Capitulum tricesimum secundum.
RICHARDE kynge of Ynglonde dedde with owte childer, his Page 173, vol.8 brother callede Iohn with owte londe was successor to hym, whiche occupiede anoon the treasures of Ricardus his broþer, and sende Hubertus, archebischoppe of Cawnterbery, to governe the realme of Ynglonde. But Thomas of Thorney toke Ande|gavia to Arthur, sonne of Gaufride, elder broþer to kynge Iohan, and duke of Briteyne. Where the noble men of the cuntres nye metynge, as of Andegavy, Cenomanny, and Turony, drawede to Arthurus, after the consuetude of that cuntre, where the sonne of the elder broþer is successour to the fader if the eldeste sonne dye withowte eny childe. And Constancia, the doȝhter of Gaufride, and also cowntesse of Briteyne, toke the kepynge of Arthur and his enheritaunce to the kynge of Fraunce. But Iohn destroyede soone after Cenomanny, in that hit drawede to Arthurus; and after that the seide Iohn was crownede into kynge of Ynglonde at Westemynstre, of Huberte, metropolitan of that londe, in the feste of Assencion of oure Lorde. In whiche day the kynge made Hubert archebischop of Cawnterbery his chawnceller. The bischoppe ioyenge moche Page 175, vol.8 of þat office, a man seide to hym, "My lorde, ye awe not to ioye of the bonde of servitute, for we have herde a archebis|chop to have be made of a chawnceller, and not a chawnceller of an archebischop." Kynge Iohn saylede into Normandy [folio 374a] after that, abowte the feste of seynte Iohn Baptiste, where trues was takyn betwene the kynges of Ynglonde and of Fraunce, made suere by an othe and wrytynge, that wheþer of theyme broke pease firste, his men scholde be deschargede of the fidelite made to hym, and scholde turne unto that other kynge. But after that kynge Iohn hade sleyne Arthurus, sonne of his elder broþer, the kynge of Fraunce occupyede Gascoigne, Cenomanny, and diverse other provinces. The erle of Flaundres become the ligeman of kynge Iohn, and the kynge of Fraunce made Arthurus knyȝhte in this yere also, and toke homage of hym for the cuntres of Gascoigne, of Cenomanny, Pictavye, Turonye, of Briteyne the lesse, and of Normandy. In whiche yere a solenne divorce was made betwene kynge Iohn and his Page 177, vol.8 wife, doȝhter of the erle of Gloucestre, in the thrydde degre to hym of consanguinite, and toke to his wife, by the cowne|sayle of the kynge of Fraunce, Isabell doȝhter of the erle Engolisme, of whom he gate Henricus, Ricardus duke of Cornewaile, and iij. doȝhters; and after that he toke a grete tribute thro alle Ynglonde, of every hide of londe iij. s., and returnede ageyne into Normandy. In whiche tyme also Ranul|phus the secunde erle of Chestre, takynge exemple of the kynge, departede from Constancia his wife, cowntesse of the lesse Briteyne, and maryede Clemencia, the doȝhter of Radulphus de Fengero, of whom he gate noo chylde. Men of Fraunce toke in this yere the cite of Constantinopole, makynge Balde|wyn erle of Flaundres emperoure; and peple that dwellede nye to that cite wolde not beleve by mony dayes after the takynge Page 179, vol.8 of hyt that hit was taken, for the olde prophecy, in whom hit was seide that cite myȝhte not be taken but by an angelle. But men of Fraunce entrede ynto the cite by a place of þe walles where an angelle was peyntede, the men inhabitynge the cite perceyvede the equivocacion of an angelle. Frederike the secunde was emperoure xxxiijti yere. This emperoure crownede of Honorius þe pope favorede the churche lyke a [folio 374b] moder, but he spoylede hit soone after lyke a stappemoder, wherefore he was excommunicate by Honorius the pope, and absolvede alle peple from his fidelite; whiche sentence Gregory the ixthe innewede. This emperoure did sle Henricus hys awne sonne in prison, and causede the prelates to be taken whom Gregory the pope callede to a generalle cownsaile; whiche beynge faste in that grete and terrible sentence, wente to the holy Londe, levynge þer raþer desolacion then consolacion. Neverthelesse the seide emperoure was deposede at the laste by Innocencius the iiijthe pope, and after that the seide Frederyke, segenge a cite of Ytaly, was chasede awey by a legate of the pope unto Apulea, where he diede. Abowte this tyme Page 181, vol.8 so grete reynes, thundres, and hayle descended, that stones after the quantite of egges descended with theyme mixte with the reyne, thro whom trees, vynes, and cornes were gretely destroy|ede, and moche peple hurte. Also bryddes were seen to flye in the aiere with fyre in theire bylles, and to brenne howses. Seynte Hewe, bischop of Lincoln, dyed in this yere at London, and was beryede at Lyncoln. At the beryynge of whom was a legate of the pope, iij. archebischoppes, off Cawnterbery, of Dublyn, and of Ragnensis, and xiij. bischoppes, ij. kynges, of Ynglonde and of Scotlande, whiche come thider to swere fidelite on the crosse of Hubertus archebischoppe off Cawnterbery, and to do homage to kynge Iohn. In whiche day a woman blynde by viij. yere was restorede to siȝhte. This holy bischop was borne in the costes oversee, and a prior of the Chartrehows at Witham, nye to Salisbery, and after that made bischoppe of Page 183, vol.8 Lyncoln. The archidiacon of Lincolne askynge an horse or a kowe of hym by reason of his installacion, he seide that he wolde rather fforsake that seete then he scholde ȝiffe the worthe of oon peny þerfor. Bryddes were wonte to flye to his honde and take meyte. Eustachius abbot of Flay come to Ynglonde in this yere to preche the worde of God, and schewed mony miracles. Amonge whom he blissede the welle of Wy, nye to Cawnterbery, and mony seke peple drynkynge of that water were restorede to heale: a woman havynge a spiritte with ynne her, and drynkynge of þat water, evomette [folio 375a] ij. blacke todes, whiche were turnede afterwarde into dogges, and after that into grete asses, whiche corrupte the aiere moche after theyme. This holy abbot, Eustachius by name, causede moche peple to leve usure thro his prechynge, merchandyse on Sonnedayes, and specially to fynde lyȝhte afore the sacrament, and noble men to leve a messe in meytes to poore peple. At the laste prelates of Ynglonde, havynge envy at hym, seide, "Hit is not lawefull to the to put a sythe into the corne of oþer Page 185, vol.8 men." Eustachius seide, "Truly þer is moche corne, and fewe laborers;" and so he departede into Normandy. In this yere v. moones apperede in Provincense in þe monethe of December, oon in the este, the secunde in the weste, the thridde in the sowthe, and the iiijthe in the northe, the vthe in the myddes of hevyn compassynge vj. tymes the oþer iiij. moones as by oon howre, and at the laste hit evaneschede.