Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden maonachi Cestrensis; together with the English translations of John Trevisa and of an unknown writer of the fifteenth century.
Higden, Ranulf, d. 1364., Trevisa, John, tr. d. 1402., Caxton, William, ca. 1422-1491., Malverne, John, d 1415?, Babington, Churchill, ed. 1821-1889,, Lumby, J. Rawson ed. (Joseph Rawson), 1831-1895.

Capitulum secundum.

EDWINUS and Morkarus, erles of þe Marches and of North|umbrelonde, understondynge that kynge William wolde have Page  267, vol.7 putte theyme in prison, fledde prively from his courte and rebel|lyde a certeyne tyme; but in that thei profite litelle, Edwinus goynge to the kynge of Scottes, was sleyne soone. Also Morkarus and the bischop of Dirham goynge to the yle of [folio 336b] Hely, kynge William compassede theim on the este parte that thei scholde not escape, and made a brigge on the weste parte of ij. myles in lenghte. Wherefore these men inclusede soe, yeldede theyme to the kynge, and kynge William sende the bischop of Dirham to the monastery of Abendon, to be kepede þer, where he died anoon in that he wolde not eite for sorowe. Willelmus de Pontificibus, libro tertio. Whom Walkerus succedid, borne in Lotharingia, whiche was a man of grete beawte, havynge heire white as mylke in coloure, as in the roddenesse of þe cheke lyke to a rose. Willelmus de Ponti|ficibus, Page  269, vol.7 libro quarto. Walterus bischop of Herdforde diede in this yere, of whom it is seide that þer was a woman in the same cite whom he luffede inordinately, the woman knowynge not of þat luffe. After that the bischoppe remembrenge that þer was noo thynge moore unhappy then the synne of an olde,*. [Sic. in MS.] thouȝhte to resiste that temptacion for reverence of his degre. But as the develle wolde, the seide woman come to the bischoppes chambre to schape clothynge for his men of lynen clothe; the servauntes, knowynge the cownsaile of the bischop, departede from the chambre. The bischop spekynge that to woman wordes inhoneste, and willynge at the laste to have taken his pleasure by strenghte, the woman persede moche the breste of the bischop with scheres, whom sche hade in her honde, where thro he diede. Whom Robert borne in Lotharingia, did Page  271, vol.7 succede, a man instructe gretely in astrony*. [Sic in MS.] and in geometry. Marianus the Scotte and monke, serchynge this tyme the storyes of cronicles, animadvertede or perceyvide firste or allon the dissonaunce of þe cicles of Dionise the lesse ageyne the trawthe of gospelles. Also he accomptede every yere from the begynnynge of the worlde, puttynge to the cicles afore|seide xxij. yere whiche wontede, makynge a grete and diffuse cronicle. Whiche boke this seide Roberte depeyntede, soe that the picture of hit semethe to be worthe moore in valoure then the diffusion of alle his grete volume. Willelmus de Pontificibus, libro primo. Lanfrancus and Thomas, arche|bischoppes of Cawnterbery and of Yorke, wente to gedre to Rome for to have palles, but the seide Lanfrancus receyvide ij. Page  273, vol.7 palles, oon of honoure, an other of luffe; for Lanfrancus founde suche grace afore pope Alexander that he restorede to their seetes ij. bischoppes commyn in his companye, Thomas arche|bischop of Yorke and Remigius bischop of Dorchestre, deposede [folio 337a] afore the pope by merite, for the firste was the sonne of a preste. And the secunde beynge a monke Fiscanense, ȝafe grete helpe to William commynge to Yngelonde, whiche pro|misede to make hym a bischop if he hade victory. The seide Thomas archebischop of Yorke movede the mater aforeseide afore the pope, affermynge subieccion to be made to hym of thre bischoppes in Englonde, as of Lincolne, Lichfeld, and of Wor|cestre; and the seetes of Cawnterbery and of Yorke not to be subiecte in eny wise to other after the constitucion of Gregory, excepte that the oon is moore then that other for the priorite of Page  275, vol.7 tyme. To whom Lanfrancus schewede by reason that consti|tucion Gregorian not to have made mencion of the seete of Cawnterbery, but of the seetes of Yorke and of London. Wherefore the pope decrete that mater to be terminate afore the kynge of Ynglonde and bischoppes; but thauȝhe the seide Thomas was astricte by his profession to Lanfrancus, ȝitte he hade lever laboure ffor his successors raþer then to brynge eny thynge to be discussed afterwarde. Wherefore in the ml lxxij. yere of oure Lorde this cause was movede afore kynge William and the cleregy at Wyndeshore, where the story of Bede redde, hit was schewede that from the tyme of seynte Austyn unto the laste tymes of Bede, whiche tyme was as of a c. and xlti yere, bischoppes of Cawnterbery to have hade the principalite of honour of the yle of Briteyne; and also to have kepede cownsailes nye Yorke, and to have made bischoppes þer, and to have deposede somme þere. The Page  277, vol.7 seide Thomas obiecte by the constitucion of seynte Gregory that the churches of London and of Yorke scholde be egalle, and neiþer subiecte to that other. To whom the noble clerke Lanfrancus seide, "Y am not bischop of London," afferm|ynge the seide mater to be movede for the seete of Cawnter|bery. Then Thomas bischop of Yorke seide that hit was grawntede oonly to seynte Austyn of blissede Gregory to have alle bischoppes in Ynglonde subiecte to hym. And thauȝhe that seynte Austyn translate the seete from London to Cawnterbery, if seynte Gregory wolde have hade bi|schoppes of Yorke subiecte to Cawnterbery,*. [Sic in MS.] have writen Austyn, Y grawnte these thynges to the and to thy suc|cessors, makynge noo mencion of succession in his writynge. Page  279, vol.7 To the whiche obieccion Lanfrancus answeryde, seyenge that the grawnte of the pope was not worthe if that aucto|rite was grawnted oonly to Austyn and not to his succes|sours, sithe that seynte Austyn made not eny bischop of Yorke [folio 337b] in his lyfe, neiþer there was not eny bischop whom seynte Austyn scholde have subiecte to hym. The bischoppes of Rome grawntede that dignite to the sete of Cawnterbury and to the successours of seynte Austyn by ryȝhte, that alle the churches of Ynglonde scholde borowe the exemple of lyvynge from that place of whom thei toke firste the feithe of Criste. And that ye say seynte Gregory myȝhte have confermede by his writynge, and if he wolde, to the successors of Austyn the same privilege, trawthe hit is, neverthelesse that inducethe noo preiudice to the churche of Cawnterbery. For when Criste seide to Petyr, "I schalle ȝiffe to the keyes of the realme of hevyn," he myȝhte have adiecte also, and if he wolde, "I grawnte þe same powere to Page  281, vol.7 thy successors." Neverthelesse, the levynge of that seyenge pereschethe noo thynge of reverence or of auctorite to the succes|sours of Petre, but that the dispensacion of offices ecclesiasticall is liberalle in theym. And what causethe that but the strengthe of divine liberalite diffudede from Petre into his vicaryes by Iesu Criste. And if ye redde logike, reduce to mynde a proposi|cion: That thynge whiche hathe effecte in the holle, hathe effecte in the parte. The churche of Rome is as the holle body of alle churches, and thei be as partes of the churche of Rome. Then sithe the churche of Rome is moder and the holle body of all churches, and that thynge that hathe effecte in hit hathe effecte in the partes of hit. Wherefore, like as Criste seide to alle bischoppes of Rome, that he seide to Petyr, in lykewise, Page  283, vol.7 Gregory seide to the successours of seynte Austyn, that he seide to hym. Wherefore like as Cawnterbery is subiecte to Rome, in that hit toke feithe of hit, so Yorke awe to be subiecte to Cawnterbery, whiche sende þider prechers that made the cuntre bryȝhte with the feithe of Criste. These reasons approbate, Thomas archebischop of Yorke grauntede there that the ferther brynke of the water of Humbre scholde be the begynnynge of his diocyse, where hit was decrete that the byschop of Yorke scholde be subiecte to the metropolitan off Cawnterbery in alle thynges pertenynge to the honoure of God; in so moche that the archebischop of Yorke schalle come with alle his bischoppes into what place of Ynglonde hit schalle please the metropolitan [folio 338a] to assigne eny cownsayle. And the archebischop of Cawnter|bery dedde, the archebischop of Yorke schalle comme to Page  285, vol.7 Cawnterbery, and consecrate the man electe into the metropo|litan. And if þe archebischop of Yorke dye, his successor schalle comme to what place in Ynglonde hit pleasethe the archebischop of Cawnterbery, and take his ordinacion of hym, makynge an othe with profession of obedience. Whiche decrete Lanfrancus causede to be wryten, sendynge also an epistole to Alexander the pope, with the profession of Thomas the arche|bischop expressede in hit. Kynge William wente to Scottelonde in this yere, takynge ij. hostes with hym, oon for the see, an other for the londe, and subduede to hym Malcolmus the kynge þer, whiche was sworne lige man to kynge William. Sigefridus bischop Magontyne wente on pilgremage to Seynte Iames, and in returnenge he was made a monke of the ordre Cluniacense. But thabbot understondynge marchauntes to bye Page  287, vol.7 that seete, compellede the bischop to goe to his seete ageyne. Edgar Adelyng wente in this yere into Normandy unto kynge William, with whom he was accorded.