Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden maonachi Cestrensis; together with the English translations of John Trevisa and of an unknown writer of the fifteenth century.
Higden, Ranulf, d. 1364., Trevisa, John, tr. d. 1402., Caxton, William, ca. 1422-1491., Malverne, John, d 1415?, Babington, Churchill, ed. 1821-1889,, Lumby, J. Rawson ed. (Joseph Rawson), 1831-1895.

Capitulum nonumdecimum.

THEODORUS, kynge of Frenche men, reignede after Clota|rius his fader xviij. yere. Beda, libro iiij to, capitulo xij o. In whiche yere Etheldredus, kynge of the Marches, wastede Kente, and Picta bischop of Rowchestre, and wente to Sex|wulphus, Page  133, vol.6 of whom he receyvyde the churche of Hereforde, where he ȝafe moore attendaunce unto syngynge then to þe reparacion of his churche. In whiche yere Benedictus Biscop, takynge with hym Colfridus the monke, wente to Rome the iiijthe tyme; whiche brouȝhte with hym to Yngelonde Iohn, a noble synger of the churche of Seynte Petyr, that he scholde teche men to synge in his monastery. Beda, libro 4o, capitulo 18o. A grete batelle made in this yere betwene Egfridus, kyng of Northumbrelonde, and Etheldredus, kynge of the Marches; Elswinus, broþer of Egfridus, was sleyne in that soore conflicte nye to the water of Trente. For the dethe of whom a grete summe of moneye payede, pease was reformede bytwene parties by the labore of Theodorus, tharchebischop of Cawnterbery. In whiche batelle, a knyȝhte longynge to Eg|fridus kynge, wounded sore and wyllenge to aryse, hade noo myȝhte, was taken and solde to a man callede Friso. Whiche Page  135, vol.6 feturde faste, the feters were losede in that howre in whom his broþer seide masse for hym, supposynge that he hade bene dedde, untille that, his redempcion made, he come to his broþer. A blasynge sterre apperede in this yere by thre monethes, in the tyme of hervyste; in whiche tyme kynge Egfride expulsed [folio 276b] Wilfride from the seete of Yorke, at the instigacion of his wife. Willelmus de Regibus, libro primo. Theodorus tharchebis|chop condescendynge þerto, whiche favorynge the wylle of Egfride the kyng, ordeynede Bosa bischoppe off Yorke, Eata at the churche Lindisfarn, Timbertus at Hangustald, Trimwinus at Candida Casa, in londe of Pictes. Marianus, libro 2o. And put Eadhedus to the churche Ripense, or of Ripon, com|myn late from Lyndesey, in that Etheldredus, kynge of the Page  137, vol.6 Marches, occupiede that province ageyne kynge Egfride. Willelmus. Where the misery off man may appere, that the hedde of the churche of Ynglonde, Theodorus, amovede awey from his office an holy man Wilfridus, for temporalle favor, and not by ryȝhte, as the conjecture of man may perceyve and atteyne. Beda, libro v to, capitulo xiij o. Wilfridus expulsed, wente to Rome þerfore; but by tempestes of the sea he was putte into Frisia, where he convertede firste mony men and women to the feithe of Criste, whiche thynge Willebordus fullefillede afterwarde. This Wilfridus commyn to Rome, and herde and approbate by Agatho the pope, disputede in a cownesayle of a exxvti bischoppes ageyne the erroure of theym that prechyd and seide but oon nature and oon wille to be in Criste. Willelmus de Pontificibus, libro primo. Where he purposede his cause so mekely that he accusede not gretely Theodorus tharchebischop, sende to Yngelonde from Rome, Page  139, vol.6 neiþer he suffrede his maters to flowe awey as untowchid, seyenge, "O holy fader, what signifiethe this, that Theodorus hathe ordeynede thre bischoppes in my seete thro his aucto|rite, y beynge in lyve and not consentynge þerto, willynge not to accuse hym, in that he was sende from this holy place?" But thauȝhe Wilfridus was approbate þer by the pope, he obteynede not his benefice and seete of Yorke for the frowarde|nesse of the kynge and off Theodorus. Beda, libro 4to, capitulo tertiodecimo. Wherefore Wilfride turnede to the Sowthe Saxons, where he made a monastery at an yle callede Selisey, sowndynge as the yle of a calfe, prechynge þer, and convertynge peple, unto the dethe of Egfridus. In whiche cuntre hit reynede not afore by the space of thre yere, but in the firste day that he began to baptise, hit reignede, and þe grounde began to wexe grene; techynge men of that cuntre [folio 277a] Page  141, vol.6 to fische with nettes. Oswinus kynge of Westsaxons diede, whom Kentewinus, his sonne, did succede ix. yere. In whiche yere Leutherius bischoppe off that province dedde, Theodorus made Chedda bischop, whiche contynuede the seete of Wyne|chestre xxxti yere. Seynte Audoenus bischop of Roone dyede, and the childe Beda by nam was borne. Leo the secunde suc|cedid Agatho the pope iij. yere, and the bischophode of Rome was vacante oon yere. Beda, libro iiij to, capitulo xvij o. Seynte Etheldrede abbesse of Hely diede in þis yere. Marianus, libro secundo. Whom Sexburga here suster succedid, doȝhter of Ercombertus kynge of Kente. Beda, libro quarto, capitulo vicesimo primo. Hilda thabbesse of Whitby diede this yere, the xv. kalendes of December, in the lxvj yere of her age, laborynge in infirmite by vj. yere afore here dethe, doȝhter of the doȝhter of kynge Edwinus; a woman of grete holynesse, prudente, and nobly instructe. From the whiche monastery v. bischoppes were made, as Bosa, Eata, Offa, Iohn, and Wilfridus In whiche monastery was a man, Cedmon by name, tauȝhte by Page  143, vol.6 God to make dites of compuccion,*. [cōpuccōn, MS.] excellenge every oþer man in that connynge havynge noon understondynge in eny oþer thynge, but oonly in that. Whiche thynge was ȝiffen to hym in thys maner foloynge. This man beynge at a grete feste, and desirede to synge with his harpe, wente furthe for schame, and soe thro sorowe and hevynesse felle on slepe, where a man apperede to hym, and inquired why he wolde not synge. To whom he seide, "I cannot, and þerfore y departede from the feste." That oþer man seide to hym, "Synge boldely from this tyme, and spare not." From whiche tyme that man awakynge made mervellous ditees, as thro alle the storyes of scripture. Henricus, libro tertio. Theodorus tharchebischop citede alle bischoppes of Ynglonde to appere in this yere, and mony oþer doctors at Hatfeld that he myȝhte knowe of what feithe thei were,*. [A note of later date in the margin is, "It seemes then that bishops were chosen in those dayes withoute any respecte had to their fayth."] as Agatho the pope commaunded hym to do, by Iohn, the chawnter of Seynte Petres churche, whiche come but newely afore from Rome with Benedictus Biscop. In Page  145, vol.6 whiche tyme the province of Marches, whom Sexwulphus hade allon, was divided into v. seetes for bischoppes, oon at Westechestre, an other at Worcestre, the thrydde at Lichefelde, the iiijthe in Lindesey at Sydeneia, the vthe at Dorcestre; but Picta or Pucta, bischop, taryede at Herforde, institute by [folio 277b] Sexwulphus. Paulus, libro septimo. Cunebertus the kynge*. [The devel appered to this kinge in the simili|tude of a flye, which detecte his cownesayle.] of Longobardes, stondynge under a wyndowe of his chambre, and askenge cownesayle off his secretary how he myȝhte sle Aldo his knyȝhte, and anoon a grete flee come and sate by hym. The kynge willinge to slee that flee, kytte awey here foote with a knyfe. Neverthelesse Aldo, understondynge not the wickede intencion of the kynge, wente towarde the kynges palice, whom a halte man mette, seyenge, "Beware Aldo, for thow schalte dye and if thow come to the kynges cowrte." Aldo herenge that, fledde unto the churche off Seynte Roman. This knyȝhte Aldo, inquired the cause of his fleynge of the Page  147, vol.6 kynge, answerede and seide that a halte man had certifiede hym of his dethe. Then þe kynge perceyvyde that halte man to have bene a spiritte, whose foote he kytte aweye in the simili|tude of a flye, whiche detecte his secrete cownselle, and pera|venture hade movede hym unto the dethe of Aldo, and so the kynge receyvid that knyȝhte Aldo into grace. Benedictus the secunde was successor after Leo the pope as v. yere. Osricus, the lytelle or underkynge of the Marches, made a monastery in Gloucestre, in whom he made Kyneburga, his sustre, presi|dente. In whiche yere Kentewinus kynge chasede aweye Britons of the weste partes unto the see. And Benedictus Biscop made a monastery at Girvus, on the brynke of the water of Wyre, whiche hade made an oþer monastery on that oþer side of that water, in the worschip of Seynte Petyr, thro helpe of Egfride kynge. In whiche place or in whiche monastery, he made Colfridus presidente. Beda havynge vij. yere in age, was taken to Benedictus Biscop to be tauȝhte; whiche goynge to Page  149, vol.6 Rome in the vthe tyme, committe the kepynge of that childe to Colfridus. Beda, libro quarto, capitulo xxvj to. A grete con|vencion of bischoppes was assembled under kynge Egfride, with Theodorus archebischop, nye to the water of Alne, in a place callede Twiforde, where Tudbertus deposede from the seete Hangustaldense, Cuthberte was subrogate into þat place;*. [Seynte Cuthberte.] whiche wente soone after that unto the churche Lindisfarn, whom he luffede moore, Eata reioycynge the seete Hangus|taldense. Beda, libro iiij to, capitulo vicesimo sexto. This [folio 278a] Cutheberte, made monke at the monastery of Maylros, and after that governoure of þat monastery, lyvede after as an ankre in the yle of Farne. Beda, libro quarto, capitulo vice|simo quarto. Kynge Egfride destroyede a grete multitude of Scottes, moste envious*. [The translator seems to have read inimicissimam, but none of the Latin texts have that reading.] peple to men of Ynglonde; whiche arysenge ageyne hym in the yere folowynge, and drawynge hym Page  151, vol.6 as by treason unto streyte places betwene hilles, did sle hym, not sparynge for price or preyer. From whiche tyme the vertu and powere of Ynglische men began to decrease; for after that the Pictes, Scottes, and a grete parte of Britons reioysede theire londes with liberte. Cedwalla, a noble yonge man of the regalle bloode of the Gewissees, reignede on the Westesaxons after the dethe of Kentwinus kynge. Willelmus de Regibus. Whiche was sonne of Kenbrithus, son of Ceadda, son to Cutha the broþer of Ceaulinus, son of Kynricus, son to Cerdicus, whiche did slee anoone Ethelwolde kynge of Sowthesex, and toke his province into captivite, wastynge Kente, and toke the yle of Wiȝhte, whom he ȝafe to Seynte Wilfride for the luffe of God. Alfridus succedid in the realme of Northumbrelonde after the dethe of Egfridus, whiche reignede xviij. yere. The Saracenys Page  153, vol.6 commynge from Egipte into Affrike in this yere, toke Cartago, and destroyede hit; and Constantyne diede at Constantinopole.