Capitulum octavum decimum.
CANUTUS reioycynge the monarchy of Ynglonde after þe dethe of Edmund, reignede allemoste xix. yere; whiche dividede the realme of Ynglonde into iiij. partes, assignynge to hymselfe Westesex, to Turkillus the erle Esteynglonde, to Edricus the [folio 319a] traytour the Marches, and to Hiricius Northumbrelonde. After that, a cownesaile hade at London, Canutus the kynge inquirede of the gentillemen of þe realme wheþer in the acorde made betwene hym and Edmund eny mencion was made of the succession of theire childer or breþer. Whiche answerde falsely, sayenge Nay, supposynge to gette the favor of the kynge thereby, swerynge also that they wolde take hym to theire kynge, and refuse utterly the succession of Edmunde. Wherefore somme of theym were sleyne by the iuggemente of God, and somme of þeim were mischevide. For Canutus the kynge exiled Ed|wyne, brother to Edmund, by cownsaile of Edricus, whiche was Page 109, vol.7 callede the kynge of churles, whiche reconsilede afterwarde, was sleyne by treason. But Canutus the kynge, dredynge to sle Edmund and Edwarde, sonnes to Edmund Irenside, for schame, sende theyme to be sleyne of the kynge of Suaves. That kynge dredynge God, sende theyme to the kynge of Hungary, Salomon by name, that thei scholde have theire lyfe. And Edmund maryede the doȝhter of that kynge, whiche diede soone after withowte eny childer. Edward, that other broþer, mariede Agatha, doȝhter of Henre the emperoure, of whom he gate a doȝhter, Margarete by name, after qwene of Scottes, and Christian, a myncheon, and Edgarus Adelynge. Henricus, libro sexto. This worde Adelynge is compownde after the langage of Saxons, of Adel, that is noble, and of this worde lyng, that is an ymage, as a noble ymage. Wherefore the Westesaxons have in grete despite that person, whom they calle Hindirlynge, sowndynge as deiecte from honeste. Hooly kynge Edwarde intended to have made this Edgar Adelyng his successour of the realme of Ynglond, neverthelesse he, dredynge the sonnes of Godewyn and the wickydnesse of the peple, made William of Normandy his successour. Willelmus de Regibus, libro secundo. This Canutus, thenkynge to be sure of the realme, mariede Emma the qwene unto hym, of Page 111, vol.7 whom he gate Hardeknutus, causenge in a Cristemasse folow|ynge that traytour Edricus to be heded in his palice, and his body to be caste into Thamys at London, luffynge moche Leofricus the erle. After that he kepede a parliament at Oxenford, where Ynglische men and Danes were acorded to observe the lawes of kynge Edgarus. Henricus, libro sexto. Canutus the kynge wente in this yere to Denmarke, takynge an hoste of Yng|lische men with hym ageyne the Wandalynges contrarious to hym. Wherefore in the nyȝhte afore that batelle scholde have folowede, Godewyn the duke, takynge with hym the hoste of Ynglischemen, the kynge not knowynge, wente to the Wandal|ynges, [folio 297a] and hade a noble victory of theyme, for whiche kynde|nesse that kynge Canutus hade Ynglische men in grete honoure afterwarde, and returnede to Ynglonde ageyne that same yere. Alfridus. Aldunus bischop of Lindisfarne dedde, and that seete beynge vacante allemoste by iij. yere, a seeyne was hade for eleccion of the bischop, where a preste, Edmund by name, commynge to the seide eleccion, seide in this wise to his felowschip, "Wherefore luffe ye not my person?" The peple fastynge by thre daies, desyred God and seynte Cuthberte that thei myȝhte have knowlege what man scholde reioyce that Page 113, vol.7 office and charge. Wherefore the preste beynge in the canon of the masse, a voice was herde from the sepulcre of seynte Cuthberte to say thryes, "Edmund awe to be bischop," and so he was. A thynge to be mervaylede happed in this yere in Saxonia in the churche of Seynte Magnus, a martir: xv. men*. [Agen peple dawnc|ynge.] and thre women dawnsynge in the seide churcheyerde on Cristemasse nyȝhte, the preste of that churche trowblede þer|with, preyed and desirede the vengeaunce of God, seyenge, God grawnte, thro the merites of seynte Magnus the martir, þat ye contynue so by alle the yere;" and so thei did: for in Cristemasse nyȝhte in the nexte yere folowynge they dawncede, beynge drownede in snawe unto the myddes of theire body; in alle that tyme neiþer eitynge, drynkynge, neiþer slepynge, un|tille thei were delyverede by the preier of seynte Cuthberte bischop of Colon. Whiche drawen up from the erthe felle afore the awter; somme of whom diede, and somme of theym contynuede in lyfe; and oon of the thre women was doȝhter to the seide preste that desired vengeaunce. The brother of the same prestes doȝhter, laborynge to have his suster owte from that dawnce, and pullynge at her arme, drawede hit aweye, and ȝitte sche lefte not that dawnce. Willelmus de Pontifici|bus, libro primo. Briȝhtwoldus monke of Glassynbery, after that bischop of Wilton, beynge in contemplacion, thouȝhte of Page 115, vol.7 the succession of kynges off Yngelonde abowte this tyme, whiche stocke or kynde was allemoste destroyede; and soone after he was as in a dreame, and did beholde seynte Petyr the apostole holde in his hondes Edwarde the son of Egelredus, beynge then in exile in Fraunce, and to consecrate hym into the kynge, and to schewe plenerly his vertuous lyfe, with the nowmbre of yeres in whom he scholde reigne. The monke inquirenge of the pos|terite [folio 320a] of Edwarde and succession, seynte Petyr answerde seyenge: "The realme of Ynglische men is the realme of God, and God schalle make providence after hym, or after this Edwarde." Thauȝhe Canutus the kynge come to Ynglond a pagan, he was soone after convertede to the feithe of Criste, and devoute in his servyce. In the firste yere of the reigne of whom þe men come to hym that hade sleyn Edmund Irneside by treason of Edricus, supposynge to have grete rewardes of hym; whom he causede to suffre dethe for sleynge of theire naturalle lorde. Willelmus de Regibus, libro secundo. Egel|nothus, archebischop of Cawnterbery, translate the body of seynte Elphegus from London to Cawnterbery in this yere by licence of kynge Canutus, and after that goynge to the cite Papy from Rome bouȝhte an arme of seynte Austyn for a c. talentes of silvyr and oon talente of golde, whiche he sende to Page 117, vol.7 Coventre for the luffe of Leofricus the erle. Henre the firste, emperoure of Alemayne, died in this yere, whom Conradus the firste did succede xv. yere; whiche made a lawe that whosoever brake the lawe of the londe scholde be heded. The firste transgressor of þat statute was Lupoldus the erle, whiche dredynge dethe, fledde to wildernesse with his wife. Conradus commynge to hunte in a season in those costes, and logged with the same erle, herde a voice sayenge to hym: "The sonne of this erle lyvynge nowe as an heremite, whiche is borne but late, schalle be thy sonne-in-lawe and successoure." Themperoure havynge indignacion commaunded the herte of childe to be brouȝhte to hym; but the messyngers dredynge God, lefte the childe on lyve in the woode, and brouȝhte the herte of an hare to the kynge. Hit happede that a duke com|mynge by that weye, and herynge the voice of a yonge childe, toke hit to his wife withowte childer, and namede hit Henre. This childe encreasynge moche, hit happede the emperoure to beholde hym, and remembrynge that voice hade afore to hym, causede that yonge man to tary in his palice, ymagynynge ofte howe he myȝhte putte hym to dethe. Wherefore he sende hym to themperesse with letters, that the letters redde he scholde dye in that day. But this yonge man taryenge in a Page 119, vol.7 nyȝhte with a preste, and takynge reste, þe preste takynge þe letters and redynge þeim, abhorrede that synne, and didde wryte for this clause, that he scholde dye in suche a certeyne day, he schalle be mariede to oure doȝhter in suche a day; and [folio 320b] so he was. The emperour trowbled þerwith, neverthelesse he remembrenge that he was the sonne of a noble erle, toke hit pacientely, makynge a monastery in that wildernesse where he was borne, callede Ursania.