Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden maonachi Cestrensis; together with the English translations of John Trevisa and of an unknown writer of the fifteenth century.
Higden, Ranulf, d. 1364., Trevisa, John, tr. d. 1402., Caxton, William, ca. 1422-1491., Malverne, John, d 1415?, Babington, Churchill, ed. 1821-1889,, Lumby, J. Rawson ed. (Joseph Rawson), 1831-1895.

Capitulum tertium.

HILTEBRANDUS other Gregory the vijthe was pope xxj. yere; whiche callynge a cownsaile prohibite clerkes to have wifes, or to dwelle with women, theyme excepte whom the cownsaile of Nicene did permitte, other canon. But prestes despisynge this prohibicion, the pope commaunded that noo man scholde here the masses of prestes havynge concubynes. This pope, cardi|nalle afore, and sende to Frawnce, procedede soore ageyne men of the churche usynge symony, and putte in grete office þerby, where oon bischop accusede gretely þerof correct Page  289, vol.7 prively his accusers. The legate perceyvynge that, seide afore the cownsaile, "The iuggemente of man that is fallible schalle sease, and a token of God schalle be expressede. Wherefore sithe hit is certeyne that the grace of a bischop is a ȝifte of the Holy Goste, and whosoever byethe that office dothe ageyne the Holy Goste, þou bischoppe, if thow have not doen ageyne the Holy Goste, say openly in this cownsaile, 'Gloria Patri et Filio et Spritui Sancto.'" This bischoppe begynnynge, "Gloria Patria" ofte, cowthe not say in eny wise, "et Spiritui Sancto." This pope syngynge the firste masse on Cristes day in a churche of oure Lady ad presepe Domini, was taken by Crescencius, the son of the maire of Rome, and putte into prison, but the Romanes delyverede hym soone from hyt. This pope cursed also in a cownesaile of a c. bischoppes Henricus the thrydde emperoure, [folio 338b] and absolvede alle men from alle fidelite made to hym in that he Page  291, vol.7 labored ageyne the churche of Rome. Themperoure commynge afterwarde barefoted in forste and snawe, stondynge so by a grete space, and askynge foȝifnesse, cowthe unnethe obteyne absolucion of the pope. Neverthelesse that emperour after that segede the cite of Rome, sleynge the citesynnes, and im|prisonynge the pope, made Wibertus archebischop of Ravenna pope, namynge hym Clement. But Robert duke of Apulia herynge this processe, come to Rome, and delyverede þe pope. Roger erle of Herford, by the cownsayle of whom kynge William causede monasteryes of Ynglonde to be serchede for theire goodes, maryede his sustir to Rawf erle of Esteynglonde, ageyne þe wille of the kynge, and causede Waltef the erle to consente to theyme. But this erle Waltef wente to Lan|francus, and penaunce ioynede to hym for his synnes, wente to Normandy to kynge William, rehersynge his offense, and sub|mittynge hym to his mercy and grace. The kynge returnynge from Normandy, putte somme of þeim to exile, and chasede Page  293, vol.7 awey the erle of Este Ynglonde, Ridulphus by name, and caused Waltef the erle to be heded wickidly after his imprisonement at Wynchestre; the body of whom in processe of tyme was brouȝte to Crowlonde and beriede þer, whom Lanfrancus seide to have made an happy ende. A cownsaile was hade at London in the churche of Seynte Paule under Lanfrancus, where hit was ordeynede firste of the seetes of bischoppes, and of cown|sailes to be kepede. In the secunde, that the seetes of bischoppes scholde be translate from townes to cites of moore dignite, wherefore the seete Seliense was translate to Chichestre, and the seete of Cornubia to Excestre, Welles to Bathe, of Schirburn to Salisbury, of Dorcestre to Lincoln, of Lichefelde to Chestre in the tyme of Petir bischop. But Robert, his successor trans|late that seete to Coventre. Willelmus de Pontificibus, libro secundo. Hermannus, firste bischop of Salisbery, diede in this yere, of whom hit is rehersed afore; whom Osmund chaun|celer to the kynge did succede xxiiij. yere. Whiche made a Page  295, vol.7 newe churche þer; whiche getynge to hyt noble clerkes, and also men instructe in musike, whiche bischop was not aschame to wryte books, to elumyn theym, and to bynde þeim by his awne person. Also he made an ordinalle of the office of the churche, whom he callede a consuetudinary, whom alle Ynglonde and Wales usethe nowe and Irlonde; whiche did write also the lif of seynte Aldelme. Roberte Curthose, the firste sonne of kynge William, havynge grete helpe of the kynge of Fraunce, trowblede [folio 339a] moche his fader, in that he myȝhte not have Normandy, as kynge William his fader hade promisede to hym, insomoche that kynge William woundede in the arme, and unhorsede, cryede for helpe. Robert Curthose herynge the voice of his fader liȝhte downe of his horse, and sette his fader on him. Willelmus de Pontificibus, libro tertio. Men of Northumbre|londe did slee Walkerus bischop of Dirhem, whom William succedid, a myȝhty man in the worlde, and promotede by his Page  297, vol.7 glosynge speche. Whiche takynge parte afterwarde ageyne William Rufus kynge, fledde from Ynglonde by ij. yere. But that tyme passede, he was restorede to his seete, folowynge the wylle of the kynge to obteyne his favor, and specially in that trowble betwene the kynge and seynte Anselme. But at the laste, a discorde movede betwene hym and the kynge, and commynge to Gloucestre to defende his cause, diede þer. This bischop induede the prior of Dirhem firste with his honoure that he is decan in that bischopryche and as vichaunceller. Warinus erle of Schrobbesbure edifiede ij. monasterys, oon in the subarbes of that cite, an oþer at Wenlok into the honour of seynte Milburgh Willelmus de Regibus, libro tertio. A noble man syttynge at meyte abowte was compassede with a grete multitude of myce, whiche was brouȝhte to the see, but hit availede not, but that Page  299, vol.7 multitude foloynge hym to the water were drownede by schippe|men. But the seide man brouȝhte ageyne to the londe was devourede of myce. A lyke thynge was seide to have happede to a prince of Polonia, whom a leoparde hade byten. Also hit is redde of a prince that cowthe not be helped in eny wise, but he was devourede of lyce. Henricus, libro sexto. A wikked and cursed sedicion was movede betwene Thurstyn, the prowde abbot of Glaston, and his convente in this yere, whiche despis|ynge the ordinaunce of songe assignede by seynte Gregory, began to compelle the monkes to exercise the songe of a monke Fiscanense. Willelmus de Pontificibus, libro secundo. This abbot consumede the goodes of the monastery in wikkede and unreligious ordinaunce, compellynge his breþer to the streyte|nesse of the religion, takynge diverse meytes from þeim. But, as Lucanus the poete seithe, "A peple fastynge cannot drede," Page  301, vol.7 and soe after stryves hit come to armes soone after. Where|fore the abbot gedrenge his men, fauȝhte ageyne the monkes, sleynge tweyne of thyme afore an awter, wowndynge soore xviij. [folio 339b] monkes, and schotynge at the ymages in the churche. The monkes as coacte to theire defense, takynge formes and suche thynges as they myȝhte, did slee diverse knyȝhtes whiche were ageyne þeim. This mater movede afore the kynge, the abbotte was sende to Normandy to his monastery, and the monkes were dispersede into other places. But the seide abbot bouȝhte the seide monastery of William Rufus, after the dethe of kynge William his fader, for vc.li. Kynge William toke this yere of every hyde of grownde in Ynglonde vj. solidos of silver. Hildebrandus the pope, laborynge in extreme languor and in|firmite, callede to hym a cardinalle whom he luffede moste, and confessede that he hade movede grete division betwene them|peroure Page  303, vol.7 and oþer Cristen men. Wherefore he dissolvynge the bondes of his sentence diede soone after.