Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden maonachi Cestrensis; together with the English translations of John Trevisa and of an unknown writer of the fifteenth century.
Higden, Ranulf, d. 1364., Trevisa, John, tr. d. 1402., Caxton, William, ca. 1422-1491., Malverne, John, d 1415?, Babington, Churchill, ed. 1821-1889,, Lumby, J. Rawson ed. (Joseph Rawson), 1831-1895.

Capitulum quadragesimum tertium.

EDWARD, sonne of kynge Edwarde, after the conqueste the thrydde, of xv. yere in age, was crownede into kynge in the feste of the Purificacion of oure blissed Lady at Westemynstre, his fader beynge in lyve and under kepynge. In the begyn|nynge of whom the erthe began to ȝiffe moche fruite, the aier [folio 388b] temperance, the see tranquilite, the churche liberte. Edward somme tyme kynge was brouȝhte from Kenelworthe to the castelle of Berkeley, where he was sleyne with a noote broche putte thro the secrete place posterialle. Wherefore mony peple say that he diede a martir and did mony miracles; neverthelesse kepynge in prison, vilenes and obprobrious dethe cause not a Page  327, vol.8 martir, but if the holynesse of lyfe afore be correspondent: for hit is welle and if þat vile dethe do aweȝ synne in hym and diminische his peyns. But women luffynge to goe in pilgre|mage encrease moche the rumor of suche veneracion, untille that a feble edifienge falle downe. Edmund Wodestoke, uncle to kynge Edward the thrydde, and erle of Kente, was heded in the parliament at Wynchestre, in that he conspirede ageyne the kynge as hit was seide. Edwarde the iiijthe sonne of this newe kynge, was borne in this yere, the xvij. kalendes of Iunius, of his qwene, doȝhter of the erle of Hunaldes. And Rogerus Mortymare was taken at Notyngham, in that he commaundede Page  329, vol.8 hym to be callede erle of Marche; whiche sende to London was drawen and hongede by juggemente of the parliamente in the vigille of seynte Andrewe. Edward le Baillol, sonne of Iohn Baillol, somme tyme kynge of Scottelonde, entrede into Scotte|londe with a fewe peple of Ynglische men, unnethe ij. M. in nowmbre, to recure that realme; whiche did sle abowte Lamasse lx. M. of the Scottes at Gledesmore. Kynge Edward come that tyme and segede Berwyke the iiijthe idus of Iulius, and William Neeth, a knyȝhte of Scottelonde, promysede to brynge an hoste of Scottes to remove hym from that sege. After þat the Scottes brente in diverse places of Northumbrelonde, and seged the castelle of Banburgh, where the qwene of Ynglonde was, thenkynge to dissolvede*. [Sic.] the sege of Berwyke þerby; but the Scottes come divided into thre wardes in the day of theire promyse ageyne men of Ynglonde, þe xiiijthe kalendes of Auguste, Page  331, vol.8 nye to Berwyke in a place called Boothull, whiche were oppressede by archers of Ynglonde, and folowede by men of armes unto nyȝhte; Insomoche that viij. erles of þe Scottes with a M. and iij.c. horsemen were sleyne, and xxxvti M. of footemen were sleyne. The men of Berwike seenge þat, [folio 389a] delyverede Berewik unto kynge Edwarde; and xiiij. men of Ynglonde were sleyne in that conflicte, and not oon man moore, as a thynge to be hade in mervayle, whiche were oon knyȝhte, oon esqwyer, and xij. footemen. Edwarde le Baillol, the tru kynge of Scotlonde, in the feste of Gervasius and Prothasius,*. [Some words are evidently wanting here, see Trevisa's version.] at the newe castelle on Tyne, in the presence of thre bischoppes, mony erles, barons, and oþer noble men pre|sente; but the Scottes rebellede soone after. Wherefore kynge Edwarde entrynge into Scottelonde at wynter folowynge de|stroyede that londe unto the Scottes see, and repairede the castell of Rokesburghe, where he taryede with alle his peple by alle wynter. Iohn the xxijti pope dyede in this yere; whom Page  333, vol.8 Benedicte, monke and abbot somme tyme of the ordre Cister|ciens, did succede, whiche made anoon constitucions to profes|sours of diverse ordres concernynge theire rules. Abowte the feste of seynte Gregory, kynge Edwarde in the fulle parliamente at London made of the cowntee of Cornewaile a duchery, whom he ȝafe to Edward his firste sonne, and Chestreschire also. Whiche ordeynede and made that tyme v. erles, oon at Derby, an other at Northampton, the thrydde at Huntyndon, the iiijthe at Salisbery, the vthe at Gloucestre. A grete discorde was movede betwene the kynges of Ynglonde and of Fraunce, in that the kynge of Fraunce occupiede diverse cites and growndes in the cuntre of Gascoigne. Wherefore Edwarde kynge of Ynglonde sende to the kynge of Fraunce meke supplicacions if he myȝhte recure his cuntre in that wise; but kynge Edwarde profitynge not þerby, gedrede a myȝhty hoste, and saylede into Flandres; after that he wente to Colony, obtenynge the favore of the em|peroure, Page  335, vol.8 takynge mony men of Braban and of Flaundres with hym, and so he brente the northe partes of Fraunce unto the cite Tornacus. Kynge Edwarde returnede to Ynglonde abowte the Purificacion of oure Lady, levynge his qwene at Andewerpe in Seland, with Leonell and Iohn Gaunt, his childer geten in those costes, as in suerte of his commynge ageyne. A parlia|mente hade at London, and makynge grete ordinaunce to have with hym into Fraunce, he commaunded a grete tribute to be paiede to hym of þe vthe parte of the goodes of men, and occu|piede the wolles of alle men, and the ixthe parte of alle cornes, [folio 389b] of whiche proventus he commaunded lordes of townes that were nye to þeym to ȝiffe an answere. In whiche yere was so grete plente off corne, bestes and frutes, and so grete skarse|nesse of silvyr, that a quarter of whete was solde at London for ij. s., and a fatte ox for vj. s. viij. d. Kynge Edwarde entrede into the see with ij. c. schippes in the vigille of seynte Iohn Baptiste, whiche mette a grete navy of schippes abowte Page  337, vol.8 the costes of Flaundres; takynge cownsaile of his men what thei scholde do. But a noble knyȝhte Robert of Morley commynge into the helpe of þe kynge with þe schippes of the northe cuntre, the kynge with his hoste ȝafe a soore batelle to theyme. Where men of Fraunce and of Normandy were sleyne in a grete nowmbre by archers of Ynglonde, mony men of theym taken and mony drownede, and alle theire schippes taken and occupiede by Englische men, fewe of theyme excepte whiche escapede. That doen kynge Edward wente to Flaun|dres and fortifiede his hoste, destroyenge the northe partes of Fraunce, segenge longe the noble cite Tornacus, and departede from hit, in that his proctors sende not to hym money from Ynglonde, truse taken betwene the kynges. Kynge Edwarde wente to the Lesse Briteyne, losynge mony of his men by un|hollesomme meytes; to whom ij. cardynalls were sende to take Page  339, vol.8 truse betwene theyme by the space of thre yere, in whiche space hit myȝhte be discussede what ryȝhte the kynge of Ynglonde scholde have to the realme off Fraunce. Kynge Edwarde saylenge from Bryteyne to Ynglonde, loste mony off his men by tempestes of the see, whiche was seide to have be causede by nigromancyers of the kynge of Fraunce. Benedicte the pope dyede in this yere, whom Clement the vjthe did succede, whiche ȝafe diverse dignites vacante that tyme in Ynglonde unto his cardinalls. Wherefore kynge Edwarde displeasede þerwith, made voide suche promisions made by the pope, in the yere of oure Lorde God Mcccliiijti, commaundynge that noo man scholde brynge suche promisions into his realme from the pope in peyn of prisonment and of hongynge.

The compilator of this booke wrote unto this tyme. ℞.*. [For the remainder of the Har|leian text see Appendix, p. 429. Caxton's version is given in place of it to the end of Book VII.]