Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden maonachi Cestrensis; together with the English translations of John Trevisa and of an unknown writer of the fifteenth century.
Higden, Ranulf, d. 1364., Trevisa, John, tr. d. 1402., Caxton, William, ca. 1422-1491., Malverne, John, d 1415?, Babington, Churchill, ed. 1821-1889,, Lumby, J. Rawson ed. (Joseph Rawson), 1831-1895.
Page  [429], vol.8

Capitulum quadragesimum*. [Sic, though the preceding chapter is marked 43.].*. [This is the remainder of MS. Harl. 2261, and the marginal re|ferences are to the CHRONICON ANGLIæ and WALSINGHAM'S HISTORY as printed in this Series. See note, p. 339.]

EDMUND, sonne of kynge Edwarde geten of Philippa his [folio 390a] qwene, was borne in this yere at Langeleye, in the nones of Junius. Kynge Edwarde saylede in this yere unto Briteyne, receyvynge afore homage of Iohn Mountefort, the tru heire of the lesse Briteyne, where kynge Edwarde conquerede mony townes and castells. After that, he toke and segede the towne of Vanes, and thauȝhe þe kynge of Fraunce come with a grete hoste to ȝiffe batell to hym; and truse taken, the seide towne remaynede subjecte to the kynge of Ynglonde. In whiche yere a generalle chapitre of blake monkes was hade at North|ampton in the navitivite of oure Lady, Thomas Heule abbot of Westemynstre, Michael abbot of Seynte Alban, and the prior of Seynte Marye of Yorke, presidentes in that chapitre. Thomas Heule, abbot of Westemynstre, diede, whom Symon Bircheston succedid. The qwene of Ynglonde was delyverede of a doȝhter, Mary by name, in this yere. Henricus Lan|castre, erle of Derby, saylede into Gascoigne in this yere with mony noble men with hym, whiche toke at the firste sawte the cite of Brigerake, and take xj. noble men into cap|tivite, and subduede to the kynge of Ynglonde lvj. noble cites and townes. After that he hade victory of a grete hoste of men of Fraunce commynge ageyne hym at Allebroch, noble men of Fraunce taken þer by hym. Kynge Edwarde entrede into the see in the feste of the translacioun of seynte Thomas, his men havynge noo knowlege wheder he intended to goe, but he londed by the meanes of a knyȝhte of Harecourte, put in exile by the kynge of Fraunce, at Hogges nye to Sequana, and spoylede the cite of Caane and diverse other, whereby he and his peple were encreasede gretely in rychesse. And in that the kynge off Fraunce hade broken the brigges that the hostes myȝhte not mete to gedre, kynge Edward entrede into Nor|mandy destroyede that cuntre moche towarde Pykardy. After that kynge Edward commynge to Pusian founde the brygge broken, causede hit to be repairede withynne ij. daies. That doen, the erle of Northampton passynge the water of Sequan did sle vc men lettynge the makynge of the brygges. Kynge Edwarde passynge over the water of Sequana towarde [folio 390b] Crescy, destroyede the cuntre with the inhabitators of hit, and Page  430, vol.8 passynge the water of Somme unhurte with alle his hoste, did sle ij. M. men willenge to lette theire passage. After that the lorde Despenser toke manfully the towne of Croteye, iiij.c. men of armes sleyn in hit of men of Fraunce. And in the xxvj. day of the monethe of Auguste kynge Edwarde hade a glorious victory ageyne Philippe kynge of Fraunce, and putte hym to flyȝhte at Crescy: the same tyme ij kynges, of Boemia and of Majorica, and the duke of Lotharingia, ij. bischoppes, viij. erles, mony noble lordes, ij. M. knyȝhtes were sleyne on the parte of the kynge of Fraunce, and commune peple as in|numerable. In whiche batelle Philippe kynge of Fraunce was unhorsede ij. tymes by kynge Edward in his awne per|son, and was full feyne to fle. After that kynge Edwarde taryede by oon yere in segenge the cite of Calys, trowblynge moche men of Ynglonde afore. In whiche yere the xvij. day of Octobre, a grete hoste of the Scottes commyn unto Dirham by the movynge of the kynge of Fraunce, were overcommen by the cleregy of the province of Yorke. In whiche batell David Bruz kynge of Scotlonde was taken, William Douglas, and mony other noble men. Philippe kynge of Fraunce come abowte the feste of seynte Bartholomewe nye to Calese, as to dissolve that sege, but in the morowe he fledde, levynge his tentes fulle of vitells. Men of Calyse perceyvynge that, yel|dede that cite to the kynge of Ynglonde, whiche taryenge þer and disposynge that cite after his pleasure by a monethe, re|turnede into Ynglonde, suffrenge grete tempestes on the see, and losynge mony noble men. Insomoche that he compleynte to Mary, moder of Criste, seyenge, "O blessede Mary my lady, what thynge dothe hit portende that the weder is feire, the see is quiete in goynge to Fraunce, and that in returnynge to Ynglonde so mony infortunys succede?" A grete habundaunce of reigne was in this yere that hit reynede in every day or nyȝhte from the feste of seynte Iohn Bap|tiste unto Cristemasse. Whom a grete mortalite and dethe of men folowede thro the worlde, begynnynge from the plages of the sowthe and of the northe, that unnethe the halfe parte of men remayuede on lyve. For in somme religious place ij. men were not lefte of xxit. And a grete derthe of bestes [folio 391a] folowede, then the londe was not tyllede, whiche causede the erthe to be bareyne longe after. A knyȝhte and secretary to the kynge of Fraunce come to Calys in this yere, the secunde day of Ianuarius, with a grete multitude of armede peple to take the castelle off Calys by treason, after a convencion made betwene hym and the keper of the castelle. Kynge Edwarde herynge that come and taryde at Calys with fewe men secretely. The seide knyȝhte sende diverse men to the seide castelle, whiche entrede into hit, a brygge a tre was drawen up that thei cowthe not avoide. And kynge Edwarde goynge furthe of the Page  431, vol.8 cite fauȝhte boldely with men off Fraunce, and men of Yng|londe were so occupiede that tyme with theire adversaryes, insomoche that xxxti men remaynede not with the kynge. The kynge seenge that drawede his swerde, and seide, "Ha seynte Edward, ha seynte George." That seide, mony men of Ynglonde come to hym, and did sle j.c. men of Fraunce, compellynge the seide knyȝhte to fle with mony other. Maister Iohn Offord, chaunceler of Yng|londe, electe and confermede into the archebischop of Cawn|terbery, and not consecrate, dyede in this yere; whom mayster Thomas Bredewardyn succedid by eleccion. Also pope Cle|mente the vjte grawntede plenary remission to alle peple dyenge in Ynglonde that grete pestilence endurynge. A grete batelle and soore fauȝhten was hade on the see in this yere nye to Wynchelesey, in the feste of the decollacion of seynte Iohn Baptiste, betwene men of Ynglonde and of Speyne, in so moche þat unnethe eny man escapede from that batelle unhurte. But xxiiij. schippes taken of men of Speyne, the victory was re|joycede by men of Ynglonde by the favor of God. Symon Langham was made abbot of Westemynstre in this yere by elec|cion. This man was of suche sapience that he precellede allemoste alle other men in thynges agible. For he was of so grete circumspeccion and policy that unnethe a man cowthe be founde in Ynglonde egalle to hym; whiche enjoyede so mony vertues that the kynge made hym treasurer, and soone after bischop of Ely and chaunceler of Ynglonde, and after that archebischoppe off Cawnterbery. After that the fame of the seide noble man was so gretely encreasede that pope Urban [folio 391b] the vthe take hym into a cardinalle preste of the title of Seynte Sixte. After that he was made bischop Penestryne by pope Gregory the xijthe; whiche diede at Avinion þe xxijti day of the monethe of Iulius, in the yere of oure Lorde a M. ccc. lxxv., and was beryede at the monastery of Goodepasse, whom he founded, and his boones were brouȝhte after to Westemynster. The translacion of seynte Thomas, bischop of Herforde, was made in this yere with grete honoure, the kynge, the prince, and mony prelates beynge þer presente, as peple innumerable. This yere was the yere jubile, in whom moche peple wente to Rome for remission of theire synnes. Maister Thomas Brade|wardyn, archebischop of Cawnterbery, diede in this yere, whom maister Symon Islep did succede by eleccion. In whiche yere a batelle or conflicte of ij. men was made with ynne the kynges palice at Westemyntre, betwene lorde Iohn Bastarde, broþer of Philippe kynge of Fraunce, and a knyȝhte of Ypres; but the seide lorde Iohn rejoycede the victory. William Edyngton, bischop of Wynchestre and treasurer of Ynglonde, causede a grote to be imprintede, and halfe a grote, to the grete utilite of the kynge, and not of the commune peple; for after that alle Page  432, vol.8 thynges to be solde began to wex moore deere. Clement the vjthe diede in the day of Nicholas; and Steven, bischop Ostiense, was electe soone after, and callede Innocencius the vjte. In whiche [time] Haymo Attehethe, bischop of Rochestre, resignede his office to the pope voluntaryly; whom maister Iohn Shepey, prior of the seide place, did succede. Also in the same yere Syr Walter Bentele, knyȝhte and keper off Briteyne, hade vic|tory ageyne the marcialle off Fraunce nye to Mauron, peple as innumerable of Fraunce taken and sleyne. In this yere was so grete drynesse þat unnethe from Marche unto the monethe of Iulius eny drope of water did falle, whereby cornes and oþer frutes were destroyede in that yere, insomoche that men and peple of Ynglonde were compellede by necessite to labour for theire fyndynge to other cuntres nye to theym. William duke of Selonde, understondynge that, sende to Ynglonde mony schippes chargede with whete and flowre. Henricus, erle of Derbey and off Lancastre, was made duke of Lancastre in this yere, and Rawfe, lorde of Stafforde, erle of Stafforde. [folio 392a] A grete discorde and treason in maner was hade in this yere betwene men of Oxenforde and scolers, ffor the seide men of Oxenforde gedrenge a grete multitude of peple of townes nye to theyme, did sle mony of the scolers, and wounded mony, and at the laste thei toke theire goodes and compellede theyme to avoide the universite, wherefore Oxenforde was putte under interdicte by a longe space. But at the laste, pease was re|formede by the meanes of the frendes of the scolers in this wise, that the citesynnes of Oxenforde whiche causede that discorde bynde theyme for ever moore that thei scholde behave theyme honestely as to the scolers, and that the chawnceller scholde obteyne alle the governaunce of the universite. Also a concorde and an othe was made betwene the kynges of Ynglonde and of Fraunce, so that seales were not putte to wrytynges indentede that the kynge of Ynglonde scholde have alle londes of the duchery off Aquitanny usurpede unto that tyme by the kynge of Fraunce. Soe that the kynge of Yng|londe scholde dimitte and resigne to the kynge of Fraunce alle hys ryȝhte and clayme that he hade unto the realme of Fraunce. Wherefore solenne messangers were sende from kynge Edwarde unto the pope for this accorde to be inbullede, and these were messangers: Henricus the noble duke of Lan|castre, Ricardus erle of Arundell, William bischop of Nor|wyche, and Guido Brian knyȝhte. But that acorde and con|vencion was made voide by meanes and fraude of the pope. Wherefore kynge Edwarde instaurede a batelle, and entrede into the realme off Fraunce with a regalle hoste; whiche herynge that Berwyke was taken by the Scottes, returnede to Ynglonde and delyverede Berwyk from Scottes. Tweyne freres of Minors were brente the thrydde fery in the weeke of Page  433, vol.8 Pentecoste at Avinon for erroneus oppinions as hit semede to the pope and to the cardinalls. Edward, the firste sonne of kynge Edwarde, saylede into Gascoigne in the same yere, abowte the nativite of oure Lady, with mony erles, noble men and archers, to recure the londes whom þe kynge of Fraunce usurpede of the duchery of Aquitanny. Where he taryenge fully by oon yere with owte batelle, toke diverse noble cites in the meane tyme, as Narbona and Carcasona, and destroyede mony other cites. But this seide Edwarde in the xxti day of [folio 392b] the monethe of September, goynge with the duke of Lancastre in the Lesse Briteyne from the sege of the cite Berenense longynge to the duchery of Aquitanny over the water of Ligeris, mette Iohn kynge of Fraunce with a myȝty hoste. But the seide kynge of Fraunce was taken þer, and was brouȝhte to Burdegale, a cite of Gascoigne, where he taryede unto the feste of Pentecoste nexte folowynge.