Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden maonachi Cestrensis; together with the English translations of John Trevisa and of an unknown writer of the fifteenth century.
Higden, Ranulf, d. 1364., Trevisa, John, tr. d. 1402., Caxton, William, ca. 1422-1491., Malverne, John, d 1415?, Babington, Churchill, ed. 1821-1889,, Lumby, J. Rawson ed. (Joseph Rawson), 1831-1895.

Cm 18m.

Canutus the Dane was made kyng aloone whanne Edmund was dede and regned about an*. [an] om. Cx.] nyntene ȝere. He deled the kyngdom of Englond a*. [α] in, Cx.] foure, and assigned West Saxon to hym silf. Est Anglond that conteyneth Northfolk and South|folk to the erle Turkillus, Mercia to the fals Edricus, and Northhumbreland to Hiricius. Thanne he made a counseil at Londoun, and axide of the lordes ȝif*. [ef, γ.] any mencion was made in Page  510, vol.7 the acord bitwene hym and Edmund that Edmundes bretheren other his children schulde be kynges after his deth. Thei answerde ful falsliche and flaterynglich, and seyde nay. Also thei swoor that thei wolde in al wise put of Edmundes kyn. Thei trowide therby to be grete with the kyng afterwards. Therfore somme of hem were slayn by Goddes riȝtful doom, and somme y-banysched and exiled and putt out of lond. By counseil of Edricus the kyng exiled Edwynus,*. [Edwynus] om. Cx.] Edmundes brother, that was cleped kyng of cherles. But he was after|wards gilefullich*. [gylfollych, γ.] reconciled and slayn by tresoun of his owne men. But kyng Canutus drad, and was aschamed to sle Edmundes sones, Edmund and Edward, and by counseil of Edricus he sent hem to the kyng of Suanes,*. [kynge Swanus, Cx.] for he schuld sle hem. But he dradde God and sent hem forther*. [vorþer, γ.] to Salomon kyng of Hungary to save her lif. And Edmund wedded that kynges douȝter, and deyde soone after without children. But Edward wedded Agath, Henry the emperours douȝter, and gat*. [bygate, Cx.] on hir Margret. that was afterward queen of Scotlond, and Cristyne, a monchon,*. [mynchyn, γ.; nonne, Cx.] and Edgar Adelyng. Henr'. libro 6o. This name Adelyng is made of twey Saxon wordes, Adel that is noble, and lyng that is an ymage, thanne Adelyng ys as it were an noble ymage. Therfore the West Saxons haveth*. [habbeþ, γ.] in a prouerbe of grete dispite underlyng, that is he that is put out of honeste, other an ymage that goth backwards. The holy kyng Edward was afterward in purpos to make this Edgar eyr*. [heyr, γ., Cx.] of Englond, but he drad Godwynes sones, and the schrewidnesse of his owne men, and made William Norman his sone adoptivus. Willelmus de Regibus libro 2o. In the monthe of Juyl*. [Jul, γ.] kyng Canutus wedded Emma the queen, for he wolde be the more siker of Englond, and gat on hir a sone that het Hardeknutus. After that, at London, the fals Edricus dispised the benefice that hym was ȝeven,*. [were yȝeve, γ.] and the kyng bad sle hym riȝt there in his owne palys, and bade throwe the body bisides the walles into Temse. In that he was war that Edricus schulde nouȝt bytraye hym by fraude and by tresoun. He exiled somme other lordes, but he loved*. [a lovede, γ.] erle Leofricus alwey afterward. Here afterward he made a parla|ment at Oxenford there Englisch men and Danes were acorded forto holde kyng*. [kyng] om. γ.] Edgars lawes. Henr'. libro 6o. That ȝere Canutus went into Denmarch, and hadde with hym Englisch men, aȝenus the Wandales, that werride uppon hym. The nyȝt Page  511, vol.7 tofore*. [byfore, Cx.] the batail duke Godwin and Englische men come unwar uppon the enemyes, and disparplede*. [dysparblede, γ.] hem and chased hem unwityng the kyng. Therfore the kyng dide Englische men grete worschipe from that tyme forthward, and com aȝen that ȝere into Englond. This ȝere Aldunus*. [Alduinus, Cx.] bischop of Lyn|disfarn was ded. Thanne the se was voyde about an*. [an] om. Cx.] thre ȝere, and there was made a synod for the electioun of the bischop. There com Edmund the prest*. [prust, γ.] and seide in his game, Why chese ȝe nouȝt me? Somme toke nouȝt his game to game, but thei ordeyned forto faste thre dayes for the same cause, for thei wolde wite seynt Cuthbertus wille. Thanne whanne the prest was atte masse, a voys souned twyes*. [þryes, γ.] out of seynt Cuthbertus tombe,*. [tumbe, γ.] and seide that Edmund schuld be his bischop. Also this ȝere fil that wonder in Saxon, in Seynt Magn*. [Magnus, Cx.] the martres chirche. Ther fiftene men and thre wymmen ladde a daunce*. [dauns, γ.] in the chirche heye,*. [chircheyerde, Cx.] in a myd|wynter*. [Crystemas, Cx.] nyȝt. And the prest of the chirche was wroth, and prayed Goddes wreche and seide in this maner; God graunt, by the prayer of seynt Magn the martir, that ȝe be so disesed and lede in this maner the daunce al this ȝere longe, and so it was doon;*. [ydo, γ.] for whanne that ȝere was apassed, the same mydwynter nyȝt a twelve monthe thei ladde the daunce in snowe up to the sydes, and hadde nouȝt y-ete ne dronke nother y-slepe er thei were delyvered by the prayer of seynt Cuthbert bischop of Coloun. Whanne thei were drawe up of the erthe, thei laide hem silf tofore the auter; thanne somme of hem deide anone, and somme were kept alyve, and schewide on hem self the grete dedes of God. Oon of thilke wymmen was the same prestes douȝter that prayed this wreche. Her owne brother fonded*. [vondede, γ.] to drawe hir out of the daunce; but heo brayde to hir*. [she brayde to hym, Cx.] hir arme and ladde forth the daunce neuer the latter*. [later, γ.] with the othere al that ȝere. Willelmus de pontificibus libro primo. About this tyme Briȝtwold monk of Glastenbury, that was afterward the first bischop of Wiltoun, was in his contemplacion, and thouȝt on the kynges lynage of Englisch men, that lynage was thanne neiȝ al destruyed. And so this monk fil*. [vul, γ.] a*. [α] on, Cx.] slepe, and syȝ seynt Petre the apostle holde by the hond Edward, Egelredus sone in Normandy, that was thanne exiled out of Englond. And he syȝ Petre sacre*. [cristemasse, Cx.]Page  512, vol.7 this Edward, and make hym kyng and schewe*. [shewed, Cx.] atte fulle*. [folle, γ.] how holy this Edward schuld be, and how he schuld regne thre and twenty ȝere. Also this monk axed and made questioun of Edwardes ospringe*. [ofspringe, γ., Cx.] and who schuld be kynges afterward. Petre answerde and seide: the kyngdom of Englisch men is Goddes kyngdom, and after this God schal ordeyne and purveye. Henr. libro 6o. About this time an holy man warned Englisch men that a lord, that thei thouȝt nouȝt on, schuld come out of Fraunce and brynge hem riȝt lowe and tolde othere thingis as it is seide in the ende of the firste*. [vurste, γ.] boke. Willelmus de Regibus libro 2o. This ȝere Eglenothus,*. [Elgenoþus, γ.] archbischop of Caunterbury, plesed kyng Canutus in goodnesse by auctorite of holynesse, and ferede hym in his excesse, and brouȝt seynt Elphegus body out of Londoun to his owne chirche. Therafter as he cam from Rome at Papie he bouȝte seynt Austyn the doctors arme, for an hundred*. [honderd, γ.] talentes of silver and*. [α, add. Cx.] talent of gold. He sent that arm to Couentre, for love of erle Leoffricus.*. [γ. adds here: Trevysa. Here tak hyde of þre manere talentes, þe leste weyeþ vyftene pound, þe myddel þre schore pound and twelve, þe moste weyeþ syx score pound. Thanne hyt volweþ in þe story. This ȝere, &c.] This ȝere deyde the first*. [vurste, γ., et infra.] Henry emperor of Almayn. After hym the first Conradus regned fiftene ȝere. He ordeyned that who hit ever*. [whoso ever, Cx.] were that brake the lawe of the lond, schuld leese his heede. Thanne the first that tres|paced aȝenes that ordynaunce was erle Lupoldus. Thanne he dradde ful*. [fol, γ.] sore, and flyȝ into wildernesse he and his wyf. In a tyme Conradus come thider forto hontye,*. [hunte, Cx.] and herde,*. [hurde γ.] sleping in his bedde, a voys that spake to hym twyes and seyde. The hermytes*. [erl hermyt hys, γ.; erle here|mytes, Cx.] childe, that now is newlich y-bore, schal wedde thi douȝter and he schal be thyn eyr.*. [heyr, γ.] Therfore he hadde indignacioun and het*. [hyte, γ.] bryng the childes herte. But the messagers dradde God, and threwe*. [þruw, γ.] the childe alyve in a wode and brouȝte to the kyng the herte of an hare. Soone therafter hit happed that oon duke Henry*. [Harry, Cx.] passed therforth and herde the childe wepe, and sent hym to norisching to his owne wif that was bareyn,*. [barayn, γ.] and cleped hym Henry*. [Harry, Cx.] by his owne name. Whanne the child com to age, Conradus the kyng byheelde*. [byhuld, γ.]Page  513, vol.7 hym ofte tyme, and by thouȝt hym ful ofte how he was warned som tyme and with*. [with helde] kepte Cx.] helde*. [huld, γ.] the child wyth hym. But he that was holden the childes fader withseide hit alway. The emperor by hym silf by thouȝt hym ful ofte, how he myȝt destruye this child. Therfore he sente this child to the empe|rice*. [emperys, γ.] with lettres writen in this maner. Whanne the lettres were rad the child schuld dye the same daye. The child was herborwed in a nyȝt with a prest, that radde the childes lettres whanne the child was a slepe, and for this word schuld dye, the prest wrote schulde wedde oure*. [ur, γ.] douȝter; and so it was doon. And thouȝ the emperour were evel apayde therfore, he bythouȝt hym that he was a gentil erles sone, and toke hit to liȝtloker*. [toke it the lyghtlyer, Cx.] and bulde an abbay in the place of wildernesse there the childe was ybore; the abbay hatt Ursania.