Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden maonachi Cestrensis; together with the English translations of John Trevisa and of an unknown writer of the fifteenth century.
Higden, Ranulf, d. 1364., Trevisa, John, tr. d. 1402., Caxton, William, ca. 1422-1491., Malverne, John, d 1415?, Babington, Churchill, ed. 1821-1889,, Lumby, J. Rawson ed. (Joseph Rawson), 1831-1895.
Page  423, vol.5

Capitulum undecimum.

HERACLIUS was emperour xxvijti yere. In the thridde yere off whom Cosdras, kynge of Persida, brente Ierusalem and oþer holy places, and putte Zacharias the patriarke with moche peple in to captivite, and toke in to Persida with hym parte of the holy crosse, whiche Helena, moder to noble Constantyne, lefte þer. But Cosdras was sleyne by Heraclius in the xijthe yere of his reigne, and men taken in captivite were delyverede, and the parte of the crosse was broȝhte ageyne to Ierusalem. This emperour Heraclius, willenge to entre in to the cite of Ierusalem with grete pride, the ȝate of the cite was schutte by the power of Godde; but Heraclius made meke, and com|mynge to hit barefoote, the ȝate was openede. From whiche tyme the feste of the exaltacion of the holy crosse was halowede. Willelmus de Regibus, libro primo. Colwulphus, kynge of the Weste Saxons, diede; whom ij. sonnes of Colricus Page  425, vol.5 his broþer succeded, Kynegilsus and Quichelinus, reignenge to gedre, whiche hade mony victoryes ageyne the Britons, and specially at Bampton, nye to Oxenforde; and also ageyne Penda, kynge of þe Marches, whiche wolde have taken from their realme the cite off Cirencestre. This Kyngilsus was baptizede at the laste by Seynte Biryne, but Quichelinus his broþer denyede to be baptisede un to the laste ende of his lyfe; whiche receyvenge that sacramente at the laste, diede in the same yere. And so Kyngilsus reignede with his brother and after his broþer, in alle xxxijti yere. ℞. The diversite of autors is to be advertisede here, for Willielmus Malmesbury seythe Quichelinus to have bene the broþer of Kyngilsus, but Marianus and Bede sey hym to have bene the sonne of Kingilsus. Deusdedit or Theodorus the pope succeded Bone|facius iij. yere. In whiche tyme a citesynne of London, at the instaunce of Ethelbertus kynge, made a churche of Seynte Page  427, vol.5 Petre in þe weste parte of London, in a place callede Thorney as the yle of thornes, callede nowe Westemynstre. Beda, libro 2o, capitulo quinto. Ethelbertus kynge of Kente diede this yere, and wente to hevyn after the lvjti yere of his reigne temporalle, and in the xxjti yere after his baptyme; whom Ed|baldus [folio 260b] his sonne did succede xxvti yere; whiche was apostata, abusynge his stappe moder, wherefore he suffrede grete cor|reccion of Godde. In whiche tyme Sebertus kynge of the Este Saxons dedde, his thre sonnes and successors to that realme were turnede to ydolatry, askynge of Mellitus, bischoppe of that place, that he wolde ȝiffe to theyme white brede, as he was wonte to do to theire fader. Whiche refusenge that withowte thei wolde receyve the feithe of Criste, they expulsede hym from that place; whiche wente anoon to Fraunce, havynge more pleasure to please God þer in pease then to kepe residence withowte frute amonge peple of barbre. But those false Page  429, vol.5 kynges were sleyne soone after of the kynge of Gewisseies. Beda, libro 2o, capitulo sexto. Laurencius tharchebischoppe, purposynge to leve the cuntre after the other ij. bischoppes, after his preyers made in oon nyȝhte Seynte Petyr apperyde to hym, whiche reprovede not oonly hym in that he wolde leve his peple, but also he correcte hym soore. In the morowe folowynge the bischoppe schewede his woundes to Edbaldus kynge, whiche refusenge ydolatry and unlawefulle matrimony was baptizede, and callede ageyne Mellitus and Iustus bischop|pes un to their seetes. But men of London wolde not re|ceyve Mellitus theire bischoppe, willenge raþer to serve ydoles, and this kynge was not of so grete power as his fader to com|pelle theyme þer to. Wherefore Laurencius dedde Mellitus succeded hym, and was archebischop, lytelle in body, but grete in vertu, whiche healede mony men and avertede brennynge from his cite thro his preyer. Paulus, libro quinto. Catanus, the kynge of Hunes, commynge in to Ytaly abowte this tyme, Page  431, vol.5 hade victory of the Longobardes, and did slee Gisulphus their duke, and segede the cite of Aquileia. Romilda, wife of the duke sleyne, beholdynge the beawte of þat kynge Catanus, hade a brennynge luffe to hym, sendynge to hym anoon that sche scholde delyver the cite to hym in this condicion, that he wolde take here to his wife. Soe the cite was taken and brente, and the peple of hit taken in to captivite; the kynge hade knowlege of here in oon nyȝhte, takenge her to xij. Hunes in the secunde, that thei scholde knowe her. And after that he fixede here body thro the myddes, and sette her openly in the [folio 261a] felde, seyenge in this wise, "Hit semethe an hoore to have suche an howsebonde." The doȝhters of the seide Romilda not foloynge the stappes of theire moder, but lovynge chastite, toke and bownde the flesche of rawe chekynnes betwene their Page  433, vol.5 pappes, that thei myȝhte appere as ylle favourede to the Hunes, leste thei scholde have been corrupte by theyme, wherefore þey were refusede of theyme, and maryede after that nobly. Beda, libro secundo, capitulo duodecimo. Edwynus fleenge the persecucion of Ethelfridus un to Redwarldus, kynge of Este Ynglische men, for to have socoure by hym, the seide Redwarldus, other for drede of Ethelfridus or thro rewardes, in|tendede the dethe of the seide Edwinus. A frende of Edwinus perceyvenge that, ȝafe to Edwinus warnynge þerof, promis|enge that he scholde brynge hym to a sure place for alle his adversaryes. Whiche refusenge that, and syttenge allon, a unkowthe man come to hym inquirenge why that he sate in sorowe þer allon, seyenge: "Y knowe who thow arte, and the Page  435, vol.5 cause of thy hevynesse, and what thynges þow dredes to comme to the." Seyenge also, "Wille not thowe obey hym that schalle restore the to thy realme, thyne enemys de|stroyede, and ȝiffe to the better cownsaile then alle thyne kynrede?" Edwynus seide: "Y promette feithefully to be rulede by hym." Then that man seide to hym, puttenge his honde on his hedde, "When thow arte in prosperite, remembre this signe and communicacion, that thow fullefille thy pro|misse;" and these wordes seide the man evaneschede aweye. After that his frende come to hym, seyenge that the wille of his lorde was chaungede to hym. Whiche gedrenge an hoste, ȝafe batelle to Ethelfridus in the costes of the marches at the este of the water of Idle, and did sle hym, and so he exalte Edwinus his cosynne to the realme of Northumbrelonde, and on Deira and Bernicia; whiche reignede after that xvij. yere. That doen, Oswaldus of xij. yere in age, and Oswius of iiij. Page  437, vol.5 yere, sonues of Ethelfridus, were brouȝhte in to Scottelonde by theire norische. Bonefacius the vthe succeded Deusdedit the pope v. yere. Seynte Anastasius, a monke of Persida and martir, borne in that cuntre, lernede in his yowthe the arte of nigromancy of his fader; whiche receyvynge feithe of Criste [folio 261b] by men taken in captivite, levynge Persida and passynge Calcedonia and Iherapolis, come to Ierusalem. Whiche baptisede, lyvede in the monastery of Anastasius regulerly vij. yere; after that he wente for cause of devocion to Cesarea of Palestina, where he was taken by men of Persida, and brouȝhte to Cosdras the kynge, and was sleyne for the feithe of Criste. A man trowblede soore with a spiritte withynne hym, clothynge hym with the coote of Seynte Anastasius, was made holle. Heraclius themperoure, havynge victory of men of Persida, brouȝhte his body to Rome, and putte hit in þe monastery of Page  439, vol.5 Seynte Paule ad Aquas. Laurencius the archebischoppe of Cawnterbery dyede, whom Mellitus bischoppe of London suc|cedid v. yere; and Ced, the brother to Seynte Chadde, was made bischoppe off London. Honorius the pope succede Bonefacius xij. yere. In whiche yere Heraclius, havynge victory of men of Persida, brouȝhte the holy crosse from that cuntre, and did slee Cosdras. This man instructe in astro|nomy, see in the firmamente þat his realme scholde be destroyede of a peple circumcided. Wherefore he sende to the kynge of Fraunce that he scholde expelle alle Iues from his realmes, or elles that thei scholde be baptisede; and soe hit was doen. At the laste an implacable dissencion exorte and movede betwene the Romanes and the Saracenys, Heraclius toke the crosse of Criste from Ierusalem to Constantinopole; a grete parte whereof was sende to Lodowicus, kynge off Fraunce, in the yere of Criste a M.cc. xlvijti. Dagobertus, the ixthe kynge of Fraunce, succedid Lotharius his fader xxxiijti yere. Mellitus Page  441, vol.5 bischop of Cawnterbery dedde, Iustus succeded hym, afore byschoppe of Rowcestre, makenge Romanus bischoppe of Rowcestre, ffor that bischop Iustus hade sende Paulinus, bischop þer afore, to be bischop of Yorke, and that he scholde wedde Ediburga, suster of kynge Ebbaldus, to kynge Edwinus and that he scholde converte his peple.