys, was taken in the marche of Scotlande, and broughte to London, and there he was drawen, hanged and byheded, and his heede sette on London brydge, and his quarters sette vp in foure good townes. In the syxthe yere was a iustys in Smythfeld bytwene the Erle of Morryf in Scotland and Syre Edmond Erle of Kente, vpon a chalenge made by therle of Morryf to iuste certayn courses of warre with sharp sperys on horsbak. And the Erle of Kente had the felde, and gate hym there grete worship. This same yere Syre Rychard Scrope, Archebisshop of York, and the lorde Moubraye, that was Erle marchal of Englond, assemblyd grete power ageynst kyng Harry. And the kyng met with hem and toke hem, and smote of bothe theyr heedes. And soone after God shewyd and wrought many myracles for the worthy clerke Archebisshop of Yorke, that was soo putte to deth. In the seventh yere the mayer of London, Iohan Wode|cok, and the comynalte dyde do brake vp al the weerys that were bytwene Medewey and Kyngeston, bycause they were sette ageynst the fraunchyse of the cyte of London. In the eyght yere of kyng Henry, dame Lucye, the dukes suster of Melayn, come into Englonde, and soo forth to London, and there was she ryally maryed to Syr Edmond Holond, Erle of Kent, in the pryory of saynt Marye Overayes in Southwerk. The same yere syr Robert Knollys, knyght, a grete warryour in his tyme, dyde doo make the brydge at Rochestre, and a chapel atte brydges fote: the whiche Syre Robert deyde, and lyeth buryed in the whyte freres in London, by his wyf dame Constaunce. In the same yere Syr Thomas Rampton, kyght, constable of the Tour of London, was drowned at London brydge as he come fro Westmynstre toward the Tour in a barge. The same yere dame Phelyp, the yonger, doughter of kyng Henry, was maryed to the kyng of Denmark. In the same yere a man that was callyd the Walssh clerk, appelled a knyght callyd Syre Percyval of treasonne. And they fought within lystes in Smythfeld, where the knyght scomfyted the clerk, and there the clerk Page  544, vol.8 was despoylled of his armure, and drawen out of the feld to Tyburn, and there hanged. In the same yere Syr Henry Percy erle of Northumberland, and the lord Bardolf, comyng oute of Scotland togeder with a grete company, were taken by them of the north, that fought with them, and smote of theyr heedes and brought hem to London, and sette hem on London brydge. In the ix. yere was Syre Edmond Erle of Kente made Ameral of the see, whiche kepte the see worthyly with many ryall shippes. And atte laste he londed at the Costes of Brytayne, in the Ile of Bryak, and besyged the castel and sawted hit, and with a quarel he was slayne, but nevertheles the Castel was goten. And thenne his meyne come home ageyne with therles body, whiche was buryed with his Aun|cestryes worshipfully. Also this same yere was a grete frost that duryed fyftene wekys; whiche frost destroyed for the moost parte alle the smal byrdes.