Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden maonachi Cestrensis; together with the English translations of John Trevisa and of an unknown writer of the fifteenth century.
Higden, Ranulf, d. 1364., Trevisa, John, tr. d. 1402., Caxton, William, ca. 1422-1491., Malverne, John, d 1415?, Babington, Churchill, ed. 1821-1889,, Lumby, J. Rawson ed. (Joseph Rawson), 1831-1895.

Capitulum vicesimum nonum.

LUDOWICUS pius, firste sonne of kynge Charles, was em|peroure after the dethe of his fader xxjti yere and xj. monethes. In the tyme of whom girdells of golde and onornede with gemmes and inordinate vesture were deposede from bischoppes and clerkes. Giraldus, distinctione prima, capitulo xvij o. This Lodowycus gate of Hirmengarda his firste wyfe thre [folio 292a] sonnes; Lotharius, whom Lodowicus the kynge causede to be crownede in to kynge of Paschalis the pope at Rome, on Estre Page  299, vol.6 day, and governoure of Ytaly, and felowe of thempyre. Also he made Lodowicus, his secunde sonne, governoure in Germania, and the thridde sonne governoure of Aquitanny and Vascony. Also he gate of Iuditha, his secunde wife, doȝhter of Welfus duke of Bavarria, Charls the Ballede, to whom he ȝafe the governance of Fraunce and Burguyn. Willelmus de Regibus, libro secundo. For cause that Lodowicus luffede this Charls and kyssede hym moore then his brether, Lotharius hade grete indignacion, and vexenge his fader moche, put hym in prison. Giraldus ubi supra. This Lodowicus, for his grete mekenesse, suffrede grete tribulacion, what of his awne peple and what of straunge peple, untille that he governede the peple moore dis|cretely and with scharpenesse of correccion: mony men say that trowble to have happede to hym for cause Iuditha his wife was to hym within the degre of mariage. Willelmus de Pontificibus, libro primo. Wherefore this kynge exaltynge a clerke to be bischop Trajectense in Frisia, Fredericus by name, sate at dyner in the day of the consecracion of this Page  301, vol.6 bischop on his ryȝhte honde, movynge the bischoppe to attende to his profession, and to remembre the constaunce of his pre|decessors, and to purpose tru thynges with owte accepcion of persons, and to punysche gylty men. To whom the bischoppe seide, "O my lorde, ye do welle to me that ye expresse my pro|fession in hooly wordes. But y beseche youre maieste be not trowblede and grevede to solve oon question þat y have revolvede longe in my mynde, wheþer hit be moore honeste to begynne to dresse or towche this fische sette afore yow at the hedde or at þe tayle?" The kynge answerede schortely, and seide, "At the hedde." The bischop seide, "So, my lorde themperoure, correcte youre person firste of youre awne synne, that the feithe of Criste may increase, leste that youre subiectes have audacite to despise that they see yow to have suffrede. Þerfore refuse inceste that thow dose Page  303, vol.6 use with Iuditha." Neverthelesse the kynge suffrede that seyenge, whiche was publisched soone after amonge men of the churche, in so moche that the kynge callynge a cownesayle was departede from his wife; and Iuditha was putte to a monas|tery. But a moore mercifulle remedy was founde by the pope, and that woman Iuditha was restorede to here howsebonde after that. Whiche hyrynge ij. men, causede theyme to sle the [folio 292b] seide bischoppe commynge from havynge his vestimentes on hym. Giraldus, distinctione prima, capitulo decimo 7o. At the laste this Lodowycus ȝafe to Balled Charls, his sonne geten of Iuditha, the londe of Alemayne and the cuntre of Rethica, wherefore the other breþeren havynge indignacion þerof, and men of Fraunce helpynge theym, they lefte Lodowicus and erecte to theire kynge Lotharius, whiche imprisonede Ludo|wicus his fader, by auctorite of pope Gregory the iiijthe, and put Iuditha his wife unto exile, and toke Balled Charls unto the Page  305, vol.6 castelle of his stappemoder. But the princes of Fraunce de|lyverede soone the kynge from prison, and reconsilede the sonne to the fader; and diverse fals men puttenge a cryme on Iuditha the qwene, causede that sche was made a myncheon; but the kynge receyvede his qwene ageyne that yere thro helpe of Gregory the pope. For the noble man Bernarde accusede with that lady made his purgacion, and also there was not oon man of his accusers that durste fiȝhte with hym in that querelle. Stephanus the iiijthe succedid Leo the pope iij. yere, whom Paschalis did succede vij. yere, whiche crownyde Lotha|rius, and ordeynede a congregacion of monkes of the londe of Grece in the churche of Praxedis. Willelmus de Regibus, libro primo, et de Pontificibus, libro quarto. Kenulphus the kynge of the Marches diede in this yere, whom Kenelinus his sonne did succede, havynge vij. yere in age; whiche was sleyne soone after in a thycke woode of Heskebertus, by the instigacion of Quendreda his sustyr; whom a piller of lyȝhte did schewe Page  307, vol.6 erecte from his body to hevyn. But the dethe of Kenelmus and the place also was schewede to the pope of Rome by a dovese havynge an epistolle in here mowthe, wryten in Yng|lische with letters of gold, and putte by the doves afore the pope, and redde by a man of Ynglonde presente there in that tyme. ℞. This was the wrytynge: "At Clente Conbache Kenelm kynbern liþ under a þorne, heved bewevyd;" sowndynge in Latyn: "In Clent sub spina jacet in convalle bovina Vertice privatus Kenelmus fraude necatus." Where|fore the body of Kenelme fownde and brouȝhte to be beryede, Quendreda, the auctrix and cause of his dethe, herynge men to synge, lokede furthe of a wyndowe. Whiche wyllynge to lette the melody of men syngynge, seide "Deus laudem" bakwarde, y wotte not by what wycche crafte, loste sodenly here siȝhte with bloode commynge from theyme. And the signes off Page  309, vol.6 bloode, schewynge the vengeaunce of God, remayne ȝitte in the sawter whiche sche hade in here hondes in that tyme.