Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden maonachi Cestrensis; together with the English translations of John Trevisa and of an unknown writer of the fifteenth century.
Higden, Ranulf, d. 1364., Trevisa, John, tr. d. 1402., Caxton, William, ca. 1422-1491., Malverne, John, d 1415?, Babington, Churchill, ed. 1821-1889,, Lumby, J. Rawson ed. (Joseph Rawson), 1831-1895.
Page  463, vol.6

Capitulum nonum.

EDGARUS, havynge xvj. yere in age, was made kynge, and reignede allemoste after his broþer xvj. yere. In the xijthe yere of the reigne of whom he was consecrate into the kynge at Bathe, of seynte Dunstan and Oswalde bischop; whiche callede anoon seynte Dunstan from exile, and made hym of þe abbotte of Glaston bischoppe of Worchestre, and made holle realmes divided, repressynge wickede men, and luffynge goode men. Whiche repairede mony churches, and clerkes putte from theym lyvynge insolentely, he putte monkes in theyme, makynge moo then xlti monasterys; amonge whom he Page  465, vol.6 made ryche Glaston, Abindon, Petyrborowe, Thorney, Rame|sey, Wilton, and Wynechestre; whiche putte monkes into that newe monastery callede Hide at Wynchestre, and expulsede seculer prebendaries for theire wickede life. For those men fleynge the laboure of the qwere, and consumynge the goodes of þat churche in oþer places at theire pleasure, ordeynede vicaryes to occupye theire places, ȝiffenge litelle or nouȝhte to theym. Whiche clerkes spoken to by kynge Edgar, by Ethel|wolde, and by seynte Dunstan, and amendynge not theire lyfe, the kynges gave theire prebendes to the vicaryes þer. Whiche exaltede so, made vicaryes under theyme, and were wors then Page  467, vol.6 the oþer. The kynge movede soore þerat, and havynge grawnte of Iohn the xiijthe, successoure to Leo the pope, sette monkes there. In his tyme was noon open robbry or thefte, other thefe but he suffrede dethe. Also that kynge commaunded alle bestes that wolde destroy peple to be sleyne. Wherefore he commaunded Ludwallus, kynge of men of Wales, that he scholde sende to hym by certeyn yeres ccc. skynnes of wulfes; and when he payede the summe or nowmbre of skynnes by iij. yere, he cowthe not fynde oon wulfe in the iiijthe yere. Item Willelmus. And thauȝhe this kynge Edgare was litelle of stature, neverthelesse he wolde have made a myȝhty man feynte in fiȝhte. Of whom hit was seide that Kynadius kynge of Scottes scholde reporte in this wise, seyenge: "Y have mer|vayle that so mony provinces be subiecte to oon soe lytelle a man." This herde of a minstrelle, reportede the same Page  469, vol.6 to kynge Edgar of the seyenge of Kynadius, whiche kepynge thys secrete from his servauntes, rysynge from the feste where Kynadius was, toke him into a wode by a goode space from eny place, takenge to hym oon of ij. swerdes that he brouȝhte with hym, seyenge, "Nowe y ȝiffe to the licence to prove thy man|hode and myȝhte whiles we be allon, and we schalle see wheþer of us awe to be subiecte; for hit is a fowle vice in a kynge to be talkatyve in a feste, and not manfulle in a felde." Kynadius the kynge of Scottes confused felle downe to the feete of kynge Edgar, preyenge forȝiffenesse of those wordes seide in disporte. This kynge causede alle his schippes to be gedrede to a certeyne place in somer after Ester, whom he sende to iiij. partes of Ynglonde; whiche saylede with schippes in the weste unto the northe, and with schippes in the northe unto the este [folio 307b] partes of Yngelonde, and with schippes in the este unto the sowthe, and with the schippes þer unto the weste partes of Page  471, vol.6 Yngelonde, serchynge in the wyse leste schippe scholde do eny hurte. Also in the wynter he did ryde thro his provinces, inquirenge of the disposicion of his ministres, schewyng crude|lite to men despisenge the lawes. Neverthelesse this kynge favored so moche the peticion,*. [Sie in MS.] that there was not oon towne or street in Englonde unnethe in whom the Danes did not inhabite, mixte with Ynglische men. For the Danes, grete*. [The Danes lefte in Yngelonde a memo|rialle.] drynkers of nature lefte memorialles to Ynglishemen that thei be callede now the gretteste drynkers in the worlde amonge alle other peple; wherefore kynge Edgare made nayles to be fixede in his masers and peces, that men scholde drynke by measure. Willelmus de Regibus, libro secundo. This kynge Edgarus gate of Egelfleda Edwarde his firste sonne, after this kynge and martir; and he gate of Alfrida, doȝhter of Edgare Page  473, vol.6 duke of Devonschire, Edmund, whiche diede afore his fader, and Egelrede whiche reignede after seynte Edwarde; and he gate at the laste of seynte Wilfrithe seynte Edithe virgyn. This Wilfrithe was not a myncheon as peple reherse; but sche toke the habite of a myncheon for cause that kynge Edgare hade inordinate luffe to here, and ȝitte the kynge toke his pleasure of here. Wherefore seynte Dunstan causede the kynge to do penaunce by vij. yere; and sche, delyverede of childe, forsakede the worlde and lyvede religiousely, and is callede a seynte, restynge at the monastery of Wilton. Hit is redde of Editha her*. [Of seynte Editha.] doȝhter, made a myncheon at the monastery of Wilton, and werynge clothes of gretter rychesse then were conveniente to a religious woman, and blamede þerfore of Ethelwoldus bis|choppe, to have ansueryde in this wise: "The infallible Page  475, vol.6 iuggemente of God is coverede oonly in the conscience; wherefore y suppose that is hooly a mynde and incorrupte taryethe and remaynethe under these clothes of golde as under thy furrede clothes." Seynte Dunstan halowenge a chirche in a tyme, see that virgyn makenge the signe of the crosse in his*. [Sic in MS.] forehede with hir fynger, wherein he havynge grete delecta|cion seide, "Y pray God that fynger never roote:" and at the masse tyme seynte Dunstan did wepe, seyenge, "That florisch|enge roose schalle fade after vj. weekes y-paste." And hit happede soe, for the body of that virgyn taken from the erthe was founde resolvede into powdre, the fyngre excepte and the secrete partes of here wombe. Seynte Dunstan beynge in meditacion and thenkynge þeron, sche apperyde to [folio 308a] hym, seyenge, "Have noo mervayle that y am incorrupte in the inferialle partes of my body, sithe y was never gilty in sur|fette Page  477, vol.6 or in lecchery." Also hit is redde of this holy virgyn Edithe that Canutus the kynge, whiche hade litelle devocion to seyntes, scholde say in Pentecoste at Wilton to the derision of this holy virgyn, seyenge that he wolde never beleve that the doȝhter of leccherous Edgarus and a tyraunte scholde be a seynte; but Ednotus archebischop þen presente seide contrary. Whiche goynge to the beryalle of that holy virgyn, openede hit, and sche arysede anoon, and as if sche scholde have made resistence to hym. Canutus trowblede soore of that siȝhte, lay on the grownde as dedde; whiche revivynge, was gladde that he was reservede to lyfe that he myȝhte do penaunce.